Wednesday, August 7, 2013

EXTREME WEATHER: The World Continues To Broil - Federal Study Reveals That 2012 Was Warmer Than Every Year In The Previous Century; With Record Earth Changes In Heat Waves, Rising Sea Levels, Snow Melts, And Heat Buildup In The Oceans!

August 07, 2013 - UNITED STATES - A new massive federal study says the world in 2012 sweltered with continued signs of climate change. Rising sea levels, snow melt, heat buildup in the oceans, and melting Arctic sea ice and Greenland ice sheets, all broke or nearly broke records, but temperatures only sneaked into the top 10.

Surface temperatures in 2012 compared with the temperature average from 1981 to 2010.
Dan Pisut / NOAA Environmental Visualization Lab

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on Tuesday issued a peer-reviewed 260-page report, which agency chief Kathryn Sullivan calls its annual "checking on the pulse of the planet." The report, written by 384 scientists around the world, compiles data already released, but it puts them in context of what's been happening to Earth over decades.

"It's critically important to compile a big picture," National Climatic Data Center director Tom Karl says. "The signs that we see are of a warming world."

Sullivan says what is noticeable "are remarkable changes in key climate indicators," mentioning dramatic spikes in ocean heat content, a record melt of Arctic sea ice in the summer, and whopping temporary melts of ice in most of Greenland last year. The data also shows a record-high sea level.

The most noticeable and startling changes seen were in the Arctic, says report co-editor Deke Arndt, climate monitoring chief at the data center. Breaking records in the Arctic is so common that it is becoming the new normal, says study co-author Jackie Richter-Menge of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers' Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory in Hanover, N.H.

Karl says when looked at together, all the indicators show a climate that is changing over the decades. Individually, however, the story isn't as simple.

Karl says surface temperatures haven't risen in the last 10 years, but he notes that is only a blip in time due to natural variability. When looking at more scientifically meaningful time frames of 30 years, 50 years and more than 100 years, temperatures are rising quite a bit, Karl said. Since records have been kept in 1880, all 10 of the warmest years ever have been in the past 15 years, NOAA records show.

Depending on which of four independent analyses are used, 2012 ranked the eighth or ninth warmest year on record, the report says. Last year was warmer than every year in the previous century, except for 1998 when a record El Nino spiked temperatures globally. NOAA ranks 2010 as the warmest year on record.

They don't have to be records every year, Karl says.

Overall, the climate indicators "are all singing the same song that we live in a warming world," Arndt says. "Some indicators take a few years off from their increase. The system is telling us in more than one place we're seeing rapid change."

While the report purposely doesn't address why the world is warming, "the causes are primarily greenhouse gases, the burning of fossil fuels," Arndt says.

The study is being published in a special edition of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.  - NBC News.

MASS FISH DIE-OFF IN FINLAND: Up To 1,000 Pounds Of Dead Fish Wash Ashore In Ylane And Fish Kill In A River In Espoo?!

August 07, 2013 - FINLAND -ELY-awaited Teknos research results from the May solvent emissions impact. The company's main factory Pitäjänmäki decay into the river hundreds of liters of petroleum spirit, which killed the fish in the river.

Fish Kill In A River In Espoo.
Dead fish rot River on Tuesday night. Photo: Jarno Virtanen / Yle

Techno Ltd has a couple of weeks to deliver the ELY-research the May solvent emissions on the environment.

The company's main factory Pitäjänmäki decay into the river hundreds of liters of petroleum spirit, which caused the fish deaths.

In addition, several studies Teknos need to find the leak potential adverse effects of decay of the river downstream of Espoo in a wide bay of the Natura area.

In addition, the company has carried out the river bottom area of ​​animal studies in this and the next fall, on the basis of samples to be taken.

The exploratory fisheries, as well as the standard output of the tasks of fisheries measures shall be adopted separately, if necessary.  - YLE. [Translated]

1,000 Pounds Of Dead Fish Wash Ashore In Ylane.
Heaps of dead Kiiski is found Pyhäjärvi the beach, Yläneeltä. Distance to the beach ajelehtineiden dead kiiskien is estimated at hundreds, even a thousand pounds. Kiiskien summery number of death is rare. A similar case is known only to the year 2004.

What is this?

In 2004, Yläne Pyhäjärven the shore, and Vahoniemennokan Pehkurannan between, about eight kilometers, 500 pounds lying dead Kiiski.

Now, almost ten years later, the same event recurs again. Even the location is the same. A rough estimate of the Kiiski this year of drifting dead in the beach hundreds of pounds, up to a thousand. The first report was made 12 Kiiskinen July.

- Kiiskien a number of summer deaths are rare. I have not heard that this had happened elsewhere in the country, says Southwest Finland ELY-center specialist Harri Helminen.
Kiisket have died in helminth infections

Last time, in 2004, the dead Kiiski studied at Åbo Akademi University. Ruff deaths found in the background of a parasitic infection. Also this time the cause of death kiiskien is believed to be similar to infection.

- Kiiski works nematode larvae as intermediate hosts. In the normal case, the negative force of the parasite is not disturbed. Now, however, it appears that the parasite from time to time becomes active and kills the fish. Dead fish have been the only Kiiski, because this is the only nematode parasite kiiskien, describes a specialist Harri Helminen.

Both the 2004 and this year's ruff deaths associated with deaths in pre-warm cycle. The temperature may be associated with activation of the parasite.
"No disaster is not running"

Dead Kiiski is no longer found in August Pyhäjärven the beach. The epidemic is believed to be over.

- This is just part of the normal operation of ekosysteeminen. Parasites for some reason, between killing fish stocks and other biota. All by itself is a natural phenomenon in question. No disaster is now in progress, reminiscent of Southwest Finland ELY-center specialist Harri Helminen.

Kiiskien continuing investigation into the Åbo Akademi University. - YLE. [Translated]

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: Hundreds Of Thousands Of Dead Fish Wash Ashore In Karachi, Pakistan?!

August 07, 2013 - PAKISTAN - Recent torrential rains have not only caused misery for the citizens of Karachi but they have also not spared marine life. Hundreds of thousands of dead fish have washed up on the shores of Karachi possibly poisoned by the polluted rainwater flowing through the Lyari River.

File photo.

The dead fish, mainly mullets (locally known as boi) are found abundantly in the waters off the Karachi Harbour. Mass mortality of fish has been linked to the chemical-laden rainwater flowing through the Sindh Industrial Trading Estate (SITE), sparking concern among environmentalists, scientists and the citizens alike.

Despite action taken by the Sindh Environmental Protection Agency, the sewage water loaded with pollutants continues to reach downstream at the Manora Channel unabated, posing a grave environmental hazard.

Khalid Mahmood, the co-principal investigator of the Worldwide Fund for Nature-Pakistan (WWF), pointed out the mortality of the mullets, sea bream and scat fish has taken place around Baba Island, which is located in the midst of lower harbour of Manora Channel.

Due to the incoming high tide, the fish have been dumped by the sea in the Chinna Creek, Native Jetty and Bhatta Village areas. The Karachi Port Trust (KPT) has started a cleanup operation with the help of fishermen, who have removed about 35 metric tonnes of small-sized fish. These fish are considered important commercial species that are relished by the locals, especially the fishermen community.

Muhammad Moazzam Khan, the technical adviser on marine fisheries at WWF-P, said this was not the first case of mass fish kill at Karachi harbour. On many occasions in the past, release of chemicals by the industries in SITE has resulted in mortality of mullets and other fish in the Karachi harbour.

He pointed out that industrial waste discharged through the Lyari River had to be tackled at point sources on a watershed approach with the active involvement of all stakeholders.

Khan said that rainwater usually resulted in higher productivity in the coastal areas because it was rich in nutrients.“But when the water passes through the industrial areas, it gets heavily polluted. Rather than being a blessing to the marine life, it results in mass fish mortality,” he added.

Sewage flowing through the Lyari River and Gizri Creek, which receives sewage through Malir River, has already turned the Karachi Fish Harbour into azoic zones, where there is no marine life.

Rab Nawaz, the WWF-P director, stressed the need for a comprehensive master plan for controlling the pollution resulting from discharge of industrial and domestic waste through Lyari and Malir rivers.

“Around 435 million gallon per day (mgd) sewage is dumped into the sea through these two rivers, resulting in extreme high levels of pollution,” he claimed. About 85 percent of sewage is dumped into the sea without any treatment resulting in mortality, bio-accumulation and depletion of area with animals and plants.

The sewage treatment capacity of Karachi is only 75mgd, provided the treatment plants operate at their full capacity, Nawaz said.He applauded the KPT’s effort to initiate cleanup operations to remove the dead fish. The fish have been sold to fish meal plants. - The News.

PLANETARY TREMORS: "We Ran Out Of The Building,..." - Strong 5.1 Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Buildings In Mexico!

August 07, 2013 - MEXICO - A magnitude 5.1 earthquake hit southern Mexico on Tuesday, shaking buildings in Mexico City hundreds of kilometers away but so far causing no damage or casualties, officials said.

USGS earthquake location.

The quake struck at 2017 GMT in Guerrero state near Xochistlahuaca, close to Mexico's Pacific Coast, the US Geological Survey said.

The epicenter was not far from the border with Oaxaca state, but 300 kilometers (185 miles) away from Mexico City.

"Earthquake alert, pending," the mayor of Mexico City, Miguel Angel Mancera, initially said on Twitter, before later adding: "City review protocol completed. No damage or injuries."

After the alert was issued, residents in the capital poured into the streets.

USGS earthquake shakemap location.

"We ran out of the building because my son has the quake alert app on his mobile phone, but honestly, I didn't really feel it that much," one Mexico City woman, Amelia Galvan, told AFP.

In Guerrero and Oaxaca states, the quake alert sounded on radio stations and loudspeakers, sparking building evacuations. But authorities there reported no damage or casualties. - ABS-CBN News.

Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of Mexico
USGS plate tectonics for the region.

Located atop three of the large tectonic plates, Mexico is one of the world's most seismologically active regions. The relative motion of these crustal plates causes frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. Most of the Mexican landmass is on the westward moving North American plate. The Pacific Ocean floor south of Mexico is being carried northeastward by the underlying Cocos plate. Because oceanic crust is relatively dense, when the Pacific Ocean floor encounters the lighter continental crust of the Mexican landmass, the ocean floor is subducted beneath the North American plate creating the deep Middle American trench along Mexico's southern coast. Also as a result of this convergence, the westward moving Mexico landmass is slowed and crumpled creating the mountain ranges of southern Mexico and earthquakes near Mexico's southern coast. As the oceanic crust is pulled downward, it melts; the molten material is then forced upward through weaknesses in the overlying continental crust. This process has created a region of volcanoes across south-central Mexico known as the Cordillera Neovolcánica.

The area west of the Gulf of California, including Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, is moving northwestward with the Pacific plate at about 50 mm per year. Here, the Pacific and North American plates grind past each other creating strike-slip faulting, the southern extension of California's San Andreas fault. In the past, this relative plate motion pulled Baja California away from the coast forming the Gulf of California and is the cause of earthquakes in the Gulf of California region today.

Mexico has a long history of destructive earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In September 1985, a magnitude 8.1 earthquake killed more than 9,500 people in Mexico City. In southern Mexico, Volcán de Colima and El Chichón erupted in 2005 and 1982, respectively. Paricutín volcano, west of Mexico City, began venting smoke in a cornfield in 1943; a decade later this new volcano had grown to a height of 424 meters. Popocatépetl and Ixtaccíhuatl volcanos ("smoking mountain" and "white lady", respectively), southeast of Mexico City, occasionally vent gas that can be clearly seen from the City, a reminder that volcanic activity is ongoing. In 1994 and 2000 Popocatépetl renewed its activity forcing the evacuation of nearby towns, causing seismologists and government officials to be concerned about the effect a large-scale eruption might have on the heavily populated region. Popocatépetl volcano last erupted in 2010. - USGS.

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: 840 Dead Salmon Found Dead In A Creek In Port Coquitlam, Canada?!

August 07, 2013 - CANADA - Last week's cool, refreshing rain meant death to hundreds of fish in Hyde Creek in Port Coquitlam.

A volunteer with the Hyde Creek Watershed Society helps relocate salmon fry to deeper pools of
water as the Port Coquitlam creek dries up. On the weekend, hundreds of dead fry were found
in water black from road residue after recent rains.

Members of the Hyde Creek Watershed Society arrived for volunteer duties Saturday to find 840 dead salmon fry in the creek between Coast Meridian road and the Hyde Creek recreation centre.

"It was very disappointing," society president Cliff Kelsey said of the devastation that was probably caused by a concentration of pollutants from road runoff.

Black water that collected in pools containing the dead fish was sent to a lab for confirmation but it was likely oil and other residue from the road that killed the salmon.

The fish kill comes as volunteers have been putting in extra hours to save salmon fry stuck in shallow pools. With stream levels dropping, many fish get stuck in the pools and need to be helped along to deeper portions of the creek.

Jean Peachman, a director with the Hyde Creek Watershed Society, said hatchery volunteers have been busy taking fry from areas where the stream is drying up and taking them to deeper basins.

"A few of our members know what pools are going to dry up," she told The Tri-City News. "They get in there with buckets and nets and grab as many as we can get."

Because coho fry tend to stay in fresh water longer than other salmon, they are often in the creek during the warmest months of the year. That means that hatchery workers have to pull as many fish as they can, relocating them from one pool to another, while estimating where water levels are going to go.

Peachman said net-wielding volunteers usually scan the creek two to three times a week in an effort to save as many of the fry as possible.

"It just helps the numbers [of fish] in the system," she said.

Although dry weather has resulted in low water levels in the creek, the salmon pond where coho fry overwinter remains deep and clean, thanks to a well that was recently dug to provide fresh water.

Kelsey said the work the volunteers do pays off because coho salmon have been returning to the creek in greater numbers. Until two years ago, returning salmon were rare and hard to find but the last two years has seen numbers of spawning pairs returning to their home creek.

"It's been heartening to see our numbers have increased dramatically," Kelsey said.

However, he noted that the recent fish kill underscores how important it is for the community to keep pollutants out of creeks and streams.


Volunteers will also be needed this weekend when the society hosts its invasive plant removal event along Hyde Creek. Many species of plants, including English ivy and laniums, choke out the natural trees in the area, decreasing the amount of shade covering the stream.

Members of the public are encouraged to volunteer for the program, which will meet at the hatchery (3636 Coast Meridian Rd.) on Saturday, Aug. 10 between 9:30 and 11:30 a.m. Participants should bring gloves and long pants, and will be treated to coffee and a tour of the hatchery. - Tri-City News.