Wednesday, October 30, 2013

ICE AGE NOW: Professor Warns That The World Is Entering "Mini-Ice Age" - Britain Will Face Decades Of Severe Siberian Winters And Washout Summers!

"We think lower solar activity does seem to tie up with more cold winters in central Europe and the UK." -  Professor Mike Lockwood.

October 30, 2013 - UNITED KINGDOM - Professor Mike Lockwood, of Reading University, said erratic and extreme weather patterns could be the norm in 20 years.

He said the risk of harsh winters and wet miserable summers has gone up to 25 to 30 per cent compared with 10 per cent a few years ago.

Weakening sunspot activity is to blame for a “major change” in the UK’s weather he told BBC TV.

He said: “The sun is ‘quietening’ really rapidly. We think it is actually quietening more rapidly than at any time in the last 10,000 years.

“So this is a major change. We think lower solar activity does seem to tie up with more cold winters in central Europe and the UK.”

Climatologist Dr Dennis Wheeler from Sunderland University, said: “When we have had periods where the sun has been quieter than usual we tend to get these much harsher winters.”

Global warming? More like global cooling, according to a leading U.K. scientist. [AP]

Britain is facing a new mini Ice Age this winter [NORTH NEWS]

Much of the country could be covered in ice and snow this winter [PA]

The comments follow unusual weather patterns over the past few years including the extreme winter of 2010 and this summer’s heatwave.

They also come after the Met Office suggested earlier this year that the country may be in for a decade or more of washout summers. It said the country was in the middle of a rare weather cycle caused by a shift in the jet stream in the upper atmosphere.

Since the cycle began in 2007 six summers have been damper than average. Last year saw the heaviest rainfall in a century leading to England’s wettest summer on record.

Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire will be shown tonight on BBC1 at 7.30pm and on the iPlayer. - Express.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: Tracking Developments At The Giant Louisiana Sinkhole - Second Crack In South Berm Discovered As Seismic Activity Increases At The Sinkhole Site!

October 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - The following constitutes the latest update from the Assumption Parish Police Jury on the giant Louisiana sinkhole. It is now official, based on statements from Texas Brine that TWO cracks have been discovered in the South Berm.

October 29, 2013: 11:05 a.m. - Maps Presented at Texas Brine Meeting.

The links below access the maps that were presented at a meeting held by Texas Brine last week (10/24).

Cone Pentrometer Test (CPT) Boring Locations

Proposed Observation Relief Wells & Mississippi River Aluvial Aquifer (MRAA) Contours

MRAA Gas Zone Thickness in Bayou Corne

Elevation of MRAA

October 30, 2013: 8:25 a.m. - Pipeline Maintenance.

Southern Natural gas has reported to us that they are performing pipeline maintenance this morning to their pipeline north of Derrick Street. They will be blowing down the line starting shortly. Natural gas will be discharged and noise may be heard in the immediate area. No threat has been identified in the area.

October 30, 2013: 9:05 a.m. - Statement from Texas Brine.

As reported on the Parish Blog, some cracking was observed over the weekend on portions of the South Berm. Currently there is one main crack that is approximately 3.5″ wide that crosses the South Berm with some additional smaller cracks also appearing in proximity to this location. The Geotextile liner and clay cap remain unbroken ensuring the barrier between the sinkhole and outside environment remains intact.

It’s unclear at this time if the increased seismic activity detected over the past week is related to this cracking. Additional interpretation of the data from the newly installed seismic arrays is being performed in order to better understand the location and magnitude of this seismic activity along with any connection it may have to the cracking.

Response personnel will continue to monitor for any further expansion or movement of the soil and southern berm and plans are already in place to repair the berm once the seismic activity level around the sinkhole subsides and it is deemed safe to work. Additional updates and information will be provided as necessary.

October 30, 2013: 3:10 p.m. - Update from the Office of Conservation.

Bayou Corne/Grand Bayou Response Activity

Wednesday, Oct. 30 work -

Sinkhole Activity Code 3 – Indicating no work is allowed directly on sinkhole or on containment berms, due to seismic monitoring indicating ongoing elevated MEQ (micro-earthquake) activity near sinkhole/Oxy 3

Sub-slab Sampling and Ventilation

- Conducting ventilation system inspections


- Monitoring pump drawdown tests of OGRW 1 (Oxy 2 well pad)

- Continuing pump test on ORWs 39 and 40 (north of containment berm)

- Preparing to flare ORW 10 (west of containment berm)

- Installing concrete pads around ORWs, flares and pressure monitoring wells

- Re-installing pressure transducers in ORW 17 and ORW 19 (west of containment berm)

Containment Berm/Roads/Sinkhole

- Surveying DPVE 47 settlement plates

- Sampling bubble sites

- Reducing pressure in Oxy 3A (working from Oxy 9 pad)

- Performing weekly subsidence survey

- Surveying settlement plates on south containment berm


- Continuing debris removal at TBC-acquired properties

October 30, 2013: 3:45 p.m. - Statement from Texas Brine.

There has been a recent increase in seismic activity detected on the Texas Brine seismic instrumentation over the last ten days. These occurrences consist primarily of minor tremors or “micro-earthquakes” (MEQ’s) and not extended events or very long period (VLP) tremors. Additional monitoring and interpretation of the data from the newly installed borehole seismic array is being performed in order to better understand the location and magnitude of the seismic activity. This monitoring and analyses is performed by industry specialists, along with government and university experts, which has been the case from the very beginning of the response.

Texas Brine, in coordination with DNR and APOEP, recently relocated sensors and added additional resources to the passive seismic monitoring system already in place. This is all part of a coordinated effort to better monitor for tremors and pinpoint tremor locations with greater accuracy. Response personnel are closely watching this situation and if additional information becomes available about the source and location of the activity, the community will be updated.

October 30, 2013: 4:55 p.m. - Second Crack in Berm Discovered.

A second crack has been discovered on the South Berm toward the western corner. Although this crack doesn’t go all the way across the berm, we will continue to monitor all these areas for continued changes.

- Assumption Parish Police Jury.

EXTREME WEATHER: Dust Storm Triggers Deadly 19-Vehicle Pileup In Arizona - 3 Killed, 12 Injured!

October 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - A stream of thick, blowing dust crossing an Arizona highway led to a chain-reaction crash that killed three people in an area where gusting winds often stir up towering clouds of dirt that can reduce visibility to zero.

Twelve other people were injured Tuesday in the 19-vehicle pileup on Interstate 10 between Phoenix and Tucson.

Crews brought in portable lights as they worked past sunset to pry apart the 10 commercial vehicles, seven passenger cars, one tanker and one recreational vehicle that were involved, Arizona Department of Public Safety officials said.

Arizona Department of Public Safety officers investigate a multiple fatality accident involving six semi tractor-trailers
and 19 other vehicles in the eastbound lanes of Interstate 10 south of Casa Grande, Ariz., on Tuesday, Oct. 29, 2013.
Authorities say three people are dead and at least 12 others injured after a dust storm led to chain-reaction collisions.
(AP Photo/Arizona Daily Star, Ron Medvescek) 

Three people were killed and at least 12 injured after a dust storm led to multiple crashes Tuesday on Interstate
10 between Phoenix and Tucson, authorities said.  (AP Photo/Arizona Daily Star, Ron Medvescek) 

Television footage showed at least one car pinned between two 18-wheelers and others wedged under big rigs near Picacho Peak in south-central Arizona.

Henry Wallace told KPHO-TV he got out of his car just in time before the chain-reaction crashes began.

‘‘One truck hit another truck. Cars start piling into each other, and they pushed that one truck right into me and off to the side of the road,’’ Wallace said. ‘‘I couldn’t see anything because the (dust) was so thick, but I could just hear it, ‘Boom, boom, boom, boom, boom.'’’

Medical helicopters airlifted several of the injured to hospitals in Tucson and Phoenix, and DPS officials said at least one person was in critical condition.

Gordon Lee Smith, 76, of Mead, Wash., was identified as one of the people who died. Smith’s wife was injured, DPS officials said, but her condition wasn’t disclosed.

DPS officials on Wednesday identified the other two people who died as Lenny Lubers, 46, of Phoenix, and David D. Bechtel, 51, of Milton, Iowa.

DPS investigators were interviewing survivors to determine the chain of events.

‘‘This could be three, four or even five crashes. That’s where the interview comes in with the drivers and witnesses,’’ DPS Officer Carrick Cook said.

© CBS 5 News

© CBS 5 News

© CBS 5 News

© CBS 5 News

‘‘That area of I-10 is historically known for these blowing dust storms that come through,’’ Cook added. ‘‘At the time of this crash, there were reports that there was zero visibility in the road, and with these dynamic systems that come through so quickly, people are often surprised by it.’’

The National Weather Service had issued a blowing dust advisory shortly before the crashes, with wind gusts of up to 30 mph reported in the area.

‘‘A steady southwest wind created channels of dense, blowing dust,’’ weather service meteorologist Chris Dunn told KPHO. ‘‘Unfortunately, one of those localized channels of dust ended up over a busy Arizona interstate.’’

DPS spokesman Bart Graves said Tuesday’s crash was one of the worst chain-reaction accidents in that area in the past seven years.

WATCH: Arizona Dust Storm Pile-Up Kills Three. 

Parts of westbound I-10 were closed for more than five hours.

The Arizona Department of Transportation recommends that motorists who find themselves in a dust storm pull completely off the paved portion of the road, turn off all lights including emergency flashers, set the emergency brake, keep feet off the brakes so others don’t try to follow the tail lights, and stay in the vehicle with seat belts fastened. - Boston.

INFRASTRUCTURE & SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Suicide Bombers Hit Iraq Again - Attacks Kill 35 In Two Days!

October 30, 2013 - IRAQ - Violence swept through Iraq on Wednesday, with fresh attacks bringing the country’s death toll to 35 people in two days. The assaults followed suicide bombings Tuesday night which killed 19 people, including 14 security force members.

Attacks in Sunni districts of Baghdad left nine dead and more than 20 wounded, AFP reported, citing security and medical officials.

ARCHIVE PHOTO: An Iraqi soldier stands guard at the site of a blast in Baghdad on May 30, 2013 (AFP Photo)

The deadliest assault was in Abu Ghraib, west of Baghdad, where two people were killed in a roadside bomb. In a separate incident, a magnetic sticky bomb attached to a car in the Adhamiyah neighborhood of the city killed a policeman.

Other attacks Wednesday hit Baquba, in the center of the country, as well as Fallujah - a former bastion of Sunni insurgency. Attacks also hit the cities of Mosul, Kirkuk, and Tikrit.

Wednesday’s violence followed a wave of suicide bombings on Tuesday night that killed 19 people, 14 of whom were security force members.

In Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad, two suicide bombers attacked a house where a security meeting was taking place at 11:30pm local time. One bomber managed to get into the building itself while another detonated explosives at a gate to the house.

Among the dead were four soldiers including a brigadier general, three police, and four Sahwa anti-Al-Qaeda fighters.

Also on Tuesday, a suicide bomber blew up a vehicle rigged with explosives at a police check point, killing eight people - including three policemen - and wounding 25 others.

Other isolated attacks killed seven others on Tuesday as Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki left on a visit to Washington where US officials have offered to share intelligence and provide other military support to the embattled Iraqi leader.

Thirty suicide bombers have detonated devices this month alone, while others were killed before they managed to do so. Overall, more than 700 people have been killed in October and over 5,400 since the start of the year.

Since the beginning of 2013, there have been just 16 days in which there were no deaths from violence in Iraq. The most recent one was May 24, according to media estimates.

Experts say the Iraqi government must look to long-term efforts which will begin to build trust among the shattered civilian population and especially among the isolated Sunni minority.

But while authorities have raised the salaries of anti-Al-Qaeda fighters and freed some Sunni prisoners, many underlying issues remain unresolved.

Sabah Al-Mukhtar, president of the Arab Lawyers Association, told RT that Washington’s sale of helicopters and other military hardware to Maliki can do nothing to help the security situation in Iraq.

“These weapons will never deal with the terrorist acts that are taking place in Iraq. You don’t need airplanes to deal with bombs or vehicles that explode in markets. In fact, this is a cover for seeking the help of the USA to run for a third term. [Maliki] is going to show the US that unless he is re-elected, then Al-Qaeda is going to take over,” he said.

Jeremy Corbin, a British Labor MP and president of Stop the War coalition, believes that nothing good will come out of Maliki’s trip to Washington and that only a truly representative government in Iraq can solve the country’s problems.

“Surely the way forward is some kind of cohesion and comprehensive government in Iraq that seeks to represent all of the people in Iraq, rather than pursuing this,” he told RT.  - RT.

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: The Latest Reports Across Asia - Tons Of Dead Fish And Dozens Of Stingrays & Other Sea Creatures Found On A Beach In Mumbai, India; Several Thousand Dead Fish Wash Up On The Banks Of A River In Hunan, China; And Thousands Of Fish Found Dead From Pollution In A Lake In Hyderabad, India; And Thousands Of Dead Fish Found In Beaulieu Lake, China!

October 30, 2013 - ASIA - The following constitutes the latest reports of mass die-off of fish across Asia.

Tons Of Dead Fish And Dozens Of Stingrays And Other Sea Creatures Found In Mumbai, India.

Tons of dead fish and other sea creatures were washed ashore on the long stretch of the otherwise picturesque Juhu beach on Saturday morning, sending local residents and ecological experts into a tizzy. Rumour mills began doing the rounds about an impending ecological disaster.

When SUNDAY MiD DAY visited the site yesterday, among the dead marine life was a nine feet-long eel, a large (over five feet-long) octopus and dozens of stingrays. The entire stretch of the beach was full of dead sea creatures.

Complaining about his dead catch, 50-year-old fisherman Suresh Dandekar said he was anticipating a big catch of fresh fish, when he docked his boat at dawn. “Finding dead fish is nothing new for people like me, who have spent their entire life at sea. But what we have witnessed today is terrible. Not a single fish in the entire catch is fit for human consumption,” said Dandekar.

Trying his best to clear up the mess, China Tambi, a BMC cleanup marshall, said it was not possible for even a large team of workers to collect and dispose the dead fish. “Since morning, I have been witnessing fishermen emptying their catch of dead fish on the beach, as it cannot be sold in the market. How so many fish are dying is a mystery and can only be answered by an expert,” she said.

Official speak
SMD contacted Shankar Gajbaje, marine biologist and officer-in-charge of the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), an autonomous research organisation. Based on the information given by this newspaper, he said his team of scientists was at the beach to collect samples, which would be analysed in their lab and ascertain cause of the mass death.

He added that a probable cause could be massive dumping by commercial trawlers in deeper waters. “Such dumpers are known to discard fish which do not have commercial value, or if they experience torn fishing nets.”

Promising quick action, Raju Vasave, regional officer, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board said he would dispatch his team of officers to investigate the matter. “There is no source of industrial waste in the vicinity of Juhu beach, so we can only plot the future course of action once the site is inspected and samples are collected for further analysis,” he said.

Investigations on
A three-member team from the NIO returned with samples later in the day. Amit Patil, one of the scientists, said the incoming high tide was making their efforts difficult, but they had managed to collect over 20 species of dead fish and crabs for lab analysis. “Prima facie, the samples are found only in deeper waters and finding them dead on the coast is a cause of concern. We have also collected water samples for our lab analysis,” said Patil. - Daijiworld.

Thousands Of Dead Fish Wash Up On The Banks Of A River In Hunan, China.

Autumn Miluo Jiang Jiangnan ferry embankment on both sides, waterfowl flocks. Sometimes there thirty-two egrets patrol the river, saw the fish outcrop, a lightning speed to a quasi Diao.

But recently the scene, made ​​these egrets dumbfounded: outcrop river full of fish. Yet when they are three thousand three hundred twenty-two out, could not dive Shique mouth - are all dead!

Into a piece of dead fish also let the masses Dukou quite worried that they hope the relevant departments to take measures as soon as possible, to identify the specific cause of death of fish and dead fish timely salvaged do sound processing.

Ferry there was a large dead fish

October 26 morning, I pass by Lei Shi Township is located in southern embankment crossing, surprised to find that in shallow water on both sides of the riverbank packed full of dead fish. These fish are mostly smaller heads, some only a little more than rough fingers, bits and pieces scattered in the river bank.

"Look there, more dead fish too!" Under the guidance of the residents in the vicinity, I walk along the river all the way up, and she saw a lot of dead fish, large and small, big five or six pounds a small, only thirty-five cm long, vast white one. Where piles of dead fish, the river is more turbid, a gust of wind blowing, can smell the stench in the air, and many people had to cover their through the nose.

"This phenomenon is not a day." Ferry boatman Changlin said that a week ago, the band began to appear dead, in the past has never been the case, "In the beginning all forty-five cm long fish when no one pay attention to, and later began to fish. then go on like death, ecology have been destroyed. "

Many dead fish were picked up to go home residents

During the interview, I found that most of the transition of the public face of the dead fish noses over, may also have some nearby residents died just picked up from the river near the fish to take home.

"Such a small fish died, really a shame." Are working around the father lamented Lee said a few days ago, more dead fish floating in the river, and now most of them were washed away, when the He also used homemade tool salvage a long time, chose some head to the big house, his wife worried that these dead fish contaminated not dare to eat.

Lee Davis said that when the dead fish first appeared to pick up a particularly large number of residents, and even there are people who take nets to catch fish, and later found dead fish into pieces, retrieve go not to eat fish, feed the cat had brought.
Within a few days, groups of fish pulls out a white belly, what is the reason? Nearby residents speculation about this. Some said that he had seen someone in the night on the river shock Huazhexiaochuan fishing; Some say that it may be someone medication assisted fishing, poisoned the fish; Some have even said, the river may be contaminated, resulting in dead fish into tablets.

However, I look around, here is the Miluo River into the Xiangjiang River entrance, flat expanse along the river side only farmland and residential areas, no chemical companies, but did not see the alignment of the river outfall.

Do not eat dead fish may be harmful

After receiving the masses, to the waters of the environmental protection department investigation, after investigation, found near the residential area, no chemical enterprises sewage into the river, but were detected and analyzed, we found that the river water quality is also a safe range.

Analysis of environmental law enforcement officers, mass mortality of fish, excluding the possibility of electric shock fishing, but there are fish in an area the possibility of poisoning. "Because of the incident has been ten days, and now on the river of the water sample, it is difficult to identify what is contaminated with water."

Staff said that although it is not entirely sure of the cause of death of fish, but there are dead fish have appeared illustrate water quality problems, dead fish must not be eaten, because the fish died may absorb some of the harmful substances, people eat may be harmful to health. Also reminded residents picked up dead fish should be burned or buried. - Shuichan. [Translated]

Thousands Of Fish Found Dead From Pollution In A Lake In Hyderabad, India.
(Photo: Mohtashim)

Thousands of dead fish and some weak lying in the Miralam Tank, Hyderabad. Fish are believed to have died from polluted river water due to factory waste pollution. Ironically, people who take the dead fish were then sold to other common citizen. They did not know that the fish die because of factory waste pollution are quite dangerous if eaten. - Siasat.

Thousands Of Dead Fish Found In Beaulieu Lake, China.
In recent days, scenic Beaulieu Lake (also known as the Bayi Reservoir) West is continuously emit bursts of odor, some tourists and local villagers found that in Beaulieu Township Kosei side shore waters area near a large area of ​​dead fish, a large evil scenic landscapes, while tourists and local villagers are also worried such a large number of dead fish will Beaulieu Lake water pollution.

For a large area of ​​dead fish, Bayi Reservoir Management Office, said a large area of ​​dead fish cage system Beaulieu Lake farmers dumping, such a situation has happened before, but because people can not find the current dumping can not be determined, only employment of workers by the management office for processing. Yesterday (the 21st) 14 am, the department began to organize workers on the dead fish salvage and ready for burial.

Guest: Beaulieu lake there was a large dead fish affect mood

October 20 morning, Ms. Yang people with a few friends to play Broom Lake, Lake Beaulieu wandered west, the Miss Yang with friends smelled the odor bursts. "Rotten shrimp smell is the smell of dead fish." Ms. Yang said several people who wanted to escape the urban haze days to Beaulieu Lake breath of fresh air down, so that they can be unpleasant odor big turnoff.

Ms. Yang and friends decided to look at where the smell came from. Ms. Yang told reporters in Beaulieu lake shore town named a relatively secluded area near shore waters, they found a pile of dead fish. "So the smell emanating from here, this is who we are quite puzzled dumped ah." Ms. Yang and friends continue to move forward along the river, in front of the scene so that she and her friends by surprise. "In the water are large tracts of dead fish, are the three or four pounds heavier fish, I watched enough to have several jin look." Ms. Yang said, she and her friends at the scene also saw two men being skiff dead fish piled the boat to the water threw a one. Through conversation with two men, Ms. Yang learned that these dead fish are fish farmers from Broom Lake, because a huge number of fish the lake, leading to severe hypoxia, so there is a lot of dead fish and some fish farmers the easy way Beaulieu will be dead fish dumped into the waters of Lake more subtle.

Survey: hundreds of dead fish hidden in the nooks Lakes jin

Yesterday morning, reporters rushed to the Beaulieu Lake. Locally known, these days often see people pulling a boat a boat of dead fish dumped in here, which makes this range stinking.

I heard a reporter to interview the two nearby residents of a community initiative to reporters and became a wizard. Probably a few hundred meters away, the reporter will smell the pungent odor, the more closer to the surface of the water, the more concentrated odor, suffocating.

Just one to the lake and reporters will find a bunch of dead fish on the shore, there are hundreds of kilograms. Go east, the reporter saw a pile of dead fish, dead fish color has black hair dry, seems to have been here for several days. In accordance with the guidance of two residents, reporters go west along the shore, at a shore waters covered with weeds, really appeared as Miss Yang described the situation --- large tracts of dead fish, the smell here and more pungent, two residents had to speak with reporters clutching his nose.

This reporter saw the body of these dead fish turned over, there are grass carp, carp, tilapia, etc., most of them dead weight of two kilograms or so, there are also a small half kilograms, the number of thousands of kilograms. One resident said the waters where these days it began to be a lot of dead fish dumped, pungent odor makes them stay, the neighborhood can not.

In the interview, reflecting Ms. Yang told reporters with a local resident, said Beaulieu was originally a lake scenic area, a lake now there is such a large area of ​​dead fish really affect scenic landscapes. Meanwhile, they are also known as fish farmers raise fish death is indeed worthy of sympathy, but it should not be dumped dead fish in the lake pollution. Many villagers also worried about a large area of ​​dead fish would not promptly treated Broom Lake water pollution. - Hebei. [Translated]

FIRE IN THE SKY: Fireball Spotted In The Sky Over Portland Metro, Oregon!

October 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Several people in the Portland Metro area reported seeing a fireball in the sky Wednesday morning, moving east to west.

This image taken with a meteorite tracking device developed by George Varros, shows a meteorite as it
enters Earth's atmosphere during the Leonid meteor shower November 19, 2002. The device,
which is deployed on board a NASA DC-8, tracks and photographs meteorites.

© George Varros and Dr. Peter Jenniskens/NASA/Getty Images

Three different viewers contacted KGW to say they had seen it just before 6 a.m.

"I was out walking my dog this morning around 5:55 a.m. and saw what looked like someone lit a tennis ball on fire and threw it," viewer John Kisling said. "It took a couple seconds to traverse the sky."

An expert told KGW it was a piece of an asteroid burning up when it hit the atmosphere.

"Fireballs are not uncommon," said Dick Pugh of the Portland State University Meteorite Labratory. "The question is: Did it make it all the way down?"

Pugh said most pieces of "space debris" burn up when they hit the atmosphere. But some push through and hit the ground, becoming meteorites. Those are accompanied by a loud sound.Witnesses in the Portland area Wednesday agreed the fireball was silent.

WATCH: News report about the fireball over Portland Metro.

Pugh said several other sightings in San Francisco earlier this week and other "major fireballs" around the world show that Earth is likely going through a debris field from a leftover comet.

Portlander Tony King told KGW he saw it from his back porch and it took several seconds to move "across the whole sky, from east to west, along the horizon line."

One Twitter user posted a photo of the fireball over the Netherlands last night and another caught the phenomenon over Scotland. And someone in Colombia caught a fireball on cell phone video last Friday.

WATCH:Fireball over Colombia.

- KGW.

INFRASTRUCTURE & SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Deadly Kenyan Train And Bus Crash In Nairobi - At Least Eleven People Killed; 34 Wounded!

October 30, 2013 - KENYA - At least eleven people were killed and 34 wounded in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, when a passenger train smashed into a bus, the Kenyan Red Cross has said.

The train driver reportedly survived the crash.

Nairobi police chief Benson Kibui said the bus crossed the railway line as the train came at high speed.

The emergency services took the wounded to hospital as hundreds of people gathered at the scene.

Accidents in Kenya are often caused by of a lack of safety measures on roads and rail crossings, correspondents say.

The 33-seater bus also hit a car during the morning rush hour accident, injuring the occupants, Kenya's Daily Nation newspaper reports.

Witnesses told the newspaper that the train driver survived the crash, and went to the nearby God's Last Appeal Church where he knelt down to pray.

Kenya's Red Cross said at least 11 people died, three of them at the scene of the accident.

The wounded were taken to three hospitals in Nairobi, with 17 of them requiring specialised treatment, it said. - BBC.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Yellowstone Super Volcano Threatens Two Thirds Of The United States - Scientists Say The Lake Of Molten Rock Underneath Yellowstone National Park Is 80km Long And 20km Wide!

October 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - The reservoir of lava beneath Yellowstone National Park is at least twice as big as scientists previously thought.

Researchers from the University of Utah say the lake of molten rock is at least two-and-a-half times larger than the previous estimate, with pictures showing the reservoir measures 80km long and 20km wide.

Lava lake beneath Yellowstone over two-and-a-half times bigger than previously thought (wiki commons)

Reported in Nature, geophysicist Robert Smith said: "I don't know of any other magma body that's been imaged that's that big."

Scientists reported their finding at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America in Denver, Colorado.

Yellowstone is the largest supervolcano on the continent and has erupted several times in the last two million years.

If it was to erupt today, some scientists predict a cloud of plant-killing ash would affect areas up to 1,000 miles away, with two thirds of the US becoming uninhabitable.

Yellowstone is famous for its underground lava lake, which fuels the park's hot springs. Most of the molten rock likes a few kilometres below Earth's surface.

A magnitude 7.3 earthquake that hit near Yellowstone killed 28 people in 1959 (I.J. Witkind/USGS)

Jamie Farrell, a researcher at the University of Utah, mapped the reservoir by analysing data from over 4,500 earthquakes: "Seismic waves travel more slowly through molten rock than through solid rock, and seismometers can detect those changes," Nature reports.

The scientists found the molten reservoir underlies most of the Yellowstone caldera.

Despite this upward estimate, the team say the biggest threat posed by Yellowstone is not a volcanic eruption, but an earthquake.

Above the reservoir lies a crust where rocks are cooler and more brittle, meaning they fracture earthquakes during earthquakes, which are common to the area around Yellowstone.

Smith said earthquakes of magnitude seven or more are cause for more concern than an eruption. In 1959, a magnitude 7.3 earthquake that hit near Yellowstone killed 28 people.

The researchers believe earthquakes of this magnitude will become more common as the area around the park is "stretched and thinned by geological forces". "They are the killer events which we've already had," Smith said. - IBT.

INFRASTRUCTURE & SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Passengers Burned To Death After Bus Crashes On Indian Highway - 45 Killed In Blaze After Fuel Tanker Caught Alight On Road Between Bengaluru And Hyderabad!

October 30, 2013 - INDIA - Forty-five people died when the bus they were travelling in caught fire after an accident on a road between the southern Indian cities of Bengaluru and Hyderabad on Wednesday.

Rescuers and others stand near the debris after a bus crashed into a highway barrier and erupted
in flames at Mehabubnagar in southern Andhra Pradesh state, India, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013.
(AP Photo/Mahesh Kumar A.)

Rescuers and others gather at the site of a bus accident at Mehabubnagar, in the southern
Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013. (AP Photo/Mahesh Kumar A.)

Indian workers carry the body of a victim killed in a bus accident to shift it to a hospital, at Mehabubnagar, in
the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013. (AP Photo/Mahesh Kumar A.)

The privately operated Volvo bus was reportedly overtaking a car when it hit a stone culvert covering a drain. The fire was so intense that only five passengers, along with the vehicle's driver and cleaner, managed to escape.

"It seems the bus was travelling at a high speed when its fuel tank hit the roadside culvert and caught fire," said a local police officer, Srinivas Reddy. "The passengers in the bus were burned beyond recognition. The entire bus has been gutted."

Road deaths are commonplace in India. According to the World Health Organisation, India's toll of 105,725 last year was the highest in the world. Nevertheless, the deaths of so many people in a Volvo bus has caused considerable shock and concern.

Indian workers load the body of a victim killed in a bus accident into an ambulance, at Mehabubnagar, in the
southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013. (AP Photo/Mahesh Kumar A.)

Indian policemen and others stand near bodies of victims killed in a bus accident at Mehabubnagar, in the
southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013. (AP Photo/Mahesh Kumar A.)

Indian workers carry the body of a victim killed in a bus accident to shift it to a hospital, at Mehabubnagar, in
the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013. (AP Photo/Mahesh Kumar A.)

Doctors and other officials perform investigations next to the charred remains of victims after a bus crashed into
a highway barrier and erupted in flames at Mehabubnagar in southern Andhra Pradesh state, India,
Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013. (AP Photo/Mahesh Kumar A.)

As elsewhere in the world, Volvo's marketing campaign in India emphasises its reputation for safety and reliability. Volvo buses came to India 10 years ago, significantly improving the standard of inter-city transport, and quickly became the preferred mode of luxury bus travel for middle-class passengers.

Sohanjeet Randhawa, marketing head of Volvo Buses India, told the Hindu newspaper that the accident was being studied from all angles, including road design. "Our team has already landed at the accident spot, and we are still in the process of gathering all the relevant information," Randhawa said.

An unidentified survivor said most of the passengers were sleeping when the bus caught fire. "Some of us tried to break open the window glass, but were unable to do so," the person said. "I immediately moved towards the emergency exit window and broke it and managed to jump out of the bus."

The bus went up in flames at about 5.15am, and a witness said the fire burned for at least half an hour. Only a few could be saved, including the cleaner of the bus, who was pulled clear by a motorist who stopped to help.

WATCH: Passengers burned alive in India after bus crashes into oil tanker. 

Among the charred remains, rescuers found the bodies of a mother and child clinging to each other. In most cases it was difficult to determine whether a charred body had been a male or female passenger, another police officer said.

"The identification of the deceased will be determined after conducting DNA tests and collecting blood samples of the relatives," he said.

The bus was running between two of India's leading computing hubs, and it is believed that among the dead may have been software engineers working for major IT companies.

The prime minister, Manmohan Singh, expressed his sorrow over the accident. - The Guardian.

EXTREME WEATHER: Drought Fears Hit California - Many Reservoirs Are In Dire Need Of A Wet Winter!

October 30, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Pine Flat Reservoir is a ghost of a lake in the Fresno County foothills — a puddle in a 326 billion-gallon gorge.

Holding only 16% of its capacity, Pine Flat is the best example of why there is high anxiety over the approaching wet season.

Gone is the healthy water storage that floated California through two dry years. Major reservoirs around the state need gully-washing storms this winter.

Deer Creek Recreational Area at Pine Flat Lake is seen on Thursday, October 24, 2013 east of Fresno.
Pine Flat Lake is experiencing low water levels again due to the small snow pack this summer.

"Whatever the storms bring this winter, that's what we will have to cope with next summer," said Steve Haugen, watermaster at the Kings River Water Association, which closely monitors Pine Flat Reservoir.

Northern reservoirs face similar challenges, though water storage is not as low as Pine Flat. Shasta, Oroville, Trinity, New Melones, Don Pedro and Exchequer are hovering at one-third to one-half of capacity, far lower than average for late October.

Dwindling reservoirs should be a wake-up call to Californians, said Mark Cowin, director of the state Department of Water Resources. The state has not declared a drought, but now is the time to prepare additional water-conservation ideas for next year.

"Both the State Water Project and federal Central Valley Project heavily depend on the Sierra Nevada snowpack," he said. "We are now facing real trouble if 2014 is dry."

All eyes will be on Northern California, where the state's highest rain and snow totals occur.

Many western San Joaquin Valley farms and more than 20 million Southern Californians look to northern reservoirs for water, delivered through extensively plumbed federal and state water projects.

Farmers and cityfolk who closely watch Shasta and other northern reservoirs might have suffered whiplash last winter. The reservoirs stored a lot of water last year after a stormy November and December, said spokesman Pete Lucero of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, owner of the Central Valley Project.

But suddenly the spigot turned off.

"January through May 2013 were California's driest in about 90 years of recordkeeping," Lucero said.

San Luis Reservoir, which gets water from the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, is only 22% of its historical average for this time of year.

Dry weather was not the whole story. Delta environmental restrictions early this year resulted in pumping cutbacks and the loss of nearly 1 million acre-feet of water at San Luis.

Federal officials also are required to use water releases from Northern California reservoirs to help protect nature, including fish such as delta smelt and salmon.

Far from Northern California, Millerton Lake near Fresno is oddly 152% of average, but it has nothing to do with weather. Like the delta, it is related to environmental issues.

Federal officials are maintaining a higher level in Millerton to provide water needed for releases in the long-running project to restore the San Joaquin River. Bureau leaders also say Millerton's storage has been helped by water users — farms and cities — that have conserved well this year.

The lake is only a little more than one-tenth of the size of Shasta. Millerton's water is sent to customers along the eastern side of the Valley, including 15,000 growers on 1 million acres in the Friant Water Authority.

Cities, such as Fresno and Orange Cove, also buy the federal water from Millerton.

A little farther south on the Kings River, Pine Flat Reservoir has a little more than 150,000 acre-feet of water, with a capacity of 1 million acre-feet.

An acre-foot of water is 326,000 gallons or enough for an average Valley family for about 18 months.

Last winter, the mountains above Pine Flat Reservoir received the ninth-worst precipitation total in the past 116 seasons, watermaster Haugen said.

He said he does not hold much hope for a record-breaking winter, based on the past 62 years of snowpack data for the area. During that time, big winters have happened when the eastern Pacific Ocean was warm as part of the phenomenon known as El Niño.

This year, the ocean temperatures are not warm, according to federal scientists. The ocean isn't cool either, as it would be in La Niña, which sometimes means drier, colder weather in parts of California.

Without El Niño or La Niña, forecasting the wet season is much tougher.

The National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center does not give many clues about California rain and snow in November. Federal scientists say it's even money on average rainfall.

At the Weather Service's Hanford office, meteorologist Paul Iniguez said Central California's weather appears to be in a holding pattern, for the moment.

"In the next two weeks, a continuation of the current dry pattern looks likely," he said. "A big rain event in the next two to three weeks appears, for now, unlikely." - Fresno Bee.

FIRE IN THE SKY: Fireball Wows Spectators In Colombia - Overhead Explosion Felt As "Small Earthquake"!

October 30, 2013 - COLOMBIA - The Civil Defense Department of Meta reported the fall of a yet another unidentified object that could apparently be a meteor fireball.

The site of impact may be near the town of Puerto Lopez and Guadalupe.

Jorge Diaz, director of the agency in the department, said that the luminous object was headed to Casanare and that after the impact he felt a "small earthquake" in the area.

WATCH: Fireball over Colombia. 

"Apparently it is a meteorite, according to information supplied by the same population of Puerto Lopez and Guadalupe." - Evolucion Groove. [Translated]

PLANETARY TREMORS: Strong Magnitude 6.2 Earthquake Strikes Southeast Of Constitucion, Chile!

October 30, 2013 - CHILE - A strong magnitude 6.2 earthquake struck offshore Maule, Chile at 02:51 UTC on October 30, 2013 at coordinates 35.413°S 72.368°W.

There were no reports of serious damage, based on initial reports.

USGS earthquake location.

The epicentre was located at 9 km (6 miles) southeast of Constitucion, Chile; 59 km (37 miles) northwest of San Javier, Chile; 61 km (38 miles) north of Cauquenes, Chile; 63 km (39 miles) west of Talca, Chile; and 268 km (167 miles) southwest of Santiago, Chile.

The tremor was measured with a depth of 18.3 km (11.4 miles).

Strong earthquake registered as M 6.2 (USGS, EMSC) occurred at 02:51 UTC on October 30, 2013. The epicenter was located 9 km (6 miles) SSE of Constitucion and 268 km (167 miles) SW of Santiago, Chile at coordinates 35.413°S 72.368°W. USGS measured depth at

The navy said the quake did not meet the conditions needed to generate a tsunami off the country's Pacific coastline.

USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.

Chile lies along the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean.

Nearly three years ago, a massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake and ensuing tsunami ravaged central-southern Chile, killing hundreds of people and causing billions of dollars worth of damage.

Seismotectonics of South America (Nazca Plate Region).
The South American arc extends over 7,000 km, from the Chilean margin triple junction offshore of southern Chile to its intersection with the Panama fracture zone, offshore of the southern coast of Panama in Central America. It marks the plate boundary between the subducting Nazca plate and the South America plate, where the oceanic crust and lithosphere of the Nazca plate begin their descent into the mantle beneath South America. The convergence associated with this subduction process is responsible for the uplift of the Andes Mountains, and for the active volcanic chain present along much of this deformation front. Relative to a fixed South America plate, the Nazca plate moves slightly north of eastwards at a rate varying from approximately 80 mm/yr in the south to approximately 65 mm/yr in the north. Although the rate of subduction varies little along the entire arc, there are complex changes in the geologic processes along the subduction zone that dramatically influence volcanic activity, crustal deformation, earthquake generation and occurrence all along the western edge of South America.

Most of the large earthquakes in South America are constrained to shallow depths of 0 to 70 km resulting from both crustal and interplate deformation. Crustal earthquakes result from deformation and mountain building in the overriding South America plate and generate earthquakes as deep as approximately 50 km. Interplate earthquakes occur due to slip along the dipping interface between the Nazca and the South American plates. Interplate earthquakes in this region are frequent and often large, and occur between the depths of approximately 10 and 60 km. Since 1900, numerous magnitude 8 or larger earthquakes have occurred on this subduction zone interface that were followed by devastating tsunamis, including the 1960 M9.5 earthquake in southern Chile, the largest instrumentally recorded earthquake in the world. Other notable shallow tsunami-generating earthquakes include the 1906 M8.5 earthquake near Esmeraldas, Ecuador, the 1922 M8.5 earthquake near Coquimbo, Chile, the 2001 M8.4 Arequipa, Peru earthquake, the 2007 M8.0 earthquake near Pisco, Peru, and the 2010 M8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake located just north of the 1960 event.

USGS plate tectonics for the region.

Large intermediate-depth earthquakes (those occurring between depths of approximately 70 and 300 km) are relatively limited in size and spatial extent in South America, and occur within the Nazca plate as a result of internal deformation within the subducting plate. These earthquakes generally cluster beneath northern Chile and southwestern Bolivia, and to a lesser extent beneath northern Peru and southern Ecuador, with depths between 110 and 130 km. Most of these earthquakes occur adjacent to the bend in the coastline between Peru and Chile. The most recent large intermediate-depth earthquake in this region was the 2005 M7.8 Tarapaca, Chile earthquake.

Earthquakes can also be generated to depths greater than 600 km as a result of continued internal deformation of the subducting Nazca plate. Deep-focus earthquakes in South America are not observed from a depth range of approximately 300 to 500 km. Instead, deep earthquakes in this region occur at depths of 500 to 650 km and are concentrated into two zones: one that runs beneath the Peru-Brazil border and another that extends from central Bolivia to central Argentina. These earthquakes generally do not exhibit large magnitudes. An exception to this was the 1994 Bolivian earthquake in northwestern Bolivia. This M8.2 earthquake occurred at a depth of 631 km, making it the largest deep-focus earthquake instrumentally recorded, and was felt widely throughout South and North America.

Subduction of the Nazca plate is geometrically complex and impacts the geology and seismicity of the western edge of South America. The intermediate-depth regions of the subducting Nazca plate can be segmented into five sections based on their angle of subduction beneath the South America plate. Three segments are characterized by steeply dipping subduction; the other two by near-horizontal subduction. The Nazca plate beneath northern Ecuador, southern Peru to northern Chile, and southern Chile descend into the mantle at angles of 25° to 30°. In contrast, the slab beneath southern Ecuador to central Peru, and under central Chile, is subducting at a shallow angle of approximately 10° or less. In these regions of “flat-slab” subduction, the Nazca plate moves horizontally for several hundred kilometers before continuing its descent into the mantle, and is shadowed by an extended zone of crustal seismicity in the overlying South America plate. Although the South America plate exhibits a chain of active volcanism resulting from the subduction and partial melting of the Nazca oceanic lithosphere along most of the arc, these regions of inferred shallow subduction correlate with an absence of volcanic activity. - USGS.