Thursday, September 12, 2013

SPACE: The Final Frontier - NASA Voyager 1 Spacecraft Embarks On Historic Journey Into Interstellar Space!

September 12, 2013 - SPACE - NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft officially is the first human-made object to venture into interstellar space. The 36-year-old probe is about 12 billion miles (19 billion kilometers) from our sun.

 Voyager 1 Entering Interstellar Space - This artist's concept depicts NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft entering
interstellar space, or the space between stars. Interstellar space is dominated by the plasma, or ionized gas,
that was ejected by the death of nearby giant stars millions of years ago.  The environment inside our solar
bubble is dominated by the plasma exhausted by our sun, known as the solar wind.  The interstellar plasma
is shown with an orange glow similar to the color seen in visible-light images from NASA's Hubble Space
Telescope that show stars in the Orion nebula traveling through interstellar space.
Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

New and unexpected data indicate Voyager 1 has been traveling for about one year through plasma, or ionized gas, present in the space between stars. Voyager is in a transitional region immediately outside the solar bubble, where some effects from our sun are still evident. A report on the analysis of this new data, an effort led by Don Gurnett and the plasma wave science team at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, is published in Thursday's edition of the journal Science.

"Now that we have new, key data, we believe this is mankind's historic leap into interstellar space," said Ed Stone, Voyager project scientist based at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. "The Voyager team needed time to analyze those observations and make sense of them. But we can now answer the question we've all been asking -- 'Are we there yet?' Yes, we are."

WATCH: Voyager Reaches Interstellar Space.

Voyager 1 first detected the increased pressure of interstellar space on the heliosphere, the bubble of charged particles surrounding the sun that reaches far beyond the outer planets, in 2004. Scientists then ramped up their search for evidence of the spacecraft's interstellar arrival, knowing the data analysis and interpretation could take months or years.

Voyager 1 does not have a working plasma sensor, so scientists needed a different way to measure the spacecraft's plasma environment to make a definitive determination of its location. A coronal mass ejection, or a massive burst of solar wind and magnetic fields, that erupted from the sun in March 2012 provided scientists the data they needed. When this unexpected gift from the sun eventually arrived at Voyager 1's location 13 months later, in April 2013, the plasma around the spacecraft began to vibrate like a violin string. On April 9, Voyager 1's plasma wave instrument detected the movement. The pitch of the oscillations helped scientists determine the density of the plasma. The particular oscillations meant the spacecraft was bathed in plasma more than 40 times denser than what they had encountered in the outer layer of the heliosphere. Density of this sort is to be expected in interstellar space.

The plasma wave science team reviewed its data and found an earlier, fainter set of oscillations in October and November 2012. Through extrapolation of measured plasma densities from both events, the team determined Voyager 1 first entered interstellar space in August 2012.

 One Voyager Out, One Voyager - In  This artist's concept shows the general locations of NASA's two
Voyager spacecraft. Voyager 1 (top) has sailed beyond our solar bubble into interstellar space, the
space between stars. Its environment still feels the solar influence. Voyager 2 (bottom) is still
exploring the outer layer of the solar bubble.  Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

"We literally jumped out of our seats when we saw these oscillations in our data -- they showed us the spacecraft was in an entirely new region, comparable to what was expected in interstellar space, and totally different than in the solar bubble," Gurnett said. "Clearly we had passed through the heliopause, which is the long-hypothesized boundary between the solar plasma and the interstellar plasma."

The new plasma data suggested a timeframe consistent with abrupt, durable changes in the density of energetic particles that were first detected on Aug. 25, 2012. The Voyager team generally accepts this date as the date of interstellar arrival. The charged particle and plasma changes were what would have been expected during a crossing of the heliopause.

"The team’s hard work to build durable spacecraft and carefully manage the Voyager spacecraft's limited resources paid off in another first for NASA and humanity," said Suzanne Dodd, Voyager project manager, based at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. "We expect the fields and particles science instruments on Voyager will continue to send back data through at least 2020. We can't wait to see what the Voyager instruments show us next about deep space."

Voyager 1 and its twin, Voyager 2, were launched 16 days apart in 1977. Both spacecraft flew by Jupiter and Saturn. Voyager 2 also flew by Uranus and Neptune. Voyager 2, launched before Voyager 1, is the longest continuously operated spacecraft. It is about 9.5 billion miles (15 billion kilometers) away from our sun.

Voyager mission controllers still talk to or receive data from Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 every day, though the emitted signals are currently very dim, at about 23 watts -- the power of a refrigerator light bulb. By the time the signals get to Earth, they are a fraction of a billion-billionth of a watt. Data from Voyager 1's instruments are transmitted to Earth typically at 160 bits per second, and captured by 34- and 70-meter NASA Deep Space Network stations. Traveling at the speed of light, a signal from Voyager 1 takes about 17 hours to travel to Earth. After the data are transmitted to JPL and processed by the science teams, Voyager data are made publicly available.

WATCH:  NASA's Voyager 1 is in Interstellar Space - Extensive Discussion And Analysis.

“Voyager has boldly gone where no probe has gone before, marking one of the most significant technological achievements in the annals of the history of science, and adding a new chapter in human scientific dreams and endeavors,” said John Grunsfeld, NASA’s associate administrator for science in Washington. “Perhaps some future deep space explorers will catch up with Voyager, our first interstellar envoy, and reflect on how this intrepid spacecraft helped enable their journey.”

Scientists do not know when Voyager 1 will reach the undisturbed part of interstellar space where there is no influence from our sun. They also are not certain when Voyager 2 is expected to cross into interstellar space, but they believe it is not very far behind.

JPL built and operates the twin Voyager spacecraft. The Voyagers Interstellar Mission is a part of NASA's Heliophysics System Observatory, sponsored by the Heliophysics Division of NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. NASA's Deep Space Network, managed by JPL, is an international network of antennas that supports interplanetary spacecraft missions and radio and radar astronomy observations for the exploration of the solar system and the universe. The network also supports selected Earth-orbiting missions.

The cost of the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 missions -- including launch, mission operations and the spacecraft’s nuclear batteries, which were provided by the Department of Energy -- is about $988 million through September.

For a sound file of the oscillations detected by Voyager in interstellar space, animations and other information, visit: . - NASA.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Global Volcano Report For September 12, 2013 - Updates On Lokon-Empung, Sakurajima, Shiveluch, Veniaminof, Suwanose-jima, Rabaul, Manam, Ulawun, Santa María, Santiaguito, And Arenal!

September 12, 2013 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe.

Ash emission from Lokon volcano this morning (VSI webcam)

Lokon-Empung (North Sulawesi, Indonesia): Activity remains elevated. During yesterday, no significant explosions occurred, but the volcano erupted again several times with small explosions and ash emissions today.

WATCH: Time-lapse video of Lokon.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): An explosion this morning produced an ash plume rising to 14,000 ft (4.2 km) altitude. This is the latest of the currently intense eruptive phase of ash emissions and frequent vulcanian explosions (at least 6 during yesterday).

On the 11th, JMA reported that 15 explosions from Sakura-jima's Showa Crater ejected tephra as far as 1,300 m during 2-6 September. Incandescence from the crater was visible some nights. An explosion at 1100 on 4 September generated an ash plume that rose 2.8 km and drifted S, causing ashfall in areas downwind including Arimuracho (4 km SSE). Tephra 4 cm in diameter was confirmed in an area 3 km S, and tephra 1 cm in diameter was reported 10 km SSE.

Suwanose-jima (Ryukyu Islands): A new eruption was reported this morning producing an ash plume rising about 1 km above the Ontake crater to an altitude of 6,000 ft (1.8 km) and drifting NW.(VAAC Tokyo)

Rabaul (Tavurvur) (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): RVO reported that during 1-31 August low-level activity at Rabaul caldera's Tavurvur cone consisted of pale gray plumes with variable but mostly minor ash content. Intervals between emissions ranged from tens of seconds to hours.

Manam (Papua New Guinea): RVO reported that after a small eruption from Manam's Southern Crater during 27-28 August, activity subsided. Diffuse gray-brown ash plumes, emitted at short intervals, rose from the crater during 29-30 August, and crater incandescence was noted. Seismicity declined and was at a low level by the end of the day on 31 August.

Ulawun (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): RVO reported that activity at Ulawun was low during 4-31 August; emissions from the summit crater consisted of white vapor until 16 August, and were gray during 17-31 August.

Shiveluch (Kamchatka): The volcano continues to slowly extrude a new lobe of viscous lava from the dome.

Explosion from Shiveluch volcano this morning (KVERT webcam)

This process is accompanied by occasional explosions and ash emissions such as one this morning that produced a plume rising to 19,000 ft (5.8 km) altitude.

Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): INSIVUMEH reported that at 1405 on 5 September a lahar descended Santa María's Nima I drainage on the S flank carrying mostly fine sediment and 50-cm-diameter blocks, but also a small percentage of blocks 1-2 m in diameter. During 5-10 September white plumes rose 200-500 m and drifted W, SW, E, and NE.

Arenal (Costa Rica): OVSICORI-UNA reported that plumes composed mainly of water vapor rose from the NE and SE edges of Arenal's Crater C on 8 and 9 September. Tremors indicative of hydrothermal and magmatic activity were detected on 8 September.

The report noted that seismic and fumarolic activity had been very low in the past three years; however steam plumes associated with heavy rains had been frequent. (Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Veniaminof volcano (Alaska): A phase of strong continuous tremor occurred between yesterday noon and this morning (local time), possibly indicating another paroxysm with lava fountaining and associated ash emissions.

Current seismic recording from Veniaminof (VNHG station, AVO)

Cloud cover prevented direct observations.

Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for September 12, 2013.

- Volcano Discovery.

GREAT DELUGE: Monumental Flash Floods Sweeps Through Boulder, Colorado - Washing Away Homes, Swamping Roads, Causing At Least 3 Deaths!

September 12, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Torrential rain drenched parts of Colorado, washing away homes, swamping roads, and causing at least three deaths as officials worked on Thursday to help stranded residents in what they described as a still-developing disaster.

Not going anywhere for a while in my hood. At Lakebriar off Linden, Twomile Creek.

Flash Flood Warning #flood #boulder #colorado #cu #rain #storm #water #waterfall #campus

The National Weather Service warned of a “life-threatening situation” in an emergency message issued just after midnight local time for several areas around Boulder. About 6.8 inches of rain fell in a 24-hour period over the city, according to the National Weather Service, with the rain expected to continue through Sunday.

The bad weather has made it impossible to get search and rescue helicopters into the air, officials said at a press conference on Thursday afternoon.

“It’s insane right now, I’ve lived in Colorado my whole life and this is nothing that I’ve ever seen before,”  said Andra Coberly spokesperson for a YMCA in Boulder that had been turned into an evacuation center. “Streets were turned into rivers and streams were turned into lakes.”

WATCH: Initial Report - John Schulz , Public Information Officer of the Larimer County Sheriff's office in Colo., said a series of dams overflowed and one broke overnight, killing one, and threatening hundreds more.

WATCH: Cars Swallowed by floods after road collapses.

The first death was reported near Jamestown, according to officials, and was thought to be because of a building collapse. Another person was found dead on Linden Drive in Boulder County, officials said. The Colorado Springs Fire Department reported a third death on Thursday morning after a body was recovered near Interstate 25.
Authorities found the second body while out patrolling in the I-25 area around 5:30 a.m. local time, Colorado Springs Fire Department spokeswoman Sunny Smaldino told NBC News affiliate KUSA.

Eastbound entrance to the NW Pkwy at US 287 & “New” Dillon Rd is closed.
Traffic diverted at S. 120th St. and US 287.

Table Mesa and Broadway underpass in Boulder right now. Bear Creek is more like a river.

HWY 34 just west of the Dam Store.

“We know that we’ve lost lives and we anticipate that as the day goes on that we may find that we’ve lost others,” Boulder County Sheriff Joe Pelle said at a news conference late Thursday morning.

“This is not your ordinary day, this is not your ordinary disaster,” he said. “All the preparation in the world … can’t put people up those canyons while those walls of water and debris are coming down.”

The sheriff described the status throughout the county as a “continuing, very dangerous situation,” shortly before authorities announced they were evacuating residents in the Big Thompson Canyon area and Gov. John Hickenlooper said he had approved a disaster declaration. The governor is “actively involved” in the flood response efforts, spokesman Eric Brown said in an email.

The deadliest flood in Colorado history occurred in Larimer County in July of 1976, when the Big Thompson River swelled its banks, killing 144 people and causing more than $85 million in damages, according to data compiled by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

Water reached as high as first-floor windows in some parts of Boulder, a police and fire spokeswoman said. Dive teams were dispatched after cars were seen floating.

@9NEWS off Havana and 70

“There was one woman that was on top of a vehicle and the vehicle was actually on its side,” the spokeswoman said. The rain has also caused mudslides 2 to 3 feet deep in some areas, which are impassable “even if you have an SUV,” she added.

Libraries, recreation centers and other Boulder facilities were closed, according to the city’s office of emergency management. Energy companies workers were trying to restore power after several flood-related outages according to the emergency office’s website.

More than 700 customers were without power on Thursday morning in and around the city of Boulder, according to an outage map maintained by utility supplier Xcel Energy.

WATCH: Mom and daughter stuck in hail, flood.

Officials said that they evacuated Fourmile Canyon, to the west of Boulder, and Jamestown, to the north.

They asked people to remain indoors and off the roads even as flood waters were expected to recede throughout the day.

“It may look OK in your neighborhood, but by the time you get on the thoroughfare to work, you may run into some real issues,” Pelle told local newspaper the Daily Camera. “We’ve got cars in water and debris and manholes missing their covers literally everywhere in the county.”

WATCH: Insane flooding in Boulder.

WATCH: Crazy flooding on CU campus in Boulder.

Police in Aurora, just outside Denver, closed flooded streets and reported traffic signal outages. Among those trapped by the widespread flooding were a woman and children in their vehicle, according to local paper the Aurora Sentinel, and police told the paper they were responding to the incident.
The Denver Zoo announced it was shutting down because of the weather on Thursday.

The University of Colorado Boulder said on its Twitter account that its campus would be closed until officials could assess the storm damage, and some residences were evacuated. Between 400 and 500 graduate students, faculty, and staff are thought to be displaced from on-campus housing units, said university spokesman Bronson Hilliard. Forty campus buildings, or about 25 percent of the school’s facilities, sustained some form of water damage. The school will remain closed through Friday. - NBC News.

STORM ALERT: Tracking Tropical Storms In Atlantic Ocean - Humberto Becomes First Atlantic Hurricane Of 2013; Tropical System To Drench Eastern Mexico; And Gabrielle Regains Strength, Takes Aim At Canada!

September 12, 2013 - ATLANTIC OCEAN - Very early Wednesday morning, Humberto strengthened to become the first hurricane of the 2013 Atlantic Hurricane season.

Humberto Becomes First Atlantic Hurricane Of 2013.
NOAA satellite image from early Wednesday after Humberto strengthened into a hurricane.

Maximum sustained winds reached 75 mph, classifying Humberto as a Category 1 hurricane during the overnight hours. Since then, Humberto has strengthened with maximum sustained winds of 85 mph as of Thursday midday.

There was a chance this hurricane season might set a new record for having the latest first Atlantic hurricane since the satellite era began in the early 1960s. The challenge went down to the wire with a difference of approximately three hours.

The latest the first hurricane of the season formed was 2002's Gustav on Sept. 11. Gustav was upgraded from a tropical storm to a minimal hurricane that Wednesday midday, shortly after 8:00 a.m. EDT.

As of Tuesday evening, Sept. 10, there had been no hurricanes thus far during the 2013 season in the Atlantic. However, Humberto brought an end to this by strengthening into a Category 1 hurricane near the Cape Verde Islands early Wednesday morning.

The brightest areas on the map on the left show where tropical cyclone pathways have overlapped most frequently.
The map on the right depicts the intensity of the storms. The brighter the color of a storm’s track, the higher the maximum sustained wind speed over the course of that storm’s life.  CREDIT: (Credit: NOAA)

Since Humberto was upgraded to a hurricane prior to the time Gustav became a hurricane on the 11th, the late-forming hurricane record has remained intact.

According to Hurricane Expert Dan Kottlowski, "Humberto is currently over an area of the atmosphere with low disruptive winds."

These diminishing winds helped Humberto strengthen to become a Category 1 hurricane.

"Late this week, Humberto is likely to weaken to a tropical storm while moving west and northwest into a zone with drier air, more disruptive winds and cooler water," Kottlowski said.

This regularly-updated graph from Weather Underground shows the trend of increasing cyclone energy
over the last 40 years. CREDIT: (Credit: WeatherUnderground)

Humberto will continue to cruise over the open waters of the central Atlantic with no serious direct impact to mainland areas into next week.

According to Senior Meteorologist Kristina Pydynowski, "the greatest impact from Humberto will be on the Cape Verde Islands this week." Locally gusty thunderstorms, downpours and rough surf and seas will affect the islands.

Prior to the satellite era, the 1941 season did not deliver an Atlantic hurricane until Sept. 16.

Farther back, there were two years that had no reports of hurricanes in the Atlantic. These were in 1907 and 1914. While it is possible there were no hurricanes during both seasons, there were only five reported tropical storms in 1907 and only one in 1914. Especially, during the latter season, a number of storms may have gone undetected without the aid of weather satellite photos.

Beyond Humberto, there are no strong candidates for hurricanes through the middle of September. However, there may be another tropical depression or storm over the next week to 10 days. Possible tropical depression/storm breeding areas include the western Caribbean, the southwestern Gulf of Mexico and the continued train of disturbances moving westward off of Africa.

Residents of southern Texas would welcome any reasonable rain, without damaging winds and surf.

The season thus far has treated most populated areas of North America kindly. Sadly, it has claimed lives in Mexico, due to flooding from Tropical Storm Fernand in August.

Late-season storms in some years have been very destructive.

According to Meteorologist Mark Mancuso, "While 2005's Wilma occurred during the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record, it did not come about until the middle of October."

Wilma became the most intense hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin, in terms of low atmospheric pressure. Maximum sustained winds reached 185 mph. Wilma killed dozens of people and caused nearly $30 billion in damage from the Caribbean to the eastern United States, Canada and later Europe.
While the season thus far has been tame compared to some years, many meteorologists concur that the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season is not over yet and will not sound the "all-clear" until the weather pattern suggests that.

There will be more systems to monitor over the next two months. Alerts to such systems will be sounded, when appropriate.

There is a chance there are three active tropical systems spinning over the Atlantic basin simultaneously later this week. These include Humberto, Gabrielle and perhaps a system over the southwestern Gulf of Mexico.
People should consider hurricanes as being just as much of an autumn weather phenomena as well as a summer phenomena. Hurricane season runs from June 1 to Nov. 30.

Source: Dr. Chris Landsea, NOAA's Hurricane Research Division. Last updated May 10, 2013.

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, since 1851, there have been 645 hurricanes during the months of September, October and November, compared to 321 hurricanes during June, July and August.

"Even if the large high pressure area and its dry air over the central Atlantic was to hold through the remainder of the season, occasional weaknesses in that system can still allow hurricane formation over the next two months," Kottlowski said.

 Tropical System To Drench Eastern Mexico.
Clouds, showers and thunderstorms can be seen gathering over the southwestern Gulf of Mexico
(Bay of Campeche), Thursday, Sept. 12, 2013.

The southwestern Gulf of Mexico is likely to give birth to the next tropical system in the Atlantic basin late this week. The system will then spread downpours into eastern Mexico and perhaps South Texas.

During the middle of this week, a tropical disturbance was moving slowly westward across the Yucatan Peninsula. As this feature drifts into the southwestern Gulf of Mexico, known as the Bay of Campeche, it is likely to become a tropical depression at the end of the week.

The system has a chance at becoming the next named tropical storm of the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season. The next name on the list is Ingrid.

The greatest impacts from this system will likely be heavy rainfall, incidents of flash flooding and mudslides. A general 3 to 6 inches of rain are likely to fall along the coasts of the Mexico states of Veracruz and southern and central Tamaulipas, with the rain beginning Sunday in some areas, but continuing into the middle of next week. The cities of Veracruz, Poza Rica and Tampico are likely to be affected.

There is the potential for a foot of rain over the Sierra Madre Oriental as the system drifts inland before breaking up.

Depending on the strength of the system, there is also the potential for rough surf and seas over part of the western Gulf, which could potentially disrupt bathers, fishing and petroleum operations in the region for a brief time. Small craft operators should exercise caution over the Bay of Campeche through the weekend as the weather can deteriorate quickly with the development of heavy squalls.

The system also brings an opportunity for needed rainfall farther north along the Mexico coast and perhaps as far north as South Texas, depending on its track. Any reasonable rainfall will be welcomed by many residential and agricultural interests over the Rio Grande Valley.

More precise details as to the amount of rainfall and magnitude of problems will unfold this weekend as the system develops and establishes a track over the Bay of Campeche.

In the meantime, enough rain capable of causing flash flooding and mud slides will occur over the Mexico states of Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche and Tabasco into Friday with local rainfall amounts of 6 inches.

 Gabrielle Regains Strength, Takes Aim At Canada.

Gabrielle will affect part of Atlantic Canada with drenching rain and gusty wind before the week comes to a close.

The system was downgraded to a tropical depression late Wednesday evening, EDT, after bringing a couple of days of windswept rain, rough surf and seas to Bermuda Tuesday and Wednesday. However, Gabrielle has become a tropical storm for the third in its life Thursday midday.

Gabrielle is expected to track northward over the next several days.

A cool front pushing across the Eastern U.S. will keep the tropical system far enough east to have no impacts on the United States. The storm will directly impact part of Atlantic Canada.

The main threat from Gabrielle will be heavy rain.

According to Canada Weather Specialist Brett Anderson, "The heaviest rainfall, likely 25-50 mm, will run along and just west of the track up through eastern Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and western Newfoundland."

In addition to the heavy rainfall, Gabrielle will also bring winds of tropical storm force to the region that could bring down trees and lead to power outages.

"At this point, it looks like tropical storm-force winds could impact Cape Breton then the south coast of Newfoundland late Friday and Friday night." Anderson said early Wednesday.

By Saturday, interactions with land and the sweeping energy of the cold front will likely cause Gabrielle to lose tropical characteristics. However, the system may still bring some more rainfall to part of Labrador before it travels over the cold waters of the northern Atlantic Ocean.

- AccuWeather.

MAJOR ALERT: FDA Issues Nationwide Recall For All Medical Injections Made By Specialty Compounding - Issues Alert For Tainted Calcium Gluconate Infusions, Linked To Rhodococcus Equi Bloodstream Infections!

September 12, 2013 - UNITED STATES - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) alerted health care providers and patients today of a voluntary nationwide recall of all products produced and distributed for sterile use by Specialty Compounding, LLC, Cedar Park, TX.

R. equi long known as an important pathogen of immature horses, has become in the past three decades an opportunistic pathogen of severely immunosuppressed humans. Image/CDC

There have been recent reports of bacterial bloodstream infections potentially related to the company’s calcium gluconate infusions.

Physicians might prescribe calcium gluconate by infusion to treat conditions associated with low calcium levels in certain circumstances.

This follows a Specialty Compounding voluntary recall issued Friday.

The FDA has received reports of 15 patients from two Texas hospitals who received an infusion of calcium gluconate 2 grams in Sodium Chloride 0.9 percent for Injection, supplied by Specialty Compounding. Then the patients developed bacterial bloodstream infections caused by Rhodococcus equi. These infections are thought to be related to the infusions. Cultures from an intact sample of calcium gluconate compounded by Specialty Compounding show growth of bacteria that are consistent with Rhodococcus species.

The FDA says all sterile use products produced and distributed by Specialty Compounding are being recalled and none of these products should be used by patients or administered to patients. Facilities, health care providers and patients who have received the products since May 9, 2013 should immediately discontinue use, quarantine the products, and return the products to Specialty Compounding.

“The FDA believes that use of these products would create an unacceptable risk for patients,” said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “Giving a patient a contaminated injectable drug could result in a life-threatening infection.”

Recalled products were distributed directly to hospitals and physician offices in Texas. Recalled products were also sent directly to patients located nationwide with the exception of North Carolina.

Specialty Compounding is notifying its customers by telephone, fax, electronic mail and/or regular mail of this recall. Users or recipients of these products should immediately discontinue use and return the recalled unexpired products to Specialty Compounding.

To return product or request assistance related to this recall, users should contact Specialty Compounding at 512-219-0724, Monday through Friday, between 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. CDT.

Rhodococcus equi is a Gram-positive coccobacillus bacterium. The organism is commonly found in dry and dusty soil and can be important for diseases of domesticated animals.

Although R. equi rarely infects immunocompetent humans, it is emerging as an important pathogen in immunocompromised persons. R. equi infections carry an overall mortality rate of about 25%.

For more infectious disease news and information, visit and “like” the Infectious Disease News Facebook page. - The Global Dispatch.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Precursors To A Global Coastal Event - 800 Feet Tall Deep Sea Waves Discovered In The Pacific Ocean; Rise Up To Be Taller Than Some Skyscrapers!

September 12, 2013 - PACIFIC OCEAN - They would be the ultimate in big wave surfing. Scientists have discovered waves that rise up to be taller than some sky scrapers.

However, rather than being found on sun kissed beaches in exotic locations around the world, these waves are three miles beneath the surface of the ocean.

The waves rise up due to ridges on the ocean floor of a narrow channel to the north west of Samoa that forces cold, saltier water to rise up into the warmer water above.

Researchers found the waves, which are also known as internal waves, form at the boundary between two layers of water with different densities in a deep ocean trench in the South Pacific Ocean.

These form 800 foot waves that rear up and then plunge hundreds of feet down into the dense water on the other side of the sill. However, each wave takes around an hour to break.

So while it might never be possible for surfers to ride these enormous waves, the scientists say these waves play an important role for mixing nutrients in the ocean.

Professor Matthew Alford, an oceanographer at the University of Washington who led an expedition to the channel, known as the Samoan Passage, said: “Oceanographers used to talk about the so-called ‘dark mixing’ problem, where they knew that there should be a certain amount of turbulence in the deep ocean, and yet every time they made a measurement they observed a tenth of that.

“We found there are loads and loads of turbulence in the Samoan Passage, and detailed measurements show it’s due to breaking waves.”

The findings are published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

The layers of water form because dense cold water in Antarctica sinks into the deep Pacific Ocean and is forced through a 25 mile gap north east of Samoa.

Researchers found the waves form at the boundary between two layers of water with different densities in a
deep ocean trench known as the Samoan Passage in the South Pacific Ocean
 Photo: WaveChasers APL

Around six million cubic metres of water pass through the gap every second – around the same as 35 Amazon Rivers.

Dr Alford and his team lowered specially designed "wave chaser" instruments three miles to the seabed and took measurements over thirty hour periods of the turbulence at the boundary between the cold dense water and warmer water above.

They found that as the dense bottom layer of water flows over two consecutive ridges in the Samoan Passage, it causes them to form lee waves, like air rising over a mountain.

These become unstable and break, causing the dense cold water to mix with the upper layers.

Professor Alford said this helps to explain why dense cold water does not permanently pool at the bottom of the ocean.

The waves may also play a role in stimulating global currents.

They believe waves like this form at other locations in the Samoan Passage and elsewhere in the ocean.

At their most powerful, some internal waves can sweep submarines off course or cause them to surface.

“In addition to the primary sill, other locations along the multiple interconnected channels through the Samoan Passage also have an effect on the mixing of the dense water.

"In fact, quite different hydraulic responses and turbulence levels are observed at seafloor features separated laterally by a few kilometres, suggesting that abyssal mixing depends sensitively on bathymetric details on small scales.

WATCH: Wave Chasers - Deep Flows Through the Samoan Passage Instruments & Measurements.

“Climate models are really sensitive not only to how much turbulence there is in the deep ocean, but to where it is.

“The primary importance of understanding deep-ocean turbulence is to get the climate models right on long timescales,” Alford said.

Professor Alford, who is a surfer himself, added that these deep sea waves would make for a dull surfing experience.

He said: “It would be really boring. The waves can take an hour to break, and I think most surfers are not going to wait that long for one wave.” - Telegraph.

BIG BROTHER NOW: Rise Of Global Police State - Apple's iPhone 5S Will Make Big Brother's Dream Come True!

September 12, 2013 - UNITED STATES  - The latest series of Apple’s iPhone will not only continue to cultivate numerous apps that track your location through GPS and transmit data directly back to corporations and government, but contain a fingerprint sensor that stores your fingerprint in order to purchase apps and unlock the phone for use.

Apple's new iPhone 5S is notable for containing a fingerprint scanner, which will erase the need to
type in a password to unlock the device. (Reuters)

And that’s really just the beginning. As millions will most likely continue through the Apple food chain and purchase this phone, the NSA and bloated federal government at large will be beyond ecstatic. Because after all, it’s a real dream come true for the Big Daddy government spy state. No longer will you actually need to be arrested to gather your fingerprints — we’re talking about millions nationwide willingly submitting their biometrics to a database that most certainly is accessible by Apple and big government.
But don’t worry, the same company that has given away all of your chats and personal data through the NSA’s top secret PRISM program says that you’re perfectly safe. Security experts and high level tech analysts, however, seem to disagree.

In addition to the fact that it seems consumer trust is all but dead in regards to Apple and its ties to the spying grid, it seems these ‘safety’ features are actually quite vulnerable in reality. To the point now where hackers can access a massive database of fingerprints just waiting to be taken and utilized fraudulently.

Apple's new iPhone isn't the first personal computing device to feature biometric technology, but one experts believes the iPhone 5S will compel other manufacturers to make biometrics a mainstay on smartphones. (Aly Song/Reuters)

Of course Apple claims that the fingerprint scans will be ‘local’ on your hardware, but of course the NSA and FBI would not let such a precious database go to waste. And we already know that corporations are making big bucks spying on the data of consumers.

So in the event that Apple is ‘holding’ some of these fingerprints despite what they say (the print is also used to verify app purchases, which leads me to believe that this at least would be stored through a third party), a database of the fingerprints could be compromised. And don’t think encryption will stop much.

WATCH: Apple unveils new iPhones.

According to a security specialist on CNET:
“So … can biometric authentication be hacked? Almost certainly. I’m sure that someone with a good enough copy of your fingerprint and some rudimentary materials engineering capability — or maybe just a good enough printer — can authenticate his way into your iPhone… The final problem with biometric systems is the database. If the system is centralized, there will be a large database of biometric information that’s vulnerable to hacking.”
As we inch towards a world in which our electronics are based around biometrics, it becomes an eery reality that our Big Daddy, Big Brother system is continually holding our hands as we walk right into the current spy system that our overlords continue to assert does not exist. - Storyleak.

MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFF: Mysterious Mortality - Over 3,000 Saiga Antelopes Die In Akmola And Karaganda Regions In Kazakhstan?!

September 12, 2013 - KAZAKHSTAN - Mortality of 3 thousand saiga antelopes has been registered in Akmola and Karaganda oblasts in central Kazakhstan, reports citing the press-service of the Ministry of Environment Protection of Kazakhstan.


About 1.5 thousand carcases of betpakdalinski saiga antelopes were found at southern, western and northern shores of Tengiz Lake. This type of saiga antelopes also inhabits lowlands and steppes.

All the involved national and local authorities were informed about the animals’ die-off. The Ministry's subordinate Committee of Forestry and Hunting in cooperation with the Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems and Veterinary Service of Karaganda Oblast are investigating the die-off site. Measures to find out the scale and causes of the mortality are being taken.

The Ministry held an emergency briefing and arranged a group that will investigate the causes of the occasion. The group includes representatives of Ecology Departments of Akmola and Karaganda Oblasts, Veterinary Services, Emergency Situation Department, Internal Affairs Department and Sanitary and Epidemiological Control Service.

Saiga antelopes mortality was registered in Kostanay Oblast in May 2012. The approximate number of dead antelopes exceeded 600 that time. - Tengri News.