Saturday, March 29, 2014

SOLAR WATCH: Sunspot 2017 Erupts With Strong X1.0 Solar Flare - Produces Massive Coronal Mass Ejection; Plasma Directed To The North And Away From Earth!

March 29, 2014 - SUN - Sunspot AR2017 has just unleashed an X1-class solar flare. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the extreme ultraviolet flash on March 29:

Imagery by SDO.

Sunspot 2017 located in the northwest quadrant produced the impulsive X1.0 solar flare peaking at 17:48 UTC.

WATCH:  Major X1-Class Solar Flare - March 29, 2014.


The flare was responsible for a brief radio blackout which effected the HF radio spectrum on the sunlit side of Earth during the middle of the CQ Worldwide WPX radio contest. Signals did recover quickly. 

X1.0 solar flare peaking at 17:48 UTC.
Region 2017 just produced an impulsive X1.0 solar flare at 17:48 UTC.
Image by EVE.

A CME associated with the X1 event is now visible in the latest STEREO Behind COR2 imagery. When watching this video courtesy of SDO, it would appear that most of the plasma was directed to the north and away from Earth. 

Attached is an updated coronagraph image courtesy of STEREO Behind showing a coronal mass ejection
(CME) leaving the sun following the X1 flare event earlier around region 2017.

ALERT: Type II Radio Emission
Begin Time: 2014 Mar 29 1753 UTC
Estimated Velocity: 4508 km/s
Comment: Associated with X1/2b event from Region 2017. Also associated with Castelli U radio Burst with 110,000 sfu burst on 245 MHz. Description: Type II emissions occur in association with eruptions on the sun and typically indicate a coronal mass ejection is associated with a flare event.

SUMMARY: 10cm Radio Burst
Begin Time: 2014 Mar 29 1745 UTC
Maximum Time: 2014 Mar 29 1746 UTC
End Time: 2014 Mar 29 1748 UTC
Duration: 3 minutes
Peak Flux: 360 sfu
Description: A 10cm radio burst indicates that the electromagnetic burst associated with a solar flare at the 10cm wavelength was double or greater than the initial 10cm radio background. This can be indicative of significant radio noise in association with a solar flare. This noise is generally short-lived but can cause interference for sensitive receivers including radar, GPS, and satellite communications.

Below is an earlier look at the visible solar disk on Saturday morning. Solar activity was moderate prior to the X-Class solar flare, during the past 24 hours with a pair of M2 solar flares detected around region 2017. Each event produced a coronal mass ejection (CME) with what appears to be non Earth directed trajectories.

The active region has been fairly stable ever since. A filament eruption was observed near region 2014 this morning beginning at 06:20 UTC. A coronal mass ejection (CME) became visible in STEREO Ahead COR2 imagery and appears to be headed to the west.

WATCH:  Twin M2 Class Solar Flares - March 28, 2014.


All other visible Earth facing regions remain fairly stable with only minor C-Class activity detected. New region 2023 was numbered overnight after forming in between regions 2010 and 2014 near the west limb. There will remain a chance for an isolated M-Class event.

SOURCES: Space Weather | Solar Ham | Solar Watcher.

PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: Guinea Battles To Contain Ebola As Senegal Close Its Border - 70 Deaths; 111 Cases; 63 PERCENT Fatality Rate!

March 29, 2014 - WEST AFRICA - Guinea kept up its efforts on Saturday to contain an Ebola epidemic which has killed dozens spreading from its southern forests to the capital Conakry, as neighbouring Senegal closed its border.

Scanning electron micrograph of the Ebola RNA virus, the cause of hemorrhagic fever.

Responding to the deadly outbreak, the Senegalese interior ministry said Saturday it was closing border crossings to Guinea "until further notice".
The order affects crossings at Kolda and Kedougou in the south of Senegal which are heavily used by traders, particularly during a weekly market attended by thousands from neighbouring countries.

Eight cases of Ebola have been confirmed in Conakry, the Guinean health ministry said late Friday, including one fatality.

"The total number of suspected cases recorded from January to 28 March 2014 is 111 cases of haemorrhagic fever including 70 deaths ... or a fatality rate of 63 percent," the ministry said in a statement.

All those infected have been put into isolation at the capital's biggest hospital to prevent the highly contagious virus from getting into the population.

People walk in front of the Donka hospital in the Guinean capital Conakry on March 27, 2014 (AFP Photo/Cellou Binani )

Aid organisations have sent dozens of workers to help the poor west African country combat the outbreak of haemorrhagic fever.

On Friday, the European Union announced aid of 500,000 euros ($690,000) "to help to contain the propagation of the virus, which can kill up to 90 percent of affected people, in Guinea and neighbouring countries," said the Dakar office of the EU's humanitarian arm, ECHO, on Friday.

The EU funds will be used by health charity Doctors Without Borders (Medecins sans Frontieres, MSF) "for clinical management, including isolation of the sick and psychological support, research into suspected cases as well as training and the supply of personal protective equipment for health personnel."

- 'Deeply concerned' -

The EU aid came after a plea for assistance from the Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS). The regional bloc said it was "deeply concerned" about the epidemic which presented a "serious threat to the region".

Earlier map of West Africa charting the spread of the Ebola outbreak, with facts about the disease
(AFP Photo/)

Most of the cases were recorded in southern Guinea, but the disease has spread to the capital since Wednesday.

Guinea is one of the world's poorest nations despite vast untapped mineral wealth, with a stagnating economy, youth unemployment at 60 percent and a rank of 178th out of 187 countries on the UN's Human Development Index.

The World Health Organisation said Liberia had reported eight suspected cases of Ebola fever, including six deaths, while Sierra Leone had reported six suspected cases, five of them fatal.

Ebola can be transmitted to humans from wild animals, and between humans through direct contact with another's blood, faeces or sweat, as well as sexual contact or the unprotected handling of contaminated corpses.

Workers at a Doctors without borders (MSF) warehouse in Conakry prepare protection material on
March 25, 2014 for use in areas plagued with Ebola (AFP Photo/Cellou Binani)

MSF said the spread of the disease was being exacerbated by people travelling to funerals in which mourners touch the bodies of the dead.

Guinea has banned the consumption of bat soup, a popular delicacy in the country, as the fruit bat is believed to be the host species.

No treatment or vaccine is available, and the Zaire strain detected in Guinea -- first observed 38 years ago in what is today called the Democratic Republic of Congo -- has a 90 percent death rate. - Yahoo.

BIG BROTHER NOW: The Rise Of The Global Police State - From Merkel To Tymoshenko, NSA Spied On 122 World Leaders, Snowden Docs Reveal!

March 29, 2014 - TECHNOLOGY & SURVEILLANCE - Documents show that Britain's GCHQ intelligence service infiltrated German Internet firms and America's NSA obtained a court order to spy on Germany and collected information about the chancellor in a special database. Is it time for the country to open a formal espionage investigation?

Reuters / Kai Pfaffenbach

The headquarters of Stellar, a company based in the town of Hürth near Cologne, are visible from a distance. Seventy-five white antennas dominate the landscape. The biggest are 16 meters (52 feet) tall and kept in place by steel anchors. It is an impressive sight and serves as a popular backdrop for scenes in TV shows, including the German action series "Cobra 11."

Stellar operates a satellite ground station in Hürth, a so-called "teleport." Its services are used by companies and institutions; Stellar's customers include Internet providers, telecommunications companies and even a few governments. "The world is our market," is the high-tech company's slogan.

Using their ground stations and leased capacities from satellites, firms like Stellar -- or competitors like Cetel in the nearby village of Ruppichteroth or IABG, which is headquartered in Ottobrunn near Munich -- can provide Internet and telephone services in even the most remote areas. They provide communications links to places like oil drilling platforms, diamond mines, refugee camps and foreign outposts of multinational corporations and international organizations.

Super high-speed Internet connections are required at the ground stations in Germany in order to ensure the highest levels of service possible. Most are connected to major European Internet backbones that offer particularly high bandwidth.

Probing German Internet Traffic
The service they offer isn't just attractive to customers who want to improve their connectivity. It is also of interest to Britain's GCHQ intelligence service, which has targeted the German companies. Top secret documents from the archive of NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden viewed by SPIEGEL show that the British spies surveilled employees of several German companies, and have also infiltrated their networks.

One top-secret GCHQ paper claims the agency sought "development of in-depth knowledge of key satellite IP service providers in Germany."

The document, which is undated, states that the goal of the effort was developing wider knowledge of Internet traffic flowing through Germany. The 26-page document explicitly names three of the German companies targeted for surveillance: Stellar, Cetel and IABG.

Merkel was an NSA target. But so too were private companies in Germany.
Picture Alliance / DPA

The operation, carried out at listening stations operated jointly by GCHQ with the NSA in Bude, in Britain's Cornwall region, is largely directed at Internet exchange points used by the ground station to feed the communications of their large customers into the broadband Internet. In addition to spying on the Internet traffic passing through these nodes, the GCHQ workers state they are also seeking to identify important customers of the German teleport providers, their technology suppliers as well as future technical trends in their business sector.

The document also states that company employees are targets -- particularly engineers -- saying that they should be detected and "tasked," intelligence jargon for monitoring. In the case of Stellar, the top secret GCHQ paper includes the names and email addresses of 16 employees, including CEO Christian Steffen. In addition, it also provides a list of the most-important customers and partners. Contacted by SPIEGEL, Stellar CEO Steffen said he had not been aware of any attempts by intelligence services to infiltrate or hack his company. "I am shocked," he said.

'Servers of Interest'
Intelligence workers in Bude also appear to have succeeded in infiltrating competitor Cetel. The document states that workers came across four "servers of interest" and were able to create a comprehensive list of customers. According to Cetel CEO Guido Neumann, the company primarily serves customers in Africa and the Middle East and its clients include non-governmental organizations as well as a northern European country that uses Cetel to connect its diplomatic outposts to the Internet. Neumann also says he was surprised when he learned his firm had been a target.

The firm IABG in Ottobrunn appears to have been of particular interest to the intelligence service -- at least going by a short notation that only appears next to the Bavarian company's name. It notes, "this may have already been looked at by NSA NAC," a reference to the NSA's network analysis center.

IABG's history goes back to the 1970s. The company was established as a test laboratory for aerospace and space technologies. The German Defense Ministry was an important client as well. Although the company has been privately held since 1993, it has continued to play a role in a number of major projects connected at least in part to the government. For example, it operated the testing facility for Germany's Transrapid super high-speed maglev train and also conducted testing on the Airbus A380 super jumbo jet and the Ariane rocket, the satellite launcher at the heart of the European space program.

IABG also does considerable business with the Bundeswehr, Germany's armed forces. The company states that its "defense and security" unit is "committed to the armed forces and their procurement projects." These include solutions for "security issues, for prevention and reactions against dangers like terrorism and attacks against critical infrastructure."

Like Stellar and Cetel, the company also operates a satellite ground station -- one that apparently got hacked, according to the GCHQ document. It includes a list of IABG routers and includes their network addresses. In addition, it contains the email addresses of 16 employees at the company named as possible targets. IABG did not respond to a request for comment from SPIEGEL. In a statement, GCHQ said it does not comment on intelligence-related issues but "all of GCHQ's work is carried out in accordance with a strict legal and policy framework which ensures that our activities are authorised, necessary and proportionate."

Classic Acts of Espionage
Monitoring companies and their employees along with the theft of customer lists are classic acts of economic espionage. Indeed, such revelations ought be a case for the German federal public prosecutors' office, which in the past has initiated investigations into comparable cases involving Russia or China.

So far, however, German Federal Public Prosecutor Harald Range has been struggling with the NSA issue. Some experienced investigators have had a problem applying the same criteria used to assess intelligence services like Russia's to those of the United States and Britain. Federal prosecutors in Karlsruhe have provided a preliminary assessment, but so far no decision has been made about whether the agency will move forward with legal proceedings.

Under review at the moment are allegations that the NSA monitored the chancellor's mobile phone and also conducted mass surveillance on the communications of millions of Germans. Range recently told the Berlin-based daily Die Tageszeitung the affair was "an extremely complicated issue."

"I am currently reviewing whether reasonable suspicion even exists for an actionable criminal offense," he told the newspaper. "Only if I can affirm that can I then address the question of whether a judiciary inquiry would run contrary to the general public interest -- a review required for any espionage-related crime" in Germany.

A decision is expected soon.

The launch of legal proceedings against GCHQ agents or NSA employees would quickly become a major political issue that would further burden already tense trans-Atlantic relations. An additional problem is the fact that Range is in possession of very few original documents, particularly those pertaining to the NSA's monitoring of Chancellor Merkel.

A secret NSA document dealing with high-ranking targets has provided further indications that Merkel was a target. The document is a presentation from the NSA's Center for Content Extraction, whose multiple tasks include the automated analysis of all types of text data. The lists appear to contain 122 country leaders. Twelve names are listed as an example, including Merkel's.

The list begins with "A," as in Abdullah Badawi, the former Malaysian prime minister, and continues with the presidents of Peru, Somalia, Guatemala and Colombia right up to Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. The final name on the list, No. 122, is Yulia Tymoshenko, who was Ukrainian prime minister at the time. The NSA listed the international leaders alphabetically by their first name, with Tymoshenko listed under "Y". Merkel is listed under "A" as the ninth leader, right behind Malawian President Amadou Toumani Touré, but before Syrian dictator Bashar Assad.

Graphic: Chief of State Citations

The document indicates that Angela Merkel has been placed in the so-called "Target Knowledge Database" (TKB), the central database of individual targets. An internal NSA description states that employees can use it to analyze "complete profiles" of target persons. The responsible NSA unit praises the automated machine-driven administration of collected information about high-value targets.

The searchable sources cited in the document include, among others, the signals intelligence database "Marina," which contains metadata ingested from sources around the world. The unit also gives special attention to promoting a system for automated name recognition called "Nymrod". The document states that some 300 automatically generated "cites," or citations, are provided for Angela Merkel alone. The citations in "Nymrod" are derived from intelligence agencies, transcripts of intercepted fax, voice and computer-to-computer communication. According to internal NSA documents, it is used to "find information relating to targets that would otherwise be tough to track down." Each of the names contained in Nymrod is considered a "SIGINT target."

The manual maintenance of the database with high-ranking targets is a slow and painstaking process, the document notes, and fewer than 200,000 targets are managed through the system. Automated capture, by contrast, simplifies the saving of the data and makes it possible to manage more than 3 million entries, including names and the citations connected to them.

The table included in the document indicates the capture and maintenance of records pertaining to Merkel already appears to have been automated. In any case, the document indicates that a manual update was not available in May 2009. The document could be another piece of the puzzle for investigators in Karlsruhe because it shows that Chancellor Merkel was an official target for spying.

In addition to surveillance of the chancellor, the Federal Prosecutor's Office is also exploring the question of whether the NSA conducted mass espionage against the German people. The internal NSA material also includes a weekly report dating from March 2013 from the Special Sources Operations (SSO) division, the unit responsible for securing NSA access to major Internet backbone structures, like fiber optic cables.

In the document, the team that handles contact with US telecommunications providers like AT&T or Verizon reports on the legal foundations with which it monitors the data of certain countries. According to the SSO report, FISA, the special court responsible for intelligence agency requests, provided the NSA with authorization to monitor "Germany" on March 7, 2013. The case number provided in the ruling is 13-319.

A License to Spy

The documents do not provide sufficient information to precisely determine the types of data included in the order, and the NSA has said it will not comment on the matter. However, lawyers at the American Civil Liberties Union believe it provides the NSA with permission to access the communications of all German citizens, regardless whether those affected are suspected of having committed an offense or not. Under the FISA Amendments Act, the NSA is permitted to conduct blanket surveillance in foreign countries without any requirement to submit individual cases for review by the court, whose deliberations and rulings are top secret.

According to the partial list in the document, the court has provided similar authorization for countries including, China, Mexico, Japan, Venezuela, Yemen, Brazil, Sudan, Guatemala, Bosnia and Russia. In practice, the NSA uses this permission in diverse ways -- sometimes it uses it to monitor telecommunications companies, and at others it surveils individuals.
"So far, we have no knowledge that Internet nodes in Germany have been spied on by the NSA," Hans-Georg Maassen, president of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Germany's domestic intelligence agency, which is also responsible for counterintelligence measures, said last summer.

It's also possible the Americans don't even have to do that, at least not directly. It's quite feasible they have better access through major US providers like AT&T or Verizon whose infrastructure is used to process a major share of global Internet traffic. The NSA could use that infrastructure to access data from Germany.

This would be totally legal from the American perspective -- at least according to the FISA court.

Editor's note: You can read an additional report on spying by the NSA and GCHQ on Germany and Chancellor Merkel on The Intercept.

- Spiegel.

WEATHER ANOMALIES: 15-20 Mile-Wide Haboob Moves Through Phoenix, Arizona - Very Rare For This Time Of Year!

March 29, 2014 - ARIZONA, UNITED STATES - An oddly timed dust storm is moving into the Valley right now. A Dust Storm Warning remains in effect until 5 p.m. for Maricopa and Pinal County as the massive wall of dust moves north along Interstate 10, and into parts of the southeast Valley.

We're all used to dust storms in the summer -- but rarely do they come in March.

Our dry winter, along with heavy winds in southern Arizona today, are likely the culprits of today's dust storm.

Along with the dust, it's been a warm day. It doesn't look like we'll top the 90 degree mark, but we'll come very close to it with a high of 88 in Phoenix. On average, our first 90 degree day is March 31, so we're getting really close to 90s being a reality for us.

We continue to track an area of low pressure that is passing across southern Arizona today. There's also a chance for a few scattered showers along the eastern half of the Mogollon Rim and the White Mountains this afternoon and evening.

We aren't expecting any rain in the Valley but you might notice some light showers in the mountains north and east of the Valley.

Even bigger changes come Wednesday as another, stronger low pressure system moves in from the northwest.

Gusty winds will pick up on Wednesday as it approaches. Peak gusts will reach 30 to 35 mph across the central and southern deserts. These gusty winds will bring the threat of blowing dust along I-10 between Phoenix and Tucson, so watch out for areas of reduced visibility. We could have a repeat of today in the Valley too.

Up north, gusts will hit 45 mph with sustained winds up to 35 mph. So, it's going to be a very windy day in the high country.

We will also see chances for showers and thunderstorms in the high country with a slight chance that some isolated activity could move down into the Valley, too.

Since we'll still be so dry in the Phoenix metro, most if not all of what we'll see will evaporate before it hits the ground, but we can't rule out a few light showers making it down to us.

Up north, the highest peaks could see a brief change over to snow early Thursday as temperatures dip below freezing.

Temperatures will drop quite a bit, too. Valley highs will reach the mid 70s on Thursday, putting us a couple of degrees below normal.

Of course, the cooler air won't last long. Valley highs will gradually warm back up, nearing 90 degrees by Sunday. - ABC15.

ICE AGE NOW: What Global Warming - Michigan Blowing Away All The Records For Cold In 2014; New England Having Their Coldest March On Record; 170km Per Hour Snowstorm Blows Canadian Weathermen Off Their Feet In Nova Scotia TWICE; Western Great Lakes States Are Having Their Coldest Start To The Year On Record; Coldest Five Month Period On Record In The Western Great Lakes States; The Coldest U.S. Winter In A Century; North America's Brutal 2014 Winter In One Minute; Record Low Temperatures For Late March In Michigan, Ohio And Georgia?!

March 29, 2014 - NORTH AMERICA - Contrary to the conventional wisdom of the day, the real danger facing humanity does not seem to be global warming, but more likely the coming of a new Ice Age.

Here is the evidence:

Michigan Blowing Away All Records For Cold In 2014.

Michigan is having by far its coldest start to the year on record, and record lows outnumber record highs by an astonishing 104:1

Two years ago, climate experts told us that the mild winter in the US was proof of global warming. Now they tell us that the US and Canada are too small to be important. - Real Science.

Coldest U.S. Winter In A Century.

The circumpolar vortex has put this season into the record-books. The United States has just gone through its coldest interequinoctial winter (equinox to equinox) in a century. Hat-tip to CFACT, which has just sent me the graph.

The last U.S. winter colder than this one was in 1911/12, before the First World War.

Thank you, America! Most of Britain has had an unusually mild and wet winter, for you have had more than your fair share of the Northern Hemisphere's cold weather this season.

Global warming? What global warming? - WUWT.

North America's Brutal 2014 Winter In One Minute.
As spring arrives - albeit slowly - East Coasters are saying goodbye a to an especially punishing winter.

Those feeling sentimental can relive the endless series of snowstorms and fiendishly cold weather in a new time-lapse video from NASA.

The animation stiches together imagery taken from space by NOAA's GOES-East satellite every day from January 1 to March 24, 2014.

WATCH: Time-lapse video.

The creator, Dennis Chesters, of the NASA/NOAA GOES Project at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., said in a statement: "The once-per-day imagery creates a stroboscopic slide show of persistent brutal winter weather."

And brutal it was. Cold air escaping the polar vortex repeatedly blasted Canada and the continental United States. Two inches of snow humbled Atlanta in late January, creating epic traffic jams stranding hundreds of people in their cars for hours. Ice storms that followed in February left thousands without power in Georgia and South Carolina. The Great Lakes' ice cover reached historic levels, growing to 91 percent in early March.

Major cities reported astounding tallies of winter snow. Residents of Washington, D.C. saw 30.3 inches (76.9 centimeters) of snow during the 2013-2014 season - nearly double the city's average snowfall of 15.3 inches (38.8 cm), according to the National Weather Service. A whopping 80 inches (203 cm) of snow fell on Chicago, far exceeding the typical 34.4 inches (87.3 cm).

The GOES-East satellite is perched in a geostationary orbit, meaning it hovers over the same part of the globe all the time, moving in tandem with Earth's rotation. The spacecraft captures images of the Northern Hemisphere every half hour and then takes a shot of the entire Western Hemisphere every three hours, according to NOAA.

The images of clouds taken by the GOES satellite are used by the National Weather Service to monitor storms. The 2014 winter weather video also incorporates true-color imagery of the land and sea obtained with NASA's Earth-watching NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites. - Live Science.

New England Having Their Coldest March On Record.

 - Real Science.

170km Per Hour Snowstorm Blows Canadian Weathermen Off Their Feet In Nova Scotia TWICE.
These two intrepid news reporters certainly earned their money this week.

This incredible video shows the moment severe snow storm conditions actually blew Mark Robinson and Chris Scott out of shot while doing pieces to camera.

Coincidentally the pair were explaining that the winds had got up to 170km/h when they knocked off their feet.

WATCH: Reporters fall, lose microphone during live blizzard event in Nova Scotia.

"The only storm I can compare this too is a hurricane," one can be heard saying.

"This has the added bonus of having the snow in the air... like standing in a sand blaster," they say before being literally blown away.

Unsurprisingly the clip has proved popular online with over 85,000 people tuning in less than a day. - The Weather Network.

Western Great Lakes States Having Their Coldest Start To The Year On Record.

January-March temperatures in the western Great Lakes states of Minnesota, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio – are the lowest on record.

This is not surprising, because they also have the most ice on record. - Real Science.

Coldest Five Month Period On Record In The Western Great Lakes States.

This winter has obliterated all cold season records around Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron and Erie. - Real Science.

Record Low Temperatures For Late March In Michigan, Ohio And Georgia.
Scott Olson/Getty Images

Toledo, Ohio, breaks 120-year-old record. The low of 9F (-12.8C) broke the previous record of 11 F (-11.7C) set in 1894.

In Detroit, Michigan, the record low of 11 F for March 26 was tied.

In Macon, Georgia, the low of 26 F (-3.3C) broke the old record set most recently in 2006.

Unusually cold air for late March also challenged record low temperatures Wednesday morning from Cleveland to Cincinnati; Pittsburgh; London, Ky.; Nashville, Tenn.; Charlotte, N.C.; Charlottesville; Va.; Beckley, W.Va.; and Harrisburg, Pa.

Meanwhile, freezing temperatures dipped into the Deep South Wednesday morning, including Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and northern Florida. - Ice Age Now.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: More Sinkholes Keep Popping Up Across The Globe - 30-Foot Deep Sinkhole Appears In Front Yard, Wahiawa, Hawaii; Sinkhole Opens Up On A Busy Northwood Road, London, England; Truck Gets Stuck In Sinkhole In Wellington, New Zealand; Sinkhole Shuts Street Down In Albuquerque, New Mexico; Sinkhole Closes Section Of Major Road In Derry Township, Pennsylvania; And Giant Sinkhole Appears At Intersection In Detroit, Michigan!

March 29, 2014 - EARTH - The following stories are the latest reports of sinkholes across the globe over the last few days:

30-Foot Deep Sinkhole Appears In Front Yard, Wahiawa, Hawaii.

A sinkhole opened up on a property on Dole Road in Wahiawa Thursday afternoon.

Police were called, and they covered it up and blocked it off.

The resident says this is not the first time this has happened on the property.

Amateur video showed the hole before it was covered.

The curious gathered around it but with the ground saturated by a recent downpour, no one wanted to stand on the edge for too long.

Sasha Terry came home after a doctor's appointment, and found the scene in her front yard.

At first, it was just a couple of feet deep.

"It was no more than two feet - two feet deep," said Terry. "and then it dropped to 30 feet, more than 30 feet."

She went on to say that, "it's an old cesspool. They (the landowners) tried to pack it down before when it opened up but when the heavy rain comes down and softens up all the dirt it will make it sink even more. But this time the water got super, super down there."

Holes have opened up before in other areas around the island.

One incident took place in Enchanted Lake 9 years ago, the result of a leaky pipe or an old septic tank.

And in 2007, a water main break opened a sinkhole, also in Enchanted Lake.

In order to stabilize the hole, the ground has to dry up, but weather forecasts call for more rain in Wahiawa, and it will be heavy at times.

WATCH: Large sinkhole causes concern in Wahiawa.


"More rain, more water," said a worried Terry. "It's going to soften the dirt around it and get bigger."

But not according a retired geologist with 38 years of experience with the Board of Water Supply.

Chester Lao says most cesspools were dug 30 feet deep.

"It won't get any deeper," said Lao. "If anything, it will get shallower because of all the stuff that went into the cesspool is piled up on the bottom," he said.

KHON2 asked Lao if other homeowners who live near abandoned cesspools will run into a problem like this as well.

"Yes, I'm afraid so," said Lao. "Especially for older homes built in the 30′s, 40′s and early 50′s even."

He added, "So, we can expect more of these, not just in Wahiawa, but in various other places."

When the ground finally does get dry, Terry says the landowners will probably do what they did the last time, and that is pour concrete, asphalt and dirt into the hole, and seal it up tight with a concrete cover. - KHON2.

Sinkhole Opens Up On Busy Northwood Road, London, England.
A sinkhole opened in Pinner Road, Northwood, this morning (Friday) and has got the experts perplexed.

Police were called to Pinner Road in Northwood at at 9.50am this morning after a sinkhole opened up.

There are no reported injuries but it is not yet clear whether any vehicles were affected.

Hillingdon Council has been made aware and the area has been cordoned off and the road and surrounding ones closed.

Matt Williams, who was at the scene, said road diversions are going down Addison Way towards Northwood. As of 12.15pm there was a back log of traffic building up down Joel Street.

It has been a freaky 12 hours for Northwood - yesterday a crane crashed in to a property in Murray Road.

Update: Theories about the sinkhole being caused by a collapsed drain are ruled out. Road to reopen at 6pm. - Get West London.

Truck Gets Stuck In Sinkhole, Wellington, New Zealand.

Wellington City Council is urging motorists to avoid the southern end of Main Rd in Tawa on their way home tonight as work continues to fix a burst water main.

This morning, police and the fire service were called to the scene at near Oxford St just after 10am after a rubbish truck got stuck in a sinkhole created by a burst pipe.

The vehicle partially blocked one lane and the road was closed to traffic for a time. A tow truck was called to help remove it.

A council spokesman says both lanes of Oxford St are open, but the speed limit has been reduced to 30kmh while workers repair the broken pipe and the road.

Northbound motorists should consider taking the motorway to Porirua then double back to Tawa.

The water supply is gradually being restored to affected areas, but some properties may not have water back until around 5:30pm.

The truck driver said he noticed a bump in the road and as he drove over it, the back wheels sunk into the ground.

The burst water main sent water gushing into the street. - 3News.

Sinkhole Shuts Street Down In Albuquerque, New Mexico.

A sinkhole on Central Avenue near UNM has shut the street down in the area.

Crews need to fix a broken water main before the busy street can reopen, and the Water Authority is working tirelessly to get things patched up.

Central is shut down between University on the west, and Yale on the east.

The Water Authority says it will remain that way for at least through Tuesday evening. They hope to have one westbound lane and two eastbound lanes open for Wednesday morning's rush hour.

The Water Authority found out about break earlier Tuesday afternoon. Someone spotted a sinkhole that looked like one big, awful pothole. The water crews quickly discovered that a 10-inch steel water main -- beneath the surface of the road -- gave way. That's when they shut down Central in both directions.

Not long after that, Chopper 4 spotted them digging up a large chunk of the road to begin the repairs. Fortunately, they say the repairs have not affected any customers -- everyone still has water.

They were able to isolate the leak by closing off several valves that are strategically placed in the area. Interestingly, KOB Eyewitness News 4 spoke with a few people who live and work in this area. They say they had a feeling something bad happened below ground days ago.

If you typically use Central to get to work in the morning, do yourself a favor and find a different route. - KOB.

Sinkhole Closes Section Of Major Road In Derry Township, Pennsylvania.
A sinkhole has closed a portion of Route 322 in Derry Township, Dauphin County.

"322 (westbound) is being closed at Hockersville Rd past the Cherry Dr intersection for a sink hole," a tweet from the Derry Township Police Department states.

It's expected that the portion of road will be shut down through rush hour. - WGAL.

Giant Sinkhole Appears At Intersection In Detroit, Michigan.
A giant sinkhole has opened up on Detroit's west side.

The sinkhole is at the intersection of Monterey Street and Linwood, near Elmhurst Street.

Crews have blocked off the intersection and have begun evaluating the damages. The sinkhole is approximately 20 feet wide and 30 feet deep.

The concrete gave way as a contractor from the Water and Sewerage Department was inspecting a dip in the road with a small camera. No one was injured.

Workers tell FOX 2's Randy Wimbley a collapsed sewer riser caused the sinkhole. It eroded the soil underground which caused an 8-inch water line to give way.

WATCH:  Giant sinkhole on Detroit's west side.


Repairs are expected to take weeks.

If a 9-foot sewer line about 38 feet underground is in disrepair because of the sinkhole, that will have to be fixed in addition to the sewer riser and the water line, which will take more time.

Crews tell Wimbley a few cracks stretch out pretty far from the collapse so the sinkhole has some potential to get larger. They are monitoring the situation.  - MyFOXDetroit.

GLOBAL ECONOMIC MELTDOWN: Precursors To A Global Financial Collapse - Top Australian Central Banker Says China Currency Liberalization To Be A "Seismic Event"!

March 29, 2014 - GLOBAL ECONOMY - China realizing its ambitions to internationalize the yuan is likely to be a "seismic event" for global markets, leading to large capital flows and perhaps a new reserve currency, a top Australian central banker said on Wednesday.

A bank clerk counts Chinese yuan banknotes at a branch of Industrial and Commercial Bank of China in
Huaibei, Anhui province, June 8, 2012. Credit: Reuters/Stringer

Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Deputy Governor Philip Lowe said the process had some way to go yet but that Beijing had signaled its seriousness by last week widening the trading band for the yuan, also known as the renminbi (RMB).

"The internationalization of the RMB - and China's associated move towards a liberalized capital account and more flexible exchange-rate regime - has the potential to create a seismic shift in the international monetary and financial landscape," Lowe said in a speech to the Centre for International Finance and Regulation (CIFR) conference in Sydney.

"History teaches us that financial deregulation is an inherently risky process, but that there are substantial payoffs if it is done well," he added.

An eventual freeing up of the capital account would likely lead to significant flows of Chinese funds offshore and greater demand for products with which to hedge foreign currency risk, Lowe said.

A new report from the Australian government-sponsored CIFR said China's 10-year timeline for substantial liberalization of its financial system could be accelerated if the current Shanghai Free Trade Zone "experiment" is successful.

"Once capital controls have been removed and interest rates and the exchange rate are market determined, the structure of the RMB market - and indeed of global capital markets - will look quite different," said the report's authors, Kathleen Walsh, Geoff Weir and Barry Eichengreen.

The renminbi would become one of the most widely traded global currencies, and mainland China's equity market could be the largest in the world, with a capitalization of around $30 trillion, the report said. China's bond market could be the global No.2 behind the United States and equal to the entire euro zone.

"The RMB is likely to be a significant part of central bank foreign exchange reserves and RMB government securities may well become the main alternative "safe asset" to U.S. Treasuries, with important implications for global capital flows and financial stability," it added.

Deregulation would not be without risks, particularly as China's financial sector was already very large relative to its economy.

But Australia's experience with floating its currency showed there were substantial benefits, including greater control of monetary policy, RBA's Lowe added.

China is already Australia's biggest single trading partner, taking over a third of its exports - mostly commodities such as iron ore and coal.

A freeing up of China's financial system could also be a boon for Australian banks and fund managers, opening up increased investment opportunities within China and helping to manage Chinese flows into Australia.

"In Australia's case, our very close trading ties with China, our funds management expertise, our natural endowments in sectors of strategic importance to China and our ongoing need for overseas capital to help fund investment all suggest considerable scope for building much closer and mutually beneficial financial ties between the two countries," Walsh said.
- Reuters.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: The Volcano Report For March 27-29, 2014 - Major Updates On Reventador, Shishaldin, Grímsvötn, Hekla, Etna, Karkar, Batu Tara, Merapi, Marapi, Dukono, Ubinas, And Mount Hood!

March 29, 2014 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe.

Reventador (Ecuador): The volcano's activity has remained high since the beginning of the current eruptive phase since 25 March. Fresh lava continues to extrude at the summit crater, adding to the dome that had been active since 2011, and producing incandescent avalanches, small pyroclastic flows on its flanks and ash emissions.

Overlaying of thermal and visible images showing the new lava flows on Reventador (image: F. Vásconez , IG)

Current seismic signal from Reventador (CONE station, IGPEN)

Seismic activity has remained at high levels, showing continuous tremor and emissions signals. IGPEN reports that the pyroclastic flows on the E, SE and S flanks have traveled up to 1.5 km from the summit. Additionally, there seems to be at least 2 lava flows that descend the south-eastern and eastern flank of the volcano, with fronts reaching approx. 500 m distance.

Shishaldin (Aleutian Islands, Alaska): After a week of unrest, Shishaldin Volcano in the Aleutians is being put on a higher alert level.  The Alaska Volcano Observatory reported Friday that there have been explosions inside the volcano and elevated surface temperatures since March 18.  AVO head scientist John Power says that appears to mean there’s been a small eruption.

Shishaldin Volcano with a typical steam plume, pictured on Sept. 14, 2013.
Photo by Joseph Korpiewski, U.S. Coast Guard.

“There is probably fresh magma or lava down inside the crater,” he said.

Power says there hasn’t been any lava seen on the rim of the crater or the sides of the volcano. Shishaldin also isn’t emitting any ash.

But Power says this could be a precursor to a bigger event.

“Little things happen like this happen at Shishaldin probably even more often than we’re able to detect,” he said. “They’re always, though – whenever you see some activity like this, there is a concern that it could, you know, escalate into something larger.”

He says Shishaldin is now on a “watch” alert level, which carries an orange color code. It had previously been on a yellow – or “advisory” level – since January.

Only one of the six seismic monitoring stations on Shishaldin is active right now. The others are offline, and there’s not enough funding available to repair them.”

Shishaldin is on Unimak Island, northeast of Unalaska. Of all the conical glacial volcanoes in the world, it’s the the most symmetrical. It’s also the Aleutian Islands’ highest peak, and one of the most active in the chain.

Its last big eruption was in 1999, when it sent an ash plume 45,000 feet above sea level. There hasn’t been any unusual activity there since 2009.

Grímsvötn (Iceland): A small jökulhlaup (glacier outburst flood) started yesterday from the subglacial lake Grímsvötn and has been discharging into the river Gígjukvísl.

Earthquakes under Grímsvötn volcano, probably a result of the glacial flood (Icelandic Met Office)

The event, which could have been triggered by normal fluctuations of hydrothermal activity under the ice is expected to be small. The Icelandic Met Office reports maximum discharge rates on the order of magnitude 1000 cubic meters per second, similar to rates during summer ice melt, and expects no damage to occur. The maximum of the flood is expected to be around the end of the week.

A small shallow earthquake swarm, probably as a result of adjustments in the ice mass above the draining lake, has accompanied the flood today. There are no indications that the flood was caused by a volcanic eruption of Grímsvötn volcano.

Hekla (Iceland): The volcano remains restless, but without any indication of an impending eruption (however, it is notorious for not giving much warning either).

Strain and earthquakes under Hekla volcano (Iceland Met Office)

3 tiny earthquakes, all below magnitude 2, occurred today and add to the ongoing series of occasional small quakes under the volcano.

Current GPS and strain (volume changes of the bedrock, a strong indicator immediately prior to an eruption, while magma is pushing upwards) measurements show no significant variations.

Etna (Sicily, Italy): During the night, the lava effusion and persistent mild explosive activity from the New SE crater ceased, after being nearly continuously active for over two months.

Etna's New SE crater this morning (Etna Trekking webcam on Schiena dell'Asino)

If this is a true end or only a short pause to the latest eruptive phase which on 22 January remains to be seen. The tremor fell back to low levels in correspondence.

Karkar (Northeast of New Guinea): Several ash plumes at estimated altitude of 8,000 ft (2.4 km) were spotted during the past 2 days. This suggests a new eruptive phase could have started at the remote volcano.

Karkar volcano - no hot spot is visible on MODIS data.

Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): After a relatively long time with no spotted ash clouds, an ash plume was seen yesterday again on satellite imagery (VAAC Darwin).

The remote volcano in the Fores Sea has been site of continuing strombolian activity since at least 2006. Some of the eruptions are strong enough to leave ash plumes that can be seen on satellite images.

Merapi (Central Java, Indonesia): A possibly strong eruption was reported from the volcano this afternoon (13:55 GMT). Satellite data showed an ash and SO2 plume drifting SW at estimated 32,000 ft (9 km) (VAAC Darwin). The plume is quickly dissipating, suggesting that the eruption was an isolated (possibly phreatic) explosion.

Ash plume from Merapi in Centra Java (ESA)

No other details are at the moment available.

Marapi (Western Sumatra, Indonesia): The volcano erupted again yesterday afternoon at 16:15 local time, the volcano observatory post reported. It appears it was one of the largest explosions during the volcano's current phase of activity.

Although the eruption was itself not visible due to cloud cover, the seismic signal showed a strong explosion that lasted 38 seconds and relatively "thick" ash fall occurred shortly afterwards in Batipuh and Tanahdatar districts until 17:45.

The alert level of Marapi remains unchanged at level II out of 4. Authorities recommend people to avoid a 3 km radius zone around the volcano.

Marapi has been in a phase of activity characterized by sporadic explosions of generally small size since 3 August 2011. Earlier eruptions this year, according to local press occurred as follows:
- 8 Jan: 2 explosions, ash plumes rising 700 m.
- 9 Jan: 5 explosions, ash rising up to 250 m
- 16 Jan: 5 small eruptions in the morning, but no visual observations.
- 19 Jan: one eruption that lasted 17 seconds.

Dukono (Halmahera): Activity at the volcano continues to be intense. An ash plume was reported extending 80 nautical miles to the west at 10,000 ft (3 km) altitude this morning (VAAC Darwin).

Ubinas (Peru): The volcano's new lava dome continues to grow slowly within the crater. New field observations published yesterday in a detailed report showed that the lava dome is now approx. 120 m in diameter and has completely filled the inner pit left by the explosive activity in 2006 (as of 19 March). Visible glow (even in daylight) indicates very high temperatures.

The new lava dome with high-temperature degassing on 19 March (J. Acosta, Defensa Civil de Moquegua

No explosions have occurred since the vent-clearing explosion on 14 Feb, but the volcano emits a significant plume of steam, SO2 gas and sometimes dilute ash. On 21 and 23 March, the steam-gas-ash plume rose 1800 m above the crater.

On 25 March, light ash falls were reported in the towns of Querapi and Ubinas, as well as strong rumbling noises in distances up to 6 km SE.

Seismicity remains above background with frequent earthquake swarms related to internal fluid movements.
According to IGP, the intensity of the current activity overall is still low and probably continues for a while at similar levels, although explosions (caused, for instance, by trapped gasses under the lava dome) could occur at any time.

Mount Hood (Oregon, United States): A swarm of little earthquakes has been rumbling this week beneath Mount Hood, Oregon's tallest peak, but geologists said there is no cause for alarm.

In this Oct. 2, 2013 file photo, clouds lift briefly and allow the sun to highlight Mount Hood wearing a fresh coat of snow
near Government Camp, Ore. A swarm of little earthquakes have been rumbling this week beneath Oregon's tallest peak.
The 11,240 mountain is a mecca for skiers, hikers and climbers. It is also volcanic. But geologists say it is not about to
erupt. Tectonic plates are shifting inside the mountain, causing the little temblors. Geologists say it has happened
before and there is no cause for alarm. (AP Photo/Don Ryan, File)

Sensors have recorded nearly 40 tremors near Government Camp, an unincorporated community in Clackamas County, since Sunday morning, with the largest a magnitude 2.3, barely big enough to feel.
The 11,240-foot mountain is a mecca for skiers, hikers and climbers. It is also volcanic. But researchers say the recent quakes are normal activity and aren't signs of volcanic activity, such as magma heating up and starting to flow beneath the mountain.
"No one should start to batten down the hatches," said Ian Madin, chief scientist with the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries.
Mount Hood is in a chain of volcanic peaks, called the Cascade Range, stretching from Canada into California. The chain includes Mount St. Helens, just to the north of Mount Hood, which erupted violently in 1980 and last erupted in January 2008.
Geologists say the recent quakes on Mount Hood appear to be caused by tectonic plates shifting, possibly along a nearby fault line deep in the earth, as the Cascades slowly stretch. It's a process that has been happening over millions of years.
Seismologist Seth Moran at the Cascades Volcano Observatory in Vancouver, Wash., said it's not clear where exactly the quakes originated - they are small and deep, and there are not enough seismic stations in the area to pinpoint them - but he thinks most occurred near Government Camp. He said "bursty" swarms of small earthquakes under the mountain's south flank are normal, but a large quake right under its peak or a sustained series of quakes that build in magnitude could be cause for alarm.
The quakes this week fit within the broad category of what is normal in the region, Moran said. Little quakes like these give scientists a better understanding of what that "regular state of being" looks like, he said. They can then compare the "normal" against activity that may be a precursor of greater threats.
Geologists say the last confirmed eruption of Mount Hood was more than 230 years ago, and it's hard to predict when it will blow again.
Any of the volcanoes in the Cascades could erupt again "in our lifetimes," Moran said.

Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for March 29, 2014.

SOURCES: Volcano Discovery | KATU | Alaska Public Media.

MASS BIRD/FISH DIE-OFF: The Latest Incidents Across The Earth - Massive Die-Off Of Fish And Shellfish Due To Algae In Coffin Bay, Australia; 7,000 Fish Wash Up Dead Along Beaches On Reunion Island, Near Madagascar; Hundreds Of Dead Fish Found On A Beach In North Jakarta, Indonesia; 7,000 Birds Killed Due To Outbreak Of Avian Flu In Jessore, Bangladesh; And Thousands Of Fish "Die Suddenly" In A River In Mempawah, Indonesia!

March 29, 2014 - EARTH - The following constitutes the latest incidents of mass fish and bird die-offs across the Earth:

Massive Die-Off Of Fish And Shellfish Due To Algae In Coffin Bay, Australia.
An algal bloom near Coffin Bay has caused localised deaths of species including cockles, abalone, rock lobster and fish
on the reefs around Frenchman's Bluff, and a small number of fish deaths on the shore near Farm Beach.

An algal bloom near Coffin Bay that resulted in fish and shellfish deaths has prompted an investigation by Primary Industries and Regions SA.

Testing of the waters around Coffin Bay to Port Drummond confirmed the presence of algae Karenia mikimotoi, a naturally occurring algae known to cause fish kills around the world.

According to PIRSA, the algae does not pose issues to human health.

PIRSA fisheries and aquaculture executive director Professor Mehdi Doroudi said tests conducted on abalone and oyster samples to rule out the presence of known infectious marine diseases had come back negative.

He said these types of blooms happened when environmental conditions were favourable.

"In this instance, dodge tides, high local water temperatures and the upwelling of nutrients from deeper waters, culminated in late February to make this particular algae increase in numbers, creating a bloom."

He said it caused localised deaths of species including abalone, cockles, rock lobster and fish on the reefs around Frenchman's Bluff, and a small number of fish deaths on the shore near Farm Beach.

"Testing of water and marine species occurred as soon as the bloom was reported.

"However, we have not had to close any areas or beaches as a result of the bloom because infectious disease and biotoxins are not present.

"PIRSA has been working closely with the fishing and aquaculture industry bodies to monitor the bloom's density and movement."

Professor Doroudi said the algal bloom was not affecting oyster leases in Coffin Bay, but if the situation changed lease holders had the option to move their oysters to alternative lease areas.

"Growers are encouraged to speak with their South Australian Oyster Growers Association Bay Representative."

South Australian Oyster Growers Association president Jill Coates said such a bloom was unusual and there had not been one in the area for almost 20 years.

According to SA Health, the species of algae involved in the bloom does not pose a human health risk, and live, healthy fish caught in the area are safe to consume.

However, people should not eat any fish found dead along the shoreline or in the water because of the normal risk of spoilage.

If you find large scale fish deaths in the region, report it to the 24-hour Fishwatch line on 1800 065 522. - Port Lincoln Times.

7,000 Fish Wash Up Dead Along Beaches On Reunion Island, Near Madagascar.
The slaughter of fish in the lagoon continues. Daily maintenance of the western beaches agents
collect corpses by ten. Over 7000 in fifteen days stranded on the sand.

Analysis of bathing waters are reassuring . No abnormalities were detected. On March 18 last, the city of St. Paul has also lifted the ban which affected the beaches of the West after the first discoveries of corpses.

However, if men are, for the moment, out of danger mortality continues fish. Every morning, officers in charge of the maintenance of bathing collect dozens of scholarships, parrots, red, Capuchins, stonefish and surgeons ...

Nothing now opposed to plunge into the Indian Ocean, however, Sunday morning, municipal employees Saint Paul Trois-basins and Saint-Leu still recorded 250 fish.

Do not touch dead fish

Pending the results of launched by the Marine Nature Reserve bacteriological studies, observers are unarmed. They can only pick up the dead and wait. They advise beach users not to touch the corpses, of course, do not eat, but not bury them. It is preferable to leave them visible so that they are collected by municipal services to prevent the epidemic seems to decimate continues to spread.

The final results of analyzes of dead fish is highly anticipated. For now, it is recommended to be cautious while enjoying the beaches and bathing waters safely. - Reunion. [Translated]

Hundreds Of Dead Fish Found On A Beach In North Jakarta, Indonesia.

Hundreds of dead fish are found floating on Marunda Beach, Cilincing, North Jakarta. Such a thing is complained by local fishermen who suspect those fish dead because of the wastes polluting the water. Since last Monday (3/24), those dead fish got dragged to the shore until to Marunda coastal area.

Chief of Marunda Coastal Fishermen, Al-Alam Aslik (62), suspected those fish dead because of wastes from households as well as big companies around the location, which flowing from several rivers and canal that estuary to Marunda waters. “We do not know where the wastes come from, but around here there are industrial areas like KBN, Marunda Centre, et cetera,” he told, Thursday (3/27).

According to Aslik, his party has reported this matter to related unit. As a matter of fact, they even had sent sample of seawater as requested by North Jakarta Fisheries, Poultry, and Maritime Sub-Department. But until now, there is no response.

Responding this matter, Head of North Jakarta Fisheries, Poultry, and Maritime Sub-Department, Liliek Litasari, admitted that she has not received information about dead fish on Marunda Beach. However, she said that there is nothing odd about alleged pollution on Marunda Beach.

“It (Marunda Beach) is estuary of rivers which water flows there. Besides, there are also big companies around there. So, if there were wastes, it’s possible. We will check it to the location,” she stated.

Meanwhile, North Jakarta Mayor, Heru Budi Hartono, uttered that pollution on coastal area like Marunda might be caused by waste comprehensive factor from rivers as well as contra flow from the sea. Because of that, he will conduct investigation regarding indication and allegation of factories near the location throwing wastes to the waters.

“Indeed there is allegation and we must increase surveillance. After this, I will coordinate with (North Jakarta) Fisheries, Poultry, and Maritime Sub-Department to check the matter directly,” he finished. - Berita Jakarta.

7,000 Birds Killed Due To Outbreak Of Avian Flu In Jessore, Bangladesh.
Around 7,000 chickens infected with Avian Influenza, commonly known as bird flu, were culled at a government poultry farm in Jessore Thursday night. District Livestock Officer Abdur Razzak said they had informed the Deputy Commissioner and Superintendent of Police of Jessore after several birds at the farm died of the flu on Mar 24.

Chickens, eggs, feed and medicines had been first tested in the farm laboratory. Some of the dead birds were later sent to the Central Disease Investigation Lab in Dhaka for more elaborate testing, he said. A report confirming avian influenza was received Wednesday, prompting the farm authorities to kill 6,868 chickens and destroy 1,882 eggs, 1,300 kg of feed and 19 kg of vitamins Thursday, according to a news agency. - The Financial Express.

Thousands Of Fish "Die Suddenly" In A River In Mempawah, Indonesia.
Fish farmers were separating fish from the pond died suddenly, Wednesday (26/03/2014).
Tribun Pontianak / TRY Juliansyah

Farmers pond fish, they complained the deaths of thousands of fish suddenly at River Mempawah , District Mempawah downstream.

Allegedly, the fish experience stress and disease at the same time due to contamination due to climate change, from dry to wet.

"This incident since Tuesday night. That Bang, we are tired vigil until midnight, but many who died suddenly. Water was brown," said Syafrani (44) farmers cages, Wednesday (03/26/2014).

Syafrani said, the incident began at 18:00 pm, and began seriously before midnight.

According to him, these events are sudden and unexpected, so he has not been preparing preventive measures.

"The first one is attacked Thanks to the Cape region and according to the information due to changes in the river water," he said.

According to him, the first symptom is the fish to the surface, like water for oxygen. Then not long, the fish is weak and eventually die.

He considered, the possibility has been increasingly polluted river water from upstream rivers, and pollution can be from many things. One of them heavy rainfall could also allow carry toxins from upstream to River Mempawah. - Tribun News. [Translated]