Friday, November 7, 2014

SOLAR WATCH: Sunspot 2205 Erupts Again, Unleashes Potent X1-Class Solar Flare And CME - UV Radiation Ionized The Upper Layers Of Earth's Atmosphere, Producing A Short-Lived HF Radio Blackout!

An X-Class solar flare is currently in progress around region 2205.

November 7, 2014 - SPACE
- Solar activity is once again at high levels. Active sunspot AR2205 erupted again on November 7th (1726 UT) producing a potent X1-class solar flare and a CME.

The strong X1.6 solar flare event was associated with a Type II radio emission with an estimated velocity of 602 km/s.


ALERT: Type II Radio Emission
Begin Time: 2014 Nov 07 1719 UTC
Estimated Velocity: 602 km/s
Description: Type II emissions occur in association with eruptions on the sun and typically indicate a coronal mass ejection is associated with a flare event.

ALERT: Type IV Radio Emission
Begin Time: 2014 Nov 07 1735 UTC
Description: Type IV emissions occur in association with major eruptions on the sun and are typically associated with strong coronal mass ejections and solar radiation storms.

UV radiation from the flare ionized the upper layers of Earth's atmosphere, producing a short-lived HF radio blackout on the dayside of our planet.

We do not yet know if the CME is Earth-directed. The CME is likely headed to the north and east.


An updated coronagraph image courtesy of LASCO C2 confirms the emergence of a coronal mass ejection (CME) following the X1.6 event around region 2205.

A possible Earth directed component will need to be determined once coronagraph imagery becomes available.

WATCH: Sunspot 2205 unleashes X1.6 Solar Flare.





Sunspots

Region 2205 (Beta-Gamma-Delta) has been very productive since rotating into view off the east limb. Another solar flare, this time a moderately strong M5.4 event, was observed at 03:46 UTC (Nov 6).




The latest event was associated with Type II and Type IV radio emissions, indicating another coronal mass ejection (CME) is possible. An earlier M3.0 event at 19:44 UTC (Nov 5) hurled a CME into space and much like all other eruptive events up until this point, looks to be directed to the east and away from Earth.

Region 2205 will continue to turn into a better Earth facing position over the next week. The only question is, will the sunspot remain productive?

- Solar Ham | Space Weather.



SOLAR ACTIVITY & INFRASTRUCTURE COLLAPSE: The Solar Eclipse Next March Threatens Europe's Power Grid - Production May Drop As Much As 30,000 Megawatts And Temperature "May Drop 6 Degrees Celsius In Just 30 Minutes"!

A partially eclipsed sun is seen from Juba November 3, 2013 (Reuters / Goran Tomasevic)

November 7, 2014 - EUROPE
- When an almost total solar eclipse starts on March 20, 2015 and casts an umbra on northern Europe, it may face an unprecedented test of its electricity grid due to the massive development of solar power production.

The warning comes from the French power grid RTE, which said Friday that Europe must be prepared for the event.

"The passage of this shadow will considerably reduce photovoltaic power production," Dominique Maillard, the head of RTE, told reporters during its winter outlook presentation, as cited by Reuters. "According to our calculations, the impact could be a drop in production of as much as 30,000 megawatts across Europe, it's the equivalent of a six degrees Celsius drop in temperatures in half an hour."

The last time Europe experienced a similar plunge into darkness was in August 1999, long before the Fukushima disaster scare and development of better solar panels led to a boom of photovoltaic electricity.

European solar power leader Germany currently has nearly 37,000 MW of installed solar capacity, which accounts for almost 30 percent of domestic consumption. Compared to Germany, France has been slow to adopt the technology, with its total installed solar capacity standing at 5,000 MW – a mere 1 percent of the country’s total energy generating capacity.


Solar panels surround the entrance to the Wacker Chemie AG facility in the south-east Bavarian town of Burghausen (Reuters)
The danger posed by the eclipse is not so much from lower output from solar panels but rather from the rapid decease and increase, which would happen if the weather on March 20 is good.

"If it's a cloudy day, it will go almost unnoticed. We will only know almost at the last minute, but that doesn't prevent us from getting our contingency plans ready," Reuters reported Maillard as saying.

To prepare the plans RTE wants to coordinate back-up capacity together with other European grid operators.

The eclipse is expected on the morning of March 20, 2015. For roughly an hour, direct sunlight will be blocked over Norway and other northern European states. For roughly an hour and a half, it will be visible in other parts of Europe and North Africa. - RT.




FUK-U-SHIMA: Perpetual Crisis - Fukushima Workers Injured As Steel Material For Coolant Tank Collapses During The Most Risky Stage Of The Decommissioning Process; One Person In Critical Condition!

Workers, wearing a protective suit and a mask, are seen near welding storage tanks for radioactive water, under
construction in the J1 area at the Tokyo Electric Power Co's (TEPCO) tsunami-crippled Fukushima Daiichi
nuclear power plant in Fukushima prefecture (Reuters / Koji Sasahara)

November 7, 2014 - JAPAN
- Three workers at the troubled Fukushima nuclear power plant were hurt during an operation to set up a coolant tank for contaminated water. A 13-meter-high steel construction collapsed on them.

One of the workers has been left in critical condition after being knocked unconscious. He was transported to the hospital from the plant by helicopter, according to a TEPCO spokesman, AFP reported.

A second worker has a broken leg, while the third did not sustain any major injuries.

The plant has been facing the worrying issue of contaminated water leaking into the Pacific Ocean. It is looking into ways to clean the water to later release into the ocean without risk.

Russia is among the countries who have had a hand in the development of a filtering system for the plant.

TEPCO is currently also in the midst of what has been called the most risky stage of the earthquake-battered plant’s decommissioning process: the removal of spent nuclear fuel rods from their tanks. It managed to remove 400 tons of spent fuel since the start of the week, bringing the total to 1,331 in all.

The plant operator has faced a number of very serious hiccups during the radioactive cleanup since the March 2011 tragedy. These included worker contamination, water leakages, structural collapses and radiation spikes.

The amount of radioactive water near the Fukushima nuclear plant has risen to record levels after a typhoon passed through Japan this October. This has been a recurring problem to which no solution has yet been found.

Nearby volcanoes have also been deemed a safety threat.

Worker safety has likewise been a peristent problem, with inadequate protection against the radiation.

The problems faced by TEPCO and Japan are numerous.

There is no doubt that the radioactive fallout from the earthquake and tsunami of 2011 will affect the Fukushima prefecture and the country as a whole for decades to come.

TEPCO itself has come under harsh criticism, both at home and internationally – which forced the Japanese government to step in with more funds directed at the cleanup operation.

While the country on Friday gave the go-ahead to restart its first nuclear reactor since the disaster, mass rallies of protesters against a return to nuclear power are continuing. - RT.






CONTAGION: "Sudden Increase" In Demand - U.S. Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Boosts National Stockpile Of Protective Gear For Hospitals Handling Ebola Patients?!

A health care worker receives protocol on the proper removal of personal protection equipment from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
instructors in preparation for the response to the current Ebola outbreak, during a CDC safety training course in Anniston, Alabama, October 6, 2014.
Credit: Reuters/Tami Chappell

November 7, 2014 - UNITED STATES
- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is increasing its national stockpile of protective gear for U.S. hospitals handling Ebola patients after a "sudden increase" in demand, the agency said on Friday.

The CDC has ordered $2.7 million in personal protective equipment that is being configured into 50 kits for rapid deployment to hospitals, it said in a statement.

Some U.S. orders of protective equipment have been backlogged amid growing domestic demand, as manufacturers prioritize a flood of requests from aid agencies trying to curb the outbreak in West Africa.

The CDC tightened its guidelines for people handling Ebola patients on Oct. 20, requiring a fluid-resistant gown, gloves, a hood, shoe coverings and a face mask.

"We are making certain to not disrupt the orders submitted by states and hospitals, but we are building our stocks so that we can assist when needed," Greg Burel, director of CDC's Division of Strategic National Stockpile, said in the release.

Ebola has killed more than 4,800 people, largely in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.

The virus is not airborne, but is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids such as sweat or blood. - Reuters.


Tracking the EBOLA Virus Outbreak


SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Economist Warns That Financial Collapse Will Cause Civil Unrest To Erupt Across America By 2016; Rampant Corruption Combined With Economic Woes To Spark "REVOLUTION"!


November 7, 2014 - UNITED STATES
- Economist Martin Armstrong is predicting that rising resentment against the status quo as a result of economic inequality is likely to cause a serious political uprising before 2016.

“It looks more and more like a serious political uprising will erupt by 2016 once the economy turns down. That is the magic ingredient. Turn the economy down and you get civil unrest and revolution,” writes Armstrong.

In making the forecast, the economist cites the case of 90-year-old World War 2 veteran Arnold Abbott, who is being targeted by authorities in Fort Lauderdale for defying a newly passed city ordinance that criminalizes feeding the homeless, an example says Armstrong of how “laws in the USA have simply gone nuts.”

Armstrong, who correctly predicted the 1987 Black Monday crash as well as the 1998 Russian financial collapse, asserts that the downfall of the system will be its inability to gauge the anger that Americans currently feel towards their government.

“You just cannot make up this stuff. And the Democrats cannot figure out that the people are getting pissed-off at who is ever in office?

And what about the police?” asks Armstrong. “Is this just turning into thugs with badges who just enforce whatever law some nut-job politician writes?

What if they passed a Herod type law to curb population and decree that everyone must kill their first-born.

When does reason ever return to the police force these days? They no longer protect the people – they protect the politicians against the people.”

As we reported back in August, the U.S. Army is preparing for civil unrest in the United States. A 132-page document entitled U.S. Army Techniques Publication 3-39.33: Civil Disturbances outlines how troops may be required to deal with “unruly and violent crowds” where it is “necessary to quell riots and restore public order.”

Riots which rocked Ferguson, Missouri earlier this year and threaten to reignite should Officer Darren Wilson be acquitted illustrate how single events can spark sustained social unrest.

However, more widespread dislocation is only likely to occur in the aftermath of an economic collapse which impacts a huge number of Americans.

As we have seen in numerous countries across Europe, including in Belgium just today, crippling austerity measures combined with anemic economic growth have set the stage for violent unrest.

In a February 2013 article entitled Why the Banking Elite Want Riots in America, we outlined why the political class is perfectly content to engineer and exploit social unrest as a means of paving the way for the IMF to engage in its tried and tested method of asset stripping and looting a nation.

With polls showing some 74% of Americans are already angry or dissatisfied with the government, further economic hardship could prove to be the straw that breaks the camel’s back. - Info Wars.


GLOBAL FOOD CRISIS: Brazil Running Out Of Water - Sao Paulo Is Desperate For Water As Drought Hits Over 10 Million People; Forced To Cut Water Supply Use Over The Past Six Months!

Levels in the Cantareira reservoir system remain dangerously low

November 7, 2014 - SAO PAULO, BRAZIL
- It’s been nearly a month since Diomar Pereira has had running water at his home in Itu, a commuter city outside Sao Paulo that is at the epicenter of the worst drought to hit southeastern Brazil in more than eight decades.

Like others in this city whose indigenous name means “big waterfall,” Pereira must scramble to find water for drinking, bathing and cooking. On a recent day when temperatures hit 32 Celsius, he drove to a community kiosk where people with empty soda bottles and jugs lined up to use a water spigot. Pereira filled several 13-gallon containers, which he loaded into his Volkswagen bug.

“I have a job, and five children to raise and am always in a rush to find water so we can bathe,” said Pereira, a truck driver who makes the trip to get water every couple of days. “It’s very little water for a lot of people.”

Brazil is approaching the December start of its summer rainy season with its water cupboard nearly bare. More than 10 million people across Sao Paulo state, Brazil’s most populous and the nation’s economic engine, have been forced to cut water use over the past six months. A reservoir used by Itu has fallen to 2 per cent capacity and, because its system relies on rain and groundwater rather than rivers, the city is suffering more than others.


Gilberto and Soraya have had to cope with rationing for nine months

In Itu, desperation is taking hold. Police escort water trucks to keep them from being hijacked by armed men. Residents demanding restoration of tap water have staged violent protests.

Restaurants and bars are using disposable cups to avoid washing dishes, and agribusinesses are transporting soybeans and other crops by road rather than by boat in areas where rivers have dried up.

“We are entering unknown territory,” said Renato Tagnin, an expert in water resources at the environmental group Coletivo Curupira. “If this continues, we will run out of water. We have no more mechanisms and no water stored in the closet.”

The Sao Paulo metropolitan area ended its last rainy season in February with just a third of the usual rain total –only 23 centimetres over three months. Showers in October totalled just 25 millimeters, one-fifth of normal.


Mr Nobre says the drought is linked to Amazon deforestation

Only consistent, steady summer rains will bring immediate relief, experts say.

But they also place blame on the government, which they say needs to upgrade a state water distribution network that loses more than 30 per cent of its resources to leaks. Advocates also call for treatment plants to produce more potable water, along with better environmental protections for headwaters and rivers flowing into reservoirs.

Tagnin and others say the government ignored calls to begin rationing water months ago because it didn’t want to take such a step before the October elections and risk losing votes. The government, however, maintains there will be no need for rationing. It says its measures to conserve water are working, such as offering discounted water bills for those who limit usage and reducing water pressure during off-peak hours.

But activists and consumer groups complain the government has done too little too late and failed to keep consumers informed.

The state’s largest utility, which supplies water to more than 16 million people in Sao Paulo’s metropolitan area, for months avoided acknowledging the looming shortage. Only recently did the Sabesp utility release maps showing which neighbourhoods were at risk of water cuts, and was careful to avoid using the hot button term “rationing.”


The city authorities are struggling to cope with the crisis

In Itu, where the taps have been dry for weeks, residents dream of rationing _ at least that would mean some water for their homes.

“I forgot what water looks like coming out of the faucet,” said Rosa Lara Leite, a woman carrying a few gallons of water in each hand at one of the city’s crowded drinking fountains.

Authorities forced the city of 160,000 to cut its daily water consumption from 62 million litres to 8 million litres. Dozens of water trucks are deployed to bring in water from far off towns. Huge 5,000-gallon tanks have been set up around the city.

“We understand that people’s basic need is water. They need it,” said Marco Antonio Augusto, spokesman for a government task force created to manage Itu’s water supply. “We are bringing water from every possible place.”

Baker Franciele Bonfim is storing whatever water she can get her hands on in every possible place. She and a neighbour recently paid $200 to buy water from a private water truck, storing it in two big tanks and about 20 plastic buckets that once held margarine for her cakes.

“It’s an added expense but at least I am good for 15 days,” Bonfim said, as she used a thick hose to pour water into each bucket. “It has taken me a long time to use all this margarine. But water runs out fast.” - Maclean's.




TERMINATOR NOW: The Rise Of The Machines - China's Ministry Of Science And Technology Ushers In The "Robot Age"; 2.5 MILLION Robots To Be Installed By 2030!


November 7, 2014 - CHINA - In the first half of 2014, the EU launched the world's biggest civilian robot research and development plan, with total investment of 2.8 billion Euros.

Last year, the US released its robot development plan and roadmap, which focuses on developing new generation robots that can work closely with human beings.

South Korea also issued its second five year plan on developing intelligent robots. Robots have become an important growth point of the new industrial revolution, and will exert significant influence over the global manufacturing industry.

According to information released by the Ministry of Science and Technology, after nearly 30 years work, China's robot research and development chain, extending from basic research for applications to industrialized production, is now in place. The industrial robot and service robot industry is taking shape.

Moreover, China's research and development of robots serving in special environments has made great progress.

A Chinese model uses a mobile phone to control a robot
made by Chinese computer maker Lenovo at a high-tech
exhibition in Beijing, China.  (AP Photo, File)

China has successfully developed its Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) capable of exploring the ocean down to 6,000 meters, a long-voyage underwater robot, an underwater vehicle designed for maximum dive depth of 7000 meters (Jiaolong), and the Remote Operated Vehicle (ROV).

These achievements have laid a solid foundation for the research into and large-scale application of robots.

China's self-developed operating maintenance robots for multiple types of nuclear reactors have been brought into service.

Several types of robots designed for disaster relief, public security and other fields have entered the pilot stage.

China's robot industry offers huge prospects for growth. In recent years, the number of newly installed industrial robots has increased by 30 percent annually.

According to statistics released by China Robot Industry Alliance, 37,000 industrial robots were sold in China in 2013, ranking the Chinese market first in the world.

Assuming that China has a total of 100 million industrial workers, by 2020, China is expected to have installed 1.3 million robots to meet the average level of 150 robots per 10,000 workers; and by 2030, China is expected to have installed 2.5 million robots to meet the developed level of 250 robots per 10,000 workers.

Cai Hegao, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, said: "We can't give up China's robot market to foreign suppliers. We need to develop our own technologies and occupy the market with self-developed robots."  - People Daily.



WAR DRUMS: Russian Tanks Roll Into Ukraine - Kiev Claims That Russia Has Sent A Column Of 32 Tanks And Truckloads Of Troops Into The Country's East To Support Pro-Russian Separatists?!

FILE: Pro-Russian separatists stand in formation in front of a Soviet World War Two T-34 tank, as they take an oath of loyalty to the
separatist Interior ministry in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, October 25, 2014. (REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev)

November 7, 2014 - UKRAINE
- Ukraine's military accused Russia on Friday of sending a column of 32 tanks and truckloads of troops into the country's east to support pro-Russian separatists fighting government forces.

Thursday's cross-border incursion, if confirmed, is a significant escalation of a conflict that has killed more than 4,000 people since the separatists rose up in mid-April and would call into question Russia's commitment to a two-month-old ceasefire deal.

The truce has looked particularly fragile this week, with each side accusing the other of violations after separatist elections last Sunday condemned as illegitimate by the West.

"Supplies of military equipment and enemy fighters from the Russian Federation are continuing," military spokesman Andriy Lysenko told a briefing in Kiev, describing a column that included 16 big artillery guns and 30 trucks carrying troops and ammunition as well as 32 tanks.

He said five Ukrainian soldiers had been killed in the past 24 hours although Kiev has denied rebel charges of launching a new military offensive.

Russian President Vladimir Putin summoned security chiefs on Thursday to discuss the deteriorating situation but announced no new moves afterwards.

Although Russia blames the crisis on Kiev and the West, NATO says it has overwhelming evidence that Russia has aided the rebels militarily in the conflict and it has left Moscow's relations with the West at their lowest ebb since the Cold War.

A NATO military officer said on Friday the alliance had seen an increase in Russian troops and equipment along the border and was looking into reports of Russian tanks crossing into eastern Ukraine.

"If this crossing into Ukraine is confirmed it would be further evidence of Russia's aggression and direct involvement in destabilizing Ukraine," he said.

Russia denies arming the rebels but the ceasefire deal reached in the Belarussian capital, Minsk, now looks in tatters.

"The President noted a significant deviation from the implementation of the Minsk protocol, which is leading to further escalation of the conflict," a statement on the Ukrainian presidential website said after President Petro Poroshenko spoke to German Chancellor Angela Merkel by phone.

Although Russia did not respond to Kiev's latest accusations, it said it still supported the ceasefire deal.

"We support the continuation of the Minsk process and advocate holding another meeting of the Contact Group (of negotiators)," Kremlin foreign policy adviser Yuri Ushakov said. "But not everything depends on us. There are a lot of factors."

RISING TENSIONS

Russia denies direct involvement in the conflict but stoked tensions by annexing the Crimean peninsula in March after the overthrow of a Moscow-backed president in Kiev.

The rebels rose up weeks later in the mainly Russian-speaking east and Western governments have imposed sanctions which have aggravated an economic downturn in Russia, whose rouble currency is in sharp decline.

The increase in tensions stems from Sunday's leadership elections in the Donetsk and Luhansk "people's republics", which the West and Kiev say violated the Minsk agreements.

The Ukrainian government responded by revoking a law that would have granted the rebel-held eastern regions much more autonomy and would have provided them with cash.

With tension rising and Western pressure mounting on Russia not to recognize the separatist votes, Ushakov reiterated that Moscow respects the will of the voters but stopped short of using the word "recognize" for the votes.

"These are different words," he said. "The word 'respect' was chosen deliberately."

His words could be intended to appease the West, which has threatened to impose new sanctions if the crisis persists.


Russia's President Vladimir Putin (R-L) speaks with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Russia's State Duma speaker Sergey Naryshkin and Security Council
Secretary Nikolai Patrushev during a meeting of the Security Council at the Novo-Ogaryovo state residence outside Moscow, November 6, 2014. Putin held
talks with top security chiefs on Thursday over a "deterioration of the situation" in eastern Ukraine after pro-Russian rebels there accused
Kiev of launching a new offensive in violation of a ceasefire. (REUTERS/Mikhail Klimentyev/RIA Novosti/Kremlin)

Some Western leaders fear Putin wants to create a "frozen conflict" in east Ukraine which would end Kiev's ability to control affairs there and allow Moscow to maintain influence as well as complicating Kiev's efforts to join mainstream Europe.

Putin has not commented on the separatist votes, held one week after a parliamentary election in other parts of Ukraine which cemented Poroshenko's grip on power by increasing support for him in the assembly.

Despite the tensions over Ukraine, the Russian leader will attend two summits in Asia in the next 10 days which offer a chance for talks on the crisis.

Ushakov said Putin would hold face-to-face talks with British Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Francois Hollande during a G20 summit in Brisbane on Nov. 15-16.

Putin will also meet International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe during an Asia-Pacific summit in Beijing on Nov. 10-11.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov will also meet in Beijing on Saturday, before the summit starts. No talks are scheduled between Putin and U.S. President Barack Obama although Washington and the Kremlin have not ruled out an informal conversation on the summit sidelines. - Yahoo.



PLANETARY TREMORS: Very Strong Magnitude 6.6 Earthquake Strike Northeast Of Finschhafen, Papua New Guinea - No Tsunami Warning!

Magnitude 6.6 earthquake reported off coast of Papua New Guinea's New Britain island, according to US Geological Survey.

November 7, 2014 - PAPUA NEW GUINEA
- A magnitude 6.6 earthquake has struck off the coast of Papua New Guinea's New Britain island, but there were no immediate reports of damage, according to the US Geological Survey.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii said on Friday that there was no tsunami threat from the quake. The earthquake, which hit a depth of 69km, was initially reported at 6.9 magnitude before being revised lower.

The undersea quake struck in a narrow strait between New Britain's south coast and the north coast of Papua New Guinea's main island, the US Geological Survey said.

"It would have been very widely felt," seismologist Emma Mathews from Geoscience Australia, was quoted as saying by the Australian newspaper.

Mathews said while the threshold for a local tsunami was any quake within a depth of 100km, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said that based on all the available data there was no threat of a destructive wave.

USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.

Ring of Fire


Geoscience Australia said the tremor could have been felt by people up to 836km away from its epicentre off the sparsely populated west coast of the island of New Britain, while damage could have been caused within a 67km radius.

There were no immediate reports of damage.

Earthquakes are common in Papua New Guinea, which sits on the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire, a hotspot for seismic activity due to friction between tectonic plates.

In April a powerful 7.1-magnitude tremor struck off Papua New Guinea off the town of Panguna on the remote and volcanic Bougainville island.

It was followed by a 6.7-magnitude quake a little further from the town.

In 2013 the neighbouring Solomons Island were hit by a devastating tsunami after an 8.0-magnitude earthquake rattled the region.

That tsunami left at least 10 people dead, destroyed hundreds of homes and left thousands of people homeless. - Al Jazeera.


Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of the New Guinea Region and Vicinity

The Australia-Pacific plate boundary is over 4000 km long on the northern margin, from the Sunda (Java) trench in the west to the Solomon Islands in the east. The eastern section is over 2300 km long, extending west from northeast of the Australian continent and the Coral Sea until it intersects the east coast of Papua New Guinea. The boundary is dominated by the general northward subduction of the Australia plate.

Along the South Solomon trench, the Australia plate converges with the Pacific plate at a rate of approximately 95 mm/yr towards the east-northeast. Seismicity along the trench is dominantly related to subduction tectonics and large earthquakes are common: there have been 13 M7.5+ earthquakes recorded since 1900. On April 1, 2007, a M8.1 interplate megathrust earthquake occurred at the western end of the trench, generating a tsunami and killing at least 40 people. This was the third M8.1 megathrust event associated with this subduction zone in the past century; the other two occurred in 1939 and 1977.

Further east at the New Britain trench, the relative motions of several microplates surrounding the Australia-Pacific boundary, including north-south oriented seafloor spreading in the Woodlark Basin south of the Solomon Islands, maintain the general northward subduction of Australia-affiliated lithosphere beneath Pacific-affiliated lithosphere. Most of the large and great earthquakes east of New Guinea are related to this subduction; such earthquakes are particularly concentrated at the cusp of the trench south of New Ireland. 33 M7.5+ earthquakes have been recorded since 1900, including three shallow thrust fault M8.1 events in 1906, 1919, and 2007.

The western end of the Australia-Pacific plate boundary is perhaps the most complex portion of this boundary, extending 2000 km from Indonesia and the Banda Sea to eastern New Guinea. The boundary is dominantly convergent along an arc-continent collision segment spanning the width of New Guinea, but the regions near the edges of the impinging Australia continental margin also include relatively short segments of extensional, strike-slip and convergent deformation. The dominant convergence is accommodated by shortening and uplift across a 250-350 km-wide band of northern New Guinea, as well as by slow southward-verging subduction of the Pacific plate north of New Guinea at the New Guinea trench. Here, the Australia-Pacific plate relative velocity is approximately 110 mm/yr towards the northeast, leading to the 2-8 mm/yr uplift of the New Guinea Highlands.

USGS plate tectonics for the region.

Whereas the northern band of deformation is relatively diffuse east of the Indonesia-Papua New Guinea border, in western New Guinea there are at least two small (less than 100,000 km²) blocks of relatively undeformed lithosphere. The westernmost of these is the Birds Head Peninsula microplate in Indonesia's West Papua province, bounded on the south by the Seram trench. The Seram trench was originally interpreted as an extreme bend in the Sunda subduction zone, but is now thought to represent a southward-verging subduction zone between Birds Head and the Banda Sea.

There have been 22 M7.5+ earthquakes recorded in the New Guinea region since 1900. The dominant earthquake mechanisms are thrust and strike slip, associated with the arc-continent collision and the relative motions between numerous local microplates. The largest earthquake in the region was a M8.2 shallow thrust fault event in the northern Papua province of Indonesia that killed 166 people in 1996.

The western portion of the northern Australia plate boundary extends approximately 4800 km from New Guinea to Sumatra and primarily separates Australia from the Eurasia plate, including the Sunda block. This portion is dominantly convergent and includes subduction at the Sunda (Java) trench, and a young arc-continent collision.

In the east, this boundary extends from the Kai Islands to Sumba along the Timor trough, offset from the Sunda trench by 250 km south of Sumba. Contrary to earlier tectonic models in which this trough was interpreted as a subduction feature continuous with the Sunda subduction zone, it is now thought to represent a subsiding deformational feature related to the collision of the Australia plate continental margin and the volcanic arc of the Eurasia plate, initiating in the last 5-8 Myr. Before collision began, the Sunda subduction zone extended eastward to at least the Kai Islands, evidenced by the presence of a northward-dipping zone of seismicity beneath Timor Leste. A more detailed examination of the seismic zone along it's eastern segment reveals a gap in intermediate depth seismicity under Timor and seismic mechanisms that indicate an eastward propagating tear in the descending slab as the negatively buoyant oceanic lithosphere detaches from positively buoyant continental lithosphere. On the surface, GPS measurements indicate that the region around Timor is currently no longer connected to the Eurasia plate, but instead is moving at nearly the same velocity as the Australia plate, another consequence of collision.

Large earthquakes in eastern Indonesia occur frequently but interplate megathrust events related to subduction are rare; this is likely due to the disconnection of the descending oceanic slab from the continental margin. There have been 9 M7.5+ earthquakes recorded from the Kai Islands to Sumba since 1900. The largest was the great Banda Sea earthquake of 1938 (M8.5) an intermediate depth thrust faulting event that did not cause significant loss of life. - USGS.




SOLAR WATCH: Sunspot 2205 Is Crackling With M-Class Solar Flares, Hurling Multiple CMEs Into Space - Will Turn Into Earth-Facing Position Over The Next Week!


November 7, 2014 - SPACE - Sunspot AR2205 is crackling with M-class solar flares.

The blasts have hurled multiple CMEs into space, but so far none poses a threat to Earth.

This movie from SOHO shows several storm clouds billowing over the sun's eastern limb on Nov. 5-6:



Region 2205 (Beta-Gamma-Delta) has been very productive since rotating into view off the east limb.

Another solar flare, this time a moderately strong M5.4 event, was observed at 03:46 UTC (Nov 6).



The latest event was associated with Type II and Type IV radio emissions, indicating another coronal mass ejection (CME) is possible.

An earlier M3.0 event at 19:44 UTC (Nov 5) hurled a CME into space and much like all other eruptive events up until this point, looks to be directed to the east and away from Earth.



Because AR2205 is not yet directly facing Earth, the CMEs are sailing wide of our planet. In the movie above, Venus appears to be enveloped by the CMEs, but not really.

The second planet from the sun is behind the clouds, not inside them.




Region 2205 will continue to turn into a better Earth facing position over the next week. The only question is, will the sunspot remain productive?

More eruptions are in the offing. AR2205 has an unstable 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field that harbors energy for strong flares and CMEs. NOAA forecasters estimate a 55% chance of M-flares and a 25% chance of X-flares during the next 24 hours.


Sunspots


Solar activity continues at moderate to high levels with a number of M-Flares detected around region 2205. The latest events include an M2.5 flare at 22:16 UTC (Nov 6), an M2.7 at 02:49 UTC (Nov 7) and and M2.0 at 04:25 UTC (Nov 7).


Due to the location of region 2205, all coronal mass ejections up until this point have been directed away from Earth. This could change in the days ahead as the active region continues to turn into a more geoeffective positon. It should be noted that another potential active region is approaching the southeast limb.

Perhaps something to keep an eye on in the days ahead. 

- Space Weather | Solar Ham.


STORM ALERT: Rapidly Strengthening Monster Storm Nuri May Become The Most Intense Ever For Alaska - Large Waves And Hurricane-Force Winds Are Expected To Hit The Aleutian Island Chain!

Visible satellite image capture Typhoon Nuri as it churned over the West Pacific on Nov. 5, 2014. (Satellite Image/NASA)

November 7, 2014 - ALASKA - A powerful storm is slated to move over the Bering Sea this weekend, possibly becoming one of the most intense storms to ever impact the region.

The former Super Typhoon Nuri is forecast to track northward into the Bering Sea, located in between Alaska and Russia, on Friday, losing its tropical characteristics as it does so.

At this point, the system will undergo rapid intensification, producing howling winds as the central pressure plummets to near record levels.

Due to the massive size of the storm, impacts can be felt hundreds of miles away from the storm's center through much of the weekend.

Large waves and hurricane-force winds are expected to be the highest impacts with waves in some areas topping 45 feet Friday night and into Saturday.

Waves this large can quickly turn deadly, tossing around ships sailing in the area.

Waves and swells are not expected to be nearly this high along the west coast of Alaska. However, they may still be strong enough to cause flooding and erosion in coastal areas.



The Aleutian Island Chain will likely feel the worst impacts as wind-swept rain moves in late on Friday, continuing through much of the weekend. Peak wind gusts across the islands can occasionally gust beyond 100 mph.

AccuWeather.com meteorologists believe that this system could become one of the most intense storms to move over the Bering Sea.

The central pressure of this system is forecast to drop below 930 millibars on Friday night.

To put this in perspective, the lowest pressure recorded in Hurricane Sandy was 940 millibars.

If the pressure of this storm does drop this low, it will be in contention for becoming one of the most powerful storms to ever develop over the Bering Sea in recorded history in terms of central pressure.

The current record stands at 925 millibars from a powerful storm that moved over the Bering Sea on Oct. 25, 1977.

This storm will not only have impacts on Alaska, eastern Russia and the Bering Sea, but also the contiguous United States.

According to Senior Meteorologist Brett Anderson, "In brief, when a typhoon curves away from Asia it causes the jet stream [steering winds] farther to the east across the Pacific and into North America to buckle and amplify days later."

This is the case for the remnants of Super Typhoon Nuri as it has already curved away from Asia and tracking northward toward Alaska.

As a result, arctic air is expected to invade the Plains, Midwest and Northeast next week. - AccuWeather.




PLANETARY TREMORS: Scientists Monitoring Earthquake Swarm Near Lakeview, Northwestern Nevada - Sequence Of Tremors Increase The Probability That A Larger Earthquake Will Happen!

A USGS map shows the cluster of earthquakes in the northwest corner of Nevada

November 7, 2014 - NEVADA, UNITED STATES
- Scientists in Oregon, Washington and Nevada say an intense earthquake swarm occurring in northwestern Nevada is actively increasing.

Located about 40 miles southeast of Lakeview, the swarm has been active since mid-July and has become much more active in the last few days.

A magnitude 4.6 earthquake occurred Tuesday night, with magnitude 3-plus earthquakes throughout Wednesday. In the past three months, there have been 42 earthquakes with a magnitude greater than 3.

Scientists say that these sequences of earthquakes does increase the probability that a larger earthquake will happen.

When an earthquake will happen can't be predicted but being prepared is important.

"Earthquakes can happen anytime," said Oregon State geologist Vicki S. McConnell. "Planning and preparing now helps you be ready."

This current swarm resembles a 1968 swam in Adel, Oregon which lasted several months and included three earthquakes of about magnitude 5.

The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, the Nevada Seismological Laboratory at the University of Nevada Reno, the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network at the University of Washington, and the U.S. Geological Survey are closely monitoring the earthquake swarm.

You can view real-time information about this swarm at http://www.seismo.unr.edu and http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/map/.

- KPTV.


A swarm of earthquakes in a sparely populated area of far northwest Nevada that began on July 12 has increased in intensity over the past several days.

This activity is located about 40 miles southeast of Lakeview, Ore., and 40 miles northeast of Cedarville, Calif.

Over the past three months the Nevada Seismological Laboratory, in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey and seismic networks in Washington and Oregon, has recorded 42 earthquakes larger than Magnitude 3, and about 550 earthquakes larger than Magnitude 2.

Three Magnitude 4+ events have occurred since Oct 30, with largest event of the sequence, Magnitude 4.6, at 11:23 PM, Nov. 4.

This activity resembles the 1968 Adel, Oregon swarm, which also lasted several months and included three events of approximately Magnitude 5; the Adel swarm caused moderate damage. Another analog is the 2008 “Mogul-Somersett” swarm in west Reno.

This swarm also consisted of an increasingly vigorous series of earthquakes over a 2-month period, leading to a Magnitude 5.0 event. The Mogul sequence also caused local damage.

Following any sequence of earthquakes similar to what is occurring in northwest Nevada, there is a small increase in the probability of a larger event. Whether a larger event will occur in the northwest Nevada swarm cannot be predicted or forecast.

However, large earthquakes can happen anywhere in Nevada, and we encourage citizens to take steps to prepare for the potential for strong ground shaking. - Herald and News.