Wednesday, October 9, 2013

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: Thousands Of Dead Fish Found In A Lake In Segamat District, Malaysia?!

October 09, 2013 - MALAYSIA - Visitors at Recreation Park River Kapeh, here were surprised when thousands of various species of freshwater fish in the lake is dead and smelly.


Dead fish in Lake River Kapeh that raises uneasy smell to visitors.

Visitors to the lake, Saliza Sajar, 23, said he was aware of that when informed of his colleagues when jogging in the lake yesterday afternoon.

"At first I was not aware of it, but a friend who was jogging same household told me that she could smell and see a lot of dead fish floating on the surface of the lake.

"I just went to the lake in the evening for a jog if have space and the last time I was here was last Monday. If I am not mistaken, the incident has not yet happened, "he said.

He said the situation raises uncomfortable situation to visitors recreation center because dead fish began emitting a foul smell.

Visitors who want to be known as the Man said, he had to avoid walking near the lake could not stand the smell of fish carcasses.

"Usually I will go through the tracks around the lake after work and this time had to avoid to pass through the route.

"To be sure, this irresponsible act and I believe that this matter has come to the attention of the authorities," he said.

Meanwhile, the President of the Segamat District Council (MDS), Ismail Abu said the cause of the fish mortality is not known whether dituba or high acid content in the lake water.

"The MDS will do the cleaning operations and will collect all the fish carcasses.

"The lake is allowed to fish as a form of recreation to the people of this district and this is the first time the incident occurred," he said. - Sinar Harian. [Translated]


PLANETARY TREMORS: Devastating Mega-Quake Predicted For The Himalayan Region - 800,000 People Could Die From Magnitude 8 Tremor!

October 09, 2013 - HIMALAYAS - Over eight lakh people may die if an earthquake measuring eight on the Richter scale occurs in the seismically active Himalayan states from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh, National Disaster Management Authority's Vice Chairman M. Shashidhar Reddy has warned.


The general location of the Himalayas mountain range.

The entire Himalayan belt is seismically very active and during a short span of 53 years between 1897 and 1950, four major earthquakes, (Shillong in 1897, Kangra in 1905, Bihar-Nepal in 1934 and Assam in 1950) exceeding magnitude eight on the Richter scale occurred in the region causing vast devastation.

"No such earthquake has occurred since 1950. Studies indicate that enough strains have accumulated to generate magnitude 8 or larger earthquakes in the Himalayan region. If an earthquake of magnitude eight occurs in the Himalayan states, eight to nine lakh people may lose their lives," the NDMA vice chief told PTI.

When and where such an earthquake would occur is not known and therefore, the best approach to face such an eventuality was to work for developing an earthquake-resilient society, Reddy said. - India West.



MASS FISH/MAMMAL DIE-OFF: Masses Of Fish, Plus Turtles, Crabs And Dolphins Wash Up Dead Along The Coast Of Costa Rica?!

October 09, 2013 - COSTA RICA - More than seashells have been washing up with the tide along Costa Rica’s southern Caribbean coast over the past three weeks. Residents in the area have also reported dead turtles, dolphins and crabs.


Schools of dead fish recently washed up on Playa Manzanillo, pictured here, and other beaches in
the southern Caribbean. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons


Fearing possible contamination, investigators and park rangers began a series of tests last week after piles of dead fish washed up on the shores of Gandoca, Manzanillo and Punta Uva.

“The numbers made us feel like this was something abnormal,” said Donald Campbell, the head of the Environment Ministry’s Marine and Coastal Program in the Amistad-Caribe region. “Last week we began gathering fish for study.”

The University of Costa Rica released its results of the fish study on Friday. It showed that chemicals or other unnatural causes were not to blame. All of the dead fish collected were sharp-nosed pufferfish, a species associated with mass natural deaths caused from problems in reproduction and naturally occurring diseases.

“If the cause had been contamination we would have seen other dead species,” said José Masís, the administrator of the Gandoca Manzanillo Wildlife Refuge. “We don’t think these fish deaths are related to the other dead animals.”

According to Campbell, MINAE officials have not encountered much of the dead marine life reported, but they are investigating it.

“The only dead turtles we have seen washed up without heads,” he said. “There are diseases and contamination that could do this, but it looked like a predator. We are keeping our eyes open and if we see anything we will conduct the proper tests.” - Tico Times.




GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Global Volcano Report For October 9, 2013 - Updates On Klyuchevskoy, Karymsky, Batu Tara, Tangkubanparahu, Nevado del Ruiz, Cumbal, Sotará, Etna, Sakurajima, Reventador And Tungurahua!

October 09, 2013 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe, courtesy of  Volcano Discovery.


Eruption from Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov).


Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): (7 Oct) The eruption continues with spectacular lava flows on the flanks of the steep cone, strombolian activity and ash emissions from the summit vent. Some great photos have been submitted into our image pool.


WATCH:  Here's a time-lapse video of today's activity:





Karymsky (Kamchatka): (7 Oct) Strombolian activity continues. Occasionally, such as yesterday, stronger explosions produce ash plumes detected on satellite data, reaching an estimated 6,000 ft (1.8 km) altitude.


Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): (7 Oct) Explosions have produced ash plumes reaching 7,000 ft (2.1 km) altitude over the past days again.


Tangkubanparahu (West Java): (7 Oct) Another phreatic explosion happened 7 Oct morning at 07:02 am WIB (local time).


Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia): (7 Oct) An earthquake swarm affected the volcano on 7 Oct, including a volcanic-tectonic quake of magnitude 2.7 at 3.2 km depth northeast of the Arenas crater.


Seismic signal from Nevado del Ruiz today (OLL station, INGEOMINAS).


This could indicate that new magma has been rising into the shallow volcano's conduit, which might (or not) lead to new eruptive activity.


Cumbal (Colombia): (7 Oct) No significant changes occurred during the past months. Seismic activity remains above background. The latest significant event was a shallow (and felt) mag 2.1 quake at 14 km distance from the summit on 6 Oct.


Sotará (Colombia): (7 Oct) Seismic activity remains slightly elevated, with no significant changes over the past months, and INGEOMINAS keeps alert level yellow.


Etna (Sicily, Italy): (7 Oct) Sporadic weak explosions from the New SE crater have continued. Currently, there are no signs of increasing activity.


Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): The volcano has had less (vulcanian) explosions, but showed near-constant strombolian activity and ash emissions today:


Showa crater of Sakurajima with glow from strombolian activity this evening.

WATCH:  Sakurajima volcano strombolian activity.





Reventador (Ecuador): Activity remained unchanged at moderate levels with sporadic explosions producing ash plumes up to about 1 km height.

Tungurahua (Ecuador): A new eruption occurred in the evening of 7 Oct, following an increase in seismic activity.


This morning's seismic signal from Tungurahua (RETU station, IGPEN).

An explosion with a cannon-shot noise ejected blocks that rolled down the flanks and caused light ash fall in Choglontus. A steam and ash column rose to 1 km above the crater during the night.


- Volcano Discovery.





FUK-U-SHIMA: "I Have Never Seen Fish Looking This Bad" - Biologists Are Alarmed At Pacific Fish In And Around Canada Bleeding From Eyeballs, Faces, Fins And Tails!

October 09, 2013 - PACIFIC OCEAN - Here are several reports, providing evidence that fish in the Pacific Ocean in and around Canada are bleeding from the eyeballs, faces, fins and tails.

Bleeding Herring Discovery Alarms B.C. Marine Biologist.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada has yet to reveal test results after accepting samples of bloodied Pacific
herring two years ago from a Vancouver Island marine biologist, who again found hundreds
of the sickly fish on Saturday. (PHOTO ALEXANDRA MORTON)

Scores of bloodied fish found in the water off northeastern Vancouver Island are alarming a B.C. marine biologist, who says Fisheries and Oceans Canada is ignoring the problem.

Vancouver Island marine biologist Alexandra Morton first spotted herrings bleeding from their dorsal and pelvic fins in 2011 and began monitoring the phenomenon, which she suspects is a disease or viral infection.

Using a seine net, she dragged up several hundred of the fish this past weekend and found the apparent infection had spread —instead of their usual silver colour the fish had eyes, tails, underbellies, gills and faces plastered with the sickly red colour.

“I have never seen fish that looked this bad,” Morton told 24 hours Sunday. “If you look only in one place, you really can’t say whether it’s happening along the whole coast … the concern is these are migratory fish. They don’t stay in one place.”

In June, the affected fish were only found in eastern Johnstone Strait, but have since spread to Alert Bay and Sointula, she said. Humpback whales, eagles, chinook and coho salmon are known to eat Pacific herring, further adding to the risk should the infection be contagious.

Morton has several theories, including three European-based viruses she’ll be personally testing the fish for. Another theory is it’s caused by the local viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus — a deadly disease transferable between different species.

According to emails from FOC, the federal authority had asked the marine biologist to send in 20 to 30 herring in September 2011, saying that would be “more than sufficient for the lab to look for clinical signs of disease and provide sufficient diagnostics.”

She did, and hasn’t heard back since.

“These are very strong disease symptoms that I’m simply asking (the ministry) to tell us, in a verifiable way, what is wrong with these fish?” Morton said, adding the answer could be found using an existing test that examines the immune systems of fish.

FOC officials did not respond to a request for comment by the 24 hours presstime. - Vancouver 24 Hours.


Disease Killing Pacific Herring Threatens Salmon, Scientist Warns.
Independent fisheries scientist Alexandra Morton is raising concerns about a disease she says is spreading through Pacific herring causing fish to hemorrhage.

Ms. Morton has called on the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans to investigate, saying it could cause large-scale herring kills and infect wild salmon, which feed heavily on herring.

"I've been seeing herring with bleeding fins," Ms. Morton said Monday. "Two days ago I did a beach seine on Malcolm Island [near Port McNeill on northern Vancouver Island] and I got approximately 100 of these little herring and they were not only bleeding from their fins, but their bellies, their chins, their eyeballs. These are very, very strong disease symptoms."

Ms. Morton, a researcher and environmental advocate who campaigns against fish farms, said she caught some herring with similar symptoms in beach seine nets in 2011, but was unable to get DFO to investigate.

The problem seems much worse this time, she said, with all of the herring she caught in the recent netting showing disease signs.

"It was 100 per cent ... I couldn't find any that weren't bleeding to some degree. And they were schooling with young sockeye," said Ms. Morton, who suspects the disease is viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.

Dr. Gary Marty, fish pathologist with the animal health centre for the B.C. Ministry of Environment, said VHSV and a second disease, viral erythrocytic necrosis, or VEN, are the two most likely suspects.

But he said both diseases have been on the West Coast for a long time and it is too soon to ring any alarm bells.

He said Ms. Morton could be seeing a common, localized outbreak that might just fade away.

"You'd have to have more information or more fish dying" before concluding there is a serious disease outbreak, Dr. Marty said.

"There has been ... research that shows it probably remains in the [herring] population all the time, but at a very low level. So in that sense it would be similar to influenza in people or just a cold virus in people," he said. "It will affect the population in late winter and early spring and then as the fish get more food available in the summer their condition improves and the virus goes away."

Dr. Marty said limited outbreaks of the two diseases are not necessarily a bad thing.

"In some respect for the population it's actually good to have small outbreaks, often because even though it may kill a few individual fish, the survivors are then immune from the disease and actually the population can be stronger as a result," he said.

Dr. Marty said he was aware of Ms. Morton's catch of apparently diseased herring, but hadn't been officially notified by DFO of the incident and had not begun any research himself.

DFO officials weren't available for comment Monday.

Lorena Hamer, a spokesperson for the Herring Conservation and Research Society, a non-profit founded by the herring fishing industry, said the symptoms described by Ms. Morton sound like VHSV but scientific confirmation is needed.

"I do hope that DFO is following up on this – it would be good to get confirmation of the disease, and more information on the extent of the infection," Ms. Hamer said in an e-mail.

She noted that a paper published in a recent issue of the international journal Veterinary Microbiology indicates that VHSV is a disease that can spread between species.

The paper, by researchers from Canada's Pacific Biological Station, in Nanaimo, and the U.S. Western Fisheries Research Center in Washington State, states that farmed Atlantic salmon can develop VHS and transmit it to Pacific herring.

"Viral hemorrhagic septicemia is considered a serious disease of wild Pacific herring, causing large scale fish kills," states the paper. - The Globe And Mail.


Scores Of Bloodied Fish Found Off Vancouver Island Alarms Marine Biologist.
Marine biologist Alexandra Morton.
Credits: ROBYN STUBBS
Scores of bloodied fish found in the water off northeastern Vancouver Island are alarming a BC marine biologist, who says Fisheries and Oceans Canada (FOC) is ignoring the problem.

Vancouver Island marine biologist Alexandra Morton first spotted herrings bleeding from their dorsal and pelvic fins in 2011 and began monitoring the phenomenon, which she suspects is a disease or viral infection.

Using a seine net, she dragged up several hundred of the fish this past weekend and found the apparent infection had spread - instead of their usual silver colour the fish had eyes, tails, underbellies, gills and faces plastered with the sickly red colour.

"I have never seen fish that looked this bad," Morton told QMI Agency on Sunday. "If you look only in one place, you really can't say whether it's happening along the whole coast ... the concern is these are migratory fish. They don't stay in one place."

In June, the affected fish were only found in eastern Johnstone Strait, but have since spread to Alert Bay and Sointula, she said. Humpback whales, eagles, chinook and coho salmon are known to eat Pacific herring, further adding to the risk should the infection be contagious.

Morton has several theories, including three European-based viruses she'll be personally testing the fish for. Another theory is it's caused by the local viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus - a deadly disease transferable between species.

According to e-mails from FOC, the federal authority had asked the marine biologist to send in 20 to 30 herring in September 2011, saying that would be "more than sufficient for the lab to look for clinical signs of disease and provide sufficient diagnostics."

She did and never heard back.

"These are very strong disease symptoms that I'm simply asking (the ministry) to tell us, in a verifiable way, what is wrong with these fish?" Morton said, adding the answer could be found using an existing test that examines the immune systems of fish.

FOC officials did not respond to a request for comment Sunday. - Sun News.


DFO Investigating Reports Of Bleeding Herring.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada is trying to confirm reports from an independent biologist that herring around northern Vancouver Island have a disease that is causing bleeding from their gills, bellies and eyeballs.

Alexandra Morton wrote to DFO asking for an investigation and viral testing of the fish after she pulled up a net of about 100 herring near Sointula and found they were all bleeding.

"It was pretty shocking to see," said Morton, who has seen herring suffering from viruses before, but never so sick. "These are very strong disease symptoms. These fish are in much worse condition."

She suspects the herring could be suffering from viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus - an infectious disease of fish - and wants DFO to collect and test specimens.

Morton also wants federal fisheries officials to do genomic profiling on the herring to gain some insight into their immune system, but a DFO spokeswoman said that is probably not possible.

The concern is that the virus could spread to wild salmon, said Morton, a vocal opponent of fish farms.

Herring school with small sockeye salmon and are also eaten by chinook and coho.

Arlene Tompkins of DFO's salmon assessment section said staff in the Port Hardy area have not found bleeding herring.

"We are trying to retrieve samples, but [Monday] we were not successful because of heavy fog," she said. "We haven't had any other reports of fish kills or die-offs."

Tompkins has seen photographs provided by Morton, but said it is difficult to speculate what is causing the bleeding until diagnostic tests can be carried out.

DFO fish health experts say the bleeding could stem from a range of causes as herring naturally carry a variety of pathogens, Tompkins said.

Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus has previously been identified in Pacific herring and other fish species in B.C. It is possible that herring could pass the virus to wild salmon, Tompkins said. "They share the same ecosystem as the salmon. They share the ocean and there's potential for pathogens to be passed from one to another." - Canada.






GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: More Sinkholes Keep Popping Up Across The United States - Dangerous Sinkhole Swallows Up Cars In Galleria Area, Houston; Sinkhole Grows In Downtown Sioux Falls, South Dakota; And Trash Truck Falls Into Sinkhole In North St. Louis!

October 09, 2013 - UNITED STATES - The following stories constitutes some of the latest incidents of sinkholes across the United States.


Dangerous Sinkhole Swallows Cars In Galleria Area, Houston.
A big sinkhole was swallowing cars near the intersection of Richmond and Fountainview in the Galleria Area Monday.


A big sinkhole was swallowing cars near the intersection of Richmond and Fountainview in the Galleria. 
Credit: JEREMY DESEL / KHOU 11 NEWS

Some drivers mistook the eight-foot-deep hole for a large puddle of water and drove right into it.

Ashley Johnson’s 2013 Ford was no match for the sinkhole and one of her wheels got stuck.

"There is a big hole right here. I don’t know where this came from," Johnson said.

She was one of the lucky ones because another foot to the left and her car would have sunk.

Brian Muller hit the hole Monday morning before the city put up orange warning cones and barrels.


A big sinkhole was swallowing cars near the intersection of Richmond and Fountainview in the Galleria. 
Credit: JEREMY DESEL / KHOU 11 NEWS

"I tried to go around the side of it and my car fell in the hole," Muller said. "The water was going over the hole so I did not even know that there was a hole there."

Workers at the restaurant construction site next door pulled Muller’s car out. They noticed a big pothole there last Thursday and said they called the city to report it. No one responded.

The weekend downpours then turned the pothole into a sinkhole.

The Public Works Department confirmed it received a phone call about a water main break in the area on Saturday.

Around 1 p.m. Monday, city crews finally closed one lane at the intersection to begin repairs.

They came too late for Muller and Johnson.

"I’m a little more shocked than mad right now. I am mad that my car is, like, probably totaled," Johnson said.

You can report potholes, sinkholes and other problems to 311, the City of Houston’s helpline. - KHOU.


Sinkhole Grows In Downtown Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Mention the term sinkhole and most people expect the location would be in Florida or Louisiana.
Now you can add downtown Sioux Falls to the list.

A sinkhole sprouted last Friday just south of the intersection of 14th Street and Phillips Avenue and it's been growing ever since. The pit now warrants construction barriers and a roadblock.

Public Works Director Mark Cotter says the issue is connected to a failure in the pipe connecting the private property to the city's main sewer pipes under Phillips Avenue. He adds that fixing the problem could last through Friday. - Keloland.


Trash Truck Falls Into Sinkhole In North St. Louis.


It was a terrifying start to the shift for one St. Louis City Refuse worker Tuesday morning. One second, he was picking up trash on the city’s north side. The next, he was in a sinkhole.

Around 6:45 a.m., an alley off Blair Avenue near Newhouse Avenue collapsed under the wheels of a brand-new trash truck.

“I get cave-ins almost all the time,” Third Ward Alderman Freeman Bosley, Sr. turned to look at the truck, sitting in a hole surrounded by broken concrete slabs. “Not quite this bad. This is one of the worst ones I’ve seen.”

Bosley was not shocked, even after learning the driver escaped unhurt.






“I’m glad he’s safe. But these old alleys up and down here, this stuff is well over a hundred years old,” he explained. “And, anything over a hundred years old deteriorates.”

Bosley also explained the sinkhole was just another symptom of the city’s budget problems.

“All the aldermen get is money from a 3/8-cent sales tax. And, by golly, when you split that 28 ways,” the city has 28 wards. “You can only do one or two alleys.”

Residents were not surprised, either.

“No,” said Tew Jennings, who lived two blocks away. “No, I’m not surprised that this happened in North St. Louis.”

Jennings said only a few alleys are getting major overhauls to accommodate residential parking. But, he said most alleys see almost no traffic.

“So, I’m not surprised the attention isn’t given to the alleys.”

You could see a crack that ran the entire length of the alley and ended where the truck came to rest. Streets director Todd Waeltermann said the alley was so dangerous, he sent away the two 20-ton tow trucks meant to move the trash truck. Instead, he said crews would work on building a ramp to pull the truck out of the hole. Still, residents and the alderman said problems would remain.

“This is one of the oldest areas on the City of St. Louis,” Bosley said. “And, age wears out almost everything.” - Fox 2 Now.




SPACE: The Final Frontier - NASA's Voyager Space Probe Hears Strange, Unearthly "Shriek" In Space As It Leaves Solar System!

October 09, 2013 - SPACE - A strange, unearthly “shriek” greeted NASA’s Voyager I spacecraft as it became the first man-made object to enter interstellar space.




A strange rising “howl” was detected by instruments aboard the 36-year-old probe, which has travelled 12 billion miles away from our sun.

The sound was transmitted back to scientists on Earth, over a distance so vast radio waves take 17 hours to reach us. Science site iO9 described the sounds as “creepy” and “wraithlike”.

NASA announced this week that the tiny probe has now left the “solar bubble” - a historic moment which marks our species entry into interstellar space.

The “howls” and “shrieks” detected by Voyager’s instruments - actually waves in plasma in space - provided proof.

The plasma waves are inaudible in space, but , “These frequencies are within the range heard by human ears,” says NASA. “The soundtrack reproduces the amplitude and frequency of the plasma waves as "heard" by Voyager 1. The waves detected by the instrument antennas can be simply amplified and played through a speaker.”

The rising tones of the “shrieks” of space allowed scientists to realise that Voyager first entered “interstellar plasma” - ionized gas in the space betwen the stars - in August 2012.

“This conclusion is possible from the space craft’s plasma wave instrument,” Ed Stone, Voyager project scientist based at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena.. “The 36-year old probe is now sailing through uncharted waters of a new cosmic sea and it has brought us along for the journey.”

"Now that we have new, key data, we believe this is mankind's historic leap into interstellar space. The Voyager team needed time to analyze those observations and make sense of them. But we can now answer the question we've all been asking -- 'Are we there yet?' Yes, we are."


WATCH:
Voyager captures sounds of interstellar space.




The discovery of the strange sounds - and of the fact that Voyager had entered interstellar space was made possible by an eruption on the sun, which send a burst of “solar wind” towards the tiny craft..

“On April 9, Voyager 1's plasma wave instrument detected the movement,” NASA says. “The pitch of the oscillations helped scientists determine the density of the plasma. The particular oscillations meant the spacecraft was bathed in plasma more than 40 times denser than what they had encountered in the outer layer of the heliosphere. Density of this sort is to be expected in interstellar space.”

The spacecraft launched in 1977, and has travelled billions of miles through our Solar System. It is now so far from Earth that its radio signals take 17 hours to arrive.

Voyager is expected to keep transmitting until 2020. - Yahoo.