Thursday, May 30, 2013

ICE AGE NOW: To The Horror Of Global Warming Alarmists, Global Cooling Is Here - This Summer Could Be The Coldest In Europe Since 1816 And United States Experiences Its Coldest Spring Since 1924!

May 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Around 1250 A.D., historical records show, ice packs began showing up farther south in the North Atlantic. Glaciers also began expanding on Greenland, soon to threaten Norse settlements on the island. From 1275 to 1300 A.D., glaciers began expanding more broadly, according to radiocarbon dating of plants killed by the glacier growth. The period known today as the Little Ice Age was just starting to poke through.

Summers began cooling in Northern Europe after 1300 A.D., negatively impacting growing seasons, as reflected in the Great Famine of 1315 to 1317. Expanding glaciers and ice cover spreading across Greenland began driving the Norse settlers out. The last, surviving, written records of the Norse Greenland settlements, which had persisted for centuries, concern a marriage in 1408 A.D. in the church of Hvalsey, today the best preserved Norse ruin.

To The Horror Of Global Warming Alarmists, Global Cooling Is Here.
Poster for The Day After Tomorrow, a 2004 American/Canadian science fiction disaster film.

Colder winters began regularly freezing rivers and canals in Great Britain, the Netherlands and Northern France, with both the Thames in London and the Seine in Paris frozen solid annually. The first River Thames Frost Fair was held in 1607. In 1607-1608, early European settlers in North America reported ice persisting on Lake Superior until June. In January, 1658, a Swedish army marched across the ice to invade Copenhagen. By the end of the 17th century, famines had spread from northern France, across Norway and Sweden, to Finland and Estonia.

Reflecting its global scope, evidence of the Little Ice Age appears in the Southern Hemisphere as well. Sediment cores from Lake Malawi in southern Africa show colder weather from 1570 to 1820. A 3,000 year temperature reconstruction based on varying rates of stalagmite growth in a cave in South Africa also indicates a colder period from 1500 to 1800. A 1997 study comparing West Antarctic ice cores with the results of the Greenland Ice Sheet Project Two (GISP2) indicate a global Little Ice Age affecting the two ice sheets in tandem.

The Siple Dome, an ice dome roughly 100 km long and 100 km wide, about 100 km east of the Siple Coast of Antartica, also reflects effects of the Little Ice Age synchronously with the GISP2 record, as do sediment cores from the Bransfield Basin of the Antarctic Peninsula. Oxygen/isotope analysis from the Pacific Islands indicates a 1.5 degree Celsius temperature decline between 1270 and 1475 A.D.

The Franz Josef glacier on the west side of the Southern Alps of New Zealand advanced sharply during the period of the Little Ice Age, actually invading a rain forest at its maximum extent in the early 1700s. The Mueller glacier on the east side of New Zealand's Southern Alps expanded to its maximum extent at roughly the same time.

Ice cores from the Andeas mountains in South America show a colder period from 1600 to 1800. Tree ring data from Patagonia in South America show cold periods from 1270 to 1380 and from 1520 to 1670. Spanish explorers noted the expansion of the San Rafael Glacier in Chile from 1675 to 1766, which continued into the 19th century.

The height of the Little Ice Age is generally dated as 1650 to 1850 A.D. The American Revolutionary Army under General George Washington shivered at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-78, and New York harbor was frozen in the winter of 1780. Historic snowstorms struck Lisbon, Portugal in 1665, 1744 and 1886. Glaciers in Glacier National Park in Montana advanced until the late 18th or early 19th centuries. The last River Thames Frost Fair was held in 1814. The Little Ice Age phased out during the middle to late 19th century.

The Little Ice Age, following the historically warm temperatures of the Medieval Warm Period, which lasted from about AD 950 to 1250, has been attributed to natural cycles in solar activity, particularly sunspots. A period of sharply lower sunspot activity known as the Wolf Minimum began in 1280 and persisted for 70 years until 1350. That was followed by a period of even lower sunspot activity that lasted 90 years from 1460 to 1550 known as the Sporer Minimum. During the period 1645 to 1715, the low point of the Little Ice Age, the number of sunspots declined to zero for the entire time. This is known as the Maunder Minimum, named after English astronomer Walter Maunder. That was followed by the Dalton Minimum from 1790 to 1830, another period of well below normal sunspot activity.

The increase in global temperatures since the late 19th century just reflects the end of the Little Ice Age. The global temperature trends since then have followed not rising CO2 trends but the ocean temperature cycles of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). Every 20 to 30 years, the much colder water near the bottom of the oceans cycles up to the top, where it has a slight cooling effect on global temperatures until the sun warms that water. That warmed water then contributes to slightly warmer global temperatures, until the next churning cycle.

Those ocean temperature cycles, and the continued recovery from the Little Ice Age, are primarily why global temperatures rose from 1915 until 1945, when CO2 emissions were much lower than in recent years. The change to a cold ocean temperature cycle, primarily the PDO, is the main reason that global temperatures declined from 1945 until the late 1970s, despite the soaring CO2 emissions during that time from the postwar industrialization spreading across the globe.

The 20 to 30 year ocean temperature cycles turned back to warm from the late 1970s until the late 1990s, which is the primary reason that global temperatures warmed during this period. But that warming ended 15 years ago, and global temperatures have stopped increasing since then, if not actually cooled, even though global CO2 emissions have soared over this period. As The Economist magazine reported in March, "The world added roughly 100 billion tonnes of carbon to the atmosphere between 2000 and 2010. That is about a quarter of all the CO2 put there by humanity since 1750." Yet, still no warming during that time. That is because the CO2 greenhouse effect is weak and marginal compared to natural causes of global temperature changes.

At first the current stall out of global warming was due to the ocean cycles turning back to cold. But something much more ominous has developed over this period. Sunspots run in 11 year short term cycles, with longer cyclical trends of 90 and even 200 years. The number of sunspots declined substantially in the last 11 year cycle, after flattening out over the previous 20 years. But in the current cycle, sunspot activity has collapsed. NASA's Science News report for January 8, 2013 states,
"Indeed, the sun could be on the threshold of a mini-Maunder event right now. Ongoing Solar Cycle 24 [the current short term 11 year cycle] is the weakest in more than 50 years. Moreover, there is (controversial) evidence of a long-term weakening trend in the magnetic field strength of sunspots. Matt Penn and William Livingston of the National Solar Observatory predict that by the time Solar Cycle 25 arrives, magnetic fields on the sun will be so weak that few if any sunspots will be formed. Independent lines of research involving helioseismology and surface polar fields tend to support their conclusion."
That is even more significant because NASA's climate science has been controlled for years by global warming hysteric James Hansen, who recently announced his retirement.

But this same concern is increasingly being echoed worldwide. The Voice of Russia reported on April 22, 2013,
"Global warming which has been the subject of so many discussions in recent years, may give way to global cooling. According to scientists from the Pulkovo Observatory in St.Petersburg, solar activity is waning, so the average yearly temperature will begin to decline as well. Scientists from Britain and the US chime in saying that forecasts for global cooling are far from groundless."
That report quoted Yuri Nagovitsyn of the Pulkovo Observatory saying, "Evidently, solar activity is on the decrease. The 11-year cycle doesn't bring about considerable climate change - only 1-2%. The impact of the 200-year cycle is greater - up to 50%. In this respect, we could be in for a cooling period that lasts 200-250 years." In other words, another Little Ice Age.

The German Herald reported on March 31, 2013,
"German meteorologists say that the start of 2013 is now the coldest in 208 years - and now German media has quoted Russian scientist Dr Habibullo Abdussamatov from the St. Petersburg Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory [saying this] is proof as he said earlier that we are heading for a "Mini Ice Age." Talking to German media the scientist who first made his prediction in 2005 said that after studying sunspots and their relationship with climate change on Earth, we are now on an 'unavoidable advance towards a deep temperature drop.'"
Faith in Global Warming is collapsing in formerly staunch Europe following increasingly severe winters which have now started continuing into spring. Christopher Booker explained in The Sunday Telegraph on April 27, 2013,

"Here in Britain, where we had our fifth freezing winter in a row, the Central England Temperature record - according to an expert analysis on the US science blog Watts Up With That - shows that in this century, average winter temperatures have dropped by 1.45C, more than twice as much as their rise between 1850 and 1999, and twice as much as the entire net rise in global temperatures recorded in the 20th century."

A news report from India (The Hindu April 22, 2013) stated, "March in Russia saw the harshest frosts in 50 years, with temperatures dropping to - 25° Celsius in central parts of the country and - 45° in the north. It was the coldest spring month in Moscow in half a century....Weathermen say spring is a full month behind schedule in Russia." The news report summarized,
"Russia is famous for its biting frosts but this year, abnormally icy weather also hit much of Europe, the United States, China and India. Record snowfalls brought Kiev, capital of Ukraine, to a standstill for several days in late March, closed roads across many parts of Britain, buried thousands of sheep beneath six-metre deep snowdrifts in Northern Ireland, and left more than 1,000,000 homes without electricity in Poland. British authorities said March was the second coldest in its records dating back to 1910. China experienced the severest winter weather in 30 years and New Delhi in January recorded the lowest temperature in 44 years."
Booker adds, "Last week it was reported that 3,318 places in the USA had recorded their lowest temperatures for this time of year since records began. Similar record cold was experienced by places in every province of Canada. So cold has the Russian winter been that Moscow had its deepest snowfall in 134 years of observations."

Britain's Met Office, an international cheerleading headquarters for global warming hysteria, did concede last December that there would be no further warming at least through 2017, which would make 20 years with no global warming. That reflects grudging recognition of the newly developing trends. But that reflects as well growing divergence between the reality of real world temperatures and the projections of the climate models at the foundation of the global warming alarmism of the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Since those models have never been validated, they are not science at this point, but just made up fantasies. That is why, "In the 12 years to 2011, 11 out of 12 [global temperature]forecasts [of the Met Office] were too high - and... none were colder than [resulted]," as BBC climate correspondent Paul Hudson wrote in January.

Global warming was never going to be the problem that the Lysenkoists who have brought down western science made it out to be. Human emissions of CO2 are only 4 to 5% of total global emissions, counting natural causes. Much was made of the total atmospheric concentration of CO2 exceeding 400 parts per million. But if you asked the daffy NBC correspondent who hysterically reported on that what portion of the atmosphere 400 parts per million is, she transparently wouldn't be able to tell you. One percent of the atmosphere would be 10,000 parts per million. The atmospheric concentrations of CO2 deep in the geologic past were much, much greater than today, yet life survived, and we have no record of any of the catastrophes the hysterics have claimed. Maybe that is because the temperature impact of increased concentrations of CO2 declines logarithmically. That means there is a natural limit to how much increased CO2 can effectively warm the planet, which would be well before any of the supposed climate catastrophes the warming hysterics have tried to use to shut down capitalist prosperity.

Yet, just last week, there was Washington Post columnist Eugene Robinson telling us, by way of attempting to tutor Rep. Lamar Smith (R-TX), Chairman of the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology, "For the record, and for the umpteenth time, there is no 'great amount of uncertainty' about whether the planet is warming and why." If you can read, and you have gotten this far in my column, you know why Robinson's ignorance is just another Washington Post abuse of the First Amendment. Mr. Robinson, let me introduce you to the British Met Office, stalwart of Global Warming "science," such as it is, which has already publicly confessed that we are already three quarters through 20 years of No Global Warming!

Booker could have been writing about Robinson when he concluded his Sunday Telegraph commentary by writing, "Has there ever in history been such an almighty disconnect between observable reality and the delusions of a political class that is quite impervious to any rational discussion?"

But there is a fundamental problem with the temperature records from this contentious period, when climate science crashed into political science. The land based records, which have been under the control of global warming alarmists at the British Met Office and the Hadley Centre Climate Research Unit, and at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the U.S., show much more warming during this period than the incorruptible satellite atmosphere temperature records. Those satellite records have been further confirmed by atmospheric weather balloons. But the land based records can be subject to tampering and falsification. - Forbes.

This Summer Could Be The Coldest In Europe Since 1816.
A man walks past an ice covered car on the frozen waterside promenade at Lake Geneva in Versoix,
near Geneva, Switzerland, early Feb. 5, 2012.

According to predictions of the French Canal Meteo, there is a 70% chance of a complete absence of summer in Western Europe this year, making it one of the coldest and wettest summers since 1816 - almost 200 years.

This would occur because this year's long, late winter has cooled the ocean, which, coupled with weak solar activity in recent months, could have a direct effect on the climate.

The last time this happened was in 1816, known as the "year without a summer" or "the year of poverty." At that time the sun was in the midst of the Dalton Minimum, when magnetic activity was extremely low, and Tambora volcano erupted in Indonesia with a column of smoke so thick that it caused a decline in world temperatures.

For now, it seems that the predictions are fulfilled. In Spain, temperatures fell this week and will remain below normal, while storms and showers are expected mainly in the north and northeast of the Peninsula and the Balearics, according to the Meteorological Agency (AEMET).

AEMET spokesman, Alejandro Lomas, said this week the temperatures will be below normal and precipitation will be "generous" in the far north and much of the northern third. Also, this week in the southern half of the peninsula, thermometers also stay below normal and even expected snowfall in mountain areas. - Ice Age Now.

Coldest Spring In The US Since 1924.

- Real Science.

EXTREME WEATHER: Massive Tornado Rips Through Milan, Italy - Rare Twister Leaves Utter Disaster In Its Wake!

May 30, 2013 - ITALYA tornado struck in northeastern Milan, Italy, on Wednesday, and you don't need a translator to understand the reactions of those who captured the amateur footage posted above, while riding in a vehicle alongside the twister.

The dramatic mobile phone footage shows the funnel of the tornado tearing through an industrial area in Cavenago, around 27km from Milan on Wednesday morning

The video shot from the nearby A4 highway shows the swirling mass of air filling with debris.

"It's destroying all the roofs," a man off camera says.

"No it's not possible... this is really crazy... I've never seen anything like this."

The tornado generated winds of up to 100km/h and caused extensive damage throughout the Brianza region.

A man driving a truck on the A4 was reportedly injured by flying debris and a fifty-year-old man was hit by a gate he was trying to close when the tornado struck.

WATCH: Tornado strikes Milan, Italy.

A local farmer told Il Giorno the vortex covered an area around 150m when it suddenly arrived.

Large parts of Brianza are now littered with the debris from roofs, fences and trees. - Voice of Russia.

BIG BROTHER NOW: The Rise Of The Global Police State - Florida Schools Scanned Students ' Irises Without Their Permission?!

May 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Parents in Polk County, Florida are outraged after learning that students in area schools had their irises scanned as part of a new security program without obtaining proper permission.

Reuters / Mike Blake.

Students at three facilities — an elementary school, a grade school and a high school — had their eyeballs scanned earlier this month as part of a ‘student safety’ pilot program being carried out by Stanley Convergent Security Solutions.

“It simply takes a picture of the iris, which is unique to every individual,” Rob Davis, the school board’s senior director of support services, wrote home to parents in a letter dated May 23. “With this program, we will be able to identify when and where a student gets on the bus, when they arrive at their school location, when and what bus the student boards and disembarks in the afternoon. This is an effort to further enhance the safety of our students. The EyeSwipe-Nano is an ideal replacement for the card based system since your child will not have to be responsible for carrying an identification card,” he added.

Parents at Daniel Jenkins Academy, Bephune Academy and the Davenport School of the Arts received the letter from the school board on May 24 informing them of the EyeSwipe-Nano program and that their child’s principal should be notified if they don’t want their son or daughter to participate.

But elsewhere in the letter, the board explained that the program would begin last Monday, May 20. By the time the letter was received on Friday, iris scans had already been completed at the three area schools without a single student opting out, Angel Clark wrote for The Examiner this week.

Because Memorial Day landed on May 27, parents were unable to receive confirmation from the school until this Tuesday, nearly one week after the scans began.

In the letter, Davis described the scanning as a safe and noninvasive way of collecting students’ biometric data as a way of ensuring the safety of pupils in the Polk County school district. Parents are appalled that they weren’t informed of the program ahead of time, though, and are calling it an invasion of privacy.

It seems like they are mostly focused on this program, like the program was the problem. It's not, it's the invasion of my family's Constitutional right to privacy that is the problem, as well as the school allowing a private company access to my child without my consent or permission,” one concerned parent wrote in a Facebook post that has since been shared hundreds of times. “This is stolen information, and we cannot retrieve it.”

When the parent reached the school on Tuesday, she was told that the program was suspended.

Reporter Michelle Malkin caught up with Davis on Wednesday and he apologized for the board’s actions and confirmed that the data had been destroyed.

Davis told me that ‘it is a mistake on our part’ that a notification letter to parents did not go out on May 17,” she wrote. “He blamed a secretary who had a ‘medical emergency.’”

Polks planned to install EyeSwipe-Nano units on 17 local school busses starting next year. The scandal comes just months after a high school student in Texas was suspended for refusing to wear an identification card to class. - RT.

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: Hemorrhagic Septicemia - "Massive Die-Off" Of Fish In The Irondequoit Bay In New York!

May 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - After saying the death of countless fish in Irondequoit Bay this spring was due to a natural seasonal phenomenon, New York environmental officials reversed course Tuesday and said an infectious fish disease is to blame.

Large numbers of fish began dying in Irondequoit Bay in early May. On May 28, the state Department of Environmental Conservation said the die-off was due to viral hemorrhagic septicemia or VHS, an infectious fish virus. / Brian Sharp/Staff photographer

The disease, known as viral hemorrhagic septicemia or VHS, does not pose a threat to humans or other mammals, according to the state Department of Environmental Conservation.

But it has killed a large number of gizzard shad, white perch, yellow perch and drum in the bay, the DEC said in a statement. No mortality numbers were released, but from witness accounts, the number is in the thousands.

Walter Burack of Rochester was kayaking in Ellison Creek near Empire Boulevard in early May and saw what he termed a “massive” die-off.

“These fish were behaving incredibly bizarrely. Honestly, the number of dead fish and their odd circular swimming at the surface was so striking that I told my son at the time that this might be 'fish plague' " he said.

The die-off began in late April, according to the DEC and to residents along Irondequoit Bay and along Ellison Creek, which feeds the bay from the south.

The DEC asked anglers to avoid spreading VHS to other bodies of water by not taking fish, including bait, from the bay to other bodies of water; by cleaning the hull, motor, propeller, trailer and other gear of any boat before leaving the bay; and by disinfecting the live well, bilge and bait tanks with a 10 percent solution of bleach.

VHS was first documented in the Great Lakes when it caused a large die-off in Lake Ontario in 2005. Since then, it has been blamed for mass deaths of fish in a number of Finger and Great lakes, according to the DEC.

The virus cannot make humans sick, but it does affect many different species of fish.

When the DEC was asked about the die-off in early March, the agency said it was due to spring water-temperature changes and other environmental stresses. - DAC.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Pacaya Volcano Erupts in Guatemala - Sending Volcanic Material More Than 400 Metres In The Air!

May 30, 2013 - GUATEMALA - Guatemala's Pacaya volcano has erupted, sending volcanic material more than 400 metres in the air, authorities say.

The Institute of Vulcanology warned that the eruption could intensify with ash rising as high as 1000 to 2000 metres, posing a threat to air traffic at Guatemala's international airport.

"Ash could spread over Guatemala City due to the direction of the wind," the country's disaster response office said in a statement.

The last major eruption of Pacaya, in May 2010, claimed the life of a television journalist, drove thousands of people from their homes and forced the closure of the Guatemala City airport for five days.

The 2552 metre-high Pacaya is 50 kilometres south of the capital and one of three active volcanoes in Guatemala. - Herald Sun.

WEATHER ANOMALIES: "Freak" Tornado Hits Davao City In The Philippines - Knocked Down Power Lines, Uprooted Trees, Damaged 10 Homes!

May 30, 2013 - PHILIPPINES - Davao city in southern Mindanao was hit with a “freak” tornado on Wednesday.

Davao Tornado.

Judging by the damage caused the video above and the type of weather system in the area at the time this was likely  a F1 Tornado. 

Even being on the lower end of the scale a tornado of any size can cause damage and this one did just that damaging 10 homes in the city.

Davao Tornado.

The tornado also knocked down power lines shutting off power to residents and uprooting trees.

Davao city is also one of the citys hit by this past Decembers monster Typhoon Bopha. Tornadoes are not unheard of during landfalling typhoons and this is the not the first time of one being reported in Mindanao or the Philippines for that matter. 

Actually tornadoes are quite common in the Philippines. I myself saw one in Manila bay two years ago.

Manila Bay Waterspout.

The difference between these tornadoes and the ones you often see in the USA are that Philippine tornadoes typically stay weak due to the lack of wind shear aloft and no clashing of airmasses in the tropics to fuel storms.

Yet single cells storms that are strong enough and friction in the earths surface and from time to time cause rotation creating a tornado. - WPW.

WATCH: Raw Footage - Davao City Tornado.

EXTREME WEATHER: Mother Nature Strikes Back - Floods, Rains, More Tornadoes Set For Storm-Battered Central United States - Life-Threatening Severe Weather Threat Thursday For Dallas, Kansas City, Oklahoma City, Minneapolis, Rapid City, Boston, New York, Pittsburgh, Little Rock And St. Louis; Be Prepared To Go Underground!

May 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - In a week that has produced hundreds of reports of severe weather and over 60 reports of tornadoes, the threat for more damaging storms will continue Thursday across the Plains and the Midwest.

The threat of severe storms will extend over a large area from North Texas northward into Wisconsin and Minnesota, including Minneapolis, Des Moines, Omaha, Wichita and Oklahoma City. The greatest threat for tornadoes will extend from northern Missouri southwestward into northeastern Oklahoma, including Kansas City, Springfield, Mo., and Tulsa, Okla.

By Thursday night, strong to severe storms will move eastward, potentially impacting Milwaukee, Chicago and St. Louis.

The storms will develop in advance of a cold front associated with a potent storm system sitting over the Dakotas. The clash between the cool air behind the front and the building warm, humid air over the Midwest and East will provide an environment that is ripe for severe thunderstorms.

Large hail, damaging winds, heavy rainfall and frequent lightning will accompany some of the storms.

As has been the case for the past several days, there is also the risk for tornadoes. If the atmosphere destabilizes enough, some strong, long-lived tornadoes are possible.

Another major concern will be flooding, especially over portions of the Midwest where several inches of rain has already fallen this week. Some of the worst flooding has been across Iowa, where record high water levels have been reached on a couple of rivers in the state.

Additional rainfall will lead to more flash flooding and washed out roadways in these areas.

The slow-moving front will continue to crawl eastward on Friday, keeping the threat for more severe weather and flooding downpours across the Midwest.

Drier weather will finally move in over the weekend as the front moves eastward into the Ohio Valley and East. - AccuWeather.

More severe weather was forecast for the nation’s storm-battered midsection Thursday, including the threat of tornadoes in the Oklahoma City area hit by last week’s deadly twisters.

Heavy rain and flooding is likely from the eastern Plains to the lower Great Lakes, Weather Channel meteorologist Kevin Roth said.

Hail and damaging winds resulted in more than 250 storm reports by the end of Wednesday, according to, as a “multi-day severe weather outbreak” continued to bring misery to the Plains.

A preliminary 19 tornadoes were reported in four different states -- Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa -- on Wednesday, said.

WATCH: Conditions are favorable for the development of tornados in Kansas, Oklahoma and surrounding states. Isolated tornadoes are also possible in the Northeast. The Weather Channel's Chris Warren reports.

At least 21 tornadoes touched down Tuesday, injuring at least seven people in three states.

The storm system responsible is forecast to move slowly eastward through the weekend, Roth said.

Areas likely to be worst hit include Minneapolis, which is set for strong evening thunderstorms, and Kansas City, Roth said.

In Oklahoma City, where 24 people were killed by twisters last week, severe storms are likely again Thursday evening, bringing the threat of more tornadoes.

Thursday’s storm system will reach the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic areas on Sunday, bringing showers, thunderstorms and cooler temperatures, Roth said.

Torrential rain and localized flooding is possible in parts of Florida over the coming days. - NBC News.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Wildest Weather On The Planet - The Erratic US 'Weather Whiplash' Accounts For Two-Thirds Of 170 Billions Of Dollars In Global Losses!

May 30, 2013 - UNITED STATESAmerica has some of the wildest weather on the planet, and it turns out those extremes – which run from heat waves and tornadoes to floods, hurricanes and droughts – carry a heavy price tag.

A tornado passes across south Oklahoma City. Photograph: Paul Hellstern/AP

Climate studies have associated more frequent and intense weather events – such as heavy storms and heat waves – with climate change. The wild swings in weather across the midwest over the last few years – including heat waves, floods, and drought – have been cited as an example of what lies ahead with future climate change.

A report from the environmental research organisation World Watch Institute on Wednesday provided further evidence of the costs of those extreme shifts – known as "weather whiplash".

The report found that the United States alone accounted for more than two-thirds of the $170bn in losses caused by natural disasters around the world last year.

Hurricane Sandy, the drought that spread across the corn belt last summer, and a spate of tornadoes and other extreme storms together accounted for $100bn of those global losses, the report said.

Some $58bn was covered by insurance still making 2012 the most expensive year in terms of natural disasters in the US since hurricane Katrina in 2005.

About a third of those losses, $20bn, was due to a drought which at its height ravaged 60% of the US mainland.

Last year did not set new records in terms of the sheer number of natural disasters or lives lost through such calamities.

In all, there were 905 natural disasters around the world last year. Nearly all were weather or climate-related – with 45% attributed to storms, 35% to flooding and 12% to wildfires, drought, extreme heat or cold snaps, the report said.

The remaining 7% were caused by earthquakes and volcanos.

Deaths due to natural disasters reached 9,600 – only a fraction of the 10-year average of 106,000, the report said.

But in 2012 weather became far more deadly. Almost all of the fatalities last year, 93%, were due to weather-related events.

And the dangerous weather appears to be a trend. Property damage due to weather extremes has risen sharply in North America, including the Caribbean, over the last 30 years, the report said. - Guardian.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: The Global Volcano Report For May 30, 2013 - Updates On Yasur, Chirinkotan, Santa María, Pacaya, Santiaguito, Sakurajima, Popocatépetl, Fuego, And Copahue!

May 30, 2013 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe.

Yasur (Vanuatu): Explosive activity at Vanuatu’s Mt Yasur volcano has increased in recent days. According to observations by the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards department, the activity level of the volcano on Tanna Island is still at alert level 2 but an increase to 3 in the near future is possible.

The risk of volcanic projections near the volcano crater remains as thick steam and ash is being emitted from active vents, with ash fall in communities downwind. An increase in activity was noted in early April when bombs were ejected from the volcano to the parking area below the summit cone, and the activity status was raised from 1 to 2. It is recommended that all communities, visitors and travel agents take the current situation seriously.

Chirinkotan (Northern Kuriles): Based on satellite imagery, the volcanic activity (evidenced by a significant degassing plume) was no longer visible after 25 May and has probably ended or is pausing at the moment.

Analysis of past images in return showed that the eruption likely began in early April already.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): After a few days of relatively calmness, the volcano erupted at least 3 times today already. It seems to have begun another cycle of increased explosion frequency, which seem typically to last a few days.

WATCH: Explosive eruptions at Sakurajima.

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): An earthquake swarm and tremor pulses occurred today, which could suggest new magma on the rise, but this has (not yet) resulted in particular surface activity which remained rather calm. Degassing (SO2 emissions) remains strong.

Current seismic recording from Popocatépetl.

Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): Activity has remained generally low, with occasional small to medium-sized ash explosions and small avalanches from the Caliente dome.

Pacaya (Guatemala): The volcano has been mostly hidden in clouds, but strombolian (and perhaps effusive) activity continues as can be seen from glow at night and noises from explosions and degassing. A strong increase of seismic activity seems to have started a few hours ago as suggested by the current seismogram.

Today's seismic recording from Pacaya (PCG station, INSIVUMEH).

Fuego (Guatemala): Activity remains weak. As it's rainy season, the volcano is mostly in clouds, but the seismogram and INSIVUMEH reports indicate occasional small explosions, some rockfalls and degassing events.

Current seismic signal from Fuego volcano (FG3 station, INSIVUMEH).

Copahue (Chile/Argentina): The 2,965m (nearly 10,000ft) volcano - which sits in the Andes cordillera - has so far only spewed gas, but thousands of minor earth tremors have been registered in the area. Chilean Interior and Security Minister Andrés Chadwick said the increased activity could lead to an eruption and officials would evacuate 2,240 people, or 460 families, within a 25-kilometre radius. “This evacuation is obligatory; it’s not voluntary,” Chadwick told reporters. Stoll not everybody is willing to leave.

“No. I do not want to leave because we have chickens and it isn't easy to leave them and go to a shelter,” resident Florinda Lipiman told the news agency Reuters.

Sheep walk with the Copahue volcano spewing ashes in the background in Neuquen province (Photo AFP).

In neighbouring Argentina the authorities had first declared a “yellow alert” but later revised it to the highest level. They have now ordered the evacuation of at least 600 people from the town of Caviahue to the neighbouring city of Loncopue where the crisis committee said than an eruption “can take place at any moment now”

Fears run deep as Copahue’s new eruptive cycle began in July 1992 when the crater lake explosions ejected rock fragments, white dust, large amounts of green and yellow liquid sulphur. In July 2000 Copahue registered its largest eruption in 100 years. Eruption of lapilli, ash, and bombs occurred at the volcano. Bombs up to 13 cm in diameter were ejected more than 8 km from the summit, and ash fell 100 km away.

Hazard map of Copahue and threatened villages (graphics created by El Mercurio newspaper).

As recently as December 22 2012 an eruption occurred when ash reached an altitude of 31,000 ft and extended 110 km southeast of the volcano. Satellite images showed sulphur dioxide plume from Copahue eruption reached Tristan da Cunha in the south Atlantic Ocean 2700 km ENE of the volcano on 24th December 2012

Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for May 30.

SOURCES: Volcano Discovery | Radio NZ | Merco Press.

EXTREME WEATHER: Midsummer Heat - First Heat Wave Of The Season Blasts Eastern United States!

May 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Midsummer heat is arriving just a few days after the unofficial start of the season.

After shivering cold over the Memorial Day weekend, record-challenging heat will build in some areas of the Great Lakes and the East as May draws to a close and June begins.

While some people may welcome the heat, for a number of people it may be a little tough to adjust to after days of cool conditions.

Avoid manual labor during the afternoon hours, when temperatures are the highest and the sun is the strongest. If you must work in this weather, be sure to drink plenty of fluids. Since there will be some air quality issues over time, folks with respiratory problems should use caution when spending a great deal of time outside of an air conditioned environment.

Some locations will experience a 50- to 55-degree temperature rise compared to morning lows this past weekend to afternoon highs Thursday to Saturday.

High temperatures near or above 90 degrees are forecast on one or more days.

In some cases, temperatures will challenge or break record highs during the period from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic coast.

Even areas that received accumulating snow in upstate New York and New England this past weekend will feel the heat.

During the upcoming weekend, the heat will be chopped down over the Midwest by an advancing zone of thunderstorms associated with a cold front. The storms could be locally severe.

The cold front and storms would reach the Appalachians Saturday night and Sunday then the I-95 corridor by Monday.

As a reminder, because of the slow spring in the region, water temperatures are still quite chilly at the beaches, lakes and unheated pools.

The cold water can quickly bring on muscle cramps and increase the risk of drowning. Parents and guardians are urged to keep a close eye on their kids. Always swim with a companion. - AccuWeather.

EXTREME WEATHER: Hurricane Barbara Floods Mexico's Southern Pacific Coast - Flooding Roads; Toppling Trees; Killing Two Men!

May 30, 2013 - MEXICOHurricane Barbara hit Mexico's southern Pacific coast on Wednesday, flooding roads, toppling trees and killing two men before weakening to a tropical storm as it moved inland.

The U.S. National Hurricane Center said Barbara, which had earlier moved close to the country's biggest oil refinery, was 50 miles west of the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez in Chiapas state. Winds were blowing at up to 60 miles per hour.

A collapsed power line lies on a vehicle after Hurricane Barbara passed through Arriaga, in the Mexican state of Chiapas, on Wednesday.  Mario Castillo / Reuters

The hurricane was churning north-northeast at about 9 mph and should weaken rapidly overnight, the NHC said.

According to media reports, 14 fishermen disappeared in the state of Oaxaca during the storm. Local emergency services said they could not confirm that information.

Manuel Maza, director of emergency services in Oaxaca state, said that very strong winds and intense rainfall had hit the region and that power outages were reported.

Hurricane Barbara hit Mexico's southern Pacific coast on Wednesday, flooding roads, toppling trees and killing two men before weakening to a tropical storm as it moved inland.

The U.S. National Hurricane Center said Barbara, which had earlier moved close to the country's biggest oil refinery, was 50 miles west of the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez in Chiapas state. Winds were blowing at up to 60 miles per hour.

Hurricane Barbara is visible in the lower right in this satellite image taken Wednesday.
NASA - NOAA GOES Project via Reuters.

The hurricane was churning north-northeast at about 9 mph and should weaken rapidly overnight, the NHC said.

According to media reports, 14 fishermen disappeared in the state of Oaxaca during the storm. Local emergency services said they could not confirm that information.

Manuel Maza, director of emergency services in Oaxaca state, said that very strong winds and intense rainfall had hit the region and that power outages were reported. - NBC News.

WATCH: Hurricane Barbara lashes Mexico's southern coast.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: More Sinkholes Keep Popping Up Across America - 80 Foot Sinkhole Cause Major Headaches In Anniston, Alabama; Damage Will Cost Over One Million Dollars!

May 30, 2013 - UNITED STATESThe heavy rains we experienced last week have caused an eighty foot sinkhole along Weaver Road where it connects to Glade Road across the street from the Lenlock Shopping Center.

The rain had swept away a decaying pipe and the dirt that surrounded it, which left the South-bound lane an underground cavern. According to published reports, the city was informed of the hole around Thursday afternoon.

Once the employees discovered the size of the hole, which could fit two pickup trucks, the crew was compelled to work until midnight.

The damage will cost over one million dollars to repair, but on Tuesday the city council only approved eighty-five thousand dollars.

The city has applied for funding through the Alabama Transportation Rehabilitation and Improvement Program.

WATCH: Giant sinkhole in Anniston.

If the program funds the project, the city will then be responsible for two hundred and five thousand dollars of its cost.

The contractors will slip a new reinforced plastic pipe into the existing pipe and use hydraulics to push it through, filling the space between the pipes with grout.

The new pipe will be installed under Glade Road and northward for 200 feet to the next junction box, essentially a concrete box supporting the pipes.

The city will then refill the hole around the pipe and repair the paving and curb along the hole. The current project will complete ten percent of the larger project. - TV24.

FIRE IN THE SKY: Major Solar System Disturbance - Fireball Light Phenomenon Explodes Over Southern Finland With Supersonic Boom!

May 30, 2013 - FINLANDAn unusual light and sound phenomenon that was sighted in Finnish skies in early May has been confirmed as a fireball, in other words a very bright meteor. The light was seen on May 8th in parts of southern and central Finland.

The Ursa Astronomical Association estimated on Wednesday that the object was half a metre long and weighed 50 kilos when it entered the earth's atmosphere.

The fireball was captured by a photographer in Mikkeli, eastern Finland. © Aki Taavitsainen

The flight route of the bright fireball that flew over Southern Finland on Wednesday 8th of May has been modelled. Esko Lyytinen, mathematician of URSA astronomical association and member of URSA Finnish Fireball Working Group, estimated that about 5kg of the fireball ended up on the earth's surface, in the southern part of Huittinen. There were over 300 sightings of the fireball reported in the URSA database.

The exact flight route estimation was based on the meteor camera pictures of URSA Finnish Fireball Working Group. Photographers of the fireball route were Johan Linden in Turku and Aki Taavitsainen in Mikkeli.

The cause of the fireball light phenomena was a meteoroid that passed through the atmosphere. Based on the simulation, the mass of the meteoroid was about 50 kilograms, and it's diameter was about 30 centimeters. It arrived in the atmosphere at a 43 degree angle.

Estimated trajectory of today's overhead explosion in Finland.
© Kuva Ursa / Mikko Suominen / Celestia.

The speed of the object was about 23 kilometers per second when it arrived the atmosphere. It ignited into a glowing fireball near Mynämäki at the height of 60 kilometers, from where it travelled into north-east. After crossing Lake Pyhäjärvi, the fireball flamed out northeast of Säkylä, at an altitude of about 23 kilometers.

It's usually very challenging to find meteors on the ground in Finland. No pieces of the fireball have been found yet. The impact zone is about 10 kilometers to the south from the center of the town of Huittinen.

Even though the fireball was impressive, it was still about 200 000 times smaller that the one that was seen over Russia, Tseljabinski on February 15th. The object that impacted Tseljabinski was originally 17-meter diameter asteroid, and it's mass was about 10 million kilograms. - SOTT.

ICE AGE NOW: A Year Without Summer - French Ski Resort To Open For Skiing In JUNE For The FIRST TIME IN HISTORY; Europeans Are Wondering Whatever Happened To Global Warming?!

May 30, 2013 - FRANCE - It's been a cold 2013 so far in Central and Western Europe. Last weekend snow fell in Austria, Germany, and the Czech Republic.

Global warming in France in June!© Nicolas Guionnet

Europeans are wondering whatever happened to global warming. Climate institutes, who just years ago predicted warm, snow-less winters, have turned 180° and are now insisting that the Little Ice Age-like conditions that have gripped Europe over the last 5 years are actually signs of global warming after all! Fortunately, very few people believe them.

Not only has snow become more frequent in the winter, but now ski slopes in the French Pyrenees are reporting that they will be open for (snow) skiing in June - the first time in history the French Local here reports.
A combination of a icy winter and a chilly spring has meant that for the first time ever in the month of June, skiers will have the option of heading to the pistes in the French Pyrenees, French TV TF1 reported on Wednesday."
Remember how super-computer climate models predicted snow being rare and would end much of the European ski industry? Precisely the opposite is happening (my emphasis):
The Pyrenees witnessed heavy snow falls throughout the winter that led to regular avalanche alerts being put in place and at point in the ski season stations had to close because there was too much snow."
This is hilarious. A climate scientist just couldn't be made to look more foolish. Well, take that back. They are making themselves look even more foolish: Now they are claiming that all the cold and snow is global warming!

The Local ends but offering a small ray of hope to once warm and sunny France and Spain: "...there is hope the sun might make an appearance in France in July and August."

Read it all here. - NTZ.

WAR DRUMS: The Game-Changer - Assad Taunts Israel As Syria Gets First Russian S-300 Anti-Air Missiles And More Are Coming; Vows To Strike Israel!

May 30, 2013 - SYRIA - Directly taunting Israel, Syrian president Basher Assad says in an interview prerecorded for broadcast Thursday night, May 30, that the first batch of Russian S-300 anti-air missiles has arrived in Syria and a second consignment is on the way. The broadcast is scheduled to air simultaneously Thursday night over Hizballah’s Al Manar and Syrian state television channels.

Syria has received the first shipment of a sophisticated air defense system from Russia, President Bashar al-Assad was quoted as saying, sending a signal of military strength days before an EU arms embargo on the country lapses.

The Syrian ruler was replying directly to the quote from Israel’s National Security Adviser Yakov Amidror that the S-300 batteries have not been delivered yet and when they are, Israel will destroy them. Wednesday, May 29, debkafile reported the landing at Latakia airport of a large Russian transport carrying 60 tons of unidentified freight. Labeled by Moscow “humanitarian aid,” it was in fact the first S-300 delivery to which Assad referred.

Continuing in the same vein, Assad said that not only would the Syrian army react to any further Israeli attacks, he “would not stand in the way of Syrian groups that want to fight for the liberation of the Golan.”
debkafile reported a short while ago.

Fresh Hizballah forces entered Syria early Thursday, May 30, hours after the United States called the presence of the Hizballah fighters from Lebanon in Syria “unacceptable” and “dangerous” and demanded their immediate withdrawal.

Already fighting on three fronts – Damascus, Homs and al Qusayr - debkafile’s military sources report that the new increment is assigned a fourth. Iran’s Lebanese proxies will be heading south to take on the rebel stronghold of Deraa, capital of the Huran, where thet will be fighting within 30 kilometers of Israel’s Golan border.

Lookout posts report the incoming Hizballah units organizing their equipment and getting set to move.

The threats traded by Russia, Syria, Hizballah with Israel have reached a new pitch of stridency.
Israel’s National Secuirty Adviser Yakov Amidror was quoted Wednesday night as warning that if the Russian S-300 anti-air missiles are delivered to Syria, Israel will strike them and prevent their deployment for operational use.

Former Defense Minister Moshe Arens voiced his certainty that the Russians are aware Israel is capable of destroying the batteries. debkafile’s military sources add: Moscow has made a point of stressing that the S-300s for Syria will arrive accompanied by Russian officers and advisers, in the belief that Israel will think twice before tangling with Moscow by attacking the missiles still in their crates and risking harm to Russian personnel.

This eventuality came up in the tough conversation Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu had with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Sochi on May 14.

WATCH: Assad - Syria gets first batch of Russian S-300 missiles.

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moallem has meanwhile pitched in to warn that another Israeli strike against Syria would elicit an immediate Syrian response. He spoke to the Hizballah TV station Al Mayadin Wednesday night. In answer to a question, he said the Syrian response would be proportional to the Israeli attack.

In Helsinki, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reacted harshly to the European Union’s decision – spearheaded by Britain and France – to lift its arms embargo on the Syrian rebels: He made it clear that this decision had untied Moscow’s hands for supplying Bashar Assad with weapons banned by international treaties.

“Every decision has two sides. If one side lifts its restrictions, then the other side may no longer feel compelled to keep its previously adopted obligations,” Shoigu said Wednesday.

A special interview with President Assad is scheduled for simultaneous broadcast Thursday night by Hizballah’s Al-Manar and Syrian state television channels. - DEBKA.

Assad is quoted by a Lebanese TV as saying the first shipment of
Russian air defense missiles has arrived in his country. Al-Manar TV,
owned by the militant Hezbollah group, is to air an exclusive interview
with Assad later Thursday, May 30, 2013. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi, File)
Syrian President Bashar Assad said in a TV interview broadcast Thursday that Russia has fulfilled some of its weapons contracts recently, but was vague on whether this included advanced S-300 air defense systems.

Assad's actual comments differed from excerpts the TV station conducting the interview had sent to reporters in a text message on Thursday morning.

In that message, the Al-Manar station owned by the Lebanese militia Hezbollah quoted Assad as saying Syria had already received a first shipment of such missiles. The Associated Press called Al-Manar after receiving the text message, and an official at the station said the message had been sent based on Assad's comments.

In the interview, Assad was asked about the S-300s, but his answer was general.

He said that Russia's weapons shipments are not linked to the Syria conflict. "We have been negotiating with them about different types of weapons for years and Russia is committed to Syria to implement these contracts," he said.

"All we have agreed on with Russia will be implemented and some of it has been implemented recently, and we and the Russians continue to implement these contracts," he said.

Assad also said that his forces will respond to any future Israeli strike on his country.

Israel struck near the Syrian capital of Damascus earlier this month. Israeli officials said at the time they were targeting suspected shipments of advanced missiles purportedly intended for Hezbollah, a Syria ally.

Asked whether Syria would respond to such strikes, Assad said: "We have told countries that we will respond to any strike with a similar strike." He says that the manner of the response "depends on the circumstance and timing" of the attack. - AP.

PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: Coronavirus Spreads - Saudi Arabia Reports Three More Deaths From SARS-Like Virus!

May 30, 2013 - SAUDI ARABIA - Saudi Arabia has reported that three more people have died from a new respiratory virus related to SARS, bringing the total number of deaths globally to 30.

The Ministry of Health said Thursday the three deceased, ranging in age from 24 to 60, had chronic diseases, including kidney failure. It says they were hospitalized a month ago.

The Ministry also announced a new case of the respiratory virus called MERS, bringing to 38 the number of those infected in the kingdom. It identified the afflicted person only as a 61-year-old from the Al-Ahsa region where the outbreak in a health care facility started in April.

The World Health Organization said the new germ, a respiratory infection, was first seen in the Middle East and sickened more than 49 people worldwide. - AP.

DELUGE: River Ice Jam Causes Major Flooding And "Whole Bunch Of Chaos" In Alaska Interior - Up To 7 Feet Of Water High, Homes And Roads Submerged, Hundreds Evacuated!

May 30, 2013 - ALASKAThe National Guard has helped evacuate residents from a small community in Alaska's interior where a river ice jam caused major flooding, washing out roads and submerging homes and other buildings. State officials estimate several hundred people have left the town of Galena, which remained mostly underwater Tuesday with the Yukon River ice jam firmly in place, the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner reported.

In this May 27, 2013 photo released by the National Weather Service, ice and water cover the roads in Galena, Alaska. Several hundred people are estimated to have fled the community of Galena in Alaska's interior, where a river ice jam has caused major flooding, sending water washing over roads and submerging buildings. (AP Photo/National Weather Service, Ed Plumb)

In this May 27, 2013 photo released by the National Weather Service, homes and other buildings are shown flooded in Galena, Alaska. Several hundred people are estimated to have fled the community of Galena in Alaska's interior, where a river ice jam has caused major flooding, sending water washing over roads and submerging buildings. (AP Photo/National Weather Service, Ed Plumb)

National Weather Service meteorologist Christopher Cox said 90 percent of the community's roads were flooded, and many buildings had 7 feet of water in them. Some of the people who were displaced said they escaped in rafts battered by ice chunks and floating debris.

After rising floodwaters breached a wall protecting the Galena airport, the National Guard flew in to evacuate any remaining residents who wanted to leave the community of nearly 500, the Anchorage Daily News reported.

Evacuee Shane Edwin stepped off a flight to Fairbanks on Tuesday afternoon and described the scene he left behind as "a whole bunch of chaos." "The roads are all gone," he said. "The houses are flipped over. It's just trashed. I couldn't grab anything, not even my ID. The water came so fast."

In this May 27, 2013 photo released by the National Weather Service, boats and buses used for evacuation are shown as floodwaters from the Yukon River rise in the Interior Alaska community in Galena, Alaska. Several hundred people are estimated to have fled the community of Galena in Alaska's interior, where a river ice jam has caused major flooding, sending water washing over roads and submerging buildings. (AP Photo/National Weather Service, Ed Plumb)

In this May 27, 2013 photo released by the National Weather Service, homes and other buildings are shown flooded in Galena, Alaska. Several hundred people are estimated to have fled the community of Galena in Alaska's interior, where a river ice jam has caused major flooding, sending water washing over roads and submerging buildings. (AP Photo/National Weather Service, Ed Plumb)

State emergency management spokesman Jeremy Zidek told The Associated Press water went over low areas of the dike at about 12:30 p.m. Tuesday. The water level fell after that, but he said there was still the threat of the water topping the dike again. He said that's why the state was took the step of bringing in military aircraft to aid in the evacuations of anyone else who wanted to leave.

Evacuations have been running for several days, with many residents flying to Fairbanks 270 miles to the east. Gov. Sean Parnell's office said in a release that the sewer and water systems at the Galena shelter failed, forcing additional evacuations.

Parnell's office put the number of evacuations at 300, as of noon Tuesday. Zidek said that number was fluid. He could not say how many people remained.

In this May 27, 2013 photo released by the National Weather Service, ice and water are shown flooding homes and other buildings in Galena, Alaska. Several hundred people are estimated to have fled the community of Galena in Alaska's interior, where a river ice jam has caused major flooding, sending water washing over roads and submerging buildings. (AP Photo/National Weather Service, Ed Plumb)

In this May 27, 2013 photo released by the National Weather Service, ice and water are shown flooding homes and other buildings in Galena, Alaska. Several hundred people are estimated to have fled the community of Galena in Alaska's interior, where a river ice jam has caused major flooding, sending water washing over roads and submerging buildings. (AP Photo/National Weather Service, Ed Plumb)

Parnell surveyed the flooding Tuesday afternoon with Maj. Gen. Thomas Katkus, commissioner of the Department of Military and Veterans Affairs. Department personnel have been aiding the Tanana Chiefs Conference in evacuations, Parnell's office said.
The flooding in Galena should clear when the ice jam breaks. But the forecaster, Cox, said it's unclear when that will occur.

Parnell said the flooding is expected to worsen before the waters begin to recede.

When the jam breaks, the downriver community of Koyukuk will be at risk of flooding. - Yahoo.

MASS BIRD DIE-OFF: Plagues & Pestilences - Over 120,000 Birds Killed Due To Avian Flu In Six Provinces In Nepal!

May 30, 2013 - NEPAL - The Nepalese veterinary authorities have reported nine further outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) at various farms located in Seti, Mechi, Bagmati, Lumbini, Narayani and Gandaki, affecting broilers, backyard chickens, egg layers, ducks and a house crow (Corvus splendens) also known as Corvidae.

File Photo.

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) received follow-up report no. 8, stating that out of 122,334 susceptible birds, 42,653 cases and deaths were reported. The remaining 79,681 birds were destroyed.

The house crow was also reportedly found dead.

According to the OIE, the birds showed respiratory distress, nervous signs and all affected birds died.

Cleaning and disinfection activities in the infected premises are completed. Intensive surveillance activities are ongoing throughout the country.

The source of the outbreaks remains inconclusive. - The Poultry Site.

ICE AGE NOW: A Year Without Summer - Spain Braces For 'Coldest Summer In 200 Years'?!

May 30, 2013 - SPAIN - If you've been looking forward to spending your Spanish summer sunning yourself by the pool, don't pack away your winter clothes just yet.

According to Meteo, June and July are only likely to have short periods of summer heat which will in turn bring heavy storms in August. Photo: Gueadencio Garcinuño

France's main weather channel has announced that there is a 70 percent chance of this summer being cold and wet across Spain, France, Portugal, Germany and Austria.

Cold maritime fronts and weak solar activity during the winter months have not only given us a chillier Spanish spring than normal, they're also going to make the summer months unusually dreary and rainy.

According to Meteo, June and July are only likely to have short periods of summer heat which will in turn bring heavy storms in August.

September and October are likely to register higher average temperatures and less rain, the French weather agency announced on Monday.

The year without summer, 1816, is not an old wives' tale.

Overcast skies and cold temperatures across the northern hemisphere led to severe crop failures and food shortages in France, England, Ireland and the US during the summer months of that year. - The Local.