Saturday, October 26, 2013

FIRE IN THE SKY: Orionid Meteor Shower - Huge Grazing Meteor Seen Over New Mexico!

October 26, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Despite a bright moon, the Orionid meteor shower produced some amazing cosmic sights for stargazers. Here some videos coming back on the 15 Orionid meteors detected, including two brilliant fireballs.




A bright grazing fireball was caught on video over New Mexico on October 19, 2013.


WATCH: Very bright grazing meteor over New Mexico.




Fireball network catches a very bright Meteor streaking across the sky in a Southwest Motion Saturday, October 19 at 8:16 PM local time. The fireball was picked up New Mexico State University meteor camera. It looks to be a grazing fireball. Credit: NASA / N M State university

Here another video showing some of the 15 Orionid fireballs caught by the NASA all-sky network on October 20 2013


WATCH:
Halley's Comet Peppers Earth's Atmosphere.




- Strange Sounds.



MASS FISH DIE-OFF: 20,000 Salmon Dead Due To "Jellyfish Bloom" Off Clare Island, Ireland!

October 26, 2013 - IRELAND - A fish farm company has said that around 25% of its total salmon stocks have been killed after being attacked by jellyfish in recent days.


20,000 fish were killed at Marine Harvest Ireland's Clare Island facility by jellyfish.


20,000 fish were killed at Marine Harvest Ireland's Clare Island facility.

The attack wiped out 40% of the stock at the Co Mayo farm.

The company operates nine fish farms along the western seaboard, at locations from Donegal to Cork.

It has an annual output of 10,000 tonnes of farmed salmon.

Some "accelerated harvesting" took place in an effort to mitigate the effects of the jellyfish and restocking of the facilities is underway. - RTE.



MASS FISH DIE-OFF: Hundreds Of Dead Fish, Bass, Carp, Shad, Perch And Minnows Found Dead In The Brazos River In Texas?!

October 26, 2013 - UNITED STATES - A fish kill has been reported in the Brazos River and the cause is currently unknown.


File photo.


A resident in the town of Brazos told the Index he noticed “hundreds of dead fish” floating along a three-quarter-mile stretch of the river, while on a walk along the banks last Monday. What made this fish kill odd to him was that he saw different species – bass, carp, shad, perch and minnows, to name a few – but no catfish.

While the source speculated the cause might be another golden algae bloom, he said that did not explain the absence of dead catfish.

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Kills-and-Spills Pollution Biologist Alan Butler said he first heard about the fish kill earlier last week from a man who said he had kayaked along the area and noticed dead fish for about a 5-mile stretch.

“There were various, different species,” Butler noted, adding that the dead fish were mainly larger, game species, but said there were still gars and minnows swimming around.

“The river’s been fairly low ... with a low flow,” he said, and said he thinks the cause of the fish kill is “low dissolved oxygen.”

He said the drought, heat and low water in the area could be a factor, and, possibly, the recent rains and cold weather.

“There are a few different things that could have happened, but I would not suspect it would be golden algae at this time, it would have killed a lot more [species of fish].”

“We’re not sure how old the fish kill was,” Butler said, but noted that the citizen who kayaked up and down the river reported he did not see any visible sources of pollution, like an industrial spill or sewage pipes into the river.

“Early notification is the key,” Butler said, since they can better determine if pollution is involved.

He advises residents, who see a fish kill, call the Kills and Spills hot-line at 512-389-4848 or contact a local TPWD game warden. - Mineral Wells Index.



PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: New China H7N9 Bird Flu Cases "Signal" Potential Winter Epidemic - Dutch Scientists Create Mutant Flu Viruses To Combat New H7N9 Strain!

October 26, 2013 - CHINA - Fresh human cases in eastern China of a deadly new strain of bird flu signal the potential for "a new epidemic wave" of the disease in coming winter months, scientists said on Thursday.

The strain, known as H7N9, emerged for the first time in humans earlier this year and killed around 45 of the some 135 people it infected before appearing to peter out in China During the summer.


A woman (L) wearing a mask walks past a poster showing the prevention of H7N9 bird flu strain at Ditan
Hospital, where a child with the new strain of bird flu is undergoing treatment, in Beijing April 13, 2013.
Credit: Reuters/Jason Lee/Files

But a new case in October in a 35-year-old man from China's eastern Zhejiang province shows that the virus "has re-emerged in winter 2013" and "indicates a possible risk of a larger outbreak of H7N9 this winter," according to Chinese researchers writing in the online journal Euro surveillance.

Flu experts around the world have been warning that despite the marked drop off in cases during the summer months, the threat posed by H7N9 bird flu has not passed.

Ab Osterhaus, a leading virologist based at the Erasmus Medical Centre in the Netherlands who has been tracking the virus, told Reuters earlier this month: "We're bracing for what's going to happen next."

The first scientific analysis of probable transmission of the new flu from person to person, published in the British Medical Journal in August, gave the strongest proof yet that it can jump between people and so could potentially cause a human pandemic.
And another study published in August identified several other H7 flu viruses circulating in birds that "may pose threats beyond the current outbreak".


Map of H7N9 human cases link.reuters.com/vaq93v


In a detailed analysis of the 35-year-old man's case, scientists from the Zhejiang Provincial Centre for Disease Control and Prevention said it differed from previous ones in that it was a severe case in a younger patient "with no obvious underlying diseases and no obvious recent direct contact with live poultry".

Most laboratory-confirmed cases in the past had been people over the age of 60, many of whom said they'd had recent exposure to poultry, generally at live bird markets.

The case of the 35-year-old man, plus another H7N9 infection confirmed just a day ago, suggest the virus "has apparently continued to circulate in an animal reservoir during the summer", the researchers said.

The second October case is a 67-year-old man with no underlying disease whose work included transporting and selling poultry.

The researchers said that based on China's experience in the spring, when there were 30 cases in March and 88 in April, the best approach now would be to maintain enhanced and expanded surveillance in human and animal populations to make sure any new cases of H7N9 are picked up and diagnosed swiftly.

"In particular, enhanced surveillance in poultry would be helpful if it can identify the H7N9 virus and inform early control measures before human infections occur," the Chinese scientists said.

"Hygiene campaigns and closure of live poultry markets can reduce the risk of severe cases and deaths." - Reuters.



Dutch Scientists Create Mutant Flu Viruses To Combat New H7N9 Strain.
File photo of chickens sitting inside cages in New Taipei City
Credit: Pichi Chuang/Reuters

Dutch scientists hidden away in a top-security laboratory are seeking to create mutant flu viruses, dangerous work designed to prepare the world for a lethal pandemic by beating nature to it.

The idea of engineering viral pathogens to be more deadly than they are already has generated huge controversy, amid fears that such viruses could leak out or fall into the wrong hands.

But with China braced for scores more cases of a deadly new strain of H7N9 bird flu, Ron Fouchier and Ab Osterhaus say the benefits of this gene mutation research far outweigh the risks.

The experiments, designed to explore H7N9's potential to develop drug resistance and find which genetic modifications might enhance its ability to spread, could offer the know-how to halt a lethal flu pandemic, they say.

That could be with well-timed new vaccines or other therapies tuned to the pandemic strain's genes.

"We're bracing for what's going to happen next. If H7N9 becomes easily transmissible between humans, yes, the case fatality ratio may go down a little from where it is now, but we'd still be talking about millions of people dying," says Osterhaus, the head of a highly bio-secure laboratory in the Netherlands which will lead some of the H7N9 mutation work.

"This is a critical question - what does this virus really need to become transmissible? It is of extreme importance to being able to understand what's going on."

As things stand, 45 of the 136 people known to have contracted H7N9 bird flu in China and Taiwan have died - giving a case fatality rate of around 30 percent.

Fouchier, who has already done so-called "gain of function" experiments with another strain of bird flu, H5N1, says we need to get ahead of the game with H7N9 since its pandemic risk would rise "exponentially" if it gained in nature what he aims to give it in the lab - the ability to spread easily among people.

"OUTRAGEOUS CHUTZPAH"

So far, however, their drive to find out as much as they can about the genetics of bird flu risks rarely wins these world-renowned virologists thanks. More often, it elicits accusations of putting scientific self-interest over security.

Steven Salzberg, a professor of medicine and biostatistics from John Hopkins School of Medicine, accused them of "an outrageous display of chutzpah" and says Fouchier "is deeply confused about the possible benefits of this work", which Salzberg argues are marginal at best.


File photo of a breeder covering his face as he sits behind his chickens, which according to the breeder are
not infected with the H7N9 virus, in Yuxin township. Credit: William Hong/Reuters

"The notion of 'gain of function' research on pathogens is very, very dangerous," he told Reuters.

The H7N9 outbreak, which began in February when the first cases of this flu strain previously unknown in humans emerged, flared up in April and May and dwindled over the summer months.

But news last week that a 35-year-old from China's eastern Zhejiang province is in a critical condition in hospital with the virus reawakened fears that it could come back hard as temperatures drop and the flu season returns.

So, hidden away in an un-signposted corner of the campus of the Erasmus Medical Centre in the port city of Rotterdam, a handful of top security-cleared researchers are selecting, deleting and adding genes to strains of the H7N9 virus to check what it might be capable of in a worst-case scenario.

The studies aim to genetically modify the virus to see what it needs to give it more of a deadly pandemic kick. That could mean making it more virulent, more pathogenic and, crucially, more transmissible - capable of passing easily in droplets through the air from one mammal to another.

Naturally, it's not the sort of work that can be done just anywhere.

The Erasmus team has one of Europe's most secure laboratories - a so-called Enhanced BSL3, or Bio-Safety Level 3, lab - the highest level of biosecurity for academic research and a facility in which agents can be studied that cause "serious or lethal disease" but don't ordinarily spread between people and for which treatments or preventives exist.

The highest level, BSL4, requires military guard and applies to pathogens for which there are no preventives or treatments.

SECURITY LAYERS

Fouchier, one of only six people with security clearance to enter the Rotterdam lab, says that despite the presence of mutant viruses, he feels safer there than walking in the street.

"You need special keys to get in. You go though various changes of clothes and through all sorts of interlocked rooms," he explained during a Reuters visit to the campus.

"There are personal pin codes and additional security measures to get through the next series of doors. And there are cameras all over the place, watching you all the time, 24/7."

Needless to say, media access to the laboratory itself is strictly forbidden.


File photo of doctors and nurses attending a training course for the treatment of the H7N9
virus at a hospital in Hangzhou. Credit: Chance Chan/Reuters

Fouchier spent several years shuttling back and forth across the Atlantic arguing his case for conducting and publishing similar work on H5N1 bird flu, which so alarmed the U.S. National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) that it took the unprecedented step of trying to censor publication.

The NSABB had said it feared details of the work could fall into the wrong hands and be used for bioterrorism.

A year-long moratorium on such research followed while the World Health Organisation (WHO), U.S. security advisers and flu researchers sought ways to ensure the highest safety controls.

With those in place, the WHO satisfied and U.S. research funders broadly agreed, Fouchier and 22 other scientists announced in August that they planned to end the moratorium, and the Dutch team say now is the time to get going.

"The easiest thing would be to back off and say 'OK, we won't touch this any more'. But that's not the right way to behave," said Osterhaus. "As a scientist you have a responsibility towards the public. And if we can prevent a pandemic from happening, that could save millions of lives." - News Daily.



AGE OF OBAMA: Big Brother Now, The Rise Of The Global Police State - Thousands Gather In Washington For Anti-NSA "Stop Watching Us" Rally As Germany And Brazil Enlist 19 More Countries For Anti-NSA UN Resolution!

October 26, 2013 - UNITED STATES -  Thousands gathered by the Capitol reflection pool in Washington on Saturday to march, chant, and listen to speakers and performers as part of Stop Watching Us, a gathering to protest "mass surveillance" under NSA programs first disclosed by the whistleblower Edward Snowden.


Demonstarators carry signs at "Stop Watching Us: A Rally Against Mass Surveillance" march near the U.S.
Capitol in Washington, October 26, 2013. (Reuters / Jonathan Ernst)


Billed by organizers as "the largest rally yet to protest mass surveillance", Stop Watching Us was sponsored by an unusually broad coalition of left- and right-wing groups, including everything from the American Civil Liberties Union, the Green Party, Color of Change and Daily Kos to the Libertarian Party, FreedomWorks and Young Americans for Liberty.

The events began outside Union Station, a few blocks away from the Capitol. Props abounded, with a model drone hoisted by one member of the crowd and a large parachute carried by others. One member of the left-wing protest group Code Pink wore a large Barack Obama mascot head and carried around a cardboard camera. Organizers supplied placards reading "Stop Watching _____", allowing protesters to fill in their own name – or other slogans and occasional profanities. Homemade signs were more colorful, reading "Don't Tap Me, Bro" "Yes, We Scan" and "No Snitching Allowed".


WATCH: Stop Watching Us - Largest privacy rally in US history hits DC. 





"They think an open government means our information is open for the taking," David Segal of Demand Progress, an internet activist group, said to kick off events. As the march proceeded from Union Station to the Capitol reflecting pool, the crowd sang various chants, from "Hey hey, ho ho, mass surveillance has got to go" to "They say wire tap? We say fight back!"

David Reed, of Maryland, said he felt compelled to show up because of the "apathy" he sees among much of the public towards whistleblowers. Reed said he attended the trial of Chelsea Manning, the military whistleblower who leaked thousands of State Department cables to Wikileaks, as an observer, and was "disappointed that so few people showed up".


Demonstrators wearing cardboard surveillance camera hats carry a sign depicting U.S. President Barack
Obama at the "Stop Watching Us: A Rally Against Mass Surveillance" march in Washington, October 26, 2013.
(Reuters / Jonathan Ernst)


"The courtroom only held about 30 people, and there were few days that it was filled up," said Reed, who described himself as "just a concerned citizen". "We just stand by and watch."

The program at the reflecting pool included ex-politicians, whistleblowers, professional activists, poets and a punk band, YACHT, who performed their song Party at the NSA. ("Party at the NSA/Twenty-twenty-twenty-four hours a day!")


WATCH: GCHQuestions - Snowden files reveal spy agency's efforts to escape legal challenge. 





Thomas Drake, the former NSA official who blew the whistle on government surveillance and waste following 9/11 and was charged under the Espionage Act, was on hand, talking to reporters about, among other things, recent revelations that the US government had tapped the phone of the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, and other world leaders.

"For what? Why would you violate her rights? Because, what, she might know something about terrorism?" he said. "What is that all about? They're an ally! They're partnered with us. I mean there are threats to the international order and stability. Why would you breach the trust of the chancellor of Germany?"


#ThankYouSnowden campaign banner at #StopWatchingUs rally against #NSA spying
(Photo: PCJF JusticeOnline)


When Drake addressed the crowd, he said any domestic surveillance legislation that might result from the Snowden leaks "must include whistleblower protection", because "without adequate protections, [government employees] are more likely to turn a blind eye" to abuses of power. He warned against the "acid turned up by the potent brew of secrecy and surveillance".

Another well-received speaker, Gary Johnson, the former governor of New Mexico and 2012 Libertarian party candidate for president, said "there's only one way to fix the Patriot Act: and that's to repeal the Patriot Act". He too was concerned about the apathy towards surveillance programs that comes when someone thinks it's "not about me".

But the big star of the day, despite his physical absence, was Edward Snowden – "Thank you, Edward Snowden" was the most popular banner slogan among the cord. Jesselyn Radack, a former Justice Department ethics advisor who is now a director with the Government Accountability Project, read a statement from Snowden to the crowd.


WATCH: NSA Director General Alexander and Cybersecurity. 





"This isn't about red or blue party lines, and it definitely isn't about terrorism," Snowden wrote. "It's about being able to live in a free and open society." He also noted that "elections are coming up, and we are watching you". Members of Congress and government officials, he said, were supposed to be "public servants, not private investigators".

William Evans, of Richmond, Virginia, may have best embodied the nonpartisan atmosphere and message of the event. He wore a "Richmond Tea Party" baseball cap, as well as a Code Pink sticker saying "Make Out, Not War". He is a member of the Richmond Tea Party but not of Code Pink, he said, adding that he "just loved" what the sticker said. Evans said he was attending to protest the "shredding of the constitution" and added that he was happy that "you guys on the left are finally starting to see it".

"We may not always agree on our belief system," he added, "but thank God we agree on the constitution." - The Guardian.


Germany, Brazil Enlist 19 More Countries For Anti-NSA UN Resolution.
Joshua Lott / Getty Images / AFP

Twenty-one countries, including US allies France and Mexico, have now joined talks to hammer out a UN resolution that would condemn “indiscriminate” and “extra-territorial” surveillance, and ensure “independent oversight” of electronic monitoring.

The news was reported by Foreign Policy magazine, which has also obtained a copy of the draft text.

The resolution was proposed earlier this week by Germany and Brazil, whose leaders have been some of the most vocal critics of the comprehensive spying methods of the US National Security Agency.

It appears to have gained additional traction after the Guardian newspaper published an internal NSA memo sourced from whistleblower Edward Snowden on Friday, which revealed that at least 35 heads of state had their phones tapped by American intelligence officials.

One of those is likely German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Earlier this week the White House failed to deny that her personal cell phone had been tapped in the past, though it claims that it no longer listens in on Merkel’s private conversations.

Other countries involved in the talks reportedly include Argentina, Austria, Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, Guyana, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Liechtenstein, Norway, Paraguay, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Navanethem Pillay - United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights.
While the document does not single out the US as the chief electronic spy, its text seems to be a direct response to alleged NSA practices.

The draft says that UN member states are “deeply concerned at human rights violations and abuses that may result from the conduct of extra-territorial surveillance or interception of communications in foreign jurisdictions.”

Snowden’s leaks over the past months have revealed that NSA intercepts data directly from data cables stationed around the world. Internal documents also showed that American intelligence staff did not need a warrant or any other legal basis to freely spy on a non-US citizen.

The proposed document also claims that “illegal surveillance of private communications and the indiscriminate interception of personal data of citizens constitutes a highly intrusive act that violates the rights to freedom of expression and privacy and threatens the foundations of a democratic society.”

As opposed to the targeted spying of the past, where agencies would tap a specific phone or intercept letters addressed to a person, new technologies mean that almost all data that passes through the internet is saved onto the NSA servers. This includes private emails, web searches, and personal data of billions of people. NSA agents then fish out the needed information with precise searches.

The resolution, which is expected to be presented in front of the U.N. General Assembly human rights committee before the end of the year, turns NSA’s activities into an issue of fundamental rights as opposed to international politics, requiring the High Commissioner for Human Rights to present the world community with a report on the issue. The draft also asks to institute “independent oversight mechanisms” that would curb the untrammelled surveillance, though it does not specify how such a secretive activity could be effectively supervised. - RT.




PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus - Disease That Killed 1 Million Piglets In China Spreads To The United States And No One Knows Why?!

October 26, 2013 - UNITED STATES - America’s pork industry has been gripped by an outbreak of porcine diarrhea since mid-May, the first appearance of the condition in North America. US farmers have reported 768 cases of the disease, known as porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), through the first week of October, which implies that many more thousands of animals could be affected.
 
One of China's floating pigs. AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko


Although the disease is not transferable to humans, it has been devastating for the US pork industry. It causes severe “watery diarrhea and vomiting in nursing pigs,” according to information from the US’s National Pork Board. Almost all the piglets who get the disease die because of it, and farmers are reportedly filling “wheelbarrows of dead piglets.”
 
Now researchers at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech say they’ve traced the virus back to eastern China’s Anhui province. Anhui is one of China’s major pig-farming areas, home to companies like the fast-growing Anhui Antai Agricultural Industry Group, which slaughtered 500,000 pigs last year.
 
Pinpointing the origin of the virus isn’t going to provide much reassurance to US farmers. Years after it spread in China, it still hasn’t been controlled.
 
Reports of PEDV outbreaks in China and Europe are not new, and have been mostly controlled with vaccination over the years. But starting in 2010, China suffered a severe outbreak of PEDV that killed more than 1 million piglets in less than two years. Scientists said the Chinese death toll was thanks to new vaccine-resistant strains of the disease.
 
Anhui is a neighboring province to Shanghai, where thousands of dead pigs were discovered floating in the Huangpu River earlier this year, and had its own floating dead pig incidents. The Huangpu river pigs deaths have been attributed to “Porcine circovirus,” although some dead pigs found in the area also tested positive for PEDV, China’s state-run Global Times reported in March. Of the 36 samples tested by the Animal Disease Control Center in Zhejiang Province, 16 contained porcine circovirus and seven tested positive for porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, the paper reported.
 
In April, Shanghai Jiaotong University ‘s Agriculture Sciences School published a research paper saying piglet diarrhea was still causing serious harm to China’s pig-breeding industry, and identifying it as the cause of pig deaths in Shanghai this spring.
 
How the disease traveled from Anhui to North America remains a mystery. The US and Canada both ban on pork imports from China, as Nature magazine explained in July:
 
Although researchers know that the virus can be transported in faeces, they do not know how long it can survive outside pigs’ intestines, so it is unclear if a dirty boot, a contaminated package or an illegal import carried PEDV into the country.
 
- QUARTZ.



MASS BEES DIE-OFF: The Global Food Crisis - OVER ONE MILLION Bees Found Mysteriously Dead In Jiangsu, China?!

October 26, 2013 - CHINA - Recently, the town and the father of Yixing Lake Rui Xin Street, two foreign beekeepers sad to find that they raised 61 boxes more than 100 ten thousand bees actually died mysteriously. Both economic losses. How it was?


Modern Express Reporter Luyuan Wen / photo. 61 boxes more than 100 ten thousand bees died mysteriously.

Although honey has been dead some days, but in Lake Town Village Rui Father's mountain roads, from Zhejiang Jiangshan beekeepers Jiang Yang Bin every day in bee piled beside the body turn a few laps, I hope there will be a miracle happened - honey can "back to life." "October 4 around 7 am, I found two boxes of bees roadside something wrong, no bees out, open the beehive opened, inside the bees all dead." He hastened to check other hives, yet there are 35 beehives bees all dead, inside there is a thick smell of pesticides.

"The day before the bees still alive, it must be someone deliberately poisoned." 42-year-old Jiang Yang Bin bred more than 130 boxes Italian bees, September 10 came Yixing. "Bee farm was poisoned the day before, there is a local beekeeper came to me, he said my bees and bees always fighting, fighting each other for honey, let me quickly removed." Jiang Yang Bin was explained is a misunderstanding and that it would not move, did not expect the next day the tragedy occurred. Jiang Yang Bin calculated, each box there are about 20,000 bees, bee loss is only about 3.5 million.

Jiang Yang Bin was not aware of the new Village Street of copper water alien bees beekeepers Chen suffered the previous day in the same situation. Chen Ming-water inspection found 26 boxes bees were poisoned, report the relevant circumstances and after he left the scene of the pesticide dichlorvos are available to the police. According to the clues provided by him, the police quickly locked the suspect. The original total of four Yixing local beekeepers, the youngest was 53 years old, the biggest has been 66 years, four are not very good economic conditions at home.

The Yixing police investigation, resulting in the matter is due to Chen water has raised Italian bees and native bees has raised China fights often occur between, resulting in China due to bee deaths.

Local exotic bee bee "pinch", beekeepers contradictions

Raising bees for over forty years Dongxing village Lin Hua homes there are now six seventy boxes China bee. "Our village has two thirty local beekeepers, the average yield 15-20 pounds of honey per carton can, a few thousand dollars a year income of rural people is an important source of income." Lin Hua said that when foreign beekeepers per Fang Feng Yixing when autumn came, exotic Italian bees because of a large body, aggressive, the number of clusters and more often in Italian bees and wasps China fights, Pirates honey, grab the nectar situation. In both the "pinch", the wasps tend to be the loser, the village has a 14-bit box bees, beekeepers have been killed almost all Italian bees, honey robbed.

"Therefore, appeared before a local beekeeper to outsiders beehives smashed or burned down." Lin Hua said the two sides conflict escalated, until the massive alien bee bizarre deaths. Although Lake Rui Father town police station no final qualitative, but he believes that "Jiang Yang Bin bees being poisoned a great possibility. Bees are sensitive to odors, pesticides sprayed on a die."

Beekeepers urged government departments to guide and planning Fangfeng venue

Reporters learned from the agriculture and forestry sector Yixing, exotic bee bee does with China because of the limited competition for nectar while fighting, China Bee often at a disadvantage. Ministry of Agriculture on February 1, 2012 shall come into force "beekeeping management practices (Trial)" in the clear, turn to Fangfeng beekeepers should hold "Beekeeping card" to nectar and pollen to bees beekeeping authorities or Industry Association Contact implementing Fangfeng venue. Fangfeng turn to the bee farm in principle be spaced more than 1,000 meters, and with residential areas, roads, etc. to maintain an appropriate distance. Turn to Fangfeng shall obey venue arrangements, not forced to contend for space and comply with local customs.

Jiang Yang Bin, who admit that their annual September 10 to Yixing to Fang Feng, has more than 10 years. Previously did not follow local authorities or apiculture industry associations contacted. "We are a distance away from the other bee farm more than one kilometer, but some foreign beekeepers be closer, only four or five meters."

Taking into account the number of deaths of bees is difficult to calculate exactly, in consultation with the views of the water Chen Yixing joint forestry police and other departments on the matter for mediation. Four beekeepers Chen promised that he would not harass water beekeeping, and compensation for 40,000 yuan, taking into account their older, his family was poor, Chen Ming-water initiative to refund 5,000 yuan, and received 30,005 thousand compensation, we hope the future live in harmony. But local and foreign beekeepers this did not solve the contradiction between.

Yixing Beekeeping Association official said that they had held several meetings, calling attention to the conflicts between the relevant departments to investigate the case of the local nectar, while foreign beekeepers venue guide and planning.

Also, they alert the local beekeepers, to take effective measures, such as the beehive entrance open a small point, for a bee out of China, you can prevent a large body of foreign bee invasion, reducing grab honey fights. - Hexun. [Translated]



GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Mount Etna Eruption Sends Lava And Ash Into The Air Over Sicily - Latest Eruption Causes Airspace To Close Briefly!

October 26, 2013 - ITALY - Europe's tallest and most active volcano Mount Etna erupted on Saturday, spewing glowing lava into the air and sending a vast plume of smoke over the southern Italian island of Sicily.

Here are several images from the eruption:








The eruption did not require any mountain villages to be evacuated or cause significant disruption, though airspace over Sicily was briefly closed on Saturday morning, according to Catania airport.

The volcano is in almost constant activity, although the last major eruption was in 1992. The latest eruption was preceded by a series of underground tremors on Friday. - Reuters.


Following a slow gradual build-up of increasing strombolian activity at Etna's New SE crater since yesterday, a new paroxysm is now in the progress, with high lava fountains, lava flows, and a tall ash plume.

You can follow this at live at webcams.volcanodiscovery.com/Etna. - Volcano Discovery.


WATCH: Mount Etna erupts again. 





WATCH: Mount Etna sending up towering ash cloud. 





SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: The Most Distant Galaxy In The Observable Universe Discovered - 30 Billion Light Years From The Milky Way!

October 26, 2013 - SPACE - The image above from the Hubble Space Telescope CANDELS survey, highlights the most distant galaxy in the universe with a measured distance, dubbed z8_GND_5296. The most distant spectroscopically confirmed galaxy ever found — one created at about 700 million years after the Big Bang — has been detected by astronomers at Texas A&M University and the University of Texas at Austin. The researchers suspect they may have zeroed in on the era when the universe made its transition from an opaque state in which most of the hydrogen is neutral to a translucent state in which most of the hydrogen is ionized. So it’s not necessarily that the distant galaxies aren’t there. It could be that they’re hidden from detection behind a wall of neutral hydrogen fog, which blocks the hydrogen emission signal.


Image credit: V. Tilvi, Texas A&M University; S.L. Finkelstein, University of Texas at Austin; C. Papovich,
Texas A&M University; CANDELS Team and Hubble Space Telescope/NASA.

The astronomers note that this is one of two major changes in the fundamental essence of the universe since its beginning — the other being a transition from a plasma state to a neutral state. He is leading the effort on a follow-up paper that will use a sophisticated statistical analysis to explore that transition further.

“Everything seems to have changed since then,” said Vithal Tilvi, a Texas A&M postdoctoral research associate and co-author of the paper now available online.“If it was neutral everywhere today, the night sky that we see wouldn’t be as beautiful. What I’m working on is studying exactly why and exactly where this happened. Was this transition sudden, or was it gradual?”

Our home galaxy, the Milky Way, creates about one or two Sun-like stars every year or so. But this newly discovered galaxy forms around 300 a year. It was observed by the researchers as it was 13 billion years ago. Because the universe has been expanding the whole time, the researchers estimate the galaxy’s present distance to be roughly 30 billion light years away. The detected emission line at a wavelength of 1.0343 micrometres is likely to be Lyman α emission, placing this galaxy at a redshift z = 7.51, an epoch 700 million years after the Big Bang.

The galaxy’s colors are consistent with significant metal content, implying that galaxies become enriched rapidly. The astronomers calculated a surprisingly high star-formation rate of about 330 solar masses per year, which is more than a factor of 100 greater than that seen in the Milky Way. Such a galaxy is unexpected in a survey of our size, suggesting that the early Universe may harbour a larger number of intense sites of star formation than expected.

“Because of its distance we get a glimpse of conditions when the universe was only about 700 million years old — only 5 percent of its current age of 13.8 billion years,” said Texas A&M astrophysicist Casey Papovich, an associate professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy and a member of the George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy.

The Nature paper is the result of raw data gleaned from a powerful Hubble Space Telescope imaging survey of the distant universe called CANDELS, or Cosmic Assembly Near-Infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey. Using that data, the team was armed with 43 potential distant galaxies and set out to confirm their distances.

Because the universe is expanding, the space between galaxies also is increasing. And as objects move away, they become redder. In essence, the higher the redshift, the farther away the object. Only five other galaxies have ever been confirmed to have a redshift greater than 7, with the previous high being 7.215.

Papovich notes that researchers are also able to accurately gauge the distances of galaxies by measuring a feature from the ubiquitous element hydrogen called the Lyman alpha transition, which emits brightly in distant galaxies. It’s detected in nearly all galaxies that are seen from a time more than one billion years from the Big Bang, but getting closer than that, the hydrogen emission line, for some reason, becomes increasingly difficult to see.

“We were thrilled to see this galaxy,” said the Nature paper’s lead author, Steven Finkelstein, an assistant professor at the University of Texas at Austin and 2011 Hubble Fellow. “And then our next thought was, ‘Why did we not see anything else? We’re using the best instrument on the best telescope with the best galaxy sample. We had the best weather — it was gorgeous. And still, we only saw this emission line from one of our sample of 43 observed galaxies, when we expected to see around six. What’s going on?’”

Finkelstein credits technological advancements in recent years for allowing astronomers to probe deeper into space and closer to the Big Bang. For instance, a powerful new spectrometer called MOSFIRE (Multi-Object Spectrometer For Infra-Red Exploration) that is 25 times more light-sensitive than others of its kind was installed at Keck in 2012. And the Hubble Space Telescope is powered by a new near-infrared camera installed by astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle in 2009 that sees farther into the universe.

“It’s exciting to know we’re the first people in the world to see this,” said Tilvi, “It raises interesting questions about the origins and the evolution of the universe.”

Ten other international institutions collaborated on the effort, from California to Massachusetts and Italy to Israel. - Daily Galaxy.



MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: "We Expect All Of The Ice Caps To Eventually Disappear" - Arctic Temperatures At 44,000-Year High!

October 26, 2013 - ARCTIC - Plenty of studies have shown that the Arctic is warming and that the ice caps are melting, but how does it compare to the past, and how serious is it?


As ice caps like this one, nicknamed Sputnik, melt, they expose tiny plants that have been frozen
there for millennia, giving clues to the past climate.Gifford Miller


New research shows that average summer temperatures in the Canadian Arctic over the last century are the highest in the last 44,000 years, and perhaps the highest in 120,000 years.

"The key piece here is just how unprecedented the warming of Arctic Canada is," Gifford Miller, a researcher at the University of Colorado, Boulder, said in a joint statement from the school and the publisher of the journal Geophysical Research Letters, in which the study by Miller and his colleagues was published online this week. "This study really says the warming we are seeing is outside any kind of known natural variability, and it has to be due to increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere."

The study is the first to show that current Arctic warmth exceeds peak heat there in the early Holocene, the name for the current geological period, which began about 11,700 years ago. During this "peak" Arctic warmth, solar radiation was about 9 percent greater than today, according to the study.

Miller and his colleagues gauged Arctic temperatures by looking at gas bubbles trapped in ice cores (cylinders drilled from the ice that show layers of snow laid down over time) taken from the region, which allows scientists to reconstruct past temperature and levels of precipitation. They paired this with radiocarbon dating of clumps of moss taken from a melting ice cap on Canada's Baffin Island. Their analysis shows that these plants have been trapped in the ice for at least 44,000 years, and perhaps as long as 120,000 years. Taken together, that data suggest temperatures in the region haven't been this high since perhaps as long as 120,000 years ago, according to the study.

The Arctic has been heating up for about a century, but the most significant warming didn't start until the 1970s, Miller said in the statement. "And it is really in the past 20 years that the warming signal from that region has been just stunning," he added. "All of Baffin Island is melting, and we expect all of the ice caps to eventually disappear, even if there is no additional warming." -  NBC News.


WEATHER PHENOMENON: Great Lakes Waterspouts - Dozens Spotted From New York, Michigan And Southern Canada!

October 26, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Fall weather arrived in the Great Lakes with a splash of drama this week. Not only did parts of the region see its first snowfall of the season, but spotters have been reporting a slew of waterspouts across the Great Lakes all week.


Weather Channel Facebook fan Ray Grela says this waterspout appeared over Lake Ontario on Sunday,
Oct. 20. He took this photo from Oswego, NY.

According to the International Centre for Waterspout Research (ICWR), at least two waterspouts were reported on Lake Ontario near Oswego, N.Y. on Thursday. ICWR says that marks the seventh day in a row waterspouts were reported on the Great Lakes.

Sunday, Oct. 20 reportedly set a record, with spotters documenting 67 Great Lakes waterspouts, according to Canada's Welland Tribune.


Weather Channel Facebook fan Michael J. Gresham photographed this
waterspout over Lake Michigan Wednesday.



"Waterspouts are actually quite common in the Great Lakes in the fall," explains weather.com senior meteorologist Jon Erdman. "Deep, cold air moving over the relatively warm waters of the Great Lakes provides the instability needed."

The YouTube video below by user rrussny3 shows a waterspout forming Thursday over Lake Ontario from Oswego, N.Y. Scroll to the forty-second mark to see the best footage.


WATCH: Waterspout on Lake Ontario. 




- TWC.


PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: "It Is A Massacre" - Nearly 17,000 Livestock Found Dead Due To "Blue Tongue" Disease In Sassari, Italy!

October 26, 2013 - ITALY - It is a massacre. The blue tongue is doing the slaughter of animals on farms in the province. The data updated Thu 17 are a war Bulletin: more than 43 percent of livestock farms have been infected by Bluetongue virus (2,833 1,236 outbreaks on farms), causing a massacre. Fallen stock in 66 villages in the North-West are 16 thousand 824 out of a total of 387 thousand 228. According to the epidemiological findings of the local crisis unit, the spread of the virus came from the mouth of the Coghinas and the Tirso.




Very few happy Islands spared by the epidemic: Viddalba, the northern area of Bonorva, Nule, Villanova Monteleone and campaigns between Sassari and Osilo. For the rest in 66 municipalities of Sassarese is difficult even to count the damage. As the worst hit area incidence is the health district of Ozieri, with 6.32 percent of fallen stock (8912 on 141034). Fearful the figures of animals killed by blue tongue even in other health districts: 3,464 to Sassari (1,977 only in the municipality capital), 2,718 in Goceano, 1730 in Alghero. In previous emergencies, in 2009, the chiefs died as a result of the virus were just over 9,000, plus another 1,700 killed.

Now the count is much more dramatic, as explains Francesco Sgarangella, Director of prevention Services of the Asl of Sassari. The health Executive spoke yesterday during the meeting of the Environment Committee, with representatives of Multiss, hoc convened by its Chairman, Mario Campus. The tones were not of the best: "this new epidemic is a defeat for the health care system, for the livestock and world politics. We must all admit that the guard was lowered, and many farmers did not want to vaccinate their animals.

By 2014, this is no longer possible: health regulations require the mandatory vaccination, together with a series of preventive measures that no farmer can afford to ignore. "We hope to start by January with the vaccination campaign, if that were the case, we can really fight the virus ' underlined Sgarangella.

Combat blue tongue will move on two fronts: indirect prophylaxis (vaccination) with the use of inactivated vaccine and BTV8 BTV1; direct prophylaxis with pest control actions in the public areas and with various measures in livestock farms.

At the meeting, present the provincial Councillor for the environment, Paolo Bianchini, were also invited regional advisors, but only one responded to the call. Is Louis lot (Pd), which took the opportunity to point the finger at the region: «the emergency was handled in a very bad, not from Asl but by region. The Department of Agriculture is absent, capable only of providing compensation, which are so righteous and due, but this is not the way to solve a problem so serious '. - La Nuova. [Translated]




THE WAR ON MOTHER NATURE: Mass Fish/Animal Die-Off - Fish And Livestock Die-Off Due To Pollution In A River In Sichuan, China!

October 26, 2013 - CHINA - In China, there was another environmental accident. Waste water from the state of the mine fell into the river, killing many fish and livestock. Trying to farmers protest over a police cordon.


 The villagers brought the dead fish from pollution to the administration building, demanding the officials to
stop destroying the environment. Kangding County, Sichuan Province. October 2013. Photo: "Free Asia"

The incident occurred in Kangding County, Sichuan Province, inhabited mostly Tibetans, according to Radio "Free Asia".

Local farmers told that on October 13 of a major public development lead ore water flowed into the river. Spot dirty water stretched for about 30 miles, and also suffered minor tributaries. As a result, the river to the massive fish die, tap water in six villages has also become poisonous, killing a lot of cows and sheep.

People are not affected, since after the start of large-scale mining operations in the region, followed by pollution, they do not drink the tap water.


The villagers brought the dead fish from pollution to the administration building, demanding the officials to
stop destroying the environment. Kangding County, Sichuan Province. October 2013. Photo: "Free Asia"

The villagers caught part of dead fish from the river, brought her to the county administration building and demanded that officials stop destroying the environment, clean up the river and to take measures to reduce the rate of desertification land in their area.

However, the authorities do not have to explain anything, but, on the contrary, have established a police cordon around the affected villages, blocking mobile phone signals and switching off the Internet. All that officials said was: "We are getting everything is clear."

It took several days, but no improvement of the situation is still not as "mad lead mining," as they call it Farmers still continues.


The villagers brought the dead fish from pollution to the administration building, demanding the officials to
stop destroying the environment. Kangding County, Sichuan Province. October 2013. Photo: "Free Asia"

Local residents said that development of deposits of lead ore in their county government began in 2005. Except the mines were built wide thoroughfare that destroyed numerous pastures. Farmers have sought to protest, but officials only threatened them with punishment "in accordance with the law."

Poisoning the water in the river in this county did not happen the first time. A similar case occurred in 2011, then was killed a few thousand head of livestock and significantly affected the surrounding fields and meadows. - Epoch Times. [Translated]