Tuesday, January 22, 2013

FIRE IN THE SKY: Comet Of The Century - Physicist James M. McCanney Suggests That Comet ISON Is Being Accompanied By 7 Other Objects, And That NASA Is Covering Up The Information?!

January 22, 2013 - SPACE - This just in... it is too early to confirm, but some initial data suggests that Comet C/2012/S1 has at least one companion, and possibly up to seven.

When something like this happens, one has to be very cautious, but after examining the data that I have seen, I would say that it appears to be real. Furthermore one of the possible companions appears to be at about two lunar distances (half a million miles) and has not formed a coma for some odd reason. If the object is orbiting the nucleus of the comet at that distance it implies that the nucleus of this comet is possibly as big or bigger than Earth.

Also, with companions we will be able to directly calculate the mass, and therefore the size of the comet nucleus using standard astronomical methods. NASA tier two scientists have already put their foot in their mouths with an estimate based on some geeee whiz bad science. As I have said before one of the biggest open lies at NASA is concerning the size of comet nuclei, always minimizing them to almost nothing and [then] trying to promote their incorrect dirty snowball comet model. We know they can directly measure comet nuclei with radio telescopes so why all the bad science and opiniated estimates?

Latest image of Comet ISON.
Normally no one would be able to contradict them because they hold the reigns of the radio telescopes, and who is to contradict them? But with companions, we use a simple astronomical formula and wala we have the mass of the nucleus and there is nothing NASA can do about that. With the recent interaction of this comet with Earth, while the comet was at the range of Jupiter's orbit, this would be the second indication that this is a whopper of a comet.

NASA has been extremely active in damage control on this comet and just today issued a video clearly doing damage control. Why all the announcements, when the comet (according to NASA) will not even be visible until next November? Stay tuned folks this is getting reeeeeeeeeeeeeaaaaaaaaaaaalllllllllllllllll interesting. - Jim Mccanney [Edited for clarity].

NOTE: Thanks to Theresa Hayes for contributing to this post.

THE KASHMIR CONFLICT & THE THIRD SINO-JAPANESE WAR: "Build A Bunker And Stockpile Food" - Indian Police Warn Residents To Be Prepared For Possibility Of Nuclear War; Chinese Ships Enter Disputed Diaoyu Waters After Rebuke?!

January 22, 2013 - INDIA - People in the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir have been told to build bomb-proof basements and gather food and water for a possible nuclear war.  A series of deadly skirmishes along the cease-fire line in recent weeks has heightened tensions between India and Pakistan - both of which have nuclear weapons.  However officials will not confirm why they are now ordering people in the region to pack two-weeks' worth of essentials.  

 Indian Police Warn Residents To Be Prepared For Possible Nuclear War.
The notice, published on Monday by the Kashmir police in the Greater Kashmir newspaper, advised people to build toilet-equipped basements large enough to house the entire family for two weeks.  If there is no basement, residents should construct bunkers in their front yards, the notice advised.  The shelters should be stocked with candles, battery-operated lights and radios and non-perishable food and water that is regularly replaced to ensure it is fresh, it said.  During an attack, it advises drivers to dive out of their cars toward the blast to save themselves from being crushed by their soon-to-be tumbling vehicles. It also warns residents to keep contaminated people out of their shelters.

Residents in Kashmir read a notice in a newspaper telling people how to prepare for a nuclear war.
'Expect some initial disorientation as the blast wave may blow down and carry away many prominent and familiar features,' it advises.  Yoginder Kaul, inspector-general at the civil defence and state disaster response force, said that it was a 'normal exercise to raise general awareness among (the) public about disaster management.'
'It has nothing to do with anything, and it should not be connected with anything,' Kaul said. Both India and Pakistan claim the divided Kashmir region in its entirety and have fought two wars over it. 

Earlier this month, three Pakistani soldiers and two Indian soldiers were killed in the worst bout of fighting in Kashmir since a cease-fire accord was signed by the countries in 2003. 

In light of the violence, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said on Sunday he was reviewing future ties with Pakistan.  The nuclear war advisory and its timing surprised many residents in Srinagar, the main city in Indian-controlled Kashmir.  'This is fuelling an atmosphere of fear. Educating people is fine but not this brazen way,' said Fayaz Ahmed, a local resident.  The lengthy notice also provided advice on how to survive attacks with chemical and biological weapons. - Daily Mail.

A Chinese marine surveillance ship and a Japanese coastguard ship cruise near one of the
disputed islands in September. Photo: Reuters.
Chinese Ships Enter Disputed Diaoyu Waters After Rebuke.
  Three Chinese government ships entered waters around islands at the centre of a dispute with Tokyo on Monday, the day after China rebuked the United States for comments seen as supporting Japan.  Japan’s coastguard said the maritime surveillance boats were sailing in and out of waters around a chain of Tokyo-controlled islands known as the Senkakus in Japan, which Beijing calls the Diaoyus, for nearly nine hours.  The three boats all left the waters by 2.45pm and were sailing away from the islands, the coastguard said.  China has repeatedly sent ships to the area since Japan nationalised some of the chain in September, a move that triggered a diplomatic dispute and huge anti-Japan demonstrations across China.  Beijing has also sent air patrols to the archipelago in the East China Sea, and in recent weeks both Beijing and Tokyo have scrambled fighter jets, though there have been no clashes.  On Sunday, Beijing said it was “strong dissatisfied” after US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton issued a veiled warning to China not to challenge Tokyo’s control over the chain, which is believed to sit atop vast mineral reserves.  Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga, Japan’s top government spokesman, refuted the Chinese remarks, describing it as “extremely regrettable.”  On Friday, Clinton said the US opposed “any unilateral actions that would seek to undermine Japanese administration” of the islands.  The top US diplomat added “we do not want to see any action taken by anyone that could raise tensions or result in miscalculation that would undermine the peace, security and economic growth in this region”.  Suga hailed Clinton’s comments, saying: “It shows the United States’ strong posture toward the Japan-US security alliance. The Japanese government welcomes her comments.” - SCMP.

THE AUSTRALIAN WEATHER ANOMALIES: The Flooded Queensland Town Is Now Hit with Drought, As Catastrophic Fire Warning Burns Up Western Australia?!

January 22, 2013 - AUSTRALIA - Farmers in a western Queensland town that was ravaged by floods are losing their crops to drought almost a year later. Residents of St George, west of Brisbane, had to evacuate their homes after flood levels rose to record heights in February last year.  But now farmers are praying for rain, with many having to sacrifice some of their crops in an effort to make their dwindling water supplies hold out.  Balonne Shire Mayor Donna Stewart said it was ironic a year after the floods, residents were looking at water restrictions from February 1. 

Praying for rain............John Howard at Wivenhoe Dam last week.
Flooded Queensland Town Now Hit with Drought.
She said while the Balonne River was "virtually running dry", planning was proceeding for a levee bank to protect St George from future floods.  "It's a bit surreal I suppose," she told AAP.  "You'd never have thought we'd be in this situation less than 12 months ago.  "And who knows? In two weeks time, if the good Lord says so, we might be back in flood."  Ms Stewart said farmers were hopeful heavy falls in catchment areas upstream would flow to the town in the next few weeks.  Cotton farmer Cleave Rogan said yields were lost last year when crops became waterlogged and now farmers were reducing their crop sizes to conserve water.  "It seems so extreme being in this sort of situation but it's part of living on the land really," he said.  Mr Rogan said while he had been through harsher droughts, times were still tough.  "We're as positive as we can be," he said.  "But a lot of crops have been ploughed in, so that makes it hard."  More than 2500 St George residents were evacuated to Brisbane and Dalby during floods the 2012 floods, when the Balonne River peaked at a record 13.96m. - Herald Sun.

The nation has already dealt with devastating bushfires this season. Picture: Blair Hamish Source: Leader.
Catastrophic Fire Warning in Western Australia.
A catastrophic fire danger warning has been issued for people living in the southeast of Western Australia.  The Bureau of Meteorology has forecast the worst possible conditions for bush or grass fire on Wednesday for the Eucla, which includes the Kalgoorlie-Boulder area, as well as the shire of Dundas.  Residents have been warned that any fire that takes hold will be "extremely difficult to control and will take significant firefighting resources".  The Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) said spot fires would start well ahead of the main fire, causing rapid spread of the fire with embers coming from many directions.  DFES said people living in or near bush with high fuel loads would be at risk and needed to act.  "If you are not prepared to the highest level, leaving bushfire risk areas early in the day is your safest option," DFES said in a statement.  Residents should also read through their bushfire survival plans.  Meanwhile, severe fire danger advice has been issued for inland parts of the Pilbara and coastal parts of the Great Southern for Wednesday, while extreme fire danger will be experienced in central and southern parts of the Interior.  A total fire ban has been declared for the Shire of Esperance. - News Australia.

EUROPEAN VAMPIRISM: The Pervasively Savage War On Africa - Are Westerners Pulling The Strings And Creating Terror In Africa, English-Speaking Jihadis Seen In Mali, And A Canadian Is Reported To Have Co-ordinated Algerian Attack?!

January 22, 2013 - MALI - Canada is investigating an allegation by the Algerian Prime Minister that one of its citizens co-ordinated the terror raid at the Saharan gas plant in which dozens of hostages were killed.  Westerners, including a man with blond hair and blue eyes, are believed to have been among the Islamist militants who launched last week’s attack on the Tigantourine complex near Algeria’s border with Libya.  A French jihadist, previously unknown to authorities, and two Canadians are suspected to have been involved in the hostage-taking, and reports also claim that a man with a Western accent was among the extremists who lured terrified gas workers from their rooms during the hostage crisis. 

Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal told reporters that a man, judged “by his English accent” to have been Canadian, was among the 32 Islamists whose raid on the Algerian refinery prompted a global crisis. One of the Canadians, identified only as “Shaddad”, is alleged to have played a leading role in the attack which left 58 hostages – including 37 Westerners - dead after a four-day battle with Algerian forces. Five further Western workers are still unaccounted for. “A Canadian was among the militants,” Mr Sellal said. “He was co-ordinating the attack.”  The militant group also included men from Tunisia, Egypt, Mauritania and Niger, Mr Sellal said. At least 29 Islamists from eight nationalities were killed in the operation to end the siege, with the remaining three captured alive. The make up of the attacking group – an al-Qa’ida splinter brigade who call themselves “Those Who Signed in Blood” - will be carefully examined as security experts try to assess the scale of the terror threat across North and West Africa.  Concern at the international composition of the Algerian kidnap brigade will be compounded by reports from residents in Diabaly, Mali, that Islamists who overran the town last week contained English-speakers and militants of European appearance. Speaking to The Independent yesterday after French and Malian forces had retaken the town, student Amadu Dumbia said: “I definitely heard them and there’s no chance that I made a mistake with another language. They spoke like they were from England, but had darker skins.”  Mokhtar Belmokhtar, the leader of the group who is suspected of masterminding the gas plant attack from outside Algeria, yesterday warned that there would be more attacks on those participating in the military campaign in neighbouring Mali. In a statement to a radio station in Mauritania, which received regular communications from the militants during the In Amenas plant siege, the Algerian-born militant said:

“We warn all the states who took part in the Crusader campaign against the Azwad region [northern Mali] that if they do not retreat from their decision there will be more operations.”  He also insisted that the brigade which undertook the attack was not local, saying “only five Algerians” took part in the attack and “none of them were locals from the city”.  Prime Minister David Cameron today told the Commons that the West faced a “generational struggle” in combating the “poisonous ideology” of Islamic extremists in the Sahel. Mr Cameron said that Britain would join the manhunt for Belmokhtar and promised extra support for the French campaign in Mali. Echoing the language used by Tony Blair in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Centre, he said: “This is the work our generation faces and we must demonstrate the same resolve and sense of purpose as previous generations have with the challenges that they faced in this House and in this country.”  A spokeswoman for Canada’s Foreign Affairs Ministry yesterday said that they were still seeking clarity on a possible Canadian connection to the raid. “We are in close contact with Algerian authorities, but nothing [has been] confirmed yet,” Chrystiane Roy told Canada’s Globe and Mail newspaper.  The Algerian authorities have declined to confirm whether the alleged Canadian co-ordinator was among the 29 militants who died.  One of the hostage takers was a North American who took part in the killing of numerous Japanese workers, the AFP agency reported. An Algerian employee of a Japanese engineering firm working at the site, identified as Riad said the Islamist attackers shot three Japanese who were in a bus, then went straight to the rooms occupied by the Japanese.  “One terrorist shouted ‘Open the door’ with a North American accent, then fired,” he told AFP. “Two other Japanese died and we found four other Japanese bodies inside the base.”  One of the kidnappers was tall, blond with blue or green eyes and spoke English, an Algerian military source told the Norwegian daily Aftenposten. Norway’s Statoil energy company was one of the two foreign firms operating at the gas complex. - The Independent.

ICE AGE NOW: United Kingdom Big Freeze Will Last Until Friday When The Big Thaw Brings Floods - Heavy And Widespread Rainfall Is Set To Follow!

January 22, 2013 - UNITED KINGDOM - The Big Freeze will be replaced by the Big Thaw on Friday, as warm winds from the south-west sweep across the country. But forecasters are worried that heavy rain and far milder weather could cause flooding, with the snow melting too fast on saturated ground. Overnight temperatures plummeted to as low as -13C in Cambridge, -11.3C in Buckinghamshire and -10C at Stansted Airport. But they could soar to double figures on Friday and over the weekend.

Jagged: Sharp icicles hang from the thatched roof of a cottage in Newtown Linford in Leicestershire.
An MP warned this morning that school closures caused by snow could damage children's education and bring down small businesses. Graham Stuart, chairman of the Education Select Committee, said on Radio 4's Today programme that thousands of schools shutting their doors could have catastrophic long-term effects. 'Every unnecessary closure has an impact on the child in terms of lost education, wasted money for the State and a tremendous knock-on impact on businesses,' he said. 'We need to encourage a culture in which people anticipate the weather and they ensure that they get to work. 'Everything begins with school. Everyone needs to recognise it is of central importance to society. We can't afford this endless disruption.' Brian Lightman, General Secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said the decision whether to close a school was one for headteachers. 'In some areas, buses are cancelled and children can't get to school,' he said. 'In other cases, children can come to school but teachers can't - and we need to have enough staff to ensure children's safety. 'We need to resist a culture where there's a little bit of snow in some areas and everything turns into chaos. We should be keeping the roads open so that children and staff can get into schools and we can continue with our ordinary lives.'

Ice ice baby: More very low temperatures are forecast in County Durham and beyond over the next few nights,
before it turns warmer and wetter over the weekend.
But he said heads would often adapt a timetable in an effort to ensure schools could keep running with a reduced staff, and that closures were the last resort. 'We all know what sort of pressure teachers are under to get children prepared for exams. I understand parents' frustration but we don't take this decision lightly. His words came after a headmaster yesterday condemned ‘over-cautious’ colleagues for closing schools at the first sight of snow. As more than 5,000 schools shut their doors to pupils, Martin Stott accused heads of ‘pressing the panic button too early’. He said that bringing education ‘to a grinding halt’ just in case children or teachers slipped over in the snow sent the wrong message to pupils, and called on heads to show more ‘bulldog spirit’. Mr Stott, who runs The Old Hall preparatory school in Wellington, Shropshire, said: ‘Snow undoubtedly disrupts the normal routine but should it be brought to a grinding halt for all? Definitely not. I fear the panic button is in some cases being pressed too quickly.’ The headmaster, whose £10,500-a-year school caters for 250 pupils aged four to 11, said his efforts to keep his school open ‘whatever the weather’ sent a valuable message to children. Hundreds more schools are expected to close again today with up to 10cms of snow forecast to fall in parts of Scotland and northern England today and a further 2cm in East Anglia and 6cm in southern England this evening. But despite the continuing cold snap, Mr Stott said that by keeping schools open children are taught a 'tenacious approach to life'. He said: ‘By keeping school open I am helping to instil in my pupils an important life lesson,’ he said. ‘Obstacles and problems are there to be overcome and solved. It helps to teach a tenacious approach to life. We need more of this British bulldog spirit that says we will do everything in our power to combat adversity.’ He added that school closures were particularly difficult for working families. ‘A lot of our parents are involved in the medical profession. Doctors would have to come and collect their child or children. That results in patient appointments or hospital lists being cancelled. The knock-on effects of school closures ripple far and wide for families, businesses and the entire economy’. - Daily Mail.

WATCH: Aerials over the UK - Snow blankets the South-East of England.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: 10 Volcanic Earthquakes Rock The Taal Volcano In The Philippines - Seismic Activity Increased Dramatically In Just 24 Hours!

January 22, 2013 - THE PHILIPPINES - The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said Tuesday the seismic activity of Taal Volcano in Batangas province has increased in the past 24 hours.

A cinder cone on Volcano Island, Lake Taal. Photo by JG Moore of the US Geological Survey.
Phivolcs Director Renato Solidum, Jr. said the agency has recorded 10 volcanic quakes from 7 a.m. Monday to 7 a.m. Tuesday.

But Solidum said no steaming has been observed in the past 24 hours and water temperature at the main crater lake decreased from 31.7 to 30.9 degrees Celsius.

The Phivolcs chief noted the volcano’s Alert Level 1 will be maintained as “10 volcanic quakes are still appropriate for a volcano that is under abnormal level.”

He said that a volcano under Alert Level 1 means that abnormal volcanic activities are observed, though a hazardous eruption is not imminent.

Since January 18, Solidum said Taal Volcano was relatively calm, with its seismic network recording “zero to eight” volcanic earthquakes in a day. PNA  - MST.

PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: Thousands Of Ducks Die Suddenly From Bird Flu In Chimaung, Indonesia!

January 22, 2013 - INDONESIA - Thousands of ducks owned by residents of Kampung Cimaung, Talbot Village, District Cikeusal, died suddenly. Because, since the end of December 2012, dozens of ducks die every day. The case is due to virus attack of bird flu (avian influenza / AI). Sudden death of ducks still happening, yesterday (17/1).

The ducks belong Sunda and Dani Jebber dead in the cage. The owner collects the carcasses of dead ducks from morning till noon in the sack, then bury it. Ducks that died in the afternoon to evening are still lying in the cage. According to Dani Jebber, duck deaths at Kampung Cimaung began in late December 2012. Residents have not been suspicious if it's duck deaths by avian flu. Only in the beginning of January 2013, the citizens aware of it due to the deadly virus. Because, since January 1 until yesterday, dozens of ducks die every day. "We have reported it to the Department of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Forestry and Plantation (Distanakhutbun) Serang and the Department of Agriculture and Livestock (Distanak) Banten. They've been checked, "said Dani. The number belongs to a family of ducks that died there were 1,500 Dani tail, consists of 600 adult duck tail and 900 young ducks.

Today, the family-owned ducks Dani only 200 tails. He believes, the ducks will also die. "One day, dying between 20 to 30 individuals," he explained. As per the results of the examination officer Distanak Banten Province, said Dani, the death of thousands of ducks was due to bird flu virus attacks. Officers asked the owners of ducks and disinfect the surviving ducks move into a new enclosure. After that, employees Distanak Distanakhutbun Serang Banten and no longer come to Kampung Cimaung. "We do not know what to do anymore. There is no solution from the government, "he said. To minimize the spread of the bird flu virus to poultry and humans, Dani admitted, had buried the carcasses of ducks in his backyard. He's always wearing gloves and masks. However, he remains concerned, the virus is transmitted to humans. "We want a solution. The government should not allow this kind, "said Dani. Wirana, of Kampung Cimaung, also worried about the bird flu virus transmission from poultry to humans. Moreover, ducks cage Wirana owned less than 50 meters to his house. Surprisingly, Head of Animal Health at Serang Distanakhutbun Hindarti claimed to have received reports of cases in the village Cimaung. New Hindarti getting reports of ducks died suddenly in the village and Toyomerto Terate Kramatwatu in the District, as well as in the village of Sukajaya, District Pontang. - Radar Banten [Translated].

ICE AGE NOW: Minus 45 Degrees Celsius - Extreme Windchill Bites Into Manitoba!

January 22, 2013 - CANADA - An Arctic airmass has left bitterly cold weather over southern Manitoba on Monday and put it under an extreme windchill warning.  Windchills of –40 C to –45 C means exposed skin can freeze in less than 10 minutes.  The windchill became less extreme on Monday afternoon, but very cold temperatures are expected to continue all day and into the evening.  The mercury hit –33.1 C between 9 p.m. and 10 p.m. on Sunday, making it the coldest temperature in Winnipeg since Jan. 30, 2011, when it was –34.7 C, says CBC News meteorologist John Sauder.  In Winnipeg, the daytime highs for the next week are not expected to get any warmer than –20 C, and reaching only –26 C on Wednesday. Overnight lows will hover around the –30 C mark.

A front-end loader clears snow from around a bus stop on Burrows Monday morning. The City of Winnipeg is implementing a residential parking ban to aid in snow clearing. MIKE DEAL / WINNIPEG FREE PRESS.
Temperatures were so harsh, they prevented Canada Post from getting mail out to thousands of Winnipeggers. Canada Post advised said about 18,000 addresses in Winnipeg would not receive mail on Monday. A spokesperson said normal mail delivery would resume when the weather improved.  "Sometimes on days like this, when vehicles can't get started and we can't get people out to the routes on time, we just have a delay that we can't handle," spokesperson John Caines told CBC News.  "Unfortunately, that's what happened today, and maybe tomorrow the vehicles will be starting better and we'll be back on track. Unfortunately, that's what happened today, and maybe tomorrow the vehicles will be starting better and we'll be back on track." Caines said many of the mail delivery vehicles that would not start on Monday had been plugged in the night before.  "We're having trouble with the ones on the road, too, where the fuel lines are gelling up because of the frost and the condensation," he added.  Caines said residents across the city are affected, but the backed-up mail will be delivered on Tuesday.

Areas highlighted in red are the ones
 under an extreme windchill warning.
(Environment Canada).
The cold has also put an extreme strain in Winnipeg's homeless shelters.  The Salvation Army opened 35 cold weather beds after their regular beds filled up Sunday night.  Maj. Chris Dickens said they put down temporary beds everywhere from the kitchenette to the staff dining room to accommodate people.  Staff have also been busy making sure people have a warm breakfast before they go out.  "We had over 200 for breakfast and you know, there's no [extra funding] for that, but it's better for people to leave with a warm meal in their belly than to leave with an empty stomach," he said.  Furnace companies have also been busier than usual.  Gord Caron at Winnipeg Supply said the company serviced about 40 customers over the weekend. That's double the amount of business they normally see this time of the year.  "You start getting into high –30s, –40s, pipes frost up. It's just a little bit extreme; a little too extreme," he said.  Caron says the wait for service is just over an hour. Other, smaller furnace companies, are reporting a 3 ½ to four hour wait.  The wait is a long one for battery boosts as well. More than 1,000 people have called CAA looking for a little help to get their cars going. - CBC.

WATCH: Winnipeggers cope with bone-chilling temperatures.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Tangaroan Volcanic Eruption - Underwater Volcanoes Spew Lava Lamp-Like Blobs!

January 22, 2013 - NEW ZEALAND - Like a life-size lava lamp of doom, some underwater volcanoes spit giant lava blobs instead of erupting in explosions, a new study suggests. Until now, scientists divided volcanic eruptions into two flavors: explosive and effusive. The first is a spectacular, blow-your-top blast that sends ash and rock high into the atmosphere (think of Mount St. Helens). The second is a mellow, gushing lava flow that trundles down a volcano's slopes like hot, red goo (think Hawaii's ongoing eruption). But after dredging up some unusual pumice (a volcanic rock) from the underwater Macauley volcano in the southwest Pacific, researchers from Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand, think there's a third eruption style. They've named it Tangaroan, after their research ship and the Maori god of the sea. The study appears today (Jan. 20) in the journal Nature Geoscience.

Macauley Island, a caldera formed 6,100 years ago during an eruption at the underwater Macauley volcano.
CREDIT: Ian Wright and Colin Wilson.
Bubbles in the pumice indicate one of Macauley's recent eruptions was neither explosive nor effusive, but somewhere in between. "It was sort of like a lava lamp on speed," said Colin Wilson, a study co-author and professor of volcanology at Victoria University. Pumice has holes, which are spaces left behind by gas bubbles escaping hardening lava. On land, the rock forms only in explosive eruptions. The number of holes in a piece of pumice, and the holes' size and shape, give geologists clues to the conditions during an eruption. Scientists thought finding pumice near underwater volcanoes meant the mountains also violently vented their magma.  But when Victoria University graduate student Melissa Rotella and her co-authors took a closer look at bubbles in the Macauley pumice, they found a different story. The holes in the Macauley pumice are rounded and evenly foamy, with the texture of a well-made mousse or meringue, Wilson said. Along the rock's edge, though, was a rapidly cooled edge, lined on the inside by stretched bubbles. "It was quite astonishing, and started us puzzling how you could get bubbles growing to that abundance without breaking things up," Wilson told OurAmazingPlanet.  Based on the super-bubbly pumice, the researchers propose that the weight of seawater atop an erupting submarine volcano keeps magma from exploding, even if it's gassy. Here's how it works:

 As magma rises in the volcano, it forms a buoyant "foam," according to Rotella and her colleagues. Pieces of the foamy lava quietly detach and float to the surface in the form of lava balloons, Wilson said. The balloons have chilled margins, from contact with the seawater, but are still hot lava in the middle. As they rise, gas bubbles inside uniformly expand as seawater pressure lessens.  "They're like some kind of hellish popcorn," Wilson said.  The Macauley volcano's balloons could have been 4 inches (10 centimeters) across, based on fragments in the dredge, Wilson said. The authors also found many reports of larger pumice balloons around the world, such as 3-foot (1 meter) pumice balloons on the seafloor at the extinct West Rotas volcano in the Marianas arc near Japan. And at Terceira Island in the Azores near Spain, 10-foot (3 m) basalt balloons rose to the surface during an eruption that began in 1998, they report.  The researchers don't believe every submarine volcano is the perfect lair for a 1970s super villain, but they do suggest that fellow scientists stop assuming that pumice equals explosion.  "The presence of widespread deposits of pumice on underwater volcanoes does not necessarily indicate large-scale explosive volcanism," said Ian Wright, a co-author and professor at the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton, United Kingdom.  The ocean floor of the Kermadec arc, home to Macauley and many active volcanoes, is littered with pumice, which is why volcanologists are so interested in the risk of eruptions there. The Kermadec arc is upwind of trans-Pacific flight routes, and near shipping routes and undersea cables.

Lava balloons detach from the magma and rise to the ocean surface. CREDIT: Colin Wilson and Melissa Rotella.
 Once at the ocean surface, pumice of any kind can float for months, until it breaks up, reaches shore or becomes waterlogged and sinks below the waves. Giant floating pumice rafts act as ocean transports for marine life.  "It's important to understand what's going on in these deep-sea eruptions that generate pumice," said Bill Chadwick, a volcanologist at Oregon State University who was not involved in the research. "Most of the volcanic output on Earth is underwater, and yet we know so little about it compared to the eruptions on land."  Chadwick praised Rotella and her colleagues for "thinking outside the box" and coming up with a new model to explain the range of densities and textures found in the pumice from Macauley volcano.  "I think our ideas about eruption processes on land — especially the whole continuum between effusive and explosive — really breaks down underwater. I think we really need to not just assume that eruptions underwater behave like they do on land, so I'm kind of excited about this paper," he told OurAmazingPlanet. "I'm not 100 percent sure they're right, but that's the way science works. Someone comes up with an idea, other people see if it can be applied to other sites, and you build a consensus."  Wilson said he suspects that Tangaroan-style eruptions will turn out to be quite common. The big hurdle is doing the detailed detective work on pumice rocks, he said.  "You can't witness these things, not if you want to live," he said. - OAP.

MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFF: Animapocalypse Continues In Peru - Dolphins, Fish, Pelicans Found Dead?!

January 22, 2013 - PERU - It would seem the animapocalypse in Peru has continued into 2013.

Throughout January various animals have been washing up along the shores of Peru’s northern coast.

Photo: Animapocalypse Continues in Peru - Dolphins, Fish, Pelicans Found Dead.
According to the Sea Institute of Peru 12 dolphins, 35 sea lions, and 13 pelicans have been found dead along the shores of San Jose, Lambayeque.

It appears that many of the dolphins found had died several weeks prior to their discovery, but the government says it have confirmed all the animals died from natural causes.

The pelicans specifically, appeared to have died from starvation, as the anchovy population has dropped significantly due to the increase in water temperature.

In 2012, the Peruvian government also claimed “natural causes” were responsible for the deaths of about 900 dolphins that had washed up on its shores. In May, Peruvian authorities said warm waters off its coast were to blame for the deaths of more than 5,000 marine birds.

Conservationists not within the government however, have continued to question the government’s reasoning, saying “natural causes” does not explain everything. - HSN.

ICE AGE NOW: Dangerous Arctic Blast - Minnesota Shivers As Wind Chill Nears 50 Below Zero, New England Braces For Foot Of Snow!

January 22, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Icy winds and bitter cold lashed the Midwest as a powerful storm made its way eastward and left New England preparing for up to a foot of snow.  Pushed by northwesterly winds, Arctic air was bringing wind chills near to minus 50 in Minnesota and western Wisconsin. Highs were expected to remain below zero into Tuesday, according to forecasters.

In Detroit, about 40,000 customers were without power early Monday. Utility DTE Energy blamed high winds for knocking out power Sunday to 120,000 customers.  DTE said it was receiving assistance from crews based in neighboring Ohio and Wisconsin, as well as outlying parts of Michigan.  "We expect to have the vast majority of our customers restored by midnight Monday," DTE said in a statement. In Illinois, temperatures dipped into the single digits, with wind chills well below zero, NBCChicago.com reported. NBC Chicago meteorologist Cheryl Scott said wind chills could hover around 15 below zero, which would be the city's coldest weather in two years.

Tony Bambenek fishes on East Lake Winona in Minnesota. Ice on the lake is around 10 inches thick. Bambenek told the Winona Daily News: 'I like this weather. It's better than 20 below. I wouldn't be out here if it was that cold.'
The National Weather Service issued lake-effect-snow warnings from western Michigan to western New York, and a winter storm watch for Boston and the surrounding area.  In Boston, forecasters predicted 4 to 8 inches of snow, poor visibility and slippery travel Monday evening as well as a difficult commute Tuesday morning.  Some high spots in northeast Massachusetts, eastern New Hampshire and southwest Maine could approach 12 inches of snow, The Weather Channel reported.  A hazardous-weather outlook reached into New Hampshire and Connecticut. Gale warnings were issued for much of the New England coast.   A so-called Alberta Clipper could bring as much as three inches of snow to parts of Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey Monday afternoon and early evening.  However, Weather.com said there was "a small chance" that the Alberta Clipper could strengthen closer to the New Jersey coast, which would bring heavier snow to New York City, Long Island and New Jersey. - NBC News.

WATCH: Coldest Air of the Season.

WATCH: Freezing weather causes 86 vehicle pile-up in Ohio.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Three Volcanoes Erupt In The Kamchatka Peninsula In Russia - Dozens Of Quakes And Seismic Vibrations!

January 22, 2013 - RUSSIA - Three volcanoes in Russia’s Kamchatka continue to send steam and ash into the air while lava flows down their slopes. Volcanic activity on the peninsula has dramatically intensified. Aviation authorities issued an orange security level in the area.  The volcanoes Shiveluch, Kizimen and Plosky Talbachek are erupting in different parts of the peninsula simultaneously, causing dozens of local earthquakes, as the vibrations accompanying the eruptions of the giants continue to increase. 

The Plosky Tolbachik Volcano erupts on the Kamchatka Peninsula (RIA Novosti / Alexandr Sidorenko).
The biggest and most active is Shiveluch, Kamchatka’s northernmost volcano and 3,283 meters high. Over the last days it made several eruptions of gases, steam and ash, the highest of which reached the 4,900m above sea level. Unceasing earth tremors send avalanches down its slopes. Sensors installed near the volcano are registering high seismic activity with, active gas generation and thermal anomalies.  Activity of Shiveluch started to grow back in 2009 when its dome split with a fissure 30 meters deep.  A mere 45km from Shiveluch there is Klyuchi settlement with 5,000 citizens. Volcanologists say at the moment there is no imminent danger to the town. Stratovolcano Kizimen 3,900m high in the Kronotsky Reserve, famous for its Geyser Valley, is situated some 265km from the region’s largest city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.

The Plosky Tolbachik Volcano erupts on the Kamchatka Peninsula (RIA Novosti / Alexandr Sidorenko).
Its seismic activity also by far exceeds normal: over 80 local earthquakes have been registered near the volcano in the last 24 hours. The pillar of gas and ash rises to 4,400m above sea level. At night the red glow could be seen in the sky above its crater. Kizimen ‘woke up’ in 2009 after the last big eruption in 1928-29 and since then its activity has only been growing. Plosky Talbachek volcano 3,140m, a part of two-dome volcanic pile (the second dome Ostry Talbachek is 3,689m), became active on November 27, 2012, some 36 years after precisely predicted “Great fissure Tolbachek eruption” in 1975-76.  Plosky Talbachek has been erupting lava for weeks now. Two openings below the crater level were sending lava flows that reached 6 and 18km. The flows are glowing in the nighttime, which means that more and more masses of lava continue to arrive, reported Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team.  Though increased volcanic activity and eruptions pose a certain threat to air travel over the Kamchatka Peninsula, volcanologists closely monitoring the situation report no imminent danger to settlements close to any of the three volcanoes. - RT.

WATCH: Recent Video of Erupting Russian Volcano!

EXTREME WEATHER: Avalanche Kills 4, Seriously Injures A 5th After The Climbers Defy Weather Warnings to Scale Peak in Scottish Highlands!

January 22, 2013 - SCOTLAND - Four climbers were killed today in an avalanche on one of Britain’s highest mountains. They were part of a group of six which had defied warnings about the conditions to go climbing in the Glencoe area of the Scottish Highlands. They were swept away by hundreds of tons of snow tumbling downhill.

Tragedy: The avalanche on Bidean Nam Bian in the Scottish Highlands (pictured) left two men and two women dead.
A man in the party is thought to have escaped the fall and raised the alarm around 2pm, when search teams were scrambled to the 3,772ft mountain, called Bidean Nam Bian. Glencoe and Lochaber Mountain Rescue volunteers reached a woman – understood to have serious head injuries – who was taken to Belford Hospital in Fort William. All six, three men and three women, had been located by early evening. Police confirmed that four were dead. The group was climbing at the mountain’s Church Door Buttress when piles of snow slab hurtled down the narrow channel’s rocky surface. Mountaineer and former Glencoe Mountain Rescue team leader Hamish MacInnes described conditions as ‘hazardous’. He said: ‘I was talking about the danger with a member of the mountain rescue committee just about an hour before it happened because there was a heavy fall of snow. ‘It had been blowing a lot and forming a very fine powder. It was a fairly hazardous situation for avalanche. ‘I was speaking to some people who were up the mountain and the snow was drifting quite badly although a lot of it had gone, the temperature had risen. It was a hazardous wind, the conditions were quite bad.’ A statement issued by Northern Constabulary shortly before 6pm said: ‘Police can confirm that searchers have now located all the members of a climbing party caught up in the avalanche at Glencoe. ‘The party of six had been climbing on Bidean Nam Bian. One male member of the party raised the alarm and stayed to assist the searchers at the scene. ‘One woman remains in a serious condition at Belford Hospital. Police are making efforts to trace the families of those involved.’

Rescue attempt: Search and rescue workers in Glencoe, where an avalanche on Bidean Nam Bian
claimed the lives of four climbers.

A member of staff at a hotel in Glencoe village, which is popular with hillwalkers, said the avalanche had ‘shocked’ the community. She added: ‘All our guests who were out in the mountains have come back safely, which is a relief. There is an awful lot of snow about at the moment. It’s exceptionally wintry and conditions are not great. ‘Details are still a bit sketchy but we’ve heard the party came to grief coming down the mountain. It’s an area where you need to be careful. We’re shocked.’ Bidean Nam Bian, while stunning, is one of the most treacherous mountains in the Highlands. Its terrain attracts climbers from all over the world and is particularly steep, rocky and complex. There are sections of steep scree, where climbers have to scramble. Two years ago, two people died in an avalanche in Glencoe, which an inquiry later said ‘no one could have foreseen’. Chris Walker, 29, from Keswick in Cumbria, and Robert Pritchard, 37, from New Malden in Surrey, were swept 1,500ft to their deaths. The inquest heard how the walkers, ironically, changed their route to try to avoid avalanches. Mark Diggins, co-ordinator of the Scottish Avalanche Information Service, said the weather conditions on the mountain yesterday had been fairly dry with little snow over the past four days. He said yesterday’s avalanche risk had been deemed ‘considerable’, the second lowest on a European four-point scale. The most serious is ‘very high’, extremely rare in Britain. Mr Diggins added: ‘An avalanche can be triggered by a single person. At the moment it doesn’t look like there’s much snow, it is very localised.’ Elsewhere, a woman was killed when several vehicles crashed on an icy road near Grantham, Lincolnshire, on Friday, and seven people were injured when a double-decker bus struck two cars in Coniston, near Hull. - Daily Mail.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Volcano Erupts In Chile!

January 22, 2013 - CHILE - A new (so far small) eruption began yesterday from Caulle volcano, local sources reported. Ash emissions reaching 11,000 ft (3.4 km) altitude were reported by Buenos Aires VAAC. Local news report ash fall ash fall over Puyehué, Entre Lagos and Osorno today. - Volcano Discovery.

Eruption at the Caulle volcano on June 5, 2011. UPI/Miguel Angel Bustos.
Puyehue and Cordón Caulle are two coalesced volcanic edifices that form a major mountain massif in Puyehue National Park in the Andes of Ranco Province, Chile. In volcanology this group is known as the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle Volcanic Complex (PCCVC). Four different volcanoes constitute the volcanic group or complex, the Cordillera Nevada caldera, the Pliocene Mencheca volcano, Cordón Caulle fissure vents and the Puyehue stratovolcano. As with most stratovolcanoes on the Southern Volcanic Zone of the Andes, Puyehue and Cordón Caulle are located along the intersection of a traverse fault with the larger north-south Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault. The volcanic complex has shaped the local landscape and produced a huge variety of volcanic landforms and products over the last 300,000 years. Cinder cones, lava domes, calderas and craters can be found in the area apart from the widest variety of volcanic rocks in all the Southern Volcanic Zone, for example both primitive basalts and rhyolites. Cordón Caulle is notable for having erupted following the 1960 Valdivia earthquake, the largest recorded earthquake in history.  Apart from this, the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle area is one of the main sites of exploration for geothermal power in Chile. Geothermal activity is manifested on the surface of Puyehue and Cordón Caulle as several boiling springs, solfataras and fumaroles.  Renewed activity at the volcano resulted in the highest alert level, 4, being declared on 3 June 2011. A new eruption started on 3 June 20:30 UTC. On 4 June the ash cloud reached a height of 12,000 metres (39,370 ft). - Wikipedia.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Eruptive Activity On The Rise At Two Sites On Big Island's Kilauea Volcano!

January 22, 2013 - HAWAII - Eruptive activity at the Big Island’s Kilauea volcano is picking up at the Pu u Oo vent and Halemaumau Crater.

At the Pu u Oo vent, situated in the volcano’s East Rift Zone, lava flows are sporadically spilling onto the east flank of the vent. The volume of lava streaming to ocean entry is increasing slightly, with small entry points now spread along the coastline near Kupapu Point (pictured, above), on both sides of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. The current ocean-entry flow has been under way since mid-November. This month marks the 30th anniversary of Kilauea volcano’s ongoing East Rift Zone eruption. During its first three years, spectacular lava fountains spewed from the Pu u Oo vent. Since then, nearly continuous flow has built a vast plain of slow-moving pahoehoe lava (pictured, below) stretching from the volcano’s rift zone to the Big Island’s shoreline.

Also, in recent months, at Kilauea volcano’s summit caldera, the lava lake swirling in Halemaumau Crater has been rising to record levels. Since March 19, 2008, when an explosive eruption formed the lava lake, its surface level has remained mostly below the inner ledge (about 100 feet below the floor of Halemaumau Crater). It has, however, risen above and flooded the ledge in October 2012 and this month. According to Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists, “the lake level responds to summit tilt changes, with the lake receding during deflation and rising during inflation.”

The best and closest place within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park to catch a look at eruptive activity at Halemaumau is at the Jaggar Museum, which is near the summit. After sunset, the lava lake casts a vivid glow on the ever-present plume of volcanic gases rising from the site.  On-island viewing of the ocean-entry lava flow is now largely limited to the Kalapana viewing area, which is maintained by Hawaii County and located outside of the national park. Click here for more information about the viewing area.

Daily updates on Kilauea volcano activity are available at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory website. - Hawaii Magazine.

ICE AGE NOW: Why We Should Be Concerned About The Next Cold Climate Era!

January 22, 2013 - PLANET EARTH - This new era called a 'solar hibernation' or 'grand minimum' is caused by a repeating 206 year cycle of the Sun. These hibernations are accompanied by historic reductions in the energy output of the Sun. SSRC research shows the next solar hibernation will bring a long period of cold just as it has done before every time this cycle 'turns over' from its global warming phase to its global cooling phase. In addition, SSRC research backed by that of other researchers has shown a high degree of correlation between solar hibernations and the world's largest earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.Mr. Casey, President of the SSRC was the first authority to notify the White House and other government agencies of this coming solar hibernation in early 2007. Numerous other scientists discovered the same cycles of the Sun. Their findings have been ignored or buried in science journals and thus essentially unknown to the public.During the first six months of 2011, NASA, The US Air Force, and the National Solar Observatory all confirmed the coming solar grand minimum. The next solar hibernation and according to the SSRC and many other scientists, the next climate change to decades of record cold has begun.

This cold era is expected to last for approximately 22 to 33 years with the coldest temperatures to be seen during the 2020's and 2030's either side of the bottom year of the cycle in 2031, and have temperatures on the order of that observed during the Dalton Minimum (1793-1830). We have already seen the early signs of the new climate with record cold winters globally for some of the past four years. During the winter of 2011-2012, while the central and eastern USA experienced a relatively warm winter, Europe and Asia had a difficult winter. We have entered a period of record temperature setting both hot and cold. This trend of highly variable extremes of both hot and cold within a general trend of globally declining temperatures is fully characteristic of the transition between climate changes.  That does not mean we can wait to prepare. Now that the hibernation has begun, it is possible for these unusual variations in temperatures to strike with little warning. We should not be surprised to see occasional severe crop damage and recurring food shortages in many nations at any time. Comparisons to the Dalton Minimum show that there is a high probability of social, economic and political turmoil worldwide as a result of massive crop losses from the coming cold weather. The SSRC believes this damage to the world's agricultural systems will be sufficient to create conditions that could lead to the world's worst subsistence crisis in recorded history. This same food crisis occurred during the last hibernation, though with significantly fewer people to feed. Historian John D. Post called that time"...the last great subsistence crisis."

Additionally, SSRC research and that of other respected researchers shows that geophysical upheavals like the largest earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are likely to occur during these solar events. As before with the Mt. Tambora eruption in 1815 that took place during the last solar hibernation, large volcanic eruptions may greatly add to the cooling of the Earth on top of that created by the reduction in the Sun's output. Further, the largest recorded earthquakes in US history took place in the middle of the last hibernation, the New Madrid quakes of 1811-1812. The SSRC Research Report 1-2010, (See The RC Theory page) similar to that of other researchers, established a strong link between solar hibernations and these largest geophysical disturbances. Given the likelihood of major quakes and volcanic eruptions here in the US, the SSRC immediately notified US authorities and major news outlets after release of the report. The SSRC predicts the first possible time frame for an instance of large scale crop damage is during the record drop in global temperatures predicted by the SSRC to take place between June 2010 and November-December 2012. (See press release 2-2010). Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions of historical scale can happen at any time now that the next solar hibernation has begun. This is the nature of the threats that the SSRC sees during the new climate era that has just begun. The obvious message here is that we need to prepare as best we can. The SSRC will do all it can to spread the word about this new climate period and its ill-effects. We will continue to pursue the SSRC Mission of urging the government and our fellow citizens to prepare for this new climate era. - Space and Science Research Corporation.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: New Volcanic Eruptions At The Tavurvur Volcano In Papua New Guinea - Forced Flights To Be Cancelled!

January 22, 2013 - PAPUA NEW GUINEA - Eruptions of Papua New Guinea’s Mt Tavurvur have forced some flights in and out of New Britain to be cancelled.

Tavurvur erupting.
The ash and vapour blowing from the volcano affected flights to Tokua Airport.

Air Niugini says the flight suspension came into effect on Monday and will continue for an indefinite period.

Newspaper reports say low to loud roaring and rumbling noises were heard on Sunday night when the volcano erupted. - Radio New Zealand.

NASA World Wind image of Tavurvur vent of the Rabaul Caldera.
According to Wikipedia, Tavurvur is an active volcano that lies near Rabaul in Papua New Guinea. It is a sub-vent of the Rabaul caldera and lies on the eastern rim of the larger feature. The volcano is most well known for its devastating eruptions over Rabaul.  Mt Tavurvur is the most well known volcano in Rabaul caldera, and has erupted as recently as January 2009. In 1937, Tavurvur and another nearby volcano, Vulcan, erupted, killing 507 people.  On the 7th of October 2006 the volcano erupted again, and an initial blast shattered windows up to 12 kilometres away and sent an ash plume 18 km into the stratosphere. Fortunately this time winds blew most of the ash away from Rabaul.

WATCH: Tavurvur Volcano Eruption.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Experts Warn White Island Activity Could Lead To Large Eruption!

January 22, 2013 - NEW ZEALAND - Volcanic activity at White Island is the most "vigorous" in years and could mean a large explosive eruption is imminent, GNS Science says.  The volcano, off the Bay of Plenty coast, is the country's most active and showed heightened signs of unrest last year.  But it is the increased hydrothermal activity in the last three weeks which is of "significant concern", GNS vulcanologist Brad Scott says.

"I don't think I've seen anything this strong since the late 90s and 2000s."  The activity then led to a large eruption in July, 2000.  "The hydrothermal activity is some of the most vigorous I have seen at White Island for many years. This type of activity usually leads to stronger volcanic activity and is a significant concern," Scott said.  "Increases in hydrothermal activity often leads to explosive eruptions and that can be quite dangerous for visitors."  The activity may mean an eruption is imminent, but there is also a chance it could cease.  The volcano poses no threat to the mainland, however, as it is 48 kilometres from shore.  But White Island is a popular tourist attraction, with boat and flight tours heading there daily.  If it does explode, ash may reach the mainland and Bay of Plenty locals might smell gas, Scott says.  Scott's observations were based on a visit to the island yesterday.

Hydrothermal activity in the small 'hot lake' had increased, large amounts of sediment had surfaced and vivid white steam and gas was flashing from the base.  This was the sort of activity that had been increasing since late 2012 and was now semi-continuous, Scott says.  The lava dome that was first observed in late November has not changed since earlier this month.  There were elevated levels of volcanic tremors, likely generated by the hydrothermal activity, Scott says.  As usual, the volcano could erupt with little or no warning.  - TVNZ.

WATCH: White Island activity could lead to large eruption.

WATCH: White Island Hydrothermal Activity - January, 2013.