Wednesday, January 15, 2014

MONUMENTAL MASS FISH DIE-OFF: "They're ALL GONE" - Shock As Sardines VANISH Off The Pacific Coast; Fishermen Can't Find A Single One All Summer From Canada To United States To Mexico; The Young Aren't Surviving; NOAA Don't Know Why; Scientists Are Baffled?!

January 15, 2014 - NORTH AMERICA - Experts are baffled by a confirmed and unexpected die-off of the West Coast’s sardine population, a mystery adding to an already long list of devastating environmental mysteries taking place in the wake of the Fukushima radiological disaster.

Scientists Baffled By Mass Sardine Die-Off On West Coast
File Photo: Thousands of Sardines suffocated to death in Californian marina. Crew members kept
digging and vacuuming tons of fish that decomposed in a huge quantity - March, 2011.

One that follows not only the discovery of various radiation hot spots along the very same coast, such as a 1,400% increase as documented by Infowars‘ ongoing investigation into the subject, but anomalies such as seen with the conjoined gray whale calves that were found dying along the coast. Meanwhile, the mainstream media has once again failed to even mention the reality that Fukushima’s effects have already been documented within the United States. From studies proving the radioactive contamination of seafood, to the admission that 70 plus percent of the radioactive waste from the plant was dumped directly into the ocean.

Still, however, the media runs around without a clue:

“Scientists are uncertain of what is causing the biggest sardine crash in generations, which is expected to wreak havoc up the food chain and cause economic problems for those who fish,” a recent Los Angeles Times article states.

The steep decline of 74 percent of the sardine population is not the first that’s ever been documented, but it is the most drastic in the last 60 years, according to the Times.

At the start of 2011, the sardine population was absolutely booming. “In the last 100 years, the number of small fish – such as pilchards, herrings, anchovies sprats and sardines – has more than doubled, according to a study,” the Daily Mail reported in February 2011, mere months before a tsunami slammed into Japan’s Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear reactor.

The massive fish decline follows a spate of strange ocean occurrences that appear to have sprung up in synchronicity with the timing of the nuclear meltdown.

For example, a recent study found 98 percent of the ocean floor is covered with dead sea life, a number that has increased 97 percent in the last two years alone. “In the 24 years of this study, the past two years have been the biggest amounts of this detritus by far,” a marine biologist with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute told National Geographic last November.

Also, marine biologists are researching the cause of “melting” sea stars all along the West Coast, a mysterious illness scientists termed “sea star wasting disease.” During the Infowars team’s investigation of West Coast radiation, we also found the disease in Charleston, Oregon, an area previously thought to be unaffected.

The fact that fallout from the Fukushima nuclear disaster has been predicted to reach the US coast by 2014, in addition to the fact that scientists will soon begin monitoring California kelp for signs of Fukushima radiation leads many to speculate the radioactive plume has already hit the coast.

Indeed, readings taken up and down the West Coast appear to corroborate this. Ambient radiation readings taken at almost every location were consistently nearly double normal levels, a startling indicator that ionizing radiation may already be bombarding the people that live along the West Coast of North America.

The US government’s recent purchase of 14 million doses of potassium iodide also fuels concerns that radiation has already made its way to the West Coast.

Despite a growing body of evidence that something fishy is definitely going on in the Pacific, the federal government, along with the Japanese government and even some academic officialdom have refused to acknowledge a link to the crippled reactor. - Info Wars.

Shock As Sardines Vanish Off The Entire Pacific Coast
Long Beach Press Telegram, Jan. 13, 2014: Sardine vanish off the coast; squid and anchovy fill the void for fishermen — [Larry Derr] has pulled up [Pacific sardines] by the ton since the 1980s [...] it was a shock when he couldn’t find one of the shiny silver-blue coastal fish all summer [...] anchovies have proven a poor replacement since sardines became scarce. Fortunately, a boom in market squid has propelled Derr and other coastal pelagic fishers. [...]

Some have attributed recent rashes of sea lion pup and pelican deaths to the sardine population decline, which began a few years ago and was officially recognized in December [...] “Everybody’s calling me every day for sardines,” Derr said. “They’re all gone. Even Monterey Bay Aquarium is still waiting for some to restock one of their exhibits.” [...]

Kerry Griffin, NOAA: “Is it El Nino? Pacific Decadal Oscillation? El Nina? Long-term climate change? More marine mammals eating sardines? Did they all go to Mexico or farther offshore? We don’t know.”

Russ Vetter, NOAA: “They haven’t had a good recruitment [...] You have to have adults that produce the eggs and then environmental conditions that would allow them to grow and then to not have them eaten by pelicans and terns, etc. It’s always complicated about why a fish egg doesn’t make it through the problems but we do know that, when the ocean is on the cooler side, conditions aren’t right.”

Geoff Shester, scientist with Oceana: “This is about the entire Pacific coast including the U.S. and Mexico, not just British Columbia [...] If fishermen have stopped fishing because they’ve hit their quota, that’s one thing. But they’re stopping because they can’t find any fish. That means fishery management is failing. [...] We’re in an emergency situation right now. Any fishing is overfishing when the stock is in this condition.” - ENE News.

MASS FISH DIE-OFF: "The Fishery Doesn't Exist Anymore" - An Estimated 100,000 Trout, Bass And Catfish Mysteriously Found Dead In Nevada Marina?!

January 15, 2014 - UNITED STATES - State wildlife officials are trying to figure out why all the fish have died in a northern Nevada marina where the stocked fishery has flourished since the man-made lake was created nearly 15 years ago.

AP Photo/Andy Barron

An estimated 100,000 trout, bass and catfish have died over the past month in the Sparks Marina along U.S. Interstate 80 east of Reno, apparently the result of a dramatic, unexplained drop in dissolved oxygen levels, Nevada Department of Wildlife spokesman Chris Healy said Wednesday.

Scientists say a bitter cold snap could have caused oxygen-poor waters to rise from the old rock quarry's bottom to the surface, but they don't understand what sparked the massive die-off.

Fish biologists confirmed low oxygen levels caused the death of an estimated 3,000 fish in one corner of the lake in mid-December, but Healy said they thought at the time that the event was localized and of limited impact. Since then, they've been unable to detect any live fish in the 77-acre lake. Numerous dead fish have been removed from the lake's shoreline, and Healy said it's likely the rest sank to the bottom.

"The 100,000 dead fish figure is something that is probably a pretty conservative guess," said Healy, who estimates they've stocked close to 1 million adult fish in the lake since they started in 1998.

"We don't know if any small fish have survived, but for all intents and purposes, the fishery doesn't exist anymore," he told The Associated Press.

The Reno Gazette-Journal first reported scientists determined the problem was much more serious than they realized after a boat survey on Monday found dissolved oxygen levels far too low to support the fish at 11 different sampling locations. Readings from an electronic fish-finder also revealed no fish swimming in the lake's depths.

Lakes like the marina consist of different layers of water temperatures, with the warmest water on top holding the highest oxygen content, Healy said. He said one theory is that the surface water may have chilled very quickly, sank toward the bottom of the lake and stirred up material on its floor, causing a "violent turnover" that could have sucked up additional oxygen.

"Everything is a theory right now," Healy said.

Sparks city spokesman Adam Mayberry emphasized there's no health or safety threat at the marina. He said the water typically is of good quality and no similar problems have occurred before.

"Even with the biological anomaly we are seeing, it's still a very safe body of water," he said. "You just can't fish in the marina right now because there aren't any fish there, and we are trying to figure out why."

The Sparks Marina opened in 2000, with a 2-mile walking and bike trail, beaches, playgrounds, picnic areas and a fishing pier. The former aggregate pit operated by Helms Construction Co. had been found to be contaminated in 1988 by pollutants leaking from an adjacent tank farm, but state environmental officials said all the pollution had been cleaned up before a 1997 New Year's Day flood sent Truckee River waters into the pit.

Michael Drinkwater, manager of the Truckee Meadows Wastewater Reclamation Facility which collects water from the lake, is awaiting results of new toxicity tests conducted last week but said routine testing has revealed no problems before. He told the Gazette-Journal there's no obvious indication hydrocarbon pollution could be associated with the die-off.

Healy said testing earlier this week found dissolved oxygen levels in the range of 1.1 to 1.9 parts per million. Fish do best with levels in the range of 7 to 9 parts per million and typically can't survive when it drops below 5 parts per million, he said.

The department annually stocks the marina in late February or early March 1, but he said they won't be doing that this year unless the dissolved oxygen level "makes a big recovery." - AP.

FIRE IN THE SKY: "Possible, Unusual Meteor Shower" - Remote Chance Of ISONids Meteors From Comet ISON's Debris; Earth Will Pass Through This Debris Stream This Week; Expect Increase In Noctilucent Clouds!

January 15, 2014 - SPACE - One of the exciting possibilities from last year’s erstwhile comet celebrity – Comet C/2012 S1 ISON – was that the comet might spawn a meteor shower, visible this month. Will it? Astronomers agree: the chance is extremely remote that we’ll see meteors from Comet ISON in January 2014. Still, nature can be unpredictable, and the sky often surprises us.

Gerald Rhemann in Namibia in SW Africa captured this photo of Comet ISON on November 21, 2013, one
week before the comet’s fateful encounter with the sun. Visit Gerald’s website Sky Vistas. The dust left
behind by ISON is thought to be only microns in size, too small to create a typical meteor shower.

Comet ISON is dead. Why expect to see anything at all? Comet ISON is gone. If you joined the excitement on the days around November 28, 2013, you saw the comet sweep past the sun … and quickly disintegrate. Even the Hubble Space Telescope hasn’t found any sign of it; no one has.

Still, astronomers are optimists. They’re always hoping to see something awesome in the night sky. Veteran meteor observer Robert Lunsford of the American Meteor Society published at on January 9, 2014, saying:
During the inbound portion of the comet’s orbit, the comet passed approximately 2 million miles from the Earth’s orbit. The Earth arrives at this point on January 15, 2014. Normally, this distance is too great to produce meteor activity on Earth.

Comet ISON was producing a large amount of dust prior to its disintegration. Some feel that despite the distance that some of this dust may still reach the Earth …
Lunsford went on to say that meteor observers are encouraged to view any possible display of meteor activity despite the full moon on January 15.

Noctilucent clouds courtesy of Brian Whittaker via NASA

Noctilucent clouds over the Solway Firth thanks to EarthSky Facebook friend Adrian Strand. Instead
of creating a meteor shower, the fine dust from Comet ISON might create an increase in these icy,
electric-blue clouds, which are typically visible at high latitudes.

Meteors – or something else – from Comet ISON? But a meteor shower from Comet ISON has always been a remote possibility. Last April, NASA published an article about a possible ISON meteor shower, based on calculations made by meteor researcher Paul Wiegert of the University of Western Ontario. He used a computer to model the trajectory of dust ejected by Comet ISON, and his findings suggested a possible, unusual meteor shower. Wiegert was quoted as saying:
For several days around January 12, 2014, Earth will pass through a stream of fine-grained debris from Comet ISON. The resulting shower could have some interesting properties.
He went on to point out that the individual dust particles from Comet ISON are calculated to be only a few microns in size. That’s too small to produce meteors bright enough to be visible to the unaided eye. Although the dust particles are calculated to be hitting Earth’s atmosphere at a speed of 50+ km/s (more than 125,000 mph), the particles are so small that Earth’s upper atmosphere will rapidly slow them to a stop. Wiegert said:
Instead of burning up in a flash of light, they will drift gently down to the Earth below.
If that’s the case, we won’t see meteors from Comet ISON, but we might see what are called noctilucent clouds – also called night-shining clouds. They are icy clouds that glow electric-blue as they float more than 80 km above Earth’s poles. People at high latitudes see them a certain times of year, and they are also very beautiful.

What’s more, Wiegert said, the invisible rain of dust from Comet ISON, if it occurs, would be very slow. It might take months or even years for fine dust to settle out of the high atmosphere. Months or years or noctilucent clouds? In my book, that would be a fair trade for no meteor shower.

If there is an ISON meteor shower, it’ll radiate from the constellation Leo, which is highest in the sky
around 2 a.m. no matter where you are on Earth. Chart via Robert Lunsford and the American
Meteor Society. Click here to read Lunsford’s article about meteors from Comet ISON.

What are the best dates to watch again? Robert Lunsford of the American Meteor Society said that January 15, 2014 was the best date to watch for possible meteors from Comet ISON. Paul Wiegert of the University of Western Ontario said “several days around January 12.” So you can see that there’s a lot of uncertainty here. If you really intend to watch, try January 12, 13, 14, and 15. What the heck? You probably won’t have clear skies on all of those nights, anyway.

Lunsford, who created the chart above, suggests that the radiant point for this possible meteor shower from Comet ISON would lie in the constellation Leo the Lion. Leo rises during early evening hours now and is highest in the sky near 2 a.m. local standard time (that’s around 2 a.m., no matter where you are on Earth).
If we do get a meteor shower from ISON, he wrote:
These meteors, if any, would strike the atmosphere at a speed of 51 km/second, which is a medium-fast meteor with an average duration of less than 1 second.
Good luck, you wild and crazy meteor-watcher, you!

Bottom line: We are unlikely to get a meteor shower from Comet ISON. But that won’t keep veteran meteor-watchers from trying to observe a possible shower. Best dates to watch are the nights from January 12-15, 2014.

You can begin watching during the evening hours, but the radiant in the constellation Leo is highest in the sky around 2 a.m. no matter where you are on Earth. If we don’t get any meteors, it’s still possible we’ll have an increase in noctilucent or night-shining clouds, created in the dust left behind by Comet ISON. - EarthSky.

BIG BROTHER NOW: The Rise Of The Global Police State - NSA Uses Quantum Program To Target Offline Computers With Radio-Waves For Surveillance And Cyber-Attacks; About 100,000 Computers Infiltrated; Altering Your Data Without Needing Internet Access!

January 15, 2014 - UNITED STATES - The National Security Agency has implanted software in about 100,000 computers around the world, allowing the United States to surveil those machines while creating a trail that can be used to launch cyber-attacks.

AFP Photo

Though most of the software is installed by gaining access to computer networks, the NSA can also employ technology that enters computers and alters data without needing internet access.

The secret technology uses covert radio waves transmitted from small circuit boards and USB cards clandestinely inserted into targeted computers, The New York Times reported. The waves can then be sent to a briefcase-sized relay station intelligence agencies can set up just miles away, according to NSA documents, computer experts and US officials.

The radio frequency technology - which often needs to be physically inserted by a spy, manufacturer or unwitting user - has helped US spies access computers that global adversaries have gone to great lengths to protect from surveillance or cyber-attack.

The NSA calls use of the infiltration software and radio technology - all part of a program known as Quantum - “active defense” against cyber-attacks, though it has condemned use of similar software by Chinese attackers against American companies or government agencies.

“What’s new here is the scale and the sophistication of the intelligence agency’s ability to get into computers and networks to which no one has ever had access before,” James Andrew Lewis, cyber security expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, told The Times. “Some of these capabilities have been around for a while, but the combination of learning how to penetrate systems to insert software and learning how to do that using radio frequencies has given the U.S. a window it’s never had before.”
Quantum targets

The Chinese Army has been the most frequent target of Quantum. The US has accused the Chinese Army of infiltrating American industrial and military targets to often pilfer secrets or intellectual property.

Other Quantum targets include Russian military networks, systems used by Mexican police and drug cartels, trade institutions within the European Union and even allies like Saudi Arabia, according to American officials and NSA materials that show sites that the agency calls “computer network exploitation.”

There is no evidence that Quantum’s capabilities were used in the US. While not commenting on the scope of the program, the NSA said Quantum is not comparable to actions by the Chinese.

“NSA’s activities are focused and specifically deployed against — and only against — valid foreign intelligence targets in response to intelligence requirements,” Vanee Vines, an agency spokeswoman, said in a statement. “We do not use foreign intelligence capabilities to steal the trade secrets of foreign companies on behalf of — or give intelligence we collect to — U.S. companies to enhance their international competitiveness or increase their bottom line.”

Parts of Quantum were revealed by documents leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. A Dutch newspaper published a map indicating where the US had inserted spy software, usually in secret. Der Spiegel recently published the NSA’s collection of hardware products used for transmitting and receiving digital signals from computers, known as ANT.

The NSA's Spy Catalog (Image from

An NSA advisory panel, ordered and staffed by President Barack Obama to review NSA practices following the Snowden leaks, recommended the spy agency cease exploiting flaws in common software in the name of US surveillance. The panel also suggested the NSA stop undermining vital encryption protections.

“Holes in encryption software would be more of a risk to us than a benefit,” said Richard A. Clarke, a former intel official and member of the review group. “If we can find the vulnerability, so can others. It’s more important that we protect our power grid than that we get into China’s.”

President Obama is scheduled to announce Friday what portions of the panel’s recommendations he is accepting. Reuters reported Tuesday that one policy suggestion from the panel received criticism from an unlikely place recently.

In a letter sent to Obama on behalf of the federal judicial system as a whole, former federal judge John Bates, the director of the Administrative Office of the US courts, warned against a possible "Public Interest Advocate,” which would represent privacy and civil liberty concerns before the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act court. The secretive FISA court approves US government spying requests.
100,000 implants worldwide

A 2008 map, revealed in the Snowden leaks, offers 20 programs to gain access to major fiber optic cables in the US and places like Hong Kong and the Middle East. The map indicates that the US has already conducted “more than 50,000 worldwide implants.” Though a more recent budget document said that by the end of 2013, the figure would be at around 85,000. A senior officials told The Times the figure was more like 100,000.

Officials told The Times most of the implants, by far, were for surveillance and to serve as early warning for a cyber-attack aimed at the US. One official likened them to buoys used to track submarines.

The US has targeted a Chinese Army unit thought to be responsible for most of the bigger cyber-attacks wielded against the US. Documents from Snowden’s trove show the US has two data centers in China from which it can insert malware into computers.

The US maintains Quantum is not used for economic purposes, as it has complained that Chinese attacks have done.

WATCH: Rep. Holt - It's scary how capable the NSA is.

“The argument is not working,” said Peter W. Singer, co-author of a new book called “Cybersecurity and Cyberwar.” “To the Chinese, gaining economic advantage is part of national security. And the Snowden revelations have taken a lot of the pressure off” the Chinese.

The radio-transmission technology employs many gadgets revealed by Der Spiegel in December. Among them is Cottonmouth I, a normal-looking USB plug with a small transceiver that transmits information from a computer “through a covert channel” that allows “data infiltration and exfiltration.” Most of the revealed products are at least five years old, The Times reports, but have been updated to make the US less dependent on hardware installation in its surveillance operations.

The NSA would not discuss the devices despite publication of the documents describing them by the European news outlets.

“Continuous and selective publication of specific techniques and tools used by NSA. to pursue legitimate foreign intelligence targets is detrimental to the security of the United States and our allies,” said Vines.

Meanwhile, a bipartisan group of US House lawmakers introduced legislation on Tuesday that would require President Obama to unveil budget figures for all 16 spy agencies. The secretive “black budget” for US intelligence agencies was reported to be $53 billion for fiscal year 2013, based on documents from Snowden reported by The Washington Post. - RT.

PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: The Human Fatality Rate Is 60% - There Are "Grave Concerns That H5N1 Will Become Easily Transmissible Between Humans;" Health Officials Admit Canadian Woman’s Bird Flu Death Is "Odd"?!

January 15, 2014 - CANADA - Canadian health officials have admitted they are confused over how a fit and healthy 20 year old hospital worker has died of H5N1.

The Alberta woman was a care worker at the Red Deer regional Hospital. She showed signs of illness on the return flight from Beijing on December 27th and died, in hospital on January 3rd.

Wenquing Zhang head of the World Health Organization said of the case:
“At the moment, we know that the woman didn’t visit a poultry farm or a poultry market.”
The fact that the first case of H5N1 in North America does not seem to have come from direct contact with poultry is worrying doctors and scientists alike. There is no evidence of H5N1 spreading between humans without sustained contact, and questions are being asked about if the flight from Beijing to Edmonton, which takes a touch over 11 hours qualifies as sustained contact. If so, then other passengers may well have been exposed and are at risk from the virus. Symptoms usually show up between two and ten days after exposure to the virus, with the mean average being eight days.

Coming in winter, and with seasonal flu cases mounting there are grave concerns that H5N1 will mix with this years circulating virus and via genetic reassortment will become easily transmissible between humans.

The Pandemic potential of H5N1 is frightening. Currently humans have no immunity from the virus and with a 60% mortality rate the consequences of such a pandemic would be devastating. Osteltamivir (Tamiflu) has proved effective in some cases but not in all, with the virus showing resistance in some patients, just as it has in H1N1. - SHTF Plan.

H5N1 Strain From Alberta Nurse Resembles Chinese Strain
Researchers at the National Microbiology Laboratory aim to analyze genome data from the H5N1 virus
taken from an Alberta patient to learn more about the specific characteristics of the virus.
(Cynthia Goldsmith, Jacqueline Katz, Sherif R. Zaki/CDC)

Canadian scientists studying H5N1 bird flu virus samples taken from an Alberta woman who died with the infection say that so far it seems to resemble a Chinese strain. 

Researchers at Canada's National Microbiology Laboratory and Alberta’s provincial laboratory isolated samples of the virus and are working on sequencing it.

They’re looking to see if the sequence is the same as previous ones in the search for clues to the Jan. 3 death.

"Based on the genome sequence data collected to date, researchers at the [National Microbiology Laboratory] have found it to be consistent with a previously circulating H5N1 strain from China," a spokesperson said in an email Wednesday.

"The first research priority for the NML is to complete the whole genome sequence of the virus, and then analyze the data to learn more about the specific traits and characteristics of the virus. The genome analysis will help inform and guide all future research priorities."

If the sample differs from previous samples, then researchers could take a closer look.

The sample will also be shared with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Once the genome sequencing is complete, the information will be uploaded to the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) and be made available to researchers around the world.

No contact with poultry in China

The Red Deer Hospital nurse, who was in her 20s, had travelled to Beijing for a three-week visit.

Earlier this week, investigators with Alberta Health Services and the National Microbiology Laboratory provided more clinical details about the patient.

Virologist Kevin Fonseca of Alberta Health Services and his colleagues said the patient experienced symptoms of malaise, chest pain, and fever during the return flight on Dec. 27 and went to the local emergency department on Dec. 28.

One of the mysteries is that she had no known contact with poultry during her trip, public health officials said in announcing the case — the first reported death from avian flu in North America. No H5N1 outbreaks have been reported in Beijing recently.

After a chest X-ray and CT scan suggested a diagnosis of pneumonia, the woman was prescribed an antibiotic and discharged home.

The patient came back to the same emergency department on Jan. 1 with worsening inflammation of the membrane surrounding the lung, chest pain, shortness of breath, a mild headache that felt worse when she moved her head, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms, Fonseca’s team said in their posting on ProMed, an internet-based disease alert system.

On Jan. 2, the patient reported visual changes and a continuing headache. As oxygen needs increased, doctors admitted her to the ICU for intubation and ventilation.

In the early morning of Jan. 3, she had sudden tachycardia or fast heart rate and severe hypertension, followed by hypotension. Doctors took steps to keep her heart beating.

At this point, the patient’s pupils were dilated and there was no response to pain. Further tests and a neurologic exam indicated brain death.

"The attending physician felt that, while unlikely, avian influenza was possible given the travel history and neurological symptoms, and contacted the local medical officer of health on 3 Jan. 2014 to report to public health. Contact tracing of family and hospital contacts was initiated as a precaution, given the severity of the illness and its rapid progression," the team wrote.

"This case identifies a number of key issues, the first being the rapid onset and tragic death of a young, healthy traveller due to an avian influenza A(H5N1) infection. The index of suspicion was low as travel was to an area in China where there have been no recent reports of the circulation of this virus, and coupled with no obvious exposure to poultry, the diagnostic work-up and consideration for A(H5N1) infection was very low.

"The clinical course, detection of the virus in the [cerebrospinal fluid], and results of imaging studies are consistent with an infection of the brain. A review of the literature indicates that such events are uncommon in humans." From a laboratory perspective, they said, the case also showed the value of having screening tests to identify influenza subtypes. - CBC.

ICE AGE NOW: Piece Of Polar Vortex To Bring Another Surge Of Cold Air Into The United States - Will Push Temperatures 10 Degrees Lower Than Average!

January 15, 2014 - UNITED STATES - In the wake of the mild air that has been sitting over much of the eastern half of the nation over the past few days, colder weather will move in for the end of the week.

This surge of cold air will be a piece of the polar vortex breaking off and coming southward.

The cold air will begin to push into the northern Plains and Great Lakes on Thursday and will continue to push south and east, reaching the East Coast by the weekend.

This time around, the cold will not be nearly as bitter as the cold wave that smashed records in places early last week. During that stretch, many places had temperatures that were 30 to 40 degrees below average.

This blast of colder air will produce temperatures that are closer to 10 degrees lower than average. Many places along the I-95 corridor will still have highs near or above freezing at the peak of the chill this weekend.

"This next main arctic blast will not rival, nor will it be as extensive as the event last week," Lead Long-Range Forecaster Paul Pastelok said.

Even so, the air mass will be cold enough to allow temperatures to drop below zero at night from Minnesota into northern Wisconsin.

With temperatures this low, it's crucial to limit time outdoors and make sure to cover exposed skin to prevent hypothermia and frostbite.

As this piece of the polar vortex starts to move away, temperatures will begin to rebound by Sunday across the Great Lakes. In the East, temperatures will start to bounce back on Monday.

However, additional waves of cold air will follow.

According to Senior Meteorologist Alex Sosnowski, "The polar vortex will act like a giant pinwheel or anchor for waves of cold air and clipper storms from the Upper Midwest to the Northeast through the second half of the month." - AccuWeather.

EXTREME WEATHER: Dry Lightning Sparks 256 Fires Amid Heatwave In Victoria, Australia - Total Fire Ban Across The State As Temperatures Are Expected To Exceed 46C!

January 15, 2014 - AUSTRALIA - Crews have worked throughout the night extinguishing hundreds of fires in the driest parts of Victoria sparked by dry lightning from electrical storms.

Electrical storm in Craigieburn last night. Photo: Supplied.

CFA state duty officer Scott Purdy told 3AW radio crews responded to 256 fires between 5pm and 12am.

The Mallee and Wimmera received the most strikes as electrical storms hit the region and continued to other parts of the state including the central Victorian towns of Castlemaine, Daylesford, Woodend, Macedon, and metropolitan Melbourne.

There are still 22 fires burning in the Mallee. Waterbombing helicopters are monitoring the region and central Victoria to identify strikes before conditions worsen later in the week.

The CFA fears more dry lightning, which means lightning with not enough rain to combat its effect, will hit the state today.

The CFA battled several grass fires yesterday, with the most serious at Kangaroo Ground which is now under control.

There is a total fire ban across the state.

Hot night

Victorians endured a hot night and are facing another scorcher today.

The temperature stayed in the 30s for most of the night, dipping to 29.3C just after 5am - close to the January record of 30.6C in 2010.

The Bureau of Meteorology revised today's forecast for Melbourne from 39C to 41C after the mercury came close to 43C yesterday.

Firefighters battles a blaze at Penny's pine factory.  Photo: News Limited.

The bureau said the heat would increase quickly this morning, and Melbourne should be close to 40C soon after midday.

Temperatures will continue to peak above 40C tomorrow and Friday, with wind gusts of up to 100km/h expected to create dangerous fire conditions on Friday.

The heat was expected to reach 45C in parts of the state yesterday, but Mr Russell said Avalon, southwest of Melbourne, was among locations sweltering in temperatures exceeding 46C.

Police probe arson as houses saved

Waterbombing helicopters and dozens of fire trucks contained the blaze at Kangaroo Ground, north of Melbourne, that was believed to have been started by a bonfire.

Police are also investigating whether a fire bug was responsible for another fire at Little River.

Residents whose homes came within metres of the raging Little River grassfire said fire bugs had been a constant concern in the area.

A cluster of households in Little River, 51km southwest of Melbourne, were told to evacuate as several fire crews aided by waterbombing aircraft battled to control the fast-moving inferno.

Smoke billows from the Little River fire. Photo: News Limited.

At Kangaroo Ground an army of 31 fire trucks and three waterbombing aircraft battled to control a bushfire on difficult terrain as the inferno spread in several directions.

At Little River Stephen Baines said he returned home from work to find fire trucks screaming down the road and his neighbours being evacuated as firefighters tried to halt the flames at Bulban Rd.

"It was bloody scary," Mr Baines said.

He said the community suspected arson with the fire occurring exactly a year after grass fires in the same area which police believe were sparked by fire bugs.

"Mate this one was deliberately lit, just like the last one.

"We're all keeping an eye out," he said.

Victoria Police arson chemists have been at the scene trying to determine whether or not the blaze was suspicious.

Historic home damaged by fire

Heronswood historic homestead was engulfed by flames yesterday afternoon after a grassfire spread through the Mornington Peninsula suburb of Dromana.

The CFA said the home's freestanding cafe had been destroyed in the blaze, but the main house which dates back to 1864, suffered only minor damage.

CFA incident controller David Gibbs said the property's heritage farm and gardens were unlikely to have been damaged by fire.

Flames first reached the property and popular tourist attraction at around 5.45pm, but a water bomber soon put out the blaze.

Visitors to the house who were on site at the time were not injured by the fire, but the nearby freeway was closed.

The remains of the cafe at Heronswood. Photo: News Limited.

Power cut 'for planned maintenance'

Meanwhile, a power company cut off thousands of sweltering customers.

SP AusNet pressed ahead with planned blackouts to ­almost 1000 properties in 14 towns to carry out "essential bushfire mitigation" maintenance, robbing householders of aircon, fans and running water for up to six hours.

Upwey, Cockatoo, Glenrowan West and Thoona were hardest hit by the power pole replacements along with other upgrades.

"We couldn't do the work any earlier because we were doing other critical maintenance. We don't take the ­decision lightly and we do apologise," said spokesman Jonathon Geddes.

AEMO says there is enough reserve supply for today's heat, barring an "extreme" event.

SP AusNet expected more "planned outages" to affect about 190 customers in towns including Wangaratta and Narre Warren East today.

Beryl Wooller from Thoona in the state's northeast, said: discovered the power was out when she got up to water the garden at 7am yesterday. "Surely it was not that desperate? The power poles were not going to fall down".

"I have a freezer and fridge stacked full of food. If we had known we would have planned to get out for the day and put off the weekly shop," Mrs Wooller said.

Despite SP AusNet saying residents were sent letters two weeks ago, some claimed they were not notified. Others said they did not receive an SMS advising works were being brought forward several hours to avoid the hottest part of the day.

Left: Waterbombing was used to combat the fire at Kangaroo Ground. Right: Beaufort firefighter Robin Hill cools off.
Jay Town / News Limited

Acting Premier Peter Ryan said the company had advised the work was urgent.

"If they put the work off and it is of an urgent nature and then some disaster occurs then of course there is the obvious commentary to be made," Mr Ryan said.

Thousand of customers in Bayswater were affected by a heat-related network fault for less than an hour from 2pm yesterday.

More than 1000 customers in Powercor and Jemena areas including Port Fairy, Point Cook, Stawell, Coburg and Somerton also suffered outages in stifling conditions.

The Australian Energy Market Operator expects Victoria's daily electricity consumption to exceed 10,000 megawatts from today until Friday - 50 per cent more than a typical January weekday - as millions crank up the air conditioning. - Herald Sun.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: A Never-Before Seen Supervolcano Eruption Would Be Terrifying - A Super-Eruption Would Drive A Global Temperature Drop Of 10˚C For Over A Decade!

January 15, 2014 - VOLCANISM - Thank goodness Mount Sinabung isn’t a supervolcano.

Devastating supervolcanoes can erupt simply due to changes that happen in their giant magma chambers as they slowly cool, according to a new study. This finding marks the first time researchers have been able to explain the mechanism behind the eruptions of the largest volcanoes on Earth.

Geologists have identified the roots of a number of ancient and possible future supervolcanoes across the globe. No supervolcano has yet exploded in human history, but the rock record demonstrates how devastating any eruption would be to today’s civilisation. Perhaps most famous is the Yellowstone supervolcano in Wyoming, which has erupted three times in the past two million years (the last eruption occurred 600,000 years ago).

These giant volcanic time bombs seem to explode once every few hundred thousand years, and when they do, they throw huge volumes of ash into the sky. At Yellowstone, the eruption that happened two million years ago ejected more than 2,000km3 of material — enough to cover Greater London in a mile-thick layer of ash.

It is estimated that a super-eruption like that would drive a global temperature drop of 10˚C for more than a decade. Such a dramatic change in global climate is difficult to comprehend. Aside from the instant local devastation, there would be global impacts such as crop failures, followed by large famines.

Despite their potential threat, comparable to a large asteroid impact, the mechanisms and origins of super-eruptions have remained obscure. Modestly sized volcanoes operate on different time-scales and magnitudes, and their eruptions appear to be triggered by pulses of molten rock (magma), which increase the pressure in the underground magma chambers that feed their vents.

Two papers recently published in the journal Nature Geoscience try to solve the mystery of how super volcanoes are formed and how they erupt.

Using experiments and computer modelling, scientists have discovered what drives a super-eruption. They find that, over time, the underground magma becomes increasingly more buoyant. Eventually, it becomes a bit like a beach ball held down beneath the waves — when it is released, it shoots into the air, forced up by the dense water around it.

An artist’s impression showing the magma chamber of a supervolcano with partially molten
magma at the top. The pressure from its buoyancy is sufficient to punch through 10km
or more of the Earth’s crust above it. ESRF/Nigel Hawtin

In the first paper, a team led by Wim Malfait and Carmen Sanchez-Valle of ETH Zurich used a synchrotron (an accelerator that can generate intense X-rays) to measure the density, temperature, and pressure of molten rock held in conditions resembling those of a magma chamber several kilometres below the surface. This required them to mimic deep Earth conditions in the lab at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, holding samples at temperatures up to 1,700˚C and the pressure of 36,000 atmospheres.

To feed a supervolcano you need a huge magma chamber. The Zurich team’s results show that, as the magma chamber cools, it begins to solidify and crystals grow in it that are denser than the magma. As these fall to the base of the chamber, the remaining molten rock gets progressively less dense. If there is enough of it, their measurements indicate that the magma eventually becomes light enough that it can force its way through more than 10km of Earth’s overlying crust.

Co-author Carmen Sanchez-Valle, also at ETH Zurich, said: “Our research has shown that the pressure is actually large enough for the Earth’s crust to break. As it rises to the surface, the magma will expand violently, which is a well known origin of a volcanic explosion”.

The second paper by Luca Caricchi and colleagues at the University of Bristol, describes computer simulations of the same processes, finding that the buoyancy of melt in maturing magma chambers is also key to these huge events.

This contrasts with the way that more familiar smaller volcanoes erupt. There, blasts follow directly from rapid injections of magma, or from external events that release the pressure on it, such as earthquakes or even the melting of overlying glaciers, as seen in Iceland recently.

The results indicate that supervolcanoes just require a steady accumulation of molten rock that remains hot enough that it does not completely solidify — a massive eruption is then simply a matter of time. Thus, the eruption of massive supervolcanoes seems to be an inevitable part of their “life cycle”. Just as a sufficiently large star will necessarily generate a supernova, so a huge magma chamber should eventually become a massive eruption. - Business Insider.

EXTREME WEATHER: Victoria, Australia Buckles Under The Most Unrelenting Heatwave - High Threat To Power Supply; Temperatures Reach 44C; On Course To Peak Above 40C For FOUR Consecutive Days, For The First Time In 100 YEARS!

January 15, 2014 - AUSTRALIA - Engineers are racing to repair a crippled power generator and prevent statewide blackouts as Victorians brace for a new high in the record heatwave.

People sunbath at St Kilda Beach earlier this week. Picture: Getty Images Source: Getty Images

Melbourne is set to sizzle through 44C on Thursday as temperatures are on course to peak above 40C for four consecutive days, for the first time in 100 years.

Heart attacks are expected to soar between 5am and 11am as the heat escalates the danger for the most vulnerable.

As demand for power stretches capacity this week, the Australian Energy Market Operator signalled it may cut the amount of electricity provided to Victoria to prevent the entire system failing.

A State Government warning that up to 100,000 homes and businesses could be blacked out during Wednesday's peak failed to eventuate.

Basel Khalil, Ali Khouzam and Moe Kheb keep cool at Elwood Beach earlier in the week.
Picture: Getty Images
Source: Getty Images

But the energy regulator said it would continue to closely monitor power use in the coming days.

At Gippsland's Loy Yang, power station crews were battling to repair a broken generator needed to produce a quarter of the plant's electricity.

The Government was on Wednesday advised the generator should be fixed by midmorning on Thursday, otherwise the state could again come under threat of widespread power cuts.

A bat cools off in the Yarra River. Source: News Limited

While a normal January day sees Victoria using 6600MW, the state is forecast to exceed 10,000MW each day these week, peaking at 10,300 MW on Thursday.

Premier Denis Napthine urged Victorians to use their power as efficiently, warning that authorities may still be forced to cut electricity in the coming days.

"With those two hot days to go, we're going to be very, very much in the high electricity usage stage," Dr Napthine said.

"It's up to all Victorians to do their bit and … make sure we use our electricity wisely."

Extra paramedics have been called in this morning as cardiac arrests jumped 40 per cent across Melbourne the past two days.

Ambulance Victoria operations manager Paul Holman said crews were being called to more than 80 heat-related call-outs a day, including 27 cardiac arrests across Melbourne on Tuesday and Wednesday.

"It is not the daytime temperature that is the concern, it is the overnight temperature when the body does not get time to recover," he said.

The last string of extreme days during February 2009 claimed 374 Victorians.

Victoria's Chief Health Officer Dr Rosemary Lester said eight of the state's nine districts are now covered by heat health alerts, with the greatest fears for the elderly, children and those with chronic medial conditions.

"We know there are serious consequences from extreme heat and that can be increased hospitalisations and, unfortunately, increased deaths," Dr Lester said.

The Bureau of Meteorology has revised its projection from 41C to 44C after computer modelling signalled temperatures would climb even higher.

Mildura and Horsham are forecast to reach 44C, while Ouyen and Swan Hill are set to soar to 45C despite light winds later in the day.

WATCH: Threat to power supply as Victoria buckles under a heatwave that won't let up.


Up to 4pm on Wednesday, Ambulance Victoria paramedics treated 62 cases of heat exhaustion or heat stroke and five cases of children locked in cars.

Two girls, aged five years and 18 months, were found in a car unattended outside a Cobram shopping centre.

Senior Sergeant Mary-Jayne Kane said the mother had been spoken to and was on Wednesday afternoon still under investigation.

"It's a warning to people: don't leave your children in cars in the heat," she said.

Meanwhile hot and bothered commuters faced a third day of peak-hour train pain with 15-minute delays affecting services across the entire metropolitan train network.

The Cranbourne and Pakenham lines suffered major peak-hour delays on Wednesday night while the Sunbury line was partly suspended following a lightning strike.

Buses replaced trains between Mordialloc and Frankston. - Herald Sun.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Apocalyptic Scenes As Indonesia's Mount Sinabung Volcano Eruption Intensifies - 25,000 People Displaced; Alert Status At The Highest Level! [STUNNING PHOTOS]

January 15, 2014 - INDONESIA - A local broadcaster shows Indonesia's Mount Sinabung continuing to erupt on Tuesday (January 14) and displacing more than 25,000 villagers.

A mother holds her son as they watch the eruption of Mount Sinabung at Berastepu village on Jan. 10.
Mount Sinabung, a large volcano on Sumatra Island in Indonesia, has been erupting on and off since
September, covering the area with ash and forcing thousands of people to flee their homes.

A man looks at Mount Sinabung spewing ash from Jraya village on Jan. 13, 2014.  On Sunday, more than
25,000 villagers had to be evacuated following a series of eruptions and lava flows, the AFP reported.

The 2,460-meter volcano remains on the highest alert level and increasing numbers of people are fleeing their homes to seek refuge in shelters.

The government's alert status moved to its highest level after violent eruptions in recent months from the volcano that had lain dormant for four centuries.

A dog is seen at a chili plantation covered by ash from Mount Sinabung at Kebayakan village.

A dead bird lies on the ash-covered ground.

The window of a house is partially covered in ash after the volcano erupted at Bekerah village.

Mount Sinabung volcano spews ash during an eruption on Jan. 10, as seen from Berastepu village.

A dead dog lies on a street covered in ash at Tiga Pancur village.

Local TV station shows Indonesia's Mount Sinabung throwing out more ash and dust and displacing
more than 25,000 villagers. (Image captured from a Reuters TV clip)

According to the National Disaster Management Agency about 25,516 people are staying in 38 temporary shelters provided by local government.

The Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) put the volcano status on its highest status, warning the public and tourists to stay at least five kilometres from the crater.

Indonesia lies on the so-called the "Pacific Ring of Fire" with nearly 130 active volcanoes, more than any other country.

SOURCES: Solar News | Business Insider.

MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFF: "It's Horrific,... It's A Nightmare,... We Lost So Many Yesterday" - 500 Flying Foxes Found Dead From Heat Stress In Yarra Bend Park, Kew, Australia!

January 15, 2014 - AUSTRALIA - Up to 500 flying foxes died at Yarra Bend Park yesterday after the extreme heat decimated the colony.

Michele Phillips says that her Oakleigh South Animal Shelter has been inundated with heat stressed
wildlife, including this possum, and urgently needs donations of food and hydrating fluid.
Picture: Valeriu Campan
Source: News Limited

Animal rescuers are tending the animals on both the Boroondara and Darebin sides of the river, with rescuers describing the sight as "horrific".

The South Oakleigh Wildlife Shelter's Michele Phillips said the extreme heat had caused the creatures to literally "drop out of the trees".

"It's a nightmare. We lost so many yesterday," Ms Phillips said.

Rescuers are rallying at the Kew park with water spray and rehydrating fluid, trying to save thousands of remaining flying foxes.

"When they drop to the ground we are trying to rehydrate them, and we are spraying the ones still in the trees," Ms Phillips said.

Victorian Advocate of Animals spokesman Lawrence Pope said rescuers were finding many dead animals, and others barely alive.

"I just had one instance where I saw a mother trying to revive her baby and the baby literally died while I was standing there," Mr Pope said.

"It's completely due to the heat. The animals can't cope, especially the young ones."

Mr Pope said Parks Victoria and the Department of Primary Industries staff had joined the rescue mission and clean up.

"I think we've managed to save as many as we've found dead," Mr Pope said.

"Spraying (is) keeping the animals cool, but it is a delicate balancing act and we have to use our judgment as we don't want to disturb the colony too much."

"We will have people here over the next three days continuing to monitor the situation."

Ms Phillips, a wildlife rescue volunteer, said she was caring for about 70 heat-stressed animals and birds.

She said she had been inundated with calls from residents across Melbourne's southeast, including Bayside and Glen Eira, with heat-stressed wildlife, and in the last 24 hours had collected dozens of ill animals and taken them to vets.

"I have possums in every room, and brought all my birds from my 15 aviaries inside," Ms Philips said.

She appealed to people to put bowls of water outside for wildlife, and shade their gardens.

"If you find (wildlife) on the ground, put them into a box, try to give them water and ring me," she said.

She urged people not to hose down animals and birds, as it would stress them too much. - Herald Sun.

PLANETARY TREMORS: 4.4 Magnitude Earthquake Rattles Los Angeles Area, California!

January 15, 2014 - UNITED STATES - No injuries or major damage were reported in areas in the vicinity of a magnitude 4.4 earthquake that struck early Wednesday morning about three miles north of Fontana.

USGS earthquake location map.

The earthquake occurred at about 1:35 a.m. at a depth of 3.2 miles, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

The Fontana and Rialto police departments and the Los Angeles County Fire Department reported no injuries or major damage from the temblor.

WATCH: 4.4 magnitude earthquake rattles Fontana.

Though no major damage was reported, many residents took to Twitter to describe how they were affected, with some describing glasses falling out of cupboards and picture frames knocked off walls.

USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.

The ground-shaking event comes a day after Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti unveiled a new plan to tackle earthquake safety. That effort includes a new campaign to strengthen vulnerable buildings.

The announcement was made in the lead-up to the 20th anniversary of the destructive Northridge earthquake. - LA Times.

FIRE IN THE SKY: "Duck And Cover" - Americans Warned Of Imminent, Deadly Meteor Strikes; Unprecedented Increase In Fireballs, Loud Booms And Bright Flashes In The Sky Force The Physicians For Civil Defense To Issue Warning!

January 15, 2014 - UNITED STATES - With NASA reporting a “potentially hazardous” asteroid nearly half-a-mile wide possibly heading toward earth, and some upstate New Yorkers claiming they experienced a loud boom and a bright light in the sky last night caused by a meteor, a doctors’ organization is offering some timely advice:

File photo.

Just as when the American populace first prepared for the possibility of a nuclear blast, a person’s best option for surviving a meteor strike is the same “duck and cover” created during the 1940s and ’50s when nuclear weaponry was still in its infancy.

The warning comes from Physicians for Civil Defense, which issued a statement recently during a meeting of the Emergency Management Agency of Utah.

“All Americans, starting with first responders and emergency managers, need to know this basic life-saving principle: ‘Drop and cover if you see a sudden very bright light,’” said the statement from the organization’s spokeswoman, Jane Orient, M.D.

“Such a light will be followed by a deadly shock wave within seconds. Those who drop and cover will probably survive. Those who do not are likely to be killed or suffer severe injury.”

The organization’s goal is to save lives of first responders in the event of disasters, “especially terrorist attacks using dirty bombs or nuclear weapons.”

Members note that “in today’s unprepared America, the only feasible plan that could save millions of lives on very short notice is the Nuclear War Survival Skills plan, using simple, government-developed and tested technology.”

Those three-plan components include “Drop and Cover,” “Shelter in Place,” and “Radiologic Monitoring.”

The first features the 1951 video on how to drop and cover, protecting one’s head, neck and face, from the impact of an energy blast from a bomb, or a meteor strike.

WATCH:  Duck and Cover (1951).

Featured is a question-and-answer session between Orient and civil defense expert Steve Jones, who said, “Like everyone else, I was taught to ridicule ‘duck and cover.’”

But, he said, “If you examine the blast area of a nuclear device, there is a zone half a mile wide or a mile wide, depending on the size of the blast, where anyone standing would be killed, but persons who were lying down were almost guaranteed to live. Since lying down makes a difference between living and dying or receiving a serious injury, it is a very powerful lifesaving maneuver. It takes eight times the force to move a person if he is lying down rather than standing up. Of course the military taught this for years in combat situations. World War II vets came back and if they heard an explosion or saw a flash they hit the dirt. They were embarrassed because they would be walking down a city street and suddenly hit the ground.”

On the issue of sheltering in place, the doctors’ organization lists priorities: Food and water “IMMEDIATELY!”

The guide, specifically addressing the possibility of a bomb, also speaks of the material needed to protect from radiation.

The radiological monitoring step also is addressed for a bomb, and explains how to build more secure locations and monitor radiation that does invade.

On the issue of a meteor strike, Orient’s statement noted that, “During the 2013 Chelyabinsk meteor explosion, a fourth-grade teacher in Chelyabinsk, Yulia Karbysheva, saved 44 children from potentially life-threatening window glass cuts by ordering them to hide under their desks when she saw the flash.

“Ms. Karbysheva, who remained standing, was seriously lacerated when the explosion’s blast wave arrived and windows shattered. A tendon in her arm was severed, but not one of her students suffered a cut.”
“Large meteor strikes are sufficiently probable that both the U.S. and Russia are working on ways to divert them. In 1908 a meteor strike flattened 800 square miles of Siberian forest,” Orient said.

And stay calm, the doctors say.

“Mass bombing of London by Hitler in World War II created a panic that did more damage than the bombs in the early days,” the site explains. “Once the public got used to the bombings the panic ended along with damage caused by it. Likewise the scientists that brought in the nuclear age understood that panic caused by a nuclear bomb would do more damage than the bomb itself.”

While there was no reported damage, there was a bright flash that illuminated the skies over Providence, R.I., on Sunday evening.

The local ABC affiliate reported, “A mysterious light flashed through the sky Sunday night, maybe you saw it? Reports of a green and white, sparking light came pouring in across New England, but what exactly was that bright flash?

“Wrigley Bynum said his friends called him crazy, ‘I had people telling me, oh, you’re nuts!’ He wasn’t sure what he saw from his Charlestown deck flying through the sky. He goes on, ‘I thought maybe it was an aircraft, a shooting star at first, it didn’t burn out at first like a shooting star, so then thought maybe it was a plane or something going down but it didn’t have flames just a long tail.’”

In that incident, Michael Umbricht of the Ladd Observatory at Brown University explained it was a lone meteor, the type called a fireball because of its brilliance, that came into the atmosphere.

Orient told WND that the message is critical, whether an explosion comes from a bomb, a meteor’s shock wave, even an earthquake.

“We’re very interested in saving lives,” she said. “Nobody knows [this information].” It’s been forgotten and the civil defense experts have retired, or died.

“This [defensive maneuver] could save the most number of lives. … If you see a flash there are just seconds.” - WND.

MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFF: Most Frightening Mortality Event - 98 Percent Of Pacific Ocean Floor Covered In Dead Creatures?!

January 15, 2014 - PACIFIC OCEAN - A series of articles published in the last month–which have been heavily shared on Facebook–imply that the aftermath of Fukushima Daiichi disaster has left 98 percent of the Pacific Ocean covered with “dead sea creatures.” However, these articles–published on more than a few conspiracy websites–cite a National Geographic report for the data, but it makes no mention of the 2011 Japanese nuclear disaster.

The articles–including one from Activist Post–say that “one area of the Pacific Ocean floor was 98 percent covered by decomposing sea creatures in July 2012. But in March 2012, only 1 percent of that same section of the Pacific Ocean floor was covered by dead sea creatures.” The articles then suggest that the Fukushima disaster might be reason why.

They cite a National Geographic report, which itself cites a November study published in the “ roceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.”

However, the National Geographic article makes no mention of Fukushima, meaning that references to the earthquake-triggered Japanese nuclear plant disaster in 2011 may not be entirely accurate, and the references could even be misleading.

“In March 2012, less than one percent of the seafloor beneath Station M was covered in dead sea salps. By July 1, more than 98 percent of it was covered in the decomposing organisms, according to the study, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,” the National Geographic report states. “The major increase in activity of deep-sea life in 2011 and 2012 weren’t limited to Station M, though: Other ocean-research stations reported similar data.”

It adds that climate change–not Fukushima–is the “leading contender” for the increases in 2011 and 2012.

Christine Huffard, a marine biologist with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute in California, noted that such spikes are part of a long-term trend that scientists have not yet observed.

In an abstract, the study she worked on points to climate change.

“Global warming is now a well-documented phenomenon that is influencing every aspect of our world, from increased storm intensity to melting of polar ice sheets and rising sea level. The impact of such changes in climate is least known for the deep ocean, which covers over 60% of the earth’s surface,” it reads. - The Epoch Times.