Sunday, November 23, 2014

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Mýrdalsjökull Ice Cap - Iceland's Katla Volcano Is "Due For A Big Eruption"!

November 23, 2014 - ICELAND
- A volcano sitting beneath Iceland's Mýrdalsjökull ice cap is due for a "big" eruption, Nasa has said. Satellite images showing Mýrdalsjökull reveal the ice cap has shrunk dramatically over the last 30 years, and experts believe this is a result of recent volcanic episodes.

The images, from Nasa's Earth Observatory, show before and after photos of the ice cap - the first from September 2014, the second from September 1986.

More than half of Iceland's ice caps and glaciers sit either directly above or near active volcanoes, meaning fire and ice often unite.

Mýrdalsjökull sits above the Katla volcano, on the country's southern tip. This volcano normally erupts about twice every 100 years, with the last being in 1918.

After and before shot shows how ice cap has changed.(Nasa Earth Observatory)

Image of Mýrdalsjökull Ice Cap from 1986(Nasa Earth Observatory)

The ice cap seen in September 2014.(Nasa Earth Observatory)

Scientists say this indicates the volcano is due to blow: "Katla has been 'due' for a while now," said Throstur Thorsteinsson of the University of Iceland. "There have been episodes of seismic activity, but still no big eruptions."

Researchers say there have been signs of small glacial outburst floods - indicating small volcanic events are taking place, "but nothing has been well confirmed," Thorsteinsson said.

The latest image from September shows the southwest-central part of the ice cap with dimple like features known as ice cauldrons, which are caused by geothermal heat from the volcano. Along the northern part, ablation has exposed brown bands of ash deposited by past eruptions.

"A few of the bands are likely from Hekla, a stratovolcano with relatively frequent eruption events," Nasa said in a statement. "Across the middle of the ice cap, the dark surface can likely be attributed to more recent volcanic episodes."

Researchers also said global warming has led to the ice cap to retreat, with a steady decline since the 1990s. - IBT.

SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Suicide Bombing At A Volleyball Tournament In Afghanistan - 50 People Killed; At Least 50 More Wounded!

November 23, 2014 - AFGHANISTAN
- A suicide bombing has reportedly killed 50 people at a volleyball tournament in eastern Afghanistan, local officials say.

Mokhis Afghan, spokesman for the provincial governor of Paktika province, bordering Pakistan, told AP the attack happened during an inter-district tournament attended by a large crowed in the Yahyakhail district late Sunday afternoon.

The suicide bomber was walking among hundreds of spectators who had gathered to watch the volleyball tournament final when the device was detonated, he says.

Afghan said at least 50 more were wounded in the bombing, with the casualty count expected to rise. Most of the casualties were civilians. It is the deadliest such attack to hit the country in months. So far, no one has claimed responsibility for the bombing.

President Ashraf Ghani has condemned the attack.

On January 1, 2010, a similar suicide attack on a volleyball match in northwest Pakistan killed 105 and injured over 100 more. It was widely believed the attack was retaliation against villagers in Shah Hasan Khel – Lakki Marwat District – who had formed a pro-government militia to fight against the Taliban.

In the weeks leading up to the attack, militants had promised to kill anyone who joined the militia.

Paktia was once one of the most chaotic provinces in the Afghanisan, though the security situation has improved in recent years. Bordering the Pakistani-ruled tribal areas of North Waziristan, Bannu and the Kurram Tribal Agency, parts of Paktia are used by militants from the Haqqani network and other Taliban fighters as a safe haven.

Meanwhile, Sunday's bombing comes on the same day Afghanistan’s parliament signed off on an agreement that will allow NATO forces to stay in the country beyond 2014.

The new agreement, ratified Sunday, allows the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to maintain a total of 12,000 troops in Afghanistan next year. After a 152-5 vote, Nazifullah Salarzai, spokesman for Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, said the foreign troops will "train, advise and assist Afghan security forces.

In ratifying the deal, Afghan MPs made no mention of foreign troops taking part in combat operations against Taliban fighters. According to a recent New York Times report, however, a secret order extending the direct combat role for US troops was signed by President Barack Obama. - RT.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Global Seismic Uptick - Nine Volcanic Earthquakes At Philippines' Mayon Volcano In The Last 48 Hours!

November 23, 2014 - PHILIPPINES
- At least nine volcanic quakes were recorded from the restive Mayon Volcano in the last 48 hours, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said Sunday.

Three were registered on Saturday and six on Friday.

In its 8 a.m. update, Phivolcs also recorded an emission of white "moderate to voluminous" steam plumes that drifted west-southwest, west-northwest, northeast, and southeast. Also, it recorded a crater glow at Intensity I Friday night.

Phivolcs likewise observed a crater glow at Intensity I Saturday night.

Also, Phivolcs said Mayon's alert level remains at 3, meaning an eruption is still likely within weeks.

More than 12,000 families were evacuated from their homes in Mayon's danger zone since mid-September, when Phivolcs raised the alert level at Mayon to 3.

Last November 3, the Office of Civil Defense allowed residents in the seven- to eight-kilometer extended danger zone to return home for now.

On November 4, many families whose homes were with in the extended danger zone were allowed to go home.  - GMA Network.

DISASTER IMPACT: Deadly And Powerful Earthquakes Strike Japan And China - Damage Worst Than Thought In Japan After 6.7 Temblor Destroys At Least 50 Homes, Injures 41 People, Collapse Major Roads And Flatten Buildings; And 5 Killed, 54 Injured, And Over 80,000 People Affected After 6.3 Magnitude Tremor Damaged 25,000 Houses And Dislocates 6,200 In China!

This aerial photo shows collapsed houses after a strong earthquake hit Hakuba, Nagano prefecture, central Japan, Sunday, Nov. 23, 2014. The magnitude-6.7
earthquake shook on Saturday night the mountainous area that hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics destroying more than
half a dozen homes in the ski resort town. © AP Photo/Kyodo News

November 23, 2014 - ASIA
- The damage from an overnight earthquake in a mountainous area of central Japan that hosted the 1998 winter Olympics proved more extensive than initially thought. A daylight assessment Sunday found at least 50 homes destroyed in two villages, and 41 people injured across the region, including seven seriously, mostly with broken bones, officials said.

Damage worse than thought in Japanese earthquake

The magnitude-6.7 earthquake struck shortly after 10 p.m. Saturday west of Nagano city at a depth of 5 kilometers (3 miles), the Japan Meteorological Agency said. The agency revised the magnitude and depth from initial estimates. The U.S. Geological Survey recorded a magnitude of 6.2. Since the quake occurred inland, there was no possibility of a tsunami.

Ryo Nishino, a restaurant owner in Hakuba, a ski resort village west of Nagano, told Japanese broadcaster NHK that he had "never experienced a quake that shook so hard. The sideways shaking was enormous." He said he was in the restaurant's wine cellar when the quake struck, and that nothing broke there.

Japan's Nuclear Regulation Authority said no abnormalities were reported at three nuclear power plants in the affected areas. All of Japan's nuclear plants are offline following a magnitude-9.0 earthquake and massive tsunami in 2011 that sent three reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant into meltdown. Fukushima is about 250 kilometers (155 miles) northeast of where Saturday's earthquake occurred.

The hardest-hit area appeared to be Hakuba, which hosted events in the 1998 winter games. At least 43 homes were destroyed there, and 17 people injured, national and local disaster agencies said. Another seven homes were lost in Otari, a nearby village to the north. Non-residential buildings were also destroyed, with officials assessing the extent.

Houses damaged by an earthquake are seen in Hakuba, Nagano prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo, Nov. 23, 2014.

This aerial photo shows houses collapsed after a strong earthquake hit Hakuba, Nagano near a ski resort Sunday local time.

Firefighters and rescuers examine buildings collapsed after the 6.8-magnitude earthquake struck Hakuba.

Local residents look at a collapsed house after a strong earthquake hit the area the night before, in Hakuba, Nagano prefecture, on Nov. 23.

An aerial view shows collapsed houses after an earthquake in Hakuba town, Nagano prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo on Nov. 23.

Japanese television footage showed buildings in various states of collapse, some flattened and others leaning to one side, and deep cracks in the roads. A landslide spilled onto a railroad track, forcing service to stop. About 200 people from Hakuba and Otari had evacuated to shelters.

Shigeharu Fujimori, a Nagano prefecture disaster management official, said it was fortunate there haven't been any deaths reported despite the extent of the damage.

More than 20 people trapped under collapsed houses were rescued, the National Police Agency told Japan's Kyodo news agency. Japanese television showed police going house to house Sunday morning, calling out to make sure that inhabitants were accounted for.

WATCH: Damage worse than thought in Japanese earthquake.

"The hardest-hit area was in the mountains and sparsely populated, where neighbors have a close relationship and help each other," Fujimori said. "So I don't think anyone has been forgotten or left isolated."

Shinkansen bullet train service in the region was restored after a short interruption. Chubu Electric Power Co. said 200 homes remained without power on Sunday.

The quake has been followed by more than 60 aftershocks, and Meteorological Agency official Yohei Hasegawa urged residents to watch out for landslides. The area was struck by a magnitude-6.7 earthquake the day after the huge March 2011 quake. - AP.

6.8 [quake] jolted central Japan on Saturday evening… felt in the capital Tokyo 180 km away…  an advanced party of Japan’s military had been sent… “the tremor was too strong to stand,” said… an NHK employee. - Reuters.

Helicopter surveys on Sunday showed more extensive damage than earlier thought from an overnight earthquake… footage showed buildings in various states of collapse, some flattened and others leaning… and deep cracks in the roads… The quake was followed by more than 45 aftershocks… [Officials] urged residents to watch out for landslides. - AP.

A powerful 6.8-magnitude earthquake… halted high-speed train service, caused several major roads to collapse and shut down others because of landslides. - Voice of America.

Nagano prefecture government has enforced the disaster relief law… [Officials] warned of possible strong aftershocks… the government has set up a disaster relief office. - Xinhua.

One of the strongest ever felt in recent years by residents… Ryo Nishino, a restaurant owner… “never experienced a quake that shook so hard… shaking was enormous.”… The earthquake was felt across much of northern Japan… the Meteorological Agency… warned of further aftershocks. - AP.

21 aftershocks in the 90 minutes following the quake [and] tremors continued… “an aftershock registering upper 5 could occur in the coming week,” an agency official said… The quake was felt in wide areas from [including] Tohoku in north-eastern Japan… train systems in… Tohoku, Yamagata, Akita, Joetsu and Nagano… temporarily stopped. - ABC Australia.

Footage showed flattened wooden houses… “It’s quite a strong earthquake for an inland one,” an official at the Japanese agency told a midnight press conference. “We are worried about the extent of damage to houses and buildings,” he said… police and municipal officials said they were still scrambling to collect information as they were operating in the dark… The meteorological agency warned strong aftershocks could still occur in the coming week. - AFP.

Japanese officials warn of quake aftershocks
— Officials at Japan’s Meteorological Agency are warning people to be on the alert for aftershocks in the days ahead after a magnitude 6.7 earthquake… The tremor registered intensities of 6-minus on the Japanese scale of 7. - NHK.

Fukushima is about 155 miles northeast of where Saturday’s earthquake occurred. - FOX News.

Five killed, 80,000 affected in earthquake in China

In this Saturday, Nov. 23, 2014 photo, injured people receive medical treatment at a hospital in Kangding County, Sichuan province, China. A strong earthquake
that hit a sparsely populated, mountainous area of western China killed at least five people and injured more than 50 others, officials said Sunday.
(AP Photo/Xinhua, Li Qiaoqiao)

China on Sunday launched an all-out rescue operation after a powerful 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck quake-prone Sichuan Province, killing at least five people and affecting nearly 80,000 others.

Fifty-four people were injured, including six in critical condition and another five suffering severe injuries, latest updates said.

Chinese leaders have urged all-out rescue efforts after the quake hit the Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province yesterday.

"The death toll from the quake rose to five," officials said.

"The provincial and civil affairs authorities must be swift in organising rescue and relief work and do their best to minimise casualties," said President Xi Jinping, who was on a state-visit to Fiji.

Nearly 80,000 people have been affected by the quake and 25,000 houses were damaged. About 6,200 people had been relocated, the provincial civil affair department said in a statement.

A 35-member rescue team of armed police has arrived at Tagong township, the epicenter, two hours after the quake occurred. Six military aircraft, 60 medical staff and nearly 1,000 soldiers and militia are ready for mission call, the state-run Xinhua news agency reported.

Premier Li Keqiang has also ordered immediate verification of the damage and all-out rescue and relief efforts.

He asked state disaster relief authorities to send work teams as appropriate to guide local quake relief.

The China Earthquake Administration and Sichuan Provincial Earthquake Administration launched Grade II emergency response and sent work teams to Kangding. Power facilities, tents and quilts have also been sent to the quake-hit areas.

Sichuan, neighbouring the Tibet Autonomous Region, is a mountainous and quake-prone area.

A massive 8.0-magnitude earthquake struck Wenchuan of the province on May 12, 2008 and left more than 80,000 people dead.

Another 196 people were killed in the 7.0-magnitude quake that hit Lushan in April last year. - ZEE News.

MIDDLE EAST CONFLICT & WORLD WAR III: Israel Issues Warning That It Is Considering Military Strike Against Iran - Jewish Officials Cites "Sunset Clause" In Proposed Comprehensive Deal That Guarantees Iran Path Into The Nuclear Club, Ultimately Cornering Israel Into War!

Israel Air Force planes fly over Tel Aviv.  (Photo credit: IDF SPOKESPERSON'S UNIT)

November 23, 2014 - ISRAEL
- Historic negotiations with Iran will reach an inflection point on Monday, as world powers seek to clinch a comprehensive deal that will, to their satisfaction, end concerns over the nature of its vast, decade-old nuclear program.

But reflecting on the deal under discussion with The Jerusalem Post on the eve of the deadline, Israel has issued a stark, public warning to its allies with a clear argument: Current proposals guarantee the perpetuation of a crisis, backing Israel into a corner from which military force against Iran provides the only logical exit.

The deal on the table

World powers have presented Iran with an accord that would restrict its nuclear program for roughly ten years and cap its ability to produce fissile material for a weapon during that time to a minimum nine-month additional period, from the current three months.

Should Tehran agree, the deal may rely on Russia to convert Iran's current uranium stockpile into fuel rods for peaceful use. The proposal would also include an inspection regime that would attempt to follow the program's entire supply chain, from the mining of raw material to the syphoning of that material to various nuclear facilities across Iran.

Israel's leaders believe the best of a worst-case scenario, should that deal be reached, is for inspections to go perfectly and for Iran to choose to abide by the deal for the entire decade-long period.

But "our intelligence agencies are not perfect," an Israeli official said. "We did not know for years about Natanz and Qom. And inspection regimes are certainly not perfect. They weren't in the case in North Korea, and it isn't the case now – Iran's been giving the IAEA the run around for years about its past activities."

"What's going to happen with that?" the official continued. "Are they going to sweep that under the rug if there's a deal?"

On Saturday afternoon, reports from Vienna suggested the P5+1 – the US, United Kingdom, France, Russia, China and Germany – are willing to stop short of demanding full disclosure of any secret weapon work by Tehran.

Speaking to the Post, a senior US official rejected concern over limited surveillance capabilities, during or after a deal.

"If we can conclude a comprehensive agreement, we will have significantly more ability to detect covert facilities – even after its duration is over – than we do today," the senior US official said. "After the duration of the agreement, the most intrusive inspections will continue: the Additional Protocol – which encompasses very intrusive transparency, and which Iran has already said it will implement – will continue."

But compounding Israel's fears, the proposal Jerusalem has seen shows that mass dismantlement of Iran's nuclear infrastructure – including the destruction, and not the mere warehousing, of its parts – is no longer on the table in Vienna.

"Iran's not being asked to dismantle the nuclear infrastructure," the Israeli official said, having seen the proposal before the weekend. "Right now what they're talking about is something very different. They're talking about Ayatollah Khamenei allowing the P5+1 to save face."

Officials in the Netanyahu government are satisfied that their ideas and concerns have been given a fair hearing by their American counterparts. They praise the US for granting Israel unprecedented visibility into the process.

But while those discussions may have affected the talks at the margins, large gaps – on whether to grant Iran the right to enrich uranium, or allow it to keep much of its infrastructure – have remained largely unaddressed.

"It's like the chemical weapons deal in Syria," the official said. "They didn't just say: Here, let's get rid of the stockpile and the weapons, but we will leave all the plants and assembly lines."

'Sunset clause'

Yet, more than any single enforcement standard or cap included in the deal, Israel believes the Achilles' heel of the proposed agreement is its definitive end date – the sunset clause.

"You've not dismantled the infrastructure, you've basically tried to put limits that you think are going to be monitored by inspectors and intelligence," said the official, "and then after this period of time, Iran is basically free to do whatever it wants."

The Obama administration also rejects this claim. By e-mail, the senior US administration official said that, "'following successful implementation of the final step of the comprehensive solution for its duration, the Iranian nuclear program will be treated in the same manner as that of any non-nuclear weapon state party to the NPT – with an emphasis on non-nuclear weapon."

"That has in no way changed," the American official continued, quoting the interim Joint Plan of Action reached last year.

But the treatment of Iran as any other signatory of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty –189 countries are members, including Iran – would allow Tehran to ultimately acquire "an industrial-sized capability," the Israelis say. "The breakout times [to a nuclear weapon] will be effectively zero."

Israel and world powers seek to maximize the amount of time they would have to identify non-compliance from a nuclear deal, should Iran choose to defy its tenets and build a bomb.

But in the deal under discussion in Vienna, Iran would be able to comply with international standards for a decade and, from Israel's perspective, then walk, not sneak, into the nuclear club.

"You've not only created a deal that leaves Iran as a threshold nuclear power today, because they have the capability to break out quickly if they wanted to," the Israeli official contended. "But you've also legitimized Iran as a military nuclear power in the future."

From the moment this deal is clinched, Israel fears it will guarantee Iran as a military nuclear power. There will be no off ramp, because Iran's reentry into the international community will be fixed, a fait accompli, by the very powers trying to contain it.

"The statement that says we've prevented them from having a nuclear weapon is not a true statement," the Israeli official continued. "What you've said is, you're going to put restrictions on Iran for a given number of years, after which there will be no restrictions and no sanctions. That's the deal that's on the table."

Revisiting the use of force

Without an exit ramp, Israel insists its hands will not be tied by an agreement reached this week, this month or next, should it contain a clause that ultimately normalizes Iran's home-grown enrichment program.

On the surface, its leadership dismisses fears that Israel will be punished or delegitimized if it disrupts an historic, international deal on the nuclear program with unilateral military action against its infrastructure.

By framing the deal as fundamentally flawed, regardless of its enforcement, Israel is telling the world that it will not wait to see whether inspectors do their jobs as ordered.

"Ten, fifteen years in the life of a politician is a long time," the Israeli said, in a vague swipe against the political directors now scrambling in Vienna. "In the life of a nation, it's nothing."

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has threatened the use of force against Iran several times since 2009, even seeking authorization from his cabinet in 2011. Iran's program has since grown in size and scope.

According to his aides, the prime minister's preference is not war, but the continuation of a tight sanctions regime on Iran's economy coupled with a credible threat of military force. Netanyahu believes more time under duress would have led to an acceptable deal. But that opportunity, in his mind, may now be lost.

Whether Israel still has the ability to strike Iran, without American assistance, is an open question. Quoted last month in the Atlantic magazine, US officials suggested that window for Netanyahu closed over two years ago.

But responding to claims by that same official, quoted by Jeffrey Goldberg, over Netanyahu's courage and will, the Israeli official responded sternly: "The prime minister is a very serious man who knows the serious responsibility that rests on his shoulders. He wouldn't say the statements that he made if he didn't mean them."

"People have underestimated Israel many, many times in the past," he continued, "and they underestimate it now." - JPOST.

PLANETARY TREMORS: Global Seismic Uptick - Strong 5.4 and 4.9 Magnitude Earthquakes Strike Off The Coast Of Oregon, No Tsunami Warnings! UPDATE: Seismologist Tracking Nevada Quake Swarm Near Oregon And California - Due To Increase In Activity!

USGS earthquake location map.

November 23, 2014 - OREGON, UNITED STATES
- Two strong earthquakes struck off the coast of Oregon on Sunday, the 23rd of November, 2014.

According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the first temblor hit at 02:01:25 am local time at  43.798°N 128.408°W with a depth of 10.0km or 6 miles and was measured as a 5.4 magnitude.

The second tremor, a 4.9 magnitude, occurred an hour later and also hit at a depth of 10.0km.

USGS shakemap intensity.

Maps released by the USGS show the quake occurred close where the Pacific plate meets the Juan de Fuca plate along the Blano Fracture Zone.

A tsunami warning has not been issued near Oregon, according to the National Tsunami Warning Center.

Oregon - Earthquake History

A strong earthquake in Del Norte County, California, on November 22, 1873, caused chimney damage in many places as far north as Port Orford, Oregon, and east to Jacksonville, California. The tremor was felt from Portland to San Francisco and onboard ships at sea. Chimneys were damaged (intensity VII) in the Portland area from an October 12, 1877, earthquake apparently centered in the Cascade Mountains.

Another severe shock affected Portland on February 3, 1892. Buildings swayed, and terrified people rushed into the street (VI). The earthquake was felt strongly at Astoria and Salem; the total area affected covered about 26,000 square kilometers. Some damage to buildings at Umatilla (VI-VII) resulted from a March 6, 1893, earthquake. Details on this shock are lacking.

On April 2, 1896, three shocks in succession awakened everyone in McMinnville (VI). The main shock was felt at Portland and Salem. A similar occurrence on April 19, 1906, awakened people at Paisley (V). Three additional shocks followed within 1 1/2 hours. A strong earthquake on October 4, 1913, in the Seven Devils Mountains of western Idaho broke windows and dishes (V) in the area. On May 18, 1915, a sharp local earthquake rattled dishes, rocked chairs, and caused some fright (V) at Portland; three shocks were reported.

Seismicity Map - 1973 to March 2012

Three shocks were felt at Fort Klamath (V) on April 14, 1920. The center was probably in the vicinity of Crater Lake. People in a small area around Cascadia felt an earthquake on February 25, 1921 (V). A shock that was probably rather strong in an unsettled region of southern Oregon occurred on January 10, 1923. Plaster fell at Alturas, California, and the tremor was felt strongly (V) at Lakeview, Oregon. The felt area extended to Klamath Falls. Another earthquake was felt widely over a sparsely settled area in eastern Oregon on April 8, 1927. The center was apparently in eastern Baker County; the maximum intensity (V) was noticed at Halfway and Richland.

A damaging earthquake occurred at 11:08 PM PST on July 15, 1936, near the State line between Milton-Freewater, Oregon, and Walla Walla, Washington. The magnitude 5.75 shock affected an area of about 272,000 square kilometers in the two States and adjacent Idaho. Ground cracking was observed about 6.5 kilometers west of Freewater, and there were marked changes in the flow of well water (VII). Many chimneys were damaged at the roof level in Freewater; in addition, plaster was broken, and walls cracked. Similar damage was reported from Umapine. Total damage amounted to $100,000. There were numerous aftershocks up to November 17; more than 20 moderate shocks occurred during the night, and stronger ones were felt (V) on July 18 and August 4 and 27.

A shock of intensity VI affected about 13,000 square kilometers in the vicinity of Portland on December 29, 1941. A downtown display window was shattered, and a few other windows were broken in other parts of Portland. The earthquake was also felt strongly at Hillsboro, Sherwood (where many were frightened), and Yamhill. The felt region extended into Washington; Vancouver and Woodland experienced minor damage.

On April 13, a major earthquake (magnitude 7.0) caused eight deaths and an estimated $25 million damage at Olympia, Washington, and a broad area around the capital city. The depth of focus was estimated to be slightly greater than normal, which, in part, accounted for the large felt area - 388,000 square kilometers in the United States. In Oregon, widespread damage was observed, several injuries occurred at Astoria and Portland. A maximum intensity of VIII was experienced at Clatskanie and Rainier, where many chimneys twisted and fell, and there was considerable damage to brick and masonry.

Minor damage in the Portland area resulted from a December 15, 1953, shock. There was one report of a cracked chimney and slight damage to fireplace tile (VI). Additional reports of plaster cracking were received from Portland and Roy, Oregon, and Vancouver, Washington. The total felt area covered about 7,700 square kilometers.

Similar damage occurred at Salem on November 16, 1957, from an earthquake felt over a land area of 11,600 square kilometers in northwestern Oregon. The tremor frightened all in the city (VI) and caused some cracked plaster in West Salem.

On August 18, 1961, another earthquake caused minor damage at Albany and Lebanon, south of the 1957 center. The magnitude 4.5 shock was felt (VI) by all in the two cities. Two house chimneys were toppled, and plaster cracked. The felt region extended into Cowlitz County, Washington; the total area was about 18,000 square kilometers. Portland experienced another moderately strong shock on November 6, 1961. Slight plaster cracking (VI) was the principal damage reported. Also, part of a chimney fell, and windows and lights broke. The earthquake was felt over a large area (about 23,000 square kilometers) of northwestern Oregon and southwestern Washington.

A series of earthquakes near the Oregon-California border began on May 26, 1968, and continued daily through June 11. At Adel, old chimneys fell or were cracked, and part of an old rock cellar wall fell (VI) from a magnitude 4.7 tremor on June 3. Some ground fissures were noted in Bidwell Creek Canyon, near Fort Bidwell, California. The total felt area in the two States covered 18,000 square kilometers.

Numerous other shocks located in California, Idaho, Nevada, Washington, and offshore points affected places in Oregon. The 1959 Hebgen Lake, Montana, earthquake was also felt in the State; slight damage was reported at Richland. - USGS.

Quake swarms drawing more scrutiny - Seismologists are gathering further information about ­a recent increase in activity

Seismologists have taken steps to better track an earthquake swarm in the sparsely populated northwest corner of Nevada near Oregon and California.

The placement of seismographs closer to the activity will improve experts’ ability to locate temblors and gain more information about them, said officials at the University of Nevada, Reno’s Nevada Seismological Laboratory.

No major damage has been reported since the swarm began in July around the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge, about 40 miles southeast of Lakeview and 250 miles north of Reno. The area is home to scattered ranches and farms.

“We’ve been in contact with local residents, and they’ve been very helpful in finding locations to install this additional instrumentation,” lab director Graham Kent said in a statement. “Residents expressed an eagerness to help, as they are feeling the daily barrage of magnitude 3 and 4 quakes.”

About 1,350 quakes have been recorded during the swarm, but seismologists have been unable to locate thousands more because of the small number of seismic stations in the remote desert region.

They’re calling it the strongest such swarm in Nevada’s recent history, with 12 magnitude-4.0-plus temblors and 112 quakes magnitude 3 or above. The largest two events — both magnitude 4.7 — shook the area on Nov. 6 and Nov. 7. Other swarms were felt near Hawthorne in 2011 and in Reno in 2008.

Kindergartners duck and cover during an earthquake and tsunami drill at Blossom Gulch Elementary School in Coos Bay. University of Nevada
seismologists are tracking swarms of small quakes on the Oregon border. (Jeff Barnard/The Associated Press)

This week saw about 50 small quakes, including several measuring magnitude 3 and others measuring magnitude 4.0 on Friday and 4.3 on Nov. 17, said Ken Smith, seismic network manager of the seismological lab. “The activity has quieted down somewhat this week, but it has had slowdown periods throughout, so we are still closely monitoring the sequence,” Smith said Friday. “The sequence, although slowing down somewhat, is still not over.”

There’s a small increase in the probability of a larger event following such swarms, experts said, but large quakes can’t be predicted.

“Right now, it’s not making much impact on the nearest communities, but if this gets into the magnitude-5 range a couple of communities will start to see an impact, and if it reaches magnitude 6.0, which is always a possibility in Nevada, we could see some impacts on people and damage to structures,” Kent said.

Nevada, which is laced by faults, is the third most seismically active state in the nation behind California and Alaska.

Seven temblors of magnitude 6.5 or higher jolted the state from 1900 to 1954, with the last occurring east of Fallon in 1954 when two of magnitude 7 hit four minutes apart. A magnitude-6.0 temblor near the northeast Nevada town of Wells on Feb. 21, 2008, was the biggest in the state in four decades, causing nearly $10 million in damage.

Bill Hammond of the university’s Nevada Geodetic Laboratory said that while some residents wonder if the latest swarm is related to an extinct volcano in the Sheldon wildlife refuge, experts think it stems from the region’s faults.

“However, conclusively ruling out a volcanic source will require the additional seismic and geodetic measurements closer to the events,” Hammond said. - The Register Guard.

PLANETARY TREMORS: Global Seismic Uptick - Two Moderate Earthquakes Strike California In 5-Minute Span!

Two earthquakes struck near the town of San Juan Bautista in San Benito County late Wednesday night. CBS San Francisco

- Two moderate earthquakes have struck central California, one of which was widely felt across the region.

The U.S. Geological Survey reported a magnitude-3.6 earthquake struck at 10:21 p.m. Wednesday and a magnitude-4.2 temblor struck five minutes later. At least one smaller quake followed later.

The epicenter was about 2 miles south of San Juan Bautista and 11 miles northeast of Salinas.

Nearly 1,500 people reported on the USGS website that they felt the first quake and more than 30 reported the second.

USGS shakemap intensity.

There were no reports of damage.

CBS San Francisco reports
that deeper quakes are less noticeable while a shallow quake-in the 0 to 40 mile depth range-can feel much stronger than their actual reported magnitude.

Quakes just below the earth's surface, in the 0 to 10 miles range, can cause even more damage at lower magnitudes.

Strong earthquakes with an epicenter off the coast can trigger tsunamis, depending on the size and type of the fault movement. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center tracks earthquake data for the West Coast. - CBS.

California - Earthquake History

The first strong earthquake listed in earthquake annals for California occurred in the Los Angeles region in 1769. Four violent shocks were recorded by the Gaspar de Portola Expedition, in camp about 30 miles southeast of Los Angeles center. Most authorities speculate, even though the record is very incomplete, that this was a major earthquake.

Forty persons attending church at San Juan Capistrano on December 8, 1812, were killed by a strong earthquake that destroyed the church. Many mission buildings were severely damaged there and at San Gabriel. The shock probably centered on a submarine fault offshore.

A violent shock near Fort Tejon in January 1857 threw down buildings and large trees at the Fort. It was also severe in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Sacramento. This earthquake has been compared to that of April 1906; both caused extensive displacement along the San Andreas Fault. One source notes, "The magnitude of the two events cannot have differed greatly."

A strong earthquake occurred on the Hayward Fault, the principal active branch of the San Andreas in central California, in October 1868. Some 30 persons were killed in the region. Damage was severe at San Francisco; many buildings were wrecked at Hayward and San Leandro. Until 1906, this shock was often referred to as "the great earthquake."

USGS Seismicity Map - 1973 to March 2012

An earthquake in the Sierra - Nevada Fault system in March 1872, killed 27 people at Lone Pine and destroyed 52 of 59 adobe houses. Near Owens Lake, numerous depressions formed between cracks in the earth. One area 200 to 300 feet wide sank 20 to 30 feet; several long, narrow ponds formed. Thousands of aftershocks, some severe, appear to have occurred.

Nearly all brick structures were wrecked, and many frame buildings were damaged in Vacaville by an earthquake on April 19, 1892. Damage was similar at Winters and Dixon, two small towns nearby. Ground fissures were noted in the area. The shock centered north of Santa Rosa, in the Healdsburg Fault area.

On Christmas Day of 1899, six persons died and several were injured at Saboba, near San Jacinto, by a strong shock. At nearby Hemet, nearly all brick buildings were severely damaged, with only two chimneys remaining upright. This shock occurred on the San Jacinto Fault, and has been compared to the April 1918 (magnitude 6.8) shock in the same region.

Seven hundred persons died on April 18, 1906, in one of the greatest earthquakes ever to hit California. Damage was extensive in San Francisco, and was increased perhaps tenfold by raging fires. Total damage was estimated at over $500 million.

Two destructive shocks nearly one hour apart caused about $1 million property damage in southern Imperial Valley on June 22, 1915. Six persons were killed and several injured by the second quake at Mexicali, located just inside the Mexican border. Unstable banks of the New and Alamo Rivers caved in many places. Magnitude 6 1/4, both shocks.

A shock on the San Jacinto Fault in April 1918 caused heavy damage at San Jacinto and Hemet. Only one new concrete and one frame building remained standing in the business section of San Jacinto; property loss was about $200,000. The dry earth surface was broken up, as though by a harrow, in the San Jacinto Fault area southeast of Hemet. One auto was carried off the road by a slide; many area roads were blocked. Magnitude 6.8.

USGS 2014 Seismic Hazard Map

Santa Barbara sustained $8 million damage and 13 fatalities from an offshore shock in June 1925. The shock occurred in the Santa Barbara Channel, on an extension of the Mesa Fault or the Santa Ynez system. On State Street, the principal business thoroughfare, few buildings escaped damage; several collapsed. One on marshy ground withstood the shaking well, but its foundation sank 19 feet. The shock occurred at 6:42 a.m., before many people had reported for work and when streets were uncrowded, reducing death and injury. Magnitude 6.3.

The shock of November 1927 wrecked chimneys at Lompoc, shifted a house on its foundation, and caused heavy earth and rockslides on steep slopes. Water spurted from the ground in places; sand craters formed.

The Long Beach earthquake of March 1933 eliminated all doubts regarding the need for earthquake resistant design for structures in California. Forty million dollars property damage resulted; 115 lives were lost. The major damage occurred in the thickly settled district from Long Beach to the industrial section south of Los Angeles, where unfavorable geological conditions (made land, water-soaked alluvium) combined with much poor structural work to increase the damage. At Long Beach, buildings collapsed, tanks fell through roofs, and houses displaced on foundations. School buildings were among those structures most generally and severely damaged. The epicenter was offshore, southeast of Long Beach, on the Newport - Inglewood Fault. Magnitude 6.3.

Nine people were killed by the May 1940 Imperial Valley earthquake. At Imperial, 80 percent of the buildings were damaged to some degree. In the business district of Brawley, all structures were damaged, and about 50 percent had to be condemned. The shock caused 40 miles of surface faulting on the Imperial Fault, part of the San Andreas system in southern California. It was the first strong test of public schools designed to be earthquake-resistive after the 1933 Long Beach quake. Fifteen such public schools in the area had no apparent damage. Total damage has been estimated at about $6 million. Magnitude 7.1.

The towns of Tehachapi and Arvin were hit severely by the July 1952 Kern County earthquake. Twelve persons died, many were injured, and $60 million property damage was sustained. Damage to well designed structures was slight, but old and poorly built buildings were cracked, and many collapsed. Reinforced tunnels with walls 18 inches thick near Bealville were cracked, twisted, and caved in; rails were shifted and bent info S-shaped curves. Near Caliente, reinforced concrete railroad tunnels were demolished. Many aftershocks occurred, three over 6 on the Richter scale. One aftershock on August 22 (magnitude 5.8) centered near Bakersfield. It took two lives and caused extensive damage to many already weakened buildings. The Kern County earthquake, the largest with an epicenter in California since 1906, originated on the White Wolf Fault. - USGS.

PLANETARY TREMORS: Global Seismic Uptick - Magnitude 3.3 Earthquake Shakes North Texas; 4th Tremor In Irving In The Last Two Months!

Map of earthquake epicenter northwest of Dallas. (Image from NBC 5, Dallas)

November 23, 2014 - TEXAS, UNITED STATES
- A magnitude-3.3 earthquake has shaken North Texas.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake occurred about 9:15 p.m. Saturday and was centered about 2 miles beneath east Irving, 6 miles northwest of Dallas.

The USGS said it was at least the fourth earthquake recorded in Irving in the last two months, the Dallas Morning News reported.

CBS Dallas-Fort Worth reported the quake was felt over a wide area, likely because it was relatively shallow. It was the strongest earthquake to hit the Dallas area since September of 2009, which has experienced several temblors since the summer.

USGS shakemap intensity.

James McLellan, a public information officer for the Irving Police Department, told CBS News there were no reports of damage or injuries.

Small earthquakes have become more common recently in Texas and Oklahoma. Last month, the Texas Railroad Commission amended rules for disposal well operators amid concerns that high-pressure injections can trigger earthquakes.

Geologists say earthquakes of magnitude 2.5 to 3.0 are generally the smallest that are felt by humans and that damage is not likely as a result of quakes below magnitude 4.0. - KXAN | CBS.

Tectonic Summary - Earthquakes in the Stable Continental Region

Natural Occurring Earthquake Activity

Most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains has infrequent earthquakes. Here and there earthquakes are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone centered on southeastern Missouri, in the Charlevoix-Kamouraska seismic zone of eastern Quebec, in New England, in the New York - Philadelphia - Wilmington urban corridor, and elsewhere. However, most of the enormous region from the Rockies to the Atlantic can go years without an earthquake large enough to be felt, and several U.S. states have never reported a damaging earthquake.

Earthquakes east of the Rocky Mountains, although less frequent than in the West, are typically felt over a much broader region than earthquakes of similar magnitude in the west. East of the Rockies, an earthquake can be felt over an area more than ten times larger than a similar magnitude earthquake on the west coast. It would not be unusual for a magnitude 4.0 earthquake in eastern or central North America to be felt by a significant percentage of the population in many communities more than 100 km (60 mi) from its source. A magnitude 5.5 earthquake in eastern or central North America might be felt by much of the population out to more than 500 km (300 mi) from its source. Earthquakes east of the Rockies that are centered in populated areas and large enough to cause damage are, similarly, likely to cause damage out to greater distances than earthquakes of the same magnitude centered in western North America.

USGS Seismicity Map - 1973 to March 2012

Most earthquakes in North America east of the Rockies occur as faulting within bedrock, usually miles deep. Few earthquakes east of the Rockies, however, have been definitely linked to mapped geologic faults, in contrast to the situation at plate boundaries such as California's San Andreas fault system, where scientists can commonly use geologic evidence to identify a fault that has produced a large earthquake and that is likely to produce large future earthquakes. Scientists who study eastern and central North America earthquakes often work from the hypothesis that modern earthquakes occur as the result of slip on preexisting faults that were formed in earlier geologic eras and that have been reactivated under the current stress conditions. The bedrock of Eastern North America is, however, laced with faults that were active in earlier geologic eras, and few of these faults are known to have been active in the current geologic era. In most areas east of the Rockies, the likelihood of future damaging earthquakes is currently estimated from the frequencies and sizes of instrumentally recorded earthquakes or earthquakes documented in historical records.

Induced Seismicity

As is the case elsewhere in the world, there is evidence that some central and eastern North America earthquakes have been triggered or caused by human activities that have altered the stress conditions in earth's crust sufficiently to induce faulting. Activities that have induced felt earthquakes in some geologic environments have included impoundment of water behind dams, injection of fluid into the earth's crust, extraction of fluid or gas, and removal of rock in mining or quarrying operations. In much of eastern and central North America, the number of earthquakes suspected of having been induced is much smaller than the number of natural earthquakes, but in some regions, such as the south-central states of the U.S., a significant majority of recent earthquakes are thought by many seismologists to have been human-induced. Even within areas with many human-induced earthquakes, however, the activity that seems to induce seismicity at one location may be taking place at many other locations without inducing felt earthquakes. In addition, regions with frequent induced earthquakes may also be subject to damaging earthquakes that would have occurred independently of human activity. Making a strong scientific case for a causative link between a particular human activity and a particular sequence of earthquakes typically involves special studies devoted specifically to the question. Such investigations usually address the process by which the suspected triggering activity might have significantly altered stresses in the bedrock at the earthquake source, and they commonly address the ways in which the characteristics of the suspected human-triggered earthquakes differ from the characteristics of natural earthquakes in the region. - USGS.

PLANETARY TREMORS: Global Seismic Uptick - Strong 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Romania; The Strongest Of The Year And One Of The Strongest In Recent Years!

USGS earthquake location map.

November 23, 2014 - ROMANIA
- An earthquake with the magnitude of 5.6 degrees on the Richter scale took place in the Vrancea seismic area in Romania on Saturday evening, shortly after 9:00 PM.

The depth of the quake was 40 kilometres, which is why it was felt quite strongly around the epicentre.

The earthquake was felt in the capital Bucharest, as well as in other cities in the Muntenia, Moldova, and Dobrogea regions - South, North and East.

It was felt for more than 30 seconds, according unofficial estimates.

This was one of the strongest earthquakes felt in Romania in recent years and also the strongest this year.

The previous stronger earhquake was felt in Romania on October 6, 2013. That one was 5.5 degrees on the Richter scale.

USGS shakemap intensity.

USGS data

Some mobile networks experienced technical problems after the quake, preventing users from making voice calls.

No material damages have been reported by publishing time of this article.  - Romania Insider.

History of earthquakes in Romania

This is a list of earthquakes in Romania, including any notable historical earthquakes that have epicenters within the current boundaries of Romania, or which caused significant effects in this area.

USGS Seismicity Map - 1900 to March 2012

Seismic hazard

The seismicity of Romania is clustered in several epicentral zones: Vrancea, Făgăraș-Câmpulung, Banat, Crișana, Maramureș and Southern Dobruja. Other epicentral zones of local importance can be found in Transylvania, in the area of Jibou and Târnava River, in northern and western part of Oltenia, in northern Moldavia and in the Wallachian Plain.

USGS Seismic Hazard Map

The Vrancea seismogenic zone is the most important among these seismic zones, having in mind the energy, the extent of the macroseismic effects and the persistent and confined character of the earthquakes that occur in this area. Two belts of moderate and shallower seismicity are emphasized in the other regions of the country: one along the Southern Carpathians and the eastern edge of the Pannonian Basin, the other along the Eastern Carpathians that extends towards SE on the Peceneaga–Camena line.

Frequency of earthquakes

During the last 1,000 years, according to historical data, it is thought that 17 earthquakes with 7 and over magnitude have occurred, which suggests a mean for unleashing the energy of every 58 years. Statistically, the magnitude 6 and over earthquakes in the Vrancea area occur approximately every 10 years, magnitude 7 every 33 years, while those with 7.5 magnitude every 80 years.

- Wikipedia.

DISASTER PRECURSORS: Omen – The Latest Incidents Of Strange Animal Behavior, Mass Animal Die-Offs, Appearance Of Rare Creatures And Warnings From Mother Nature!

November 23, 2014 - EARTH - The following constitutes the latest reports of unusual and symbolic animal behavior, mass die-offs, beaching and stranding of mammals, and the appearance of rare creatures.

Thousands of dead fish wash up at Washoe Lake in Nevada, United States

Three years of drought is taking its toll on Washoe Lake. The water is a few hundred yards away from the boat dock, where the water used to reach. That is leaving behind nothing but a muddy mess and thousands of dead fish. Chris Healy is a spokesman for the Nevada Department of Wildlife. He says the lake's water has receded much more quickly in the past few weeks.

"This kind of thing happens, periodically, at Washoe Lake," Healy said. "Unfortunately, all too often in the past couple of decades."

The fish line the old shoreline for hundreds of yards down the east side of the lake. Almost all of them are carp, and Healy says if if they are dying, you know it's a bad situation.

"They can survive some difficult problems with water, low oxygen levels, very little water to survive in," Healy said. "But in this case, no water means no survival."

Healy says in the early 1900s, the lake would go dry about once every 20 years. It's much more common now, since the area has been in a dry period for more than two decades.

"In the last 20-plus years, there's four or five instances of these kinds of things happening, with the lack of water, at Washoe Lake," Healy said.

This is a much different scenario than we saw at the Sparks Marina, last year, when thousands of fish washed up on shore because of cold water temperatures and lack of wind.

"It caused what's called a violent turnover," Healy said. "So, essentially, there was no oxygen in the water. That means no oxygen and the fish all pass away."  

WATCH: Thousands of Fish Die at Washoe Lake.


Washoe Lake is only six to eight feet deep during a wet year, and NDOW doesn't stock fish there because of the potential for the lake to dry up.

"We're hoping we get an extended wet period and the day will come when we can rebuild that modest fishing at Washoe Lake," Healy said.

Meanwhile, the fish have been a source of food for other animals, whose tracks can be found along the mud. Some fish have been partially eaten.

"You're going to see raccoons out there," Healy said. "You're going to see coyotes. You're going to see a lot of birds out there that will actually clean up the mess."

NDOW says they don't plan to remove the fish. Instead, they say they will leave them there and let nature take care of the problem. - KTVN.

Barely surviving: Alaska's polar bear population falls 40% in 10 years

Reuters / Mathieu Belanger

Polar bears are becoming an endangered species in Alaska, where their numbers have fallen by 40 percent in a decade, says a new study. Poor ice conditions linked to global warming, limiting access to their traditional prey, may be to blame.

The number of polar bears in the southern Beaufort Sea near Alaska dropped to 900 in the period from 2001 to 2010, says the study, led by scientists from the US Geological Survey, as well as researchers from Canada and others from the US. The research appeared in the journal Ecological Applications, published by the Ecological Society of America (ESA).

The most drastic decline in the bear population was between 2004 and 2006 which led to 25-50 percent decline in abundance, says the research.

“Of the 80 cubs observed in Alaska from 2004 to 2007, only two are known to have survived,”
said Jeff Bromaghin, USGS research statistician and lead author of the study.

The scientists suggest that low survival during this period might have resulted from “unfavorable ice conditions that limited access to prey [seal] during multiple seasons; and possibly low prey abundance.”

They added that “continued climate warming and the ensuing loss of sea ice habitat” also may lead to the polar bears becoming extinct.

For reasons which are not yet clear to the researchers, the survival of adult bears and cubs began to improve in 2007 “and abundance [of polar bears] was comparatively stable from 2008 to 2010 with approximately 900 bears in 2010," the study’s final year.

“The low survival may have been caused by a combination of factors that could be difficult to unravel,”
said Bromaghin, “and why survival improved at the end of the study is unknown. Research and monitoring to better understand the factors influencing this population continue.”

However, the paper states that survival of “subadult bears declined throughout the entire period.” The scientists suggest that conditions remained unfavorable for young bears newly separated from their mothers.

The authors of the study say that to more accurately predict what will happen to the bears, they need to understand “the ecological mechanisms underlying their population dynamics.”

According Dr. Pete Ewins, WWF’s (World Wide Fund for Nature) Species Conservation Specialist in Canada, the fall in the polar bear population “is a clear warning sign of the impact a warming Arctic has on ice-dependent species like the polar bear.”

“We know human activities have caused global wildlife populations to drop by over half in the last 40 years. We need to change course if we want to stop further habitat loss and ensure resilient wildlife populations, both in the Arctic and around the world,”
said Margaret Williams, Managing Director for WWF’s Arctic program in Alaska.

Reuters / Mathieu Belanger

The Polar Bear Specialists’ Group of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature will use the new data to track the trends in 19 populations of polar bears worldwide. Four geographical groups, including the one in the Beaufort Sea, are considered to be declining by the scientists, five are stable and one is increasing.

As for the others, the data is insufficient to make a clear assessment.

The US Endangered Species Act put the polar bear, which mostly populate the Arctic Circle, on the endangered species list in 2008. - RT.

Queensland woman fights off angry kangaroo with backpack

A Queensland woman has recounted the moment she fought off an angry kangaroo while walking to work.

Last Thursday's incident was the second time in a year a kangaroo has attacked someone in Toogoolawah, a small town about 120 kilometres northwest of Brisbane.

Petra Oligmuller suffered grazes and scratches in the most recent encounter, which happened while she was walking to her job at the local aged care centre at 6am.

Ms Oligmuller said she was on Ivory Creek Road and about 50 metres from her destination when she spotted two kangaroos in a paddock.

"One came across and stopped at the gully, then he roared at me and I froze," she told Fairfax Media.

"But he didn't stop. Then he came at me so I swung my backpack and he knocked me over and I ended up on the bitumen.

"Then he jumped the fence, looked at me, roared again and came for seconds.
I don't know how I got up, but I raced to my workplace.

"I've walked that road for 14 years and never had anything like it...It really just scared the crap out of me."

Ms Oligmuller, who is 160 centimetres tall, said the angry roo was taller than her and managed to rip her backpack.

She said she she was lucky to have escaped serious injury and would drive to work from now on.

Toogoolawah Sergeant John Cumner said another woman had to be hospitalised after being attacked in her own property, which borders the town golf course.

"Kangaroos have encroached upon the township in the last 18 to 24 months more noticeably, obviously looking for the greener grass," he said.

"It is certainly a very common sight to see kangaroos on the outskirts of town when they're looking for food.

"Like any native wildlife, we urge people to be aware and take precautions to avoid any confrontations.

"There's only been two incidents that I'm aware of this year.

"I hope it's not being blown out of proportion."  - Brisbane Times.

Violent elk put down in Sweden after attack on woman

© Wikimedia Commons.

An elk which kicked and trampled on a woman in northern Sweden has been shot dead after the attack by the animal left her in hospital with numerous injuries.

The incident occurred in Luleå on Sunday afternoon when the woman was out walking her dogs. Local media reported that she was close to her home when she encountered the elk, who kicked her to the ground and then trampled over her.

Witnesses rang the emergency services and the woman was rushed to the local Sunderby hospital. Despite initial reports that the woman was severely injured, she was later released from hospital after having stitches on her lip and been treated for cuts and bruises.

"It ended happily after all but what if it had been a small child that had been attacked by an elk," the woman's partner Nils-Göran Berglund to the Kuriren newspaper.

Berglund had been shovelling snow in his driveway when he heard his partner scream out for help. He told the newspaper that she was bleeding from her mouth but was fully conscious when the ambulance arrived.

Following the attack the Norbotten police gave an order for the elk to be killed.

"She had been out with her dogs. Then the elk came along and rushed past. To find out what happened and in what way is difficult to know," Catrin Hedqvist of the local police told the TT news agency.

Local media reported that the elk attack was the second in the space of a few days in the area. On Friday a 69-year-old man was also attacked when he was walking his dog.

"It felt like I had been run over by a train," he told Kuriren.

Police suspect it may have been the same elk which attacked the woman on Sunday. The animal has since been put down.

Meanwhile the elk hunter who was attacked by a bear in eastern Sweden on Saturday is making a good recovery in hospital. He fired two shots at the bear, which has not yet been found by local authorities. - The Local.

Wild elephant tramples 11-year-old girl to death in Cambodia

Officials are calling an animal attack "unusual" after a wild elephant trampled an 11-year-old girl to death on Sunday near the Chi Phat eco-tourism zone in Koh Kong province.

At about 11am, the young girl, named Cheam Sokkhim, was fishing with her mother at a protected area when the male elephant emerged and went on a rampage, Koh Kong's Thmor Bang district police chief Saum Samei told the Post yesterday.

They ran, but the elephant started chasing after them, and then the daughter fell down.

The elephant then kicked and crushed her with its foot, according to Samei.

"This is the first time this has happened," Samei said. "Before, elephants used to be afraid of people, but now they chase people."

John Willis, director of programs for the preservation group Wildlife Alliance, which oversees Chi Phat, said elephant attacks are unheard of around the eco-tourism zone.

"There have been some elephant attacks in other provinces ... but we haven't heard of any elephant attacks in Chi Phat," Willis said.

However, he added that a male elephant in the area was reported to be acting aggressively around the same time last year.

According to Samei, the elephants have grown bolder ever since Chi Phat became a popular tourist destination.

In 2013, Willis said that Wildlife Alliance recorded 2,000 international tourist visits in the area.

"There are banana and sugar plantations around there that tend to attract elephants, and that might be a factor ... but as far as elephants being acclimated to humans, I don't know if it is," Willis said.

A Wildlife Alliance worker, who has not been authorised to speak to the press, confirmed that the wild elephant has since disappeared into the forest and that the NGO is looking at policies on how to deal with the incident.

"This is a tourist site, so we couldn't do anything to the animal," Samei said. "We only hope that people would be more careful about this."

The family of the victim could not be reached. - PPP.

Farmer injured in repeated attacks by cow in New Zealand

A farmer injured after he was repeatedly attacked by one of his cows has been discharged from hospital.

The Tauranga-based Trustpower TECT Rescue helicopter was called to Opotiki about midday on Saturday where a 50-year-old local farmer had been injured.

A rescue helicopter spokesman said the farmer and his wife were working in the yards on their property with a herd of cows when one attacked the man three times.

The man suffered serious chest injuries, he said.

St John ambulance staff transported the man from his Otara Rd property and drove him to the Opotiki airfield, before he was airlifted to Whakatane Hospital.

An Otara Rd resident, who did not want to be named, said she heard sirens and "an ambulance screaming down the road".

"There was so much noise, the helicopter, the ambulance, we didn't know what was going on," she said.

"It wasn't until later that we found out what happened, that a man was attacked by a cow. How bizarre. It's not something you hear of every day is it?"

A Whakatane Hospital spokeswoman said the man was discharged yesterday morning and was recovering at home.

Federated Farmers Rotorua-Taupo president Alan Wills said he had heard of similar attacks, but they were rare.

"No it's not common or normal, but we do hear of these things from time to time.

"Generally when an animal attacks like this, the animal is in a confined area, like a shed, yard or pen. They attack when they feel cornered or threatened, when they just want out."

Mr Wills said he had heard of an incident where a man was mauled by a bull on the back of the truck, leaving him with a broken ankle.

Mr Wills said in general it was important people were careful when working with animals in confined spaces.

The incident is an example of one of the thousands of injuries caused on farms each year. The national total of ACC claims for farming injuries sits at 31,233.

In the Rotorua district, more than 2000 farming injuries were reported from 2011 to 2013 - costing the ACC almost $2 million in payouts. - Rotorua Daily Post.

Gorilla in Berlin zoo throws rock at tourists

This gorilla at Berlin zoo shows a group of unsuspecting Irish tourists exactly what he thinks of their company, as he throws a rock at them from close range

A gorilla at Berlin zoo shows a group of Irish tourist exactly what he thinks of their company as he throws a rock directly at their group.

WATCH: Gorilla gets tourist rage at Berlin zoo.

According to his Youtube account Stefan Nolan and his friends were waiting for a flight back to Ireland when they decided to visit Berlin zoo.

Finding themselves at the gorilla enclosure Stefan decided to film the impressive creature on his phone.

The gorilla approached the group then seemingly out of nowhere threw a rock at them from close range.

According to Mr Nolan, "apparently gorillas aren't a fan of the Irish ..." - Daily Telegraph.

Rogue kangaroo attacks elderly man in Queensland

ROO ATTACK: Bargara resident Bevan Irwin wants something done about the rogue kangaroo that attacked him in his backyard, fearing it may kill a child. 
© Max Fleet / NewsMail

The Bundaberg Regional Council is hunting a rogue kangaroo which hospitalised an elderly man, but some within council believe killing the animal would be doing the State Government's dirty work.

Bevan Irwin was locking his car outside his home at Bargara on September 14 when he was violently attack by a large male kangaroo.

Mr Irwin suffered severe gashes to his head and stomach and spent two-and-a-half weeks in the hospital at Bundaberg, including two visits to the intensive care unit.

The 67-year-old considers himself lucky he wasn't killed.

Despite calls for the animal to be destroyed and reports of the same kangaroo behaving aggressively towards other people, it is still on the hop.

Almost two months after the attack, the Bundaberg Regional Council and the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection are still in disagreement over who should deal with the rogue roo.

Mayor Mal Forman said the council had been given a permit to euthanise the animal but was yet to do so.

"Council has a mitigation permit to deal with this kangaroo however none of our staff are suitably qualified to handle kangaroo culling or relocation, particularly one which is so large and has reportedly proven to be aggressive," Cr Forman said.

"Council accepted the permit as it was not willing to be left in a position that would render us unable to legally act in the interests of community safety."

Bargara's divisional councillor Greg Barnes said the council should not have to cover the cost of hiring an expert and had sought legal advice over the "dispute" with the state government.

"We look after dogs, cats and chooks - not kangaroos, brumbies, dingoes and crocodiles," Cr Barnes said.

"We don't have any experience, we don't even know how to identify this kangaroo other than it's a big roo, so we could quite easily go out there and kill the wrong one."

The DEHP has erected signs around the town warning visitors to keep away from kangaroos, which Cr Barnes claimed was an acknowledgment of responsibility for dealing with the situation.

A DEHP spokesperson said the department issued damage mitigation permits to landholders or local authorities to manage or remove problem native wildlife but was not responsible for managing or removing the wildlife itself.

"EHP contacted Bundaberg Regional Council about the situation when this incident originally occurred and offered assistance should Council require a damage mitigation permit to remove the kangaroo or any other macropods in the area considered to be of concern," the spokesperson said.

"A permit has been issued to Council giving them the authority to humanely euthanize aggressive kangaroos where they pose a risk to public safety."

Mr Irwin, 67, has recovered from the attack but some of his wounds are still healing.

He said he feared for his life when he was attacked but would prefer the roo to be relocated rather than put down.

"He went berserk... it was a terrifying thing," Mr Irwin said.

"He just kept kicking. If he didn't stop when he did I would have been dead.

"As long as he doesn't come back here I don't care."  - The Courier-Mail.