Tuesday, October 22, 2013

STORM ALERT: Category 1 Hurricane Raymond Threatens Acapulco, Mexico With Heavy Rain - Could Cause Life-Threatening Flash Floods And Mudslides!

October 22, 2013 - MEXICO - Category 1 Hurricane Raymond remains stalled just off the Mexico coast as its winds decrease.

The Weather Channel Tropical Update on Hurricane Raymond.

The Weather Channel Tropical Update on Hurricane Raymond and Tropical Storm Lorenzo.

The Weather Channel Tropical Update on Hurricane Raymond's Rainfall Forecast.

Raymond's slow and erratic motion is expected to continue the next day or so.

On Wednesday, a gradual turn to the west-southwest away from the Mexico coast is forecast to occur.

WATCH: Hurricane Stationary over Mexican Coast.

Due to Raymond's intensity and the uncertainties in its near-term track, hurricane warnings are in effect for the coast of southern Mexico, spanning from Tecpan de Galeana westward to Lazaro Cardenas. This includes the Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo metropolitan area. Additionally, hurricane watches and tropical storm warnings are in effect from Acapulco to Tecpan de Galeana.

Projected Path:  The latest forecast path and wind speeds from the National Hurricane Center.

Current Information: So, where exactly is the cyclone's center located now? If you're plotting the storm
along with us, click on the "Current Information" map below to get the latitude/longitude coordinates,
distance away from the nearest land location, maximum sustained winds
and central pressure (measured in millibars). 

Heavy rain is expected to be the main impact from Raymond. This rainfall could cause life-threatening flash floods and mudslides near and inland from the coast of Mexico, specifically the states of Guerrero and Michoacan. These areas were devastated by flooding and mudslides from Hurricane Manuel last month, killing over 100 people.

Acapulco reported 7.63 inches (194 mm) of rain in the 48-hour period ending at 7 a.m. CDT Tuesday.

Satellite: How does the system look on satellite imagery. Click on "infrared" satellite imagery, to see
how "cold" the cloud tops are. Brighter orange and red shadings concentrated near the
center of circulation signify a healthy tropical cyclone.

Rainfall Forecast: Raymond is forecast to bring a copious amount of rainfall to an area of Mexico that
has already been hammered by extremely heavy rainfall events.

Tropical Storm/Hurricane Watches/WarningsA tropical storm or hurricane watch means tropical storm or
hurricane conditions, respectively, are possible in the specified area within 48 hours. A tropical storm
or hurricane warning means tropical storm or hurricane conditions, respectively,
are expected in the specified area within 36 hours.

In addition, tropical storm-force winds and hurricane-force winds are possible – though increasingly unlikely now – in the watch and warning areas along the coast. The strength of the winds will be dependent on how close the center of Raymond gets to the coast. This is uncertain since Raymond is moving very slowly and is expected to eventually turn back to the west away from Mexico. Additionally, Raymond is a very compact hurricane, with hurricane-force winds extending no more than 25 miles from the center as of Tuesday afternoon.

People are helped by federal police as they get off a truck to be taken to as makeshift shelter in the city of
Chilpancingo, Mexico, Monday Oct. 21, 2013. (AP Photo/Alejandrino Gonzalez)

Young men play in a flooded street in Acapulco, Mexico, Monday, Oct. 21, 2013. The area is on alert as
Hurricane Raymond gained more strength and threatened to hurl heavy rains onto a sodden region
already devastated by last month's Tropical Storm Manuel. (AP Photo/Bernandino Hernandez)

From Sunday morning into early Monday, Raymond rapidly intensified with top sustained winds increasing from 40 mph to 120 mph, becoming the first major hurricane of 2013 in the entire Western Hemisphere. Raymond peaked in intensity late Monday with top sustained winds of 125 mph, but has since weakened. - TWC.

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: Major Fish Kill In A Lake In Englewood, Florida?!

October 22, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Residents in an Englewood community are dealing with a major fish kill in their lake.

Video uploaded to YouTube and to ABC 7 by Robert Peteski shows a large number of vultures feasting on the dead fish.

The lake is in the Pine Lake neighborhood north of Englewood between State Road 776 and Old Englewood Road.

WATCH: Vultures eats up the dead fish at Pine Lake.

Officials say low oxygen levels in the lake caused the fish kill. This scene is not all that uncommon in Florida.

- My Sun Coast.

MASS BIRD DIE-OFF IN CANADA: Dozens Of Dead Birds Are Washing Up In Georgian Bay And Hundreds Of Dead Birds Wash Ashore On Wasaga Beach In Ontario?!

October 22, 2013 - CANADA - Scientists are trying to figure out why dozens of dead birds have been washing up on the Georgian Bay shoreline again in recent days. Local residents are concerned over what it might say about the health of the lake. 

Dozens Of Dead Birds Are Washing Up In Georgian Bay.

The waterfront there is a popular place to walk but residents are finding numerous dead birds on the beach. It’s something that has happened before.

Faye Ego takes daily walks along the Georgian Bay shoreline at Allenwood Beach. Ego enjoys watching the wildlife, but sometimes she sees more dead birds than live ones. She’s concerned about the bay’s health.

“To us and to our neighbours and friends it’s about what's going on,” she says. “Like why are they dying? There has to be a reason for wash ups. And some years you see hundreds and hundreds. But every year you do see some. You look at them they are young you wonder why did it die?”

Over the long weekend dozens of dead ducks and loons washed in along Wasaga Beach. Wardens with the provincial park collected them. The Ministry of Natural Resources has sent some birds away for testing, but botulism poisoning is suspected because of another massive die off of ducks here in the fall two years ago. It was confirmed then that botulism was the culprit.

Botulism grows in low-oxygen environments at the bottom of the lake where zebra mussels grow in large numbers.

Dr. George Peck is an ornithologist and assistant researcher with the Royal Ontario Museum.

He says the birds being affected – long tail ducks, scoters, loons, and grebes – are all diving birds that are eating the contaminated zebra mussels or small fish during their migration.

“All I can think of is that this is going to lead to the decline of some of these birds, certainly as they migrate through the lakes, the long tail ducks and scoters do not breed in this area but they are migrating through this area,” Peck says.

WATCH: Researchers probing bird die-off in Georgian Bay.

Shoreline residents wanting to dispose of dead birds can bury them or double bag them and put them in with their regular garbage pick-up for landfill.

Fay Ego says it’s always disturbing to see wildlife dying and is concerned that this die off isn't over yet.
“The next big wind, storm it will be telling what happens then,” she says.

Residents around Georgian Bay have been asked to contact the Ministry of Natural Resources if they see signs of large wildlife die-off in their area. - CTV News.

Hundreds Of Dead Birds Wash Ashore On Wasaga Beach In Ontario.
Botulism suspected - Hundreds of dead birds washed up on shore at Wasaga
Beach Provincial Park yesterday.  Trina Berlo

Hundreds of dead birds have washed up on the shore of Wasaga Beach Provincial Park.

A spokesperson for the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), which manages the park, says botulism is the suspected cause of the die-off.

Seven samples have been sent to the University of Guelph for testing and the MNR is awaiting results.

Spokesperson Jolanta Kowalski said 320 dead waterfowl and nine dead fish washed up on shore in Wasaga Beach on Oct. 17 and smaller numbers of carcasses collected on previous days.

The dead birds are primarily white wing scoters and long tail ducks with some common golden eye and a few loons, grebes and mergansers. Kowalski could not say specifically what kind of dead fish washed on shore, only that they were not the threatened Lake Sturgeon.

In recent years botulism outbreaks have been more common in the Great Lakes, primarily impacting bird populations, although some species of bottom-dwelling fish, including Lake Sturgeon, have suffered localized die-offs.

Botulism is a serious neuromuscular illness caused by a toxin that is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

The paralysis may result in water birds not being able to hold their heads up and as a result, often drown.

The threat to human health is minimal, although dead birds and fish should not be eaten.

Shoreline property owners are advised that they are responsible for the cleanup of dead fish and birds from their shorelines. They should wear protective gear such as gloves and the dead fish or birds can be buried on their property or put out for municipal garbage pick-up.

Carcasses removed from the beach should be placed in heavy plastic bags to avoid the potential spread of botulism-containing maggots and disposed in a landfill.

Pets should be kept away from any dead animals on the beach.

Zebra and quagga mussel beds may play a role in creating habitat for the bacterium that causes botulism. Bottom feeding fish can come into contract with the botulism and pass it up the food chain.

Type E botulism is a toxin produced by a naturally occurring bacterium that lives in lake bottom sediment as harmless spores.

"Little is known about the ecology of the bacterium," says the MNR, "but under certain conditions - a rich nutrient source, such as a dead animal, a complete lack of oxygen and an optimum temperature - the bacterium begins producing the toxin and the toxin enters the aquatic food chain, affecting fish and birds that eat fish or molluscs (an invertebrate of a large phylum that includes snails, slugs and mussels)." - Simcoe.

SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: Big Bang - Astronomers Detect First Primordial Light Of The Universe!

October 22, 2013 - SPACE - The journey of light from the very early universe to modern telescopes is long and winding. The ancient light traveled billions of years to reach us, and along the way, its path was distorted by the pull of matter, leading to a faint, twisted light pattern called B-modes, which have at last been detected. These elusive primordial B-modes may be imprinted with clues about how our universe was born. Scientists are currently combing through data from the Planck mission in search of them.

Both Herschel and Planck are European Space Agency missions, with important NASA contributions.The discovery, which will lead to better maps of matter across our universe, was made using the National Science Foundation's South Pole Telescope, with help from the Herschel space observatory.

Scientists have long predicted two types of B-modes: the ones that were recently found were generated a few billion years into our universe's existence (it is presently 13.8 billion years old). The others, called primordial, are theorized to have been produced when the universe was a newborn baby, fractions of a second after its birth in the Big Bang.

"This latest discovery is a good checkpoint on our way to the measurement of primordial B-modes," said Duncan Hanson of McGill University in Montreal, Canada, lead author of the new report published Sept. 30 in the online edition of Physical Review Letters.

The oldest light we see around us today, called the cosmic microwave background, harkens back to a time just hundreds of thousands of years after the universe was created. Planck recently produced the best-ever full-sky map of this light, revealing new details about of our cosmos' age, contents and origins. A fraction of this ancient light is polarized, a process that causes light waves to vibrate in the same plane. The same phenomenon occurs when sunlight reflects off lakes, or particles in our atmosphere. On Earth, special sunglasses can isolate this polarized light, reducing glare.

The B-modes are a twisted pattern of polarized light. In the new study, the scientists were on a hunt for the kind of polarized light spawned by matter in a process called gravitational lensing, where the gravitational pull from knots of matter distorts the path of light.

The signals are extremely faint, so Hanson and colleagues used Herschel's infrared map of matter to get a better idea of where to look. The researchers then spotted the signals with the South Pole Telescope, making the first-ever detection of B-modes. This is an important step for better mapping how matter, both normal and dark, is distributed throughout our universe. Clumps of matter in the early universe are the seeds of galaxies like our Milky Way.

Astronomers are eager to detect primordial B-modes next. These polarization signals, from billions of years ago, would be much brighter on larger scales, which an all-sky mission like Planck is better able to see.

"These beautiful measurements from the South Pole Telescope and Herschel strengthen our confidence in our current model of the universe," said Olivier Doré, a member of the U.S. Planck science team at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. "However, this model does not tell us how big the primordial signal itself should be. We are thus really exploring with excitement a new territory here, and a potentially very, very old one." - Daily Galaxy.

PLANETARY TREMORS: Strong 5.3 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Indonesia's Aceh Province - Kills 1, Injures 2!

October 22, 2013 - INDONESIA - A 5.3-magnitude earthquake has struck western Indonesia, killing one villager, injuring two others and damaging dozens of houses.

USGS earthquake location.

The U.S. Geological Survey said Tuesday's quake was centered about 32 kilometers (19 miles) southwest of Reuleuet town in Aceh province, at a depth of 48 kilometers (29 miles).

Local government officials said a 90-year-old man suffered a heart attack when the temblor struck.

Indonesia's Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said two other villagers were rushed to a nearby hospital with head wounds and broken bones after around 160 houses and buildings were damaged.

USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.

A massive quake off the coast of Aceh caused a powerful tsunami in 2004 that killed around 230,000 people in a dozen countries. - FOX News.

Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of the Sumatra Region.
The plate boundary southwest of Sumatra is part of a long tectonic collision zone that extends over 8000 km from Papua in the east to the Himalayan front in the west. The Sumatra-Andaman portion of the collision zone forms a subduction zone megathrust plate boundary, the Sunda-Java trench, which accommodates convergence between the Indo-Australia and Sunda plates. This convergence is responsible for the intense seismicity and volcanism in Sumatra. The Sumatra Fault, a major transform structure that bisects Sumatra, accommodates the northwest-increasing lateral component of relative plate motion.

Relative plate motion between the Indo-Australia and Sunda plates is rapid, decreasing from roughly 63 mm/year near the southern tip of Sumatra (Australia relative to Sunda) to 44 mm/year north of Andaman Islands (India relative to Sunda) and rotating counterclockwise to the northwest, so that relative motion near Jakarta is nearly trench-normal but becomes nearly trench-parallel near Myanmar. As a result of the rotation in relative motion along the strike of the arc and the interaction of multiple tectonic plates, several interrelated tectonic elements compose the Sumatra-Andaman plate boundary. Most strain accumulation and release occurs along the Sunda megathrust of the main subduction zone, where lithosphere of the subducting Indo-Australia plate is in contact with the overlying Sunda plate down to a depth of 60 km. Strain release associated with deformation within the subducting slab is evidenced by deeper earthquakes that extend to depths of less than 300 km on Sumatra and 150 km or less along the Andaman Islands. The increasingly oblique convergence between these two plates moving northwest along the arc is accommodated by crustal seismicity along a series of transform and normal faults. East of the Andaman Islands, back- arc spreading in the Andaman Sea produces a zone of distributed normal and strike-slip faulting. Similar to the Sumatran Fault, the Sagaing Fault near Myanmar also accommodates the strike-slip component of oblique plate motion. Plate-boundary related deformation is also not restricted to the subduction zone and overriding plate: the subducting Indo-Australian plate actually comprises two somewhat independent plates (India and Australia), with small amounts of motion relative to one another, that are joined along a broad, actively-deforming region producing seismicity up to several hundred kilometers west of the trench. This deformation is exemplified by the recent April 2012 earthquake sequence, which includes the April 11 M 8.6 and M 8.2 strike-slip events and their subsequent aftershocks.

USGS plate tectonics for the region.

Paleoseismic studies using coral reefs as a proxy for relative land level changes associated with earthquake displacement suggest that the Sunda arc has repeatedly ruptured during relatively large events in the past, with records extending as far back as the 10th century. In northern Simeulue Island, the southern terminus of the 2004 megathrust earthquake rupture area, a cluster of megathrust earthquakes occurred over a 56 year period between A.D. 1390 and 1455, resulting in uplift substantially greater than that caused by the 2004 event. Studies that look at large sheeted deposits of sand on land interpreted as the transport of debris from a tsunami wave also indicate that this region has experienced significant tsunamis in the past centuries, albeit infrequently.

Prior to 2004, the most recent megathrust earthquakes along the Sumatran-Andaman plate boundary were in 1797 (M 8.7-8.9), 1833 (M 8.9-9.1) and 1861 (M8.5). Since 2004, much of the Sunda megathrust between the northern Andaman Islands and Enggano Island, a distance of more than 2,000 km, has ruptured in a series of large subduction zone earthquakes - most rupturing the plate boundary south of Banda Aceh. The great M 9.1 earthquake of December 26, 2004, which produced a devastating tsunami, ruptured much of the boundary between Myanmar and Simeulue Island offshore Banda Aceh. Immediately to the south of the great 2004 earthquake, the M 8.6 Nias Island earthquake of March 28, 2005 ruptured a 400-km section between Simeulue and the Batu Islands. Farther south in the Mentawai islands, two earthquakes on September 12, 2007 of M 8.5 and M 7.9 occurred in the southern portion of the estimated 1797 and 1833 ruptures zone, which extends from approximately Enggano Island to the northern portion of Siberut Island. Smaller earthquakes have also been locally important: a M 7.6 rupture within the subducting plate caused considerable damage in Padang in 2009, and a M 7.8 rupture on October 25, 2010 occurred on the shallow portion of the megathrust to the west of the Mentawai Islands, and caused a substantial tsunami on the west coast of those islands.

In addition to the current seismic hazards along this portion of the Sunda arc, this region is also recognized as having one of the highest volcanic hazards in the world. One of the most dramatic eruptions in human history was the Krakatau eruption on August 26-27, 1883, a volcano just to the southeast of the island of Sumatra, which resulted in over 35, 000 casualties.

Subduction and seismicity along the plate boundary adjacent to Java is fundamentally different from that of the Sumatran-Andaman section. Relative motion along the Java arc is trench-normal (approximately 65-70 mm/year) and does not exhibit the same strain partitioning and back-arc strike- slip faulting that are observed along the Sumatra margin. Neither has the Java subduction zone hosted similar large magnitude megathrust events to those of its neighbor, at least in documented history. Although this region is not as seismically active as the Sumatra region, the Java arc has hosted low to intermediate-magnitude extensional earthquakes and deep-focus (300-700 km) events and exhibits a similar if not higher volcanic hazard. This arc has also hosted two large, shallow tsunami earthquakes in the recent past which resulted in high tsunami run-ups along the southern Java coast. - USGS.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Global Volcano Report For October 22, 2013 - Updates On Klyuchevskoy, Shiveluch, Popocatépetl, Santiaguito, Pacaya And Fuego!

October 22, 2013 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe, courtesy of  Volcano Discovery.

Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): The violent explosive phase of the eruption ended at 13:00 UTC on October 20. KVERT reported a decrease of the tremor from 150.4 mcm/s to 3.3 mcm/s and the cessation of ash emission that last reached 26,000 ft (8 km) altitude.

Klyuchevskoy volcano this morning (KVERT webcam).

Lava flows continue to effuse on the south-west, south-east and west volcanic flanks.

Shiveluch (Kamchatka): The growth of the lava dome continues along with strong degassing/steaming and occasional explosions that produce ash plumes rising to up to 4-6 km altitude.

Shiveluch volcano this morning (KVERT webcam).

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): No significant changes in (the currently weak) activity occurred. CENAPRED only recorded 5 weak emissions during 19-20 Oct.

Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): An increase in effusive activity was reported. The observatory mentioned "abundant activity" from two lava flows on the western and southern flank of the Caliente dome, which generate block avalanches.

Santiaguito's Caliente lava dome yesterday morning.

Explosive activity has remained at normal, rather weak levels with infrequent ash explosions ejecting plumes of up to about 700 m height.

Pacaya (Guatemala): Near continuous, relatively strong strombolian activity is visible from Guatemala City. A plume of fine ash from this activity rises to about 2700 m a.s.l. and drifts to the S and SE.

Fuego (Guatemala): A trend of increasing explosive activity is visible over the past days. INSIVUMEH reports weak to moderate explosions with ash plumes rising up to 800 m above the crater and producing a plume drifting 10 km to the west and northwest.

Shock waves that rattle doors and windows and roofs in villages like Morelia, Panimache, Sangre De Cristo and others on the SW flank accompany these explosions.

Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for October 22, 2013.

- Volcano Discovery .

ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Disaster Precursors - "Sea Serpents" Or Harbingers, Oarfish Washed Up A Year Before The Mega-Quake In Japan?!

October 22, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Could the appearance of rare “sea serpents” washing ashore beaches in Southern California portend disaster?

Oct. 18, 2013: This Friday image provided by Mark Bussey shows an oarfish that washed
up on the beach near Oceanside, Calif. (AP)

The question comes following the discovery of the carcass of a rare 18-foot-long oarfish off the coast of Catalina Island on Oct. 13, followed by another snakelike 14-foot-long oarfish found on Oct. 18 in Oceanside.

Fishermen in Japan reported a sharp uptick in oarfish sightings in March 2010 following the massive magnitude-8.8 earthquake in Chile that same month, which marked almost exactly one year before the country was devastated by its own magnitude-8.9 quake in northeast Japan.

Oarfish, which can grow to more than 50 feet in length, are considered the longest bony fish in the world. They typically dive more than 3,000 feet deep, which makes sightings rare and has fueled various serpent legends throughout history.

According to traditional Japanese lore, oarfish rise to the water’s surface and beach themselves to warn of an impending earthquake, a notion that some scientists have speculated could be supported by the bottom-dwelling fish being more sensitive to seismic shifts.

Catalina Island Marine Institute pose with 18-foot oarfish.

The 18-foot oarfish.

Known as the “Messenger from the Sea God’s Palace,” over a dozen “ryugu no tsukai,” or slender oarfish, either washed ashore or were caught in fishing nets in the Ishikawa, Toyama, Kyoto, Shimane and Nagasaki prefectures near the quake’s epicenter months before the 2011 quake hit, according to several reports.

Scientists, however, say there is no data to support an actual link between the two phenomena.
“It’s probably just a coincidence,” said Rick Feeney, who has been studying fish for almost 35 years for the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.

According to Feeney, four sightings have been reported since 2010 from the Central Coast southward, including in Malibu in 2010 and Lompoc in 2011.

WATCH: ‘Sea Serpents’ Or Harbingers?

“We think that they come inshore to die actually because they’re in distress for some reason, but we don’t know what the reason is,” said Feeney, adding that the fish could have been starving or disoriented.

But the fish remain somewhat of a mystery to researchers because there have been few Oarfish caught over the years, he said.

A record number of sea lion sightings were reported along Southland beaches earlier this year, including one declared “unusual mortality event” in April that saw hundreds of ailing sea lion pups washed ashore. - CBS Los Angeles.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Russia's Exploding Klyuchevskoy Volcano Seen From Space Erupts - Vigorous Lava Fountains And Lava Flows! [PICTURES]

October 22, 2013 - RUSSIA - Klyuchevskoy on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia had a busy weekend after its busy week -- and a lot of the action was caught on the webcams pointed at the volcano or by satellite. For much of Friday and into Saturday (October 18-19), the volcano continued to produce some vigorous lava fountains and lava flows, mixed in with Strombolian explosions that sent bombs down the slopes of the volcano.

October 18, 2013: The vigorous ash plume from the intense Strombolian activity on October 18, 2013. Simon Carn
posted an OMI image of the strong sulfur dioxide plume associated with this activity as well.
Image: KVERT webcam.

This activity was significant enough to cause some aviation alerts even over the western Aleutian Islands. Since then, the activity has subsided with seismicity dropping significantly on Sunday (October 20), with only a minor ash plume visible at Klyuchevskoy . During the height of the activity, the ash plume reached ~8 km (~26,000 feet) and stretched out over the Pacific Ocean, according to the most recent KVERT update. In the satellite imagery, you can really tell the difference between the plume when it is being dominated by ash versus steam, as the brown/tan ash is clearly visible in the October 18 Terra MODIS image, while the plume becomes almost white in the October 19 Aqua MODIS image. By October 21 (today), the plume is barely visible, but instead, a gorgeous lenticular cloud was seen both in the satellite image (casting a shadow to the northeast) and in the webcam shot of the volcano.

I've collected some great captures from KVERT webcams and NASA Terra and Aqua imagery, so check out this slideshow to see how the eruption developed over the weekend.

 October 18, 2013: As the evening arrived on October 18, 2013, a clear lava fountain was seen at the
summit vent of Klyuchevskoy . A small lava flow can also be seen near the summit vent on the right.
Image: KVERT webcam.

October 19, 2013:  During the night, the lava fountain continued with obvious bombs tumbling
down the slopes of the volcano.  Image: KVERT webcam.

October 19, 2013:  The Aqua MODIS image taken over Klyuchevskoy  on October 19, 2013 clearly shows the
tan/brown plume from the eruption. The color of the plume betrays the ash-rich nature of the plume itself.
Image: NASA

October 19, 2013:  By the afternoon of October 19, the plume began to wane.  Image: KVERT webcam.

October 20, 2013:  This waning plume was reflected in this Terra MODIS image from October 20, 2013
that shows the plume, now much more white in color. This suggests that it has become less ash-rich
and more gas/water vapor-rich.  Image: NASA

October 21, 2013:  By October 21, 2013, the plume was entirely gone, save for some minor steam/gas emissions
at the summit. There was also a spectacular lenticular cloud that formed at the summit of the volcano as well. 
Image: KVERT webcam (captured by @coreburn)

October 21, 2013:  Amazingly, that lenticular cloud looks to have been captured in the Terra MODIS image for
October 21 over Klyuchevskoy, casting a shadow off to the northeast, a gorgeous end to
a busy eruptive cycle at the Russian volcano.  Image: NASA

- Erik Klemetti / WIRED.

MASS MAMMAL DIE-OFF: 114 Sea Turtles Found Dead During The Past 2 Weeks On The Coast Of San Diego, El Salvador?!

October 22, 2013 - EL SALVADOR - No less than 114 sea turtles have been found dead on the Pacific coast of the country in just a fortnight, between Saturday, September 28 and Monday, October 14. The authorities have decided to open an investigation.

A young olive ridley gets water on the beach in San Diego, El Salvador, November 20, 2010.

The animals were found on the beaches of San Diego, El Amatal and Toluca, in the center of the Salvadoran coast, a few dozen kilometers from the capital. Most were green turtles and olive ridley turtles.
Toxic algae or fishing nets?

The problem also seems to affect neighboring Guatemala and Nicaragua, but the authorities in these countries have not taken specific account. The Deputy Minister of Ecology Salvador, Lina Pohl, discussed the development of a toxic alga on the high seas as a possible cause of this carnage. "Red tides" of toxic algae often occur at this time, but had so far not resulted in massive turtle deaths.

A team from the Department conducted samples to be analyzed by a laboratory marine toxicology. But Jose Leonidas Gomez, Program conservation of marine turtles I protect my world, ensures that turtles found did not seem to have ingested anything. Rather, it points to the nets of fishing boats traveling in these waters. - France TV Info. [Translated]

PLANETARY TREMORS: Fifth Earthquake In Six Days Rattles Northern Israel - Experts Says That A Major Israeli Quake Could Cause Thousands Of Deaths!

October 22, 2013 - ISRAEL - A small earthquake shook the Sea of Galilee area on Tuesday morning, the fifth such tremor in less than a week.

The quake, measuring 3.3 on the Richter scale, caused no reported damage or injuries.

On Sunday, two minor earthquakes, both measuring 3.6 in intensity, were reported in the north, which followed similar quakes on Saturday and Thursday. No injuries have been reported, although some buildings in Tiberias were lightly damaged by the tremors.

Last Sunday, a 6.4-magnitude quake, centered in the Mediterranean Sea near Crete, was felt in Athens, Egypt and Israel.

And in September, an early-morning 3.5-magnitude quake was felt in the northern Dead Sea area, including in Jerusalem.

In response to the string of temblors, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu convened a special cabinet meeting Monday to discuss the state’s earthquake preparedness, and, on Sunday, the Home Front Command and emergency services representatives held a meeting to discuss emergency procedures in the case of a more major earthquake.

However, seismologist Dov Lakovsky of the Geophysical Institute of Israel told The Times of Israel Sunday that there was no cause for alarm and that the quakes were just “a bit stronger than usual.” Such tremors, he said, “happen all the time.”

According to the GII’s statistics, seven earthquakes strong enough to be felt have rattled Israel in 2013.

Israel is situated along the Syrian-African rift, a tear in the earth’s crust running the length of the border separating Israel and Jordan, and is part of the Great Rift Valley, which extends from northern Syria to Mozambique.

Israel’s last major earthquake rattled the region in 1927 — a 6.2-magnitude tremor that killed 500 and injured another 700.

An earthquake in 1837 left as many as 5,000 people dead. According to a 2010 Haaretz report, major earthquakes strike Israel once every 80 years or so.

The country is currently in the midst of a major program of upgrading buildings to withstand earthquakes. - Times of Israel.

Major Israeli Earthquake Could Cause Thousands Of Deaths.
Home Front Command earthquake drill.
Photo: Hadas Parush

Five minor earthquakes in six days have raised concerns about the potential for costly damage and loss of life that may occur in the event that a major earthquake hits the region in the near future. According to some experts, these fears may be valid.

Professor Amotz Agnon, a Geology and Geophysics expert working at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, believes a major earthquake in the near future could kill thousands.

Speaking in an interview with Army Radio, Agnon said that a strong earthquake in Israel could "lead to thousands of deaths. From experience, we know that everything depends on the time of day an earthquake occurs. The cities of Safed, Tiberias, Kiryat Shmona, Beit She'an and Eilat, unfortunately, are all built above the Syrian-African fault-line."

Adding to the problem is the fact that these towns and cities do not seem to have the financial means necessary to address concerning building issues.

National Outline Plan 38 is a plan created to fortify buildings that are not structurally prepared to handle the effects of a powerful earthquake. The plan, which was put together by analysts and planners in 2005, calls for the directing of financial support toward populated areas likely to be affected by an earthquake. Essentially any building contractor who works to bring a building up to code will receive financial benefits provided by the state.

However, Moti Lavi, Tiberias' lead engineer, believes that the finer workings of plan 38 are not realistic in terms of implementation.

"National Outline Plan 38 is not financially possible to implement in reality - the allowance of an additional two and a half stories to buildings does not make sense economically for an entrepreneur or contractor," Lavi said in his own interview with Army Radio on Monday.

He added that many dangerous cracks in various buildings were noted by analysts even before the recent rash of tremors.

One bright light is that Dr. Uri Frieslander, general manager of the Israel Geophysical Institute, does not believe that the long-predicted major earthquake is threatening to strike in the near future.

“We cannot say that this event (Sunday's light earthquakes) will yield something (bigger) in the future. We are watching carefully the results of the seismological map,” he said. - JPost.

MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFF: Unexplained Deaths" Causing Panic - 90 Wild Boars Have Died Since July In Ardeche, France?!

October 22, 2013 - FRANCE - Abnormal mortality of wild boar was found in Ardèche since July, causing the creation of a crisis in the prefecture, the origin of death has not been established to date. "90 boars were killed since July in conditions that we can not explain. One of our main tracks is toxicology, it is favored by removal since all autopsies and tests have ruled out infectious track (microbe or virus ), "said AFP Tuesday Lionel Speaks, deputy director at the DDCSPP (Departmental social cohesion and protection of the population) in Privas.

© Thinkstock.

Just for the week of October 2 to 9, "ten boars were found dead, including four have so far considered possibly related to the phenomenon of unexplained deaths," noted the prefecture Tuesday. The first report occurred on July 23 in the town of Vals-les-Bains. The deaths are concentrated in two areas of the department, Vals-les-Bains and the valley of Eyrieux (St. Pierreville Saint-Fortunat sur Eyrieux).

The possibility of an epidemic, such as swine fever and pseudorabies disease (viral disease) was quickly dismissed at the end of the summer, after analysis by the reference laboratory of the National Agency safety of food, the environment and labor (handles) to Ploufagran (Côtes d'Armor). The track intoxication remaining privileged, analyzes were also assigned to the center of toxicological expertise from veterinary school in Lyon.

But after finding a forty molecules (rat poisons, pesticides, pesticides, ethylene glycol, etc..), All results were negative. The dying animals were observed and filmed, seeming nervous disorders present with tremors, convulsions, spasms and pedaling. The prefect issued an order on September 4 prohibiting the consumption and marketing of boars of the 29 municipalities involved, the corpses to be made to the rendering.

"We found that it is the small wild boars, 15 to 25 kg, which are the most affected. We are concerned hunters are disturbed and are reluctant to hunt," he told AFP a hunter who prefers to remain anonymous. The deputy director of the DDCSPP confirmed that it was mostly young boars. Similarly, he has added new analyzes are underway "with samples cooler. It was attached to select bodies in better shape", to broaden the scope of toxicology molecules tested. "The matter is in the hands of researchers in France and outside of France," he further said. - 7sur7. [Translated]

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: "Volcano-Like Eruption" On India's Manipur Hills - Locals Flee To Safety!

October 22, 2013 - INDIA - A suspected volcano-like eruption has been reported in a remote village of Manipur near the India-Myanmar border which forced locals to evacuate the area, official sources said on Sunday.

According to locals in Tusom village in Ukhrul district of Manipur, a deafening sound was followed by the rolling down of a huge boulder from a nearby hilltop which then released a lava-like liquid that charred trees and plants on the hill slopes.

 Although the incident reportedly occurred on October 13, road link between the district headquarters and Tusom was so bad it took the villagers several days to reach the information about the matter to the officials concerned, sources said.

The district headquarters is 120km away from the village. No casualty was, however, reported in the incident. Official reports from the district said mud, water and other discharges were still flowing from the hilltop. Villagers have moved to safer places in the neighbourhood, they added.

Sources said it would take time to assess whether the event was a volcanic eruption or not.

Deputy speaker of Manipur assembly, MK Preshow said he would lead an official team to assess the damages. Tusom village falls under his assembly constituency of Chingai.

Preshow said he would ask officials to take precautionary measures in the area, which falls near border pillar No. 129.

Villagers in the said area rely entirely on the Somra area of neighbouring Myanmar for their items of daily use, Preshow said. However, since the road to Somra was blocked following the incident, steps would be taken by the state government to supply the villagers with essential items, Preshow added. - The Times of India.

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: Mass Fish Kill In The Cajititlan Lagoon In Jalisco, Mexico?!

October 22, 2013 - MEXICO - The department of the environment of Jalisco, confirmed that the death of fish in the lagoon of Cajititlán a natural and cyclical, so it should not cause alarm among the population.

Death of fish in the lagoon Cajititlán is cyclical.

He said it is a phenomenon that occurs most often between the months of August, September and October, due to lack of oxygen in the water, caused by the drag of organic matter during the rainstorm.

According to the report issued by the staff of the State Attorney for Environmental Protection (PROEPA) said it was around 800 kilos of dead fish. This type of species is also known as "crappie lama" or "freshwater sardine".  - Aztec Anoticias. [Translated]