Saturday, September 14, 2013

WORLD WAR III DELAYED: Landmark Deal - United States And Russia Agree On Dismantling Syria's Chemical Weapons; Securing Syria's Weapons May Require US Troops; Obama Declares That Military Action Is Still On The Table?!

September 14, 2013 - SWITZERLAND - The United States and Russia agreed Saturday on an outline for the identification and seizure of Syrian chemical weapons and said Syria must turn over an accounting of its arsenal within a week.


U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (L) and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (R) shake hands after making statements following meetings regarding Syria, at a news conference in Geneva, Sept.14, 2013.

The agreement will be backed by a U.N. Security Council resolution that could allow for sanctions or other consequences if Syria fails to comply, Secretary of State John F. Kerry said.

Kerry said that the first international inspection of Syrian chemical weapons will take place by November, with destruction to begin next year.

Senior administration officials had said Friday the Obama administration would not press for U.N. authorization to use force against Syria if it reneges on any agreement to give up its chemical weapons.

The Russians had made clear in talks here between Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Kerry that the negotiations could not proceed under the threat of a U.N. resolution authorizing a military strike. Russia also wanted assurances that a resolution would not refer Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to the International Criminal Court for possible war-crimes prosecution.

President Obama has said that the unilateral U.S. use of force against Syria for a chemical attack last month remains on the table. But consideration of that action, already under challenge by a skeptical Congress, has been put on hold pending the outcome of the Geneva talks.

The discussions here began this week following a Russian proposal Monday, quickly agreed to by Assad, to place Syria’s chemical arsenal under international control and eventually destroy it.

Kerry and Lavrov, negotiating behind closed doors with teams of disarmament experts, have said little about the talks that began Thursday. But administration officials in Washington provided some details on the condition that they not be identified or quoted directly.

The officials insisted that any agreement must be verifiable and include consequences for non-compliance. Short of a threatened use of force, it is not clear what those consequences would be.

The question of U.N. authorization for using force in Syria came up less than 24 hours after the Russians first made their proposal. France quickly drafted a resolution that threatened to consider “further necessary measures” — code words for military force — if Syria makes a deal and then breaks it. The draft, negotiated with the United States and Britain, was met with public statements from Lavrov and Russian President Vladi­mir Putin that they would not negotiate under threat.

Washington and London have now backed off the use-of-force provision, and a revised French draft being circulated at the U.N. Security Council has weakened it. Instead, the draft calls for continuous review of “Syria’s compliance . . . and, if Syria does not comply fully, to impose further measures” that are unspecified.

The draft still includes a provision to refer Syrian authorities to the International Criminal Court, but that provision could also be removed in subsequent reworkings as the Geneva negotiations continue.

The senior officials said they expected a U.N. resolution in some form to pass within weeks of a Geneva agreement.

One possible course of action, they said, is the internationally verified transfer of Syria’s chemical stockpiles to Russia, where they eventually would be destroyed.

The Kerry-Lavrov discussions hit snags Friday over ways to ensure all chemical stockpiles are identified, an official familiar with the talks said, but a second official said the two sides were “coming closer to agreement.”

Meeting in Washington with Kuwaiti Emir Sabah Ahmed al-Sabah, Obama said he had told the visiting leader that he hopes the U.S.-Russian discussions “bear fruit.”

“But I repeated what I've said publicly, which is that any agreement needs to be verifiable and enforceable,” Obama said.

Both Kerry and Lavrov called the talks productive, and they will continue Saturday. And they agreed to meet in about two weeks when both will attend the U.N. General Assembly’s annual gathering in New York.

“Now that the Assad government has joined the Chemical Weapons Convention, we have to engage our professionals together” with U.N. officials, Lavrov said Friday, “to design a road which would make sure that this issue is resolved quickly, professionally, as soon as practical.”

Assad sent a letter Thursday to U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon saying that on Monday he will sign the international accord banning chemical weapons.

The Geneva talks are aimed at creating a blueprint for identifying and seizing chemical weapons that the United States claims the ruling Syrian government used to gas to death more than 1,400 people last month.

Kerry and Lavrov said successful diplomacy on chemical weapons could help revive negotiations they jointly proposed months ago between the Syrian government and the opposition fighting to unseat Assad.

A possible follow-up peace conference “will obviously depend on the capacity to have success here,” Kerry said after he and Lavrov met Friday morning with Lakhdar Brahimi, the U.N. and Arab League envoy to Syria.


WATCH: US, Russia agree on dismantling Syria chemical weapons.





Syria, which is not a party to the Geneva talks, denied until this week that it had chemical weapons. Under Russian pressure, Assad agreed to acknowledge the stockpiles and join the international weapons ban. Both Syria and Russia have said that the Aug. 21 attack, in the eastern suburbs of Damascus, was carried out by rebels, not the government.

The site of the attack was visited last month by U.N. investigators who are due to brief Ban on their findings Sunday. Ban told a gathering of women’s groups Friday that the inspectors have obtained “overwhelming” evidence that the attack took place, according to a U.N.-based diplomat.

“I believe that the report will be an overwhelming report that chemical weapons were used, even though I cannot say it publicly at this time,” Ban said in comments he apparently thought were confidential but that were captured on an internal television feed.

Ban did not say who was responsible for using chemical weapons or what nerve agent was used.

But the diplomat, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss the unreleased results, said that “the report will clearly say it is sarin” gas and that “it clearly hints that the regime is the perpetrator.”

Ban is scheduled to present the findings to the Security Council on Monday.

Lynch reported from the United Nations, and DeYoung reported from Washington. Scott Wilson in Washington contributed to this report. - Washington Post.



Obama: Military Action Still On Table.
U.S. President Barack Obama meets Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad
al-Jaber al-Sabah, Kuwait's emir, in the Oval Office of the
White House in Washington, September 13, 2013.
Credit: Reuters/Jason Reed
President Barack Obama vowed on Saturday that Syria will be held to account if it fails to live up to its promises to surrender chemical weapons as he faced questions about how a deal brokered by U.S. and Russian diplomats would be enforced.
In a statement, Obama said a framework deal was an important, concrete step toward getting Syria's chemical weapons under international control so they can ultimately be destroyed. The deal emerged from Geneva talks between U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

"While we have made important progress, much more work remains to be done," said Obama.

Obama has been bombarded with criticism for his handling of Syria and a muddled message. First, he took U.S. forces to the brink of a military strike over an August 21 poison gas attack in Syria that Washington blames on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. He then asked Congress to authorize the strike, but less than a week later requested lawmakers hold off on a vote to allow diplomacy more time.

He now faces questions about how the Syrian diplomatic deal will be enforced. Senior administration officials said on Friday the United States will not insist that the use of military force be included among the consequences Syria would face in a U.N. Security Council resolution being negotiated, in order to avoid a Russian veto.

Obama, in his statement, insisted that the United States "remains prepared to act" should diplomatic efforts fail.

But Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham, who have sharply criticized Obama's handling of Syria, said the deal is meaningless unless backed up with the threat of military force.

"It requires a willful suspension of disbelief to see this agreement as anything other than the start of a diplomatic blind alley," they said.

But Nancy Pelosi, leader of the Democratic minority in the House of Representatives, disagreed. She said the agreement will allow for enforcement under the U.N. charter's Chapter 7, which covers the use of military force.


WATCH:  US: Assad Must Show Concrete Actions on Weapons.





"The firm and united response agreed upon today to end Syria's deadly use of chemical weapons was only made possible by a clear and credible threat of the use of force by the United States," said Pelosi.

Obama said the United States will continue working with Russia, the United Kingdom, France, the United Nations and others to "ensure that this process is verifiable, and that there are consequences should the Assad regime not comply with the framework agreed today."

"In part because of the credible threat of U.S. military force, we now have the opportunity to achieve our objectives through diplomacy," he added.

U.S. forces were still positioned for possible military strikes on Syria.

"We haven't made any changes to our force posture to this point," Pentagon spokesman George Little said in a statement Saturday.

Obama, briefed on the results of the Geneva talks by his national security adviser, Susan Rice, said he had spoken to both Kerry and the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power, who will lead U.S. efforts on the U.N. negotiations. - Reuters.



Securing Syria's Weapons May Require US Troops.
The White House and the Pentagon have repeatedly ruled out "boots on the ground" in Syria, but Defense Department officials were less certain Thursday on whether U.S. military personnel might be sent to help secure or destroy Syria's chemical weapons.

Pentagon Press Secretary George Little gave a vague answer when asked if U.S. troops were prepared to assist should an international agreement allow Russia to take control of the tons of chemical weapons believed to be in the stockpiles of President Bashar al-Assad.

"I'm not going to speculate on who may or may not be participating in a process that may or may not take place," Little said. "We've got to see where the process goes" before the U.S. military considers involvement, he said.

The first steps in the process were taking place in Geneva, where Secretary of State John Kerry was meeting for a second day with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov on Moscow's proposal to have international teams take control of the chemical weapons.

Syria has tentatively agreed to the Russian initiative and also agreed to join the international ban on chemical and biological weapons.

Lavrov has urged the U.S. to speed the negotiations by dropping the threat to launch strikes on Syria, but Little said "the threat of military action is driving the process forward."

To back up the threat, the U.S. was keeping four destroyers off the Syrian coast and the Nimitz carrier strike group in the Red Sea, though some of the ships may be replaced if the negotiations are drawn out, Little said.

"We have a mix of assets that would be available" to back up the threat, Little said. He wouldn't comment on whether submarines were also in the Mediterranean to join with the surface ships in launching Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles. Little stressed that "we remain fully prepared to act" in the event that the talks with the Russians fail.

Any strike on Syria would also likely include B-52 bombers and possibly B-2 Spirit bombers firing cruise missiles from "stand-off" positions beyond the range of Syrian air defenses.

In a phone call Friday morning to British Defense Minister Philip Hammond, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel provided an "update on U.S. activities in the eastern Mediterranean" in response to the alleged Syrian chemical weapons attack on Aug. 21 on the Damascus suburbs, Little said.

Little declined comment on whether Hammond and Hagel discussed the possible use by the U.S. of the British airbase at Akrotiri on Cyprus, which is about 160 miles from the Syrian coast.

Last Sunday, the British Ministry of Defense confirmed that Typhoon interceptors had scrambled from Akrotiri to confront Syrian fighters that had flown into international air space near Cyrpus.

In a statement, the Ministry of Defense said that "Typhoon Air Defense Aircraft operated from RAF (Royal Air Force) Akrotiri to investigate unidentified aircraft to the east of Cyprus; the aircraft were flying legally in international airspace and no intercept was required."

The Syrian planes were believed to have been two Russian-made Sukhoi Su-24 attack aircraft that were flying "low and fast," the Daily Mail newspaper reported.

Before the stunning Aug. 30 vote by the British parliament against the use of force in Syria, Britain had sent six Typhoons to Akrotiri.

"This is purely a prudent and precautionary measure to ensure the protection of UK interests and the defense of our Sovereign Base Areas at a time of heightened tension in the wider region. This is a movement of defensive assets operating in an air-to-air role only," an RAF spokesman said at the time.

At the White House Friday, President Obama discussed Syria with the visiting Amir of Kuwait, Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah. Kuwait has been one of the Gulf states along with Qatar and Saudi Arabia that have been supplying the rebels in Syria with money and, allegedly, arms.

"Our two countries are in agreement that the use of chemical weapons that we saw in Syria was a criminal act," Obama said. "I shared with the Amir my hope that the negotiations that are currently taking place between Secretary of State Kerry and Foreign Minister Lavrov in Geneva bear fruit." Obama said "any agreement needs to be verifiable and enforceable and we agreed that, ultimately, what's needed for the underlying conflict is a political settlement." - Military.






GLOBAL VOLCANISM: New Eruption At Sumatra's Sinabung Volcano - Forces More Than 3,000 People To Evacuate Homes; Alert Level Raised To 3 (Out Of 4)!

September 14, 2013 - INDONESIA - A new and seemingly more or less unexpected eruption occurred over night at Sumatra's Sinabung volcano. The Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI) raised the volcanic alert level to 3 (out of 4).




Since its first historical eruption in September 2010, the volcano had been closely monitored, but the alert level had been reduced to 2 in October that year, after activity had subsided again.



This time-lapse video from the VSI webcam shows a degassing plume in the evening, a possible incandescent spot at the volcano's summit, and bright (lava ?) glow in an area left below the summit starting at 02:55 local time.


WATCH: Timelapse video of the Sinabung volcano.





Judging from the images, it seems to be caused glowing rockfalls from rapidly extruded lava in that area, or impacts from explosive activity (less likely). No significant ash plume could be spotted on satellite data.

According to press articles, more than 3700 people from nearby villages have been evacuated.
This post will be updated when more details become clear. - Volcano Discovery.






FIRE IN THE SKY: Near-Earth Asteroid Don Quixote - Now Found To Be A Comet!

September 14, 2013 - SPACE - For 30 years, a large near-Earth asteroid wandered its lone, intrepid path, passing before the scrutinizing eyes of scientists while keeping something to itself: 3552 Don Quixote, whose journey stretches to the orbit of Jupiter, now appears to be a comet.





The discovery resulted from an ongoing project led by researchers at Northern Arizona University using the Spitzer Space Telescope. Through a lot of focused attention and a little bit of luck, they found evidence of cometary activity that had evaded detection for three decades.

“Its orbit resembled that of a comet, so people assumed it was a comet that had gotten rid of all its ice deposits,” said Michael Mommert, a post-doctoral researcher at NAU who was a Ph.D. student of professor Alan Harris at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Berlin at the time the work was carried out.




What Mommert and an international team of researchers discovered, though, was that Don Quixote was not actually a dead comet—one that had shed the carbon dioxide and water that give comets their spectacular tails.

Instead, the third-biggest near-Earth asteroid out there, skirting Earth with an erratic, extended orbit, is “sopping wet,” said NAU associate professor David Trilling. The implications have less to do with potential impact, which is extremely unlikely in this case, and more with “the origins of water on Earth,” Trilling said. Comets may be the source of at least some of it, and the amount on Don Quixote represents about 100 billion tons of water—roughly the same amount found in Lake Tahoe.

Mommert said it’s surprising that Don Quixote hasn’t been depleted of all of its water, especially since researchers assumed that it had done so thousands of years ago. But finding evidence of CO2, and presumably water, wasn’t easy.

During an observation of the object using Spitzer in August 2009, Mommert and Trilling found that it was far brighter than they expected. “The images were not as clean as we would like, so we set them aside,” Trilling said.

Much later, though, Mommert prompted a closer look, and partners at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics found something unusual when comparing infrared images of the object: something, that is, where an asteroid should have shown nothing. The “extended emission,” Mommert said, indicated that Don Quixote had a coma—a comet’s visible atmosphere—and a faint tail.

Mommert said this discovery implies that carbon dioxide and water ice also might be present on other near-Earth objects.

This study confirmed Don Quixote’s size and the low, comet-like reflectivity of its surface. Mommert is presenting the research team’s findings this week at the European Planetary Space Conference in London. - Daily Galaxy.





STORM ALERT: Hurricane Ingrid Threatens Major Flooding To Mexico - Impacts Will Be Heavy Rainfall And Potential For "Disastrous" Flooding And Mudslides; Up To 16 Inches Of Rainfall Expected!

September 14, 2013 - MEXICO - The southwestern Gulf of Mexico has given birth to Hurricane Ingrid in the Atlantic. The system will spread flooding downpours into eastern Mexico and some much-needed rain into South Texas.




Ingrid has already been a very slow-moving system, which will lead to a potential for very damaging and life-threatening flooding in portions of eastern Mexico.

The greatest impacts from Ingrid will be heavy rainfall and the potential for flooding and mudslides.

A general 8 to 16 inches of rain is likely to fall over the Mexican states of Veracruz and southern and central Tamaulipas, into the first part of next week. The cities of Veracruz, Poza Rica, Ciudad Victoria and Tampico, as well as highways 101 and 180 are likely to be affected by travel disruptions.

According to Hurricane Expert Dan Kottlowski, "Some moisture from Eastern Pacific Tropical Storm Manuel is likely to converge with Ingrid's moisture over the central part of Mexico and could lead to disastrous flooding."

There is the potential for up to 2 feet of rain, especially over the Sierra Madre Oriental as Ingrid drifts inland before breaking up.

Depending on the strength of Ingrid, there is also the potential for rough surf and seas over part of the western Gulf, which could potentially disrupt bathers, fishing and petroleum operations in the region for a time this weekend.

Small craft operators should exercise caution over the Bay of Campeche through the weekend as the weather can deteriorate quickly with the development of heavy squalls.


Warm water is providing plenty of fuel to Ingrid in the southern Gulf of Mexico and the second hurricane of the
season in the Atlantic Basin continues to become a little stronger with sustained winds of 85 mph. Meanwhile,
Humberto remains a tropical rainstorm in the east-central Atlantic. However, Humberto will move into noticeably
warmer water once again early next week and has a good chance at regaining tropical characteristics. In fact,
it could become a hurricane by the middle of next week. Either way, no impact to land is expected as it
crosses into the central Atlantic Ocean through early next week.


Part of eastern Mexico has been hit by multiple tropical systems with flooding in recent weeks including Fernand and Tropical Depression Eight.

Ingrid also brings an opportunity for needed rainfall farther north along the Mexico coast and as far north as South Texas. Any reasonable rainfall will be welcome by many residential and agricultural interests over the Rio Grande Valley.

Average rainfall totals of 2 to 4 inches are expected through early next week over extreme South Texas with locally higher amounts possible.

"Enough rain could fall to raise water levels on the lower part of the Rio Grande River," Kottlowski said.

More precise details as to the amount of rainfall and magnitude of problems will unfold this weekend as the system develops and establishes a track over the Bay of Campeche. - AccuWeather.






TERMINATOR NOW: The Rise Of The Machines - Spanish Scientists Create Self-Healing "Terminator" Plastic!

September 14, 2013 - UNITED KINGDOM - Spanish scientists are reporting the world's first self-healing polymer that spontaneously and independently repairs itself without any intervention.


Scene from the 1984 American science fiction action film, The Terminator.

The new material, dubbed a "Terminator" polymer in tribute to the shape-shifting, molten T-100 terminator robot from the "Terminator 2" film could be used to improve the security and lifetime of plastic parts in everyday products such as electrical components, cars and even houses, the researchers wrote in the Materials Horizons journal of Britain's Royal Society of Chemistry.

It is the first self-healing polymer that can spontaneously achieve quantitative healing in the absence of a catalyst, they said, and after being cut in two and the pieces pressed together, a sample displayed an impressive 97 per cent healing efficiency in just two hours, being unbreakable when stretched manually.

The self-healing thermoset elastomers were created from common polymeric starting materials using a simple and inexpensive approach, the researchers reported.

"The fact that poly(urea-urethane)s with similar chemical composition and mechanical properties are already used in a wide range of commercial products makes this system very attractive for a fast and easy implementation in real industrial applications," they said. - Breitbart.





PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease - Another Whitetail Deer Die-Off Is Occurring Again This Year In Bennett County, South Dakota!

September 14, 2013 - UNITED STATES - A whitetail deer die off is occurring again this year in Bennett County. At this point there have only been a few reports of dead deer, and all have been from the eastern part of the county.


File photo.

The most likely cause of the die off is epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), which was the cause of the die off in 2012. At this point all of the deer reported dead in this area have been whitetails, but one mule deer was confirmed to have died of the disease in a different county.

Other counties north of us are also reporting losing whitetails. There are several strains of EHD, with some of the strains affecting whitetail deer, mule deer, antelope and elk. The strain that was present last year did kill some mule deer and some elk, although the primary loss was whitetails.

There were also some reports last year of cattle being infected in the area. Prior to last year, it was assumed that while cattle can carry the disease, they did not show any symptoms.

Weather conditions more than anything else will determine if the die off becomes severe again this year or whether the die off is limited. If the conditions remain hot and dry, the conditions are right for the breeding of the black gnats and midges, which carry the disease. If it turns cool, the breeding cycle may slow and the die off may not be as severe.

Hemorrhagic disease may kill deer within 72 hours of infection. Some deer will survive but will show signs of lameness, loss of appetite, and much reduced activity. A smaller proportion of animals may be disabled for weeks or months by lameness or emaciation.

We are monitoring the die off again this year and encourage anyone finding dead or sick deer in Bennett, Jackson, or Shannon Counties to report them to Conservation Officer Tom Beck at 685-6335. - BCB.




INFRASTRUCTURE & SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Asylum Inferno - 37 Dead In Fire At Russian Psychiatric Hospital!

September 14, 2013 - RUSSIA - A pre-dawn fire swept through a Russian psychiatric hospital Friday, killing 37 people, officials said. Authorities had long warned that the mostly wooden building dating to the 19th century was unsafe.


In this photo released by the Novgorod region branch of Russian Emergency Ministry, the ministry's Emergency Situations workers and fire fighters work at a site of a fire at a psychiatric hospital in Luka village in the
Novgorod region, Russia, early Friday, Sept. 13, 2013. A fire swept through the Russian psychiatric hospital
overnight, killing at least three people and leaving more than 30 others feared dead, officials said Friday.
Authorities had long warned that the building was unsafe and called for its closure.
(AP Photo/Russian Emergency Ministry, the Novgorod region branch)

It was the second such deadly blaze in less than five months, underlining the widespread neglect of fire safety standards in Russia.

The fire in the one-story hospital in the village of Luka, about 450 kilometers (280 miles) northwest of Moscow, erupted around 3 a.m. and quickly engulfed the structure, the Emergency Situations Ministry said.

The ministry said rescuers so far have recovered 26 bodies. The Investigative Committee did not explain how it confirmed the other deaths.

The agency added that the blaze was apparently inadvertently sparked by a patient, but the hospital's chief doctor insisted the fire was a deliberate arson.

State Rossiya 24 television reported that a witness said a smoking patient caused the fire. It said a nurse tried to put out the flames with a blanket but they spread quickly. The 44-year old nurse, who was married and had four children, died in the fire while trying to rescue the patients, it reported.

The man who started the fire was saved, Rossiya 24 reported. However, Husein Magomedov, the hospital's chief doctor, denied the fire was caused by a smoking patient and said that the patient deliberately set the fire and died in the blaze.

Firefighters arrived at the scene within minutes, but found the building already swept up in flames. "Fire spread through the building in a moment," Boris Borzov, the top firefighting official, said in televised remarks.

Russian television stations showed the smoldering ruins of the hospital with rescuers combing through debris in a search for bodies.


WATCH: Asylum Inferno - Dozens dead in psychiatric facility fire in Russia.





Emergency officials said 23 of the 60 people in the building when the blaze broke out were evacuated. Emergency teams combed a nearby forest for patients who may have fled the blaze or wandered off, but officials said from the start they had little hope of finding any survivors.

Emergency officials had demanded the facility be closed after it failed a fire safety check earlier this year. The hospital administration, however, won permission to continue using it until next year.

The head of Russia's top state investigation agency, Yekaterina Gilina, flew to the area to personally oversee a probe. Gilina said on Rossiya 24 the probe will look into whether hospital officials had fulfilled a court order to fix the flaws in the building.

Russia has a poor fire safety record with about 12,000 fire deaths reported in 2012. By comparison, the U.S., with a population roughly double Russia's, recorded around 3,000 fire deaths in 2011.

A fire at a psychiatric hospital near Moscow killed 38 people in April. - AP.





GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Global Volcano Report For September 14, 2013 - Updates On Nevado del Ruiz, Kliuchevskoi, Popocatépetl, Tungurahua And Reventador!

September 14, 2013 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe.


Nevado del Ruiz yesterday (INGEOMINAS).


Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia): The volcano has had a phase of increased degassing producing an important SO2 plume visible on satellite data. No reports of other unusual activity have become known.


Kliuchevskoi (Kamchatka): Lava effusion continues. Since the night 10-11 Sep, the lava has changed path and now feeds a second lava flow a bit to the north from the previous one, making it better visible from the KVERT webcam located north of the volcano.


WATCH: Latest eruption from Kliuchevskoi.





Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): A moderate explosion occurred yesterday at 07:03 (local time), producing an ash plume that rose about 2 km above the crater. The event was accompanied by small amplitude volcanic tremor, and a volcano-tectonic earthquakes of magnitude 2.6.


Eruption from Popocatépetl yesterday (CENAPRED).


Other than that, the volcano has been fairly calm, with an average of 1-2 small emissions, mostly vapor and gas, per hour.


Tungurahua (Ecuador): The volcano observatory reports a change in activity, which could herald a new eruptive phase in the near future. Starting from yesterday at approximately 17:00 (local time), increased steaming and gas emissions were visible, producing a column reaching about 1 km height. Incandescence in the crater area could be detected at night as well.


Current seismic recording from Tungurahua (RETU station, IGPEN).


Previously, activity had been consisting of weak steaming producing a column of less than 200 m height.


Reventador (Ecuador): Activity, both internal and external, remains high, with occasional ash explosions and possibly lava effusion from the summit vent.



Current seismic signal from Reventador (CONE station, IGPEN).



Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for September 14, 2013.

- Volcano Discovery.