Wednesday, December 11, 2013

EVANGELII GAUDIUM: The Priest Class Of The Magi's Deftly Orchestrated Blueprint To Maintain Power And Evangelical Relevance In The Transition To The Age Of Aquarius - Against The Background Of The Imminent Collapse Of Christian Dominionism And The White Supremacy Paradigm, Time Magazine Names Pope Francis Person Of The Year!

December 11, 2013 - ITALY - Pope Francis has been named Person of the Year by Time magazine.

During his nine months in office, the Pope had pulled "the papacy out of the palace and into the streets", managing editor Nancy Gibbs said.

"Rarely has a new player on the world stage captured so much attention so quickly - young and old, faithful and cynical," she added.

NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden was runner-up.

Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the then cardinal archbishop of Buenos Aires, was made Pope last March. He named himself Francis after a 12th Century Italian saint who turned his back on an aristocratic lifestyle to work with the poor.

Since then, he has eschewed some of the more regal trappings of high office, made headlines by washing the feet of prisoners, and is planning some major reforms to the Church.

"In his nine months in office, he has placed himself at the very centre of the central conversations of our time: about wealth and poverty, fairness and justice, transparency, modernity, globalisation, the role of women, the nature of marriage, the temptations of power," Ms Gibbs wrote.

Vatican spokesman Federico Lombardi said it was "a positive sign" that one of the international media's most prestigious recognitions had been given to "a person who proclaims.. spiritual, religious and moral values and speaks out forcefully in favour of peace and greater justice".

"The Holy Father is not looking to become famous or to receive honours,'' said Mr Lombardi. "But if the choice of Person of Year helps spread the message of the Gospel - a message of God's love for everyone - he will certainly be happy about that."

This is the third time a Pope has received the recognition from Time magazine. John Paul II was selected in 1994 and John XXIII was chosen in 1962.

Besides Mr Snowden, this year's other finalists were US gay rights activist Edith Windsor, US Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. - BBC.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Yellowstone - The Super Volcano That Could Blow Up America!

December 11, 2013 - UNITED STATES - A super-volcano under Yellowstone National Park in California is an even bigger threat to the US than previously thought, scientists have found.

Researchers from the University of Utah said the volcano's magma chamber - a lake of molten rock beneath the National Park - is approximately 2.5 times bigger than earlier estimates suggested.

If the volcano were to erupt today, scientists predict that the resulting ash cloud would affect areas 1,000 miles away, leaving two thirds of the entire US uninhabitable.

The team discovered that the underground cavern is more than 90km long, containing up to 600 cubic km of molten rock.

Prof Bob Smith, of the University of Utah, said: "We've been working there for a long time, and we've always thought it would be bigger but this finding is astounding."

To gauge the size of the underground magma chamber, the research team used a series of seismometers placed around the park.

Dr Jamie Farrell, part of the research team, said: "We record earthquakes in and around Yellowstone, and we measure the seismic waves as they travel through the ground.

"The waves travel slower through hot and partially molten material. With this, we can measure what's beneath."

Yellowstone is the largest supervolcano on the continent and has erupted several times in the last two million years.

The National Park is famous for its underground lava lake, which fuels its iconic hot springs. Most of the molten rock lies a few kilometres below Earth's surface.

Smith added that researchers could not tell when the supervolcano would blow again but some are of the belief that an eruption is on its way, despite the volcano erupting every 700,000 years. - IBT.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: In Australia, Volcano's Past Sounds Alarm About Next Eruption!

December 11, 2013 - AUSTRALIA - If the Mount Gambier volcano in Australia were to erupt with the same magnitude that it did 5,000 years ago, it’s impact would reach as far as 60 miles away from the eruption site.

"When and where the next eruption will occur is unknown," says Jozua van Otterloo. "Although statistics
tell us it could be a long time before the next eruption, the main hazard is that when it does, we will
only have a few days warning." (Credit: David Hewett/Flickr)

Scientists used 3D geometrical computer modeling and thermodynamics—the study of the relationship between different forms of energy—to determine the size and magnitude of the Mount Gambier eruption.

It is believed to be the first time the magnitude and size of a volcano on Australian mainland has been calculated, based on volume estimates of the volcanic deposits, and modeling of the volcanic plume, ash-dispersal, and thermodynamics.

Australia’s most recently active volcano registered as a size four eruption on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI)—a similar size to the Eyjafjallaj√∂kull, Iceland eruption in 2010, which caused global chaos. Australia could face the same scale of tragedy if a volcano west of Melbourne was to erupt.

“Little is known about the magnitude of eruptions from this volcanic province (the Newer Volcanics) that stretches around 400 kilometers between Melbourne and Mount Gambier,” says Jozua van Otterloo of the School of Geosciences at Monash University. “It has over 400 eruption centers and has been active for at least 4 to 5 million years.

“Normally the size and magnitude of eruptions of active volcanoes are determined based on observations during these eruptions. Using 3D geometrical modeling, we’ve shown it is also possible to obtain volume estimates for different deposits of a prehistoric, monogenetic volcanic center.”

130,000 Olympic pools

For the study, published in the Bulletin of Volcanology, the team produced a diagram showing the impact of ash plume as it dispersed from the 2010 Iceland eruption over Europe, but juxtaposed over Australia with the eruption in Mount Gambier.

It was shown that the amount of material dispersed during the Mount Gambier eruption was equivalent to the volume of 130,000 Olympic pools.

“Magma rose to the surface from a depth of 80 kilometers (50 miles) and a large part of that magma interacted with the shallow groundwater which made the eruption so violent. With an ash plume of at least 5 to 10 kilometers (3 to 6 miles) high, the eruption can be classified as a size four eruption on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI),” van Otterloo says.

“When and where the next eruption will occur is unknown. That is why our team continues undertaking extensive research in the area. Although statistics tell us it could be a long time before the next eruption, the main hazard is that when it does, we will only have a few days warning.”

A similar eruption in the region would cause closure of the major airspace of eastern Australia, health risks from fine ash composed of glass fragments, destruction of crops, and impacts on livestock up to 100 kilometers (62 miles) from the erupting site and disruption to local infrastructure, van Otterloo says.

“Understanding explosive volcanism aids the community to manage risk and provides insight into potential regional or global disruptions including to infrastructure, and impact on climate.” - Futurity.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Klyuchevskoy Volcano In Russia’s Kamchatka Spews Ash 6km High!

December 11, 2013 - RUSSIA - The Klyuchevskoy Volcano erupting in Kamchatka has spewed ash six kilometers high, the Kamchatkan territorial emergency situations department reported on Wednesday.

“The volcanic event occurred on Wednesday afternoon. The ash cloud stretched 250 kilometers east-northeast. The towns of Ust-Kamchatsky and Krutoberegovo are situated in the path of the ash cloud,” it said.

No ash fall has been reported from towns on the peninsula, according to the department. An orange alert has been issued for the volcano.

The Klyuchevskaya Sopka (Klyuchevskoy) volcano, which is 4,850 meters tall, is an active stratovolcano situated in the east of Kamchatka.

It is one of the most active volcanoes in Eurasia. The villages of Klyuchi and Kozyryok are located a mere 45 kilometers from it. - VOR.

PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: Village In Madagascar Hit By Deadly Outbreak Of BUBONIC PLAGUE - At Least 20 People Found Dead!

December 11, 2013 - MADAGASCAR - A village in Madagascar has been hit by a deadly outbreak of the bubonic plague, medical experts on the island have confirmed.

Tests were carried out after at least 20 people in the village, near the north-western town of Mandritsara, were reported to have died last week.

The International Committee of the Red Cross warned in October that Madagascar was at risk of a plague epidemic.

The disease is transmitted to humans via fleas, usually from rats.

 Bubonic plague, known as the Black Death when it killed an estimated 25 million people in Europe during the Middle Ages, is now rare.

Madagascar's prisons are overcrowded and dirty, the ICRC says.

An ICRC-led programme is working to reduce prison rat populations.

Last year, Madagascar had 60 deaths from the plague, the world's highest recorded number.

The Pasteur Institute of Madagascar confirmed on Tuesday that tests taken from bodies in the village last week showed that they had died of the bubonic plague.

The BBC's Tim Healy in the capital, Antananarivo, says health officials have now gone to the remote area to investigate.

There has been a programme to exterminate rats, fleas and cockroaches in Madagascar's prisons to avoid outbreaks of the plague, which is spread because of unhygienic conditions, he says.

The Pasteur Institute said there were concerns that the disease could spread to towns and cities where living standards have declined since a coup in 2009 and the ensuing political crisis.

On 20 December a second round is being held of presidential elections aimed at ending the political deadlock.

What is bubonic plague?

  •     Caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis
  •     Essentially a disease of wild rodents, spread by fleas
  •     Plague spreads to humans either by the bite of infected fleas or rats
  •     Does not spread from person to person
  •     Patients develop swollen, tender lymph glands (called buboes) and fever, headache,
        chills and weakness
  •     It is treatable if caught early, but can be lethal

- BBC.