Wednesday, March 11, 2015

ICE AGE NOW: Extreme Weather Anomalies - Map Depicts How Freezing Weather Cut United States In Half As Westerners Baked While The East Shivered!

The satellite image produced by NASA records the land surface temperature. The places that experience below average conditions
are coloured blue, normal appear white and those in red were warmer than average

March 11, 2015 - UNITED STATES
- This winter has been the season that literally divided America into two.

This stunning weather map shows how those in the west of the country enjoyed one of the warmest February's on record, while those in the east endured heavy snowfall and freezing temperatures.

The extreme contrast in temperatures has been put down to global warming and the melting sea ice in the Arctic by some experts, according to NASA's Earth Observatory.

The map has been produced using data from NASA's Terra satellite and shows how temperatures this February compared with those over the last ten years..

The satellite recorded the land surface temperature and the map shows a clear divide right down the middle of the country.

The areas that experienced cooler than average conditions are coloured in blue, normal appear white, and those in red were warmer than average.

The mercury soared some 10 degrees approve than average in the western half and those in the east saw temperatures 10 degrees below average.

Statewide data showed that no state experienced record cold temperatures in February, but many cities broke their own records, according to Live Science.

In New York a new low of minus 13 degrees was set, beating its old record by 1.6 degrees.

Last month huge ice sheets formed on the surface of New York's Hudson River forcing the US Coastguard to deploy ice breakers in order to keep shipping and ferry traffic moving.

Ferry operators in the city described it as the worst winter they had experienced in more than 28 years. A huge ice volcano also appeared in a New York Park.

Records were also broken in the likes of Worcester and Massachusetts.

In contrast record highs were set in the likes of Washington, Nevada, and California during February, according to the website.

California is in the midst of a three year drought that has been caused by a combination of record high temperatures and sparse rainfall.

This has produced the worst conditions in 1,200 years, according to a study.

Experts predict it will take about 11 trillion gallons of water (42 cubic kilometers) -- around 1.5 times the maximum volume of the largest U.S. reservoir - for California to recover.

Ice-encrusted: Lower Manhattan as seen from the Staten Island Ferry on February 25, 2015 as the New York Harbor is
filled with large chunks of ice as the East River and Hudson freeze over

The dry bed of the Stevens Creek Reservoir in California: A combination of record high temperatures and sparse rainfall during
California'sthree-year drought have produced the worst conditions in 1,200 years

Researchers were reportedly exploring a number of possible causes behind the contrasting weather patterns seen across the US last.

NASA's Earth Observatory said: 'Most meteorologists attribute the sharply contrasting temperatures to the combination of a persistent ridge of high pressure—nicknamed the "Ridiculously Resilient Ridge"—over the northeastern Pacific Ocean, and an equally persistent trough that has funneled chilly air from the Arctic into central North America.

'But why that resilient ridge has appeared over the northeastern Pacific during the last few winters is a more complicated and controversial question among experts.

'A new line of research suggests that the loss of Arctic sea ice associated with global warming may be causing the jet stream to slow down and become wavier, thus setting up the unusual pattern over North America.

'Other researchers think there could be a link between Siberian snowfall and mid-latitude weather extremes.

'Still others think changes in the Arctic have little to do with mid-latitude weather extremes; instead they see periods with an anomalously sharp gradient in sea surface temperature in the far western Pacific as the key factor. All participants looking at the question agree: more research is needed.' -  Daily Mail.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVALS: "Like The Whole Mountain Came Down,... Felt The Building Shake,... Thought It Was An Earthquake,..." - Mudslide Forces Evacuation Of Two High-Rise Buildings In Yonkers, New York!

Two buildings that comprise a Yonkers apartment complex were evacuated Wednesday after an apparent mudslide related to the weather
that has afflicted the region over the past few weeks, authorities say.

March 11, 2015 - NEW YORK, UNITED STATES
- Two high-rise buildings were evacuated in Yonkers Wednesday after a hillside collapsed with neighbors directly in the path.

As CBS2’s Tony Aiello reported, investigators late Wednesday afternoon were trying to determine whether more mud would come tumbling down.

The mudslide happened at the site of the Old Croton Aqueduct, behind the buildings located at 95 and 97 Walsh Rd., fire officials said. Many tons of mud came down with a rumble and a roar.

“The mud is coming from a hill behind these buildings, it’s a large hill and there’s about eight feet of mud behind the buildings,” Yonkers Fire Department Chief Thomas Fitzpatrick told 1010 WINS. “With the saturation and snow amounts and now the higher temperatures there is a potential for further mudslides.”

Some senior citizens will be staying in shelters after a mudslide threatened their senior living home.

The mudslide shocked residents of the William Walsh Houses out of their quiet Wednesday afternoon routine.

“You couldn’t even get out the back door,” said resident Norah Mills. “It sounded like a train running across the building.”

“(It looked) like the whole mountain came down,” said resident Willie Johnson. “I felt the building shake. I thought it was an earthquake.”

WATCH: Mudslide forces evacuation of two high-rise buildings in Yonkers.

A wall that was constructed 150 years ago to support the Old Croton Aqueduct gave way. A section at least 24 feet wide spilled earth down the hill and against the rear of the 95 Walsh Road building.

About 4 to 6 feet of mud blocked the door of the lobby and might have compromised the structural integrity, fire officials said.

“We saw that mud was encroaching upon the main lobby way, so we began a shoring operation to maintain the integrity of the lobby; made sure the doors were closed and did not fill with mud so we could safely evacuate the residents of the building,” said Yonkers fire Commissioner John Darcy.

As CBS2’s Aiello reported, engineers were evaluating the damage on Wednesday night, and trying to determine how to shore up the remaining stone wall.

The fire department released a photo of the shoring system, composed of wooden frame on the floor that was being used to ensure that the rear wall of the building stays secure.

The buildings also evacuated as a precautionary measure, Fitzpatrick told 1010 WINS. Most of the residents are senior citizens and many have mobility issues.

Yonkers police said an Emergency Service Unit METU bus took at least 60 residents to the Police Athletic League building on North Broadway. The American Red Cross was looking out for them there.

“We’re hoping that if they do need to stay out for the evening or longer that most of them will be relocated with family, but if they can’t find alternate housing with family the Office of Emergency Management will find some suitable accommodations for them,” Fitzpatrick said.

Many residents who had to be evacuated were not thrilled.

“Very disruptive, because I’m hungry and I can’t eat,” Johnson said.

No injuries had been reported as of late Wednesday afternoon, police said. It was unclear when residents would be able to return.

Just two weeks ago, the 95 Walsh Road building was evacuated for a carbon monoxide leak. Resident Matthew Petitclair spent five hours in the hospital after breathing that in.

“One has nothing to do with the other, but it’s just bad luck, I guess,” he said. “I feel like I’ve have bad luck this month, you know?”

The buildings were to be assessed by the fire, building and engineering department. Investigators believe a leaky water pipe in the neighborhood uphill from the scene, combined with the melting snow and ice, may have weakened the old retaining wall, WCBS 880’s Peter Haskell reported.

Three factors come together to cause mudslides – loose rock and sediments, a steep slope, and saturated ground, CBS2’s Elise Finch explained.

All those factors were present in Yonkers, with temperatures that have climbed in recent days before peaking at 58 degrees Wednesday, melting snowpack, and steady rain, Finch explained.

Walsh Road was closed between Nepperhan and Palisade avenues due to the mudslide. - CBS New York.

ICE AGE NOW: Weather Anomalies - Unseasonal Heavy Snowfall Throws Normal Life Out Of Gear In Kashmir, India!

Kashmiri guides pull sleighs carrying tourists after heavy snowfall in in Gulmarg on Sunday. © Press Trust of India

March 11, 2015 - KASHMIR, INDIA
- Jammu and Kashmir continues to experience heavy rainfall, throwing normal life out of gear. On Monday, a white blanket enveloped most parts of the state as mercury dipped further.

The state's main highway has been blocked affecting supply of foodgrains. The unseasonal snowfall with strong winds forced people to stay indoors.

According to the weather department, the wind confluence was continuing over northern India due to deepening of the westerly trough into central Arabian Sea. The Doda district remained cut off from rest of the state due to snowfall.

The Jammu-Srinagar national highway was shut due to heavy snowfall which has hit air and vehicular traffic heavily. Meanwhile, the snowfall has affected flora and fauna in Rajouri district. A resident Mukhtar said several people have been stranded.

WATCH: Heavy snowfall in Kashmir throws life out of gear.

- India Blooms.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVALS: Landslide Destroys Major Road In Montenegro, Southeastern Europe!

Road destroyed by landslide.  © Independent Balkan News Agency

March 11, 2015 - MONTENEGRO
- A landslide which has been happening for several days disrupted traffic on a section of the road Cetinje-Budva. This is one of the most frequent roads in Montenegro and the shortest route from the capital Podgorica to cities on the coast. The copious rains initiated the landslide and the road has already dropped more than five meters. Reconstruction is not possible to begin until the landslide completely stops. In the best of circumstances, remediation is expected by the beginning of the summer tourist season. In the meantime, it is possible to use alternative paths that are 50 kilometers longer than the damaged route.

Excessive rainfalls have initiated the landslide which destroyed the main road in the village Markovići. In the part of the road that the landslides occur, 100 meters of asphalt have been plunged and opened up cracks several meters deep. Every day the landslide is getting larger and larger, and this morning the old road section was moved several dozen meters from its original location.

Podgorica, March 9, 2015. © Independent Balkan News Agency

The landslide on the highway Cetinje-Budva has expanded by another ten meters, said Mayor of Budva emergency and rescue Zdravko Šljukić and warned that the ground is still active. The cracks on the road have become so deep that in some places they are three meters deep, adding that starting reconstruction works in the current circumstances is impossible.

President of the Municipality of Budva Lazar Radjenovic explained that the cracks in the asphalt had long been observed at the spot where the landslide is happening now, but the recent heavy rains led to the great damage to the roadway, adding that it will take "several months" to repair the damaged section of the road, but it must be completed by the beginning of the tourist season.

WATCH: Massive landslide in Montenegro.

According to the head of the Directorate for Transport Savo Paraca, when it comes to remediation it will take months. "We can not do that so quickly. We must stop the entire hill skating. I do not know if we will get into the season, but we'll see. We will do everything in our power to have it ready by the beginning of the tourist season. Paraca explains that they have to work around the public procurement process, because in the case of tenders and other procedures, work would not begin even within the year. - Balkan EU.

PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: Swine Flu Death Toll Reaches 1,482 In India - OVER 26,000 AFFECTED!

March 11, 2015 - INDIA
- The swine flu toll in India has swelled to 1,482 while the number of affected persons crossed the 26,000-mark on Tuesday. A minister in the Rajasthan government has also tested positive for the disease.

The Union Health Ministry said that, as on March 9, the total number of deaths due to the H1N1 virus stands at 1,482 with as many as 26,455 people having been affected by the disease across the various states, PTI reported.

Rajasthan Food and Civil Supplies Minister Hem Singh Bhadana tested positive for swine flu and is undergoing treatment. His sample was sent from Alwar on Sunday and health officials confirmed that he has been infected with the virus.

Health Ministry data showed that the toll due to the disease was highest in Gujarat where 347 people have died while the number of affected persons was 5,715.

The disease has claimed 343 lives in Rajasthan, whose total of 6,030 patients is the highest so far in the country.

The toll stands at 221 while a total of 2,703 persons have come down with the disease in Maharashtra, where Bombay High Court on Tuesday directed the state government to file an affidavit within four weeks on the measures it has taken to tackle the cases of swine flu.

Madhya Pradesh has seen 201 deaths and registered 1,608 cases of the disease.

Meanwhile, Health Ministry officials said that the figure on Tuesday also includes the deaths which occurred in Delhi this year of people belonging to various other states. These figures have been updated in the cumulative total in the ministry's data, officials said. - India Today.

ICE AGE NOW: Western Newfoundland Continues To Be Buried In Snow - Snowbanks In Corner Brook Tower Over Streets!

The snowbanks in Corner Brook tower over the streets following a winter of intense snowfall. © CBC

- Schools were closed and snowfall warnings were in effect for parts of western Newfoundland on Wednesday, with another 15 to 25 centimetres expected in the region throughout the day.

Environment Canada had snowfall warnings in effect for much of the west coast, and winter storm warnings were in effect for parts of the Northern Peninsula — saying conditions should continue well into Wednesday night.

Schools were closed for at least the morning in such communities as Stephenville, St. George's and Lark Harbour.

Special weather statements were also in effect for southeastern Labrador, with blowing snow expected to develop over the day making for poor visibility.

Western Newfoundland has been pummelled with heavy snowfall all winter, with snowbanks towering above roads in many communities, including Corner Brook.  - CBC.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVALS: "This Happens Really Fast, Ten Seconds And Bam This Stuff Is Down" - More Homes Destroyed As Whidbey Island Landslide Continues In Washington State!

Four area houses have been destroyed -- in the last three months. © Kirotv

- A landslide that began in December has destroyed a home on an island north of Seattle and more residents have been told they could be at risk, scientists said on Monday.

About 20 homes in the landslide zone on Whidbey Island, a short ferry ride from the mainland, have received letters encouraging residents to consult engineers to determine whether a bluff behind their properties was in danger of giving way, local officials said.

The landslide began moving in late December, when one home was destroyed. Two more homes were damaged in February and are at risk of collapse. A fourth home was leveled on Friday, Island County officials said.

"It's a more active slide year than normal," said Connie Bowers, assistant engineer for Island County. "If they're full-time residents, (they) should look into having a geotechnical engineer review the property behind them for life safety."

Many of the structures near the landslide zone are vacation homes built on the shore of Puget Sound, she said, and their owners are encouraged to stay away while the landslide remains active.

"This is an old slide area. It is unsettled, and they know that," Bowers said.

Residents told local broadcaster KIRO that though the landslide was moving slowly, the destruction can be rapid.
"This happens really fast, ten seconds and bam this stuff is down," Stacie Burgua said.

A landslide destroyed a home on Whidbey Island on Friday night.

Whidbey Island, home to about 58,000 people, was formed out of glacial silt and is one of many areas in Washington state known to be prone to mudslides, the state Department of Natural Resources said.

Much of the landslide risk is determined by groundwater saturation, said department spokesman Joe Smiley.

In 2013, a landslide on Whidbey Island knocked one home off its foundation and forced the evacuation of 22 others. The slide also cut off power and roads to the area.

Last year, a rain-soaked hillside collapsed near the rural community of Oso, northeast of Seattle in the foothills of the Cascade Mountains, killing 43 people. New video that emerged from the catastrophe shows waves of mud tumbling into the valley below more than 10 minutes after the hill gave way. - Reuters.

ICE AGE NOW: Extreme Winter Weather And Infrastructure Collapse - Blizzard Conditions Close Access To Hawaii Summits!

There is some visibility on Mauna Loa. © NOAA

March 11, 2015 - HAWAII
- The wintry weather continues on the summits of Hawaii Island.

Mauna Kea rangers report blizzard conditions have shut down the road to the summit of the mountain. Poor weather is forecast for the next several days. Webcams have been blinded by the white out.

The summit of Mauna Loa is also closed. The Hawaii Volcanoes National Park says the area is off limits for backcountry use due to the continued winter storm conditions.

A wind and snow swept shot on the summit by Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, one of the few webcams not completely covered by ice on Monday.

A high wind warning is in effect for both summits until 6 p.m., reports the National Weather Service. Southwest winds are blowing 45 to 70 mph with localized gusts over 105 mph.

A winter weather advisory is also in effect, with an additional 1 inch of snowfall expected at elevations above 12,500 feet.

WATCH: Snow on Mauna Kea.

There has been constant snow on the summits over the last week. On Saturday, the harsh weather took a break long enough for island residents to drive up to the summit.  - Big Island Video News.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Global Volcanism And Geological Upheavals - Tongan Underwater Volcano Creates SUBSTANTIAL NEW ISLAND, First Photographs Emerge Of The New Pacific Island!

New volcanic island at Hunga area of Tonga, Pacific Islands Photo: GP Orbassano

March 11, 2015 - TONGA, PACIFIC OCEAN
- The first photographs have emerged of a newly formed volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean after three men climbed to the peak of the land mass off the coast of Tonga.

The pre-eruption satellite view before the island on the left became fused with the volcanic crater created by Hunga Tonga (Pleiades © CNES 2015)

The post-eruption satellite view after the island on the left became joined to the crater which created a larger land mass (Pleiades © CNES 2015)

The new volcanic island (centre) forms a trio with the older Hunga Tonga and Hunga Ha'apai volcanic islets, Tonga (All pictures taken by GP Orbassano)

The three locals from Tonga visited the island on Saturday, landing on a black beach and climbing to the rim of the crater.

They said the surface was still hot and the green lake in the crater smelt strongly of sulphur.

"It was a perfect day, with fantastic views – bright blue sky and the sea was the same colour as the sky," GP Orbassano, one of the locals, told Tonga's Matangi Online.

The one-mile long cone-shaped island began forming last month, about forty miles from the nation's capital, and is now safe to walk on.

Experts believe a volcano exploded underwater and then expanded until an island formed. The island is expected to erode back into the ocean in a matter of months.

Mr Orbassano said he believed the island was high enough for it to remain for some time – and potentially attract tourists.

"There are thousands of seabirds – all kinds, laying eggs on the island," he said.

Tonga's lands and natural resources ministry said last month the island was half a mile wide and just under a mile long. It is believed to be about 820 feet high.

Mr Orbassano, 63, an Italian who moved to Tonga more than 20 years ago, previously had a career in photography and took a series of photos of the new island. - Telegraph.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: Infrastructure Collapse - Sinkhole Causes Gridlock In Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia!

© Lando Zawawi via Facebook

March 11, 2015 - MALAYSIA
- A sinkhole the size of a wheel caused traffic to slow down in Jalan Maarof, heading to Bangsar. The wheel of a car also got stuck in it.

Kuala Lumpur City Hall's (DBKL) Civil Engineering and Drainage Department director Tan Keng Chok said the hole appeared after Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) employees were dragging an underground high tension cable to supply power for a nearby Mass Rapid Transit Corporation Sdn Bhd construction site.

"The hole appeared after a 33kv cable was pulled to lay supply for the MRT construction in Jalan Damansara," Tan said, when contacted by The Rakyat Post today.

Adding that TNB had admitted its fault, Tan said repairs would be conducted on the road tonight.

© Geoffrey Yeow via Facebook

An image of the hole was uploaded onto biker group Silaturrahim Brotherhood spokesman Azlan Sani Zawawi @ Lando Zawawi's Facebook page.

Lando, who regularly conducts road repair works on potholes and sinkholes and is part of the Kuala Lumpur City Hall's (DBKL) WhatsApp group, uploaded images of his conversation in the group, calling on the authorities to take swift action.

The image of the sinkhole was also uploaded on to Friends of BN's Twitter page.

"Sinkhole the size of a tyre at Jalan Maarof heading to Bangsar. Nearby the Petronas oil pump," read the image's description by Friends of BN read, with Astro Traffic stating that the sinkhole had led to a traffic crawl. - Malaysia Chronicle.

FIRE IN THE SKY: "It Was Pretty Incredible,... Most Spectacular Fireball I've Ever Seen,... Lasted 10 Seconds,... It Had A Flaming Tail,... Long Trail,..." - Mysterious "Bright Green" Fireball Spotted Over Colorado!

Nate Hershey, a Colorado software engineer, shared a video of the Colorado Meteor that he caught on his dash cam on March 11, 2015.
Image: Nate Hershey

- So it's true: The early bird gets the fireballs.

Coloradans who were up before the sun on Wednesday morning saw a "bright green" fireball soar across the sky before it burned out over the mountains.

More than 60 eyewitnesses filed sightings on the American Meteor Society's website.

Greg Moore, an analyst and contributor at Weather5280, told Mashable he was driving over the top of Vail pass, west of Denver, just before 6 a.m. local time when "a bright green fireball caught my eye."

The object had a "flaming tail with a long trail behind it," Moore said. "As it moved towards the far horizon it started to flame out, but even after the tail was gone a bright orange ball was still visible till it disappeared beyond the far mountain range."

"It was pretty incredible," he said.

Snapchat user Joel Jimenez sent Mashable video he caught from a Home Depot parking lot in Fort Collins.

WATCH: Meteor over Colorado - Video 1.

Brian Paulson, a software engineer, caught the fireball on his car's dash cam while driving about 15 miles north of Pueblo, Colorado. A second man caught it on his dash cam from Denver.

WATCH: Meteor over Colorado - Video 2.

Colorado resident Nate Hershey told Mashable he was getting his kids dressed on Wednesday morning and happened to look out the window when the object was streaking across the sky.

"The head was bright white, and it had a deep orange tail with what looked like sparks falling behind, moving very slowly for a meteor," he said.

"I had time to put my 1 year old down, grab my four year old, climb onto my bed and hold him up to the window for a few seconds before it faded," Hershey said. "At the end, the tail appeared to be an eerie green with a slight blue tint as it disappeared."

"I've seen a lot of meteors in my day but this must have been the most spectacular
, lasting for what seemed like around 10 seconds," he said.

The fireball, which could have been a meteor, satellite debris or a warning shot from an alien warship, was first reported on Twitter.

Others reported seeing the fireball on 9News's Facebook page.

We've reached out to NASA to see what's up.

Did you see the fireball?
  - Mashable.

INFRASTRUCTURE COLLAPSE: Plane Crashes At Lake Of The Ozarks, Missouri - Three People Injured!

A small plane went down in Lake of the Ozarks Wednesday afternoon.  Three people survived.

- Three people were taken to a local hospital after a plane crash in Osage Beach.

At 12:31 p.m. Wednesday, Osage Beach Police got a 911 call of a possible airplane crash between Public Beach #2 and Malibu Road.

A second report came in clarifying the small passenger plane crashed at Public Beach #2.

Osage Beach firefighters got to the scene seven minutes later and spotted three survivors on the shoreline, on the opposite side of the cove.

Lake of the Ozarks (Photo: Google Maps)

Osage Beach Fire Chief Jeff Dorhauer said terrain was rough getting to the survivors so they used a neighboring fire district’s boat to reach them.

The pilot told firefighters he was able to unbuckle his passengers, an elderly woman and a young girl to get them to shore.

The plane is a single-engine 1976 Beechcraft B-19.

Chief Dorhauer said the three victims are related and were on their way home to St. Louis.

The three were taken to Lake Regional Hospital in stable condition.

The Missouri State Highway Patrol is on the scene.

The FAA has been contacted. - KRCG13.

WEATHER PHENOMENON: Intense Columnar Vortex - Giant Waterspout Spotted Near The Coast Of Mauritius!

Waterspout. © Delphine Hugounenc

March 11, 2015 - MAURITIUS
- A giant waterspout has allegedly been observed at La Preneuse beach on Friday 6th of March. The sighting of the meteorological phenomenon is attributed to Delphine Hugounenc, a French woman who has settled down in Mauritius for two years now.

Delphine Hugounenc related that she was at the public beach of La Preneuse with her family on the 6th of March.

Around 16h00, something bizarre caught her attention.

According to her, she saw a waterspout over the sea.

When she pointed it out to a friend of hers, they were both shocked at such a sight. Delphine Hugounenc also admitted that on seeing the phenomenon, a feeling of insecurity swept over them.

When this was narrated to forecaster Vimal Mungul, he explained that waterspouts appear as a consequence of the formation of cumulonimbus clouds; active clouds accompanied by thunder are behind the strange occurrence.
He also added that waterspouts are not considered to be dangerous. However, one should always be careful and not approach the region where they are seen.

Generally, waterspouts resemble funnel-shaped clouds over water bodies; they are connected to the cumulonimbus clouds. They are known to form mostly in tropical and sub-tropical areas.  - Island Crisis.

ELECTRIC UNIVERSE: Link Between Galactic Cosmic Rays And Global Earth Temperatures Found!

March 11, 2015 - SPACE
- From the paper in PNAS:(h/t to Dr. Leif Svalgaard)
Our results suggest weak to moderate coupling between CR and year-to-year changes of GT," they write. "However, we find that the realized effect is modest at best, and only recoverable when the secular trend in GT is removed." This "secular trend" is the warming widely believed to be caused by excess carbon in the atmosphere, an effect the researchers accounted for by first-differencing. "We show specifically that CR cannot explain secular warming, a trend that the consensus attributes to anthropogenic forcing. Nonetheless, the results verify the presence of a nontraditional forcing in the climate system, an effect that represents another interesting piece of the puzzle in our understanding of factors influencing climate variability.
While they might simply be trading one effect for another with that sort of language, or they might simply be latching on the to Forbush decrease signal, it seems to me that they set out to prove that CR's aren't affecting trend. The fact that they show a link at suggests there's at least some merit to Svenmark's cosmic ray theory.

Here we use newly available methods to examine the dynamical association between cosmic rays (CR) and global temperature (GT) in the 20th-century observational record. We find no measurable evidence of a causal effect linking CR to the overall 20th-century warming trend; however, on short interannual timescales, we find a significant, although modest, causal effect of CR on short-term, year-to-year variability in GT. Thus, although CR clearly do not contribute measurably to the 20th-century global warming trend, they do appear as a nontraditional forcing in the climate system on short interannual timescales, providing another interesting piece of the puzzle in our understanding of factors influencing climate variability.
Dynamical evidence for causality between galactic cosmic rays and interannual variation in global temperature
  1. Anastasios A. Tsonis
  2. Ethan R. Deyle
  3. Robert M. May
  4. George Sugihara
  5. Kyle Swanson
  6. Joshua D. Verbeten
  7. Geli Wangd
As early as 1959, it was hypothesized that an indirect link between solar activity and climate could be mediated by mechanisms controlling the flux of galactic cosmic rays (CR) [Ney ER (1959) Nature 183:451 - 452]. Although the connection between CR and climate remains controversial, a significant body of laboratory evidence has emerged at the European Organization for Nuclear Research [Duplissy J, et al. (2010) Atmos Chem Phys 10:1635 - 1647; Kirkby J, et al. (2011) Nature 476(7361):429 - 433] and elsewhere [Svensmark H, Pedersen JOP, Marsh ND, Enghoff MB, Uggerhøj UI (2007) Proc R Soc A 463:385 - 396; Enghoff MB, Pedersen JOP, Uggerhoj UI, Paling SM, Svensmark H (2011) Geophys Res Lett 38:L09805], demonstrating the theoretical mechanism of this link. In this article, we present an analysis based on convergent cross mapping, which uses observational time series data to directly examine the causal link between CR and year-to-year changes in global temperature. Despite a gross correlation, we find no measurable evidence of a causal effect linking CR to the overall 20th-century warming trend. However, on short interannual timescales, we find a significant, although modest, causal effect between CR and short-term, year-to-year variability in global temperature that is consistent with the presence of nonlinearities internal to the system. Thus, although CR do not contribute measurably to the 20th-century global warming trend, they do appear as a nontraditional forcing in the climate system on short interannual timescales.
The full paper is available here (PDF)

 - WUWT.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: Sinkholes Keep Popping Up Across The United States - Car Crashes Into Sinkhole In Boston, Massachusetts!

© Westboro Fire Department

- A car was damaged after it crashed into a sinkhole Saturday night in Westborough.

The car fell a few feet into the sinkhole before it came to rest on a gas main below.

Firefighters were able to lay a ladder across the hole and walk out to the woman to rescue.

Police said the driver was not hurt, but the car was totaled.

See video coverage here. - WHDH.

SOLAR WATCH: Sunspot 2297 Doubles In Size, Unleashes Major EARTH-DIRECTED X2.2 SOLAR FLARE - Possible CME; HF Radio Blackouts And Other Propagation Effects!

March 11, 2015 - SPACE - Sunspot AR2297 is crackling with solar flares and has just unleashed a strong Earth-directed solar flare on March 11 at 16:22 UT.

Extreme UV radiation was detected from the blast, which measured X2 on the Richter Scale of Flares, and is causing HF radio fade-outs and other propagation effects on the dayside of Earth, primarily over the Americas.

ALERT: Type II Radio Emission
Begin Time: 2015 Mar 11 1623 UTC
Estimated Velocity: 1461 km/s
Description: Type II emissions occur in association with eruptions on the sun and typically indicate a coronal mass ejection is associated with a flare event.

ALERT: Type IV Radio Emission
Begin Time: 2015 Mar 11 1638 UTC
Description: Type IV emissions occur in association with major eruptions on the sun and are typically associated with strong coronal mass ejections and solar radiation storms.

WATCH: X2.2 Solar Flare - March 11, 2015.

Meanwhile, natural radio emissions from the sun suggest that a CME might be emerging from the blast site at speeds exceeding 1,400 km/s (3.1 million mph).

Sunspot AR2297 poses a growing threat for more Earth-directed eruptions as it turns toward our planet this week. This 4-day movie from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory shows the sunspot moving into geoeffective position:

During the days covered by the movie, AR2297 more than doubled in size. Moreover, it developed a 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field. Such a magnetic field is unstable to the kind of explosive magnetic reconnection NASA will study using its MMS fleet, slated for launch on March 12th.

Mindful of the sunspot's development, NOAA forecasters have estimated a 60% chance of M-class flares and a 10% chance of powerful X-flares on March 11th.


Solar activity during the past 24 hours was moderate with a number of M-Flares detected around sunspot 2297. This includes an M2.9 at 00:02 UTC (March 11), an M1.8 at 07:18 UTC and an M2.6 at 07:57 UTC. Neither of these flares looks to have been eruptive, meaning a noteworthy coronal mass ejection (CME) is unlikely. The active region remains magnetically complex with a Beta-Gamma-Delta magnetic configuration and may produce additional solar flares of the moderate to strong variety.

A filament located in the northwest quadrant lifted off beginning at 06:30 UTC Wednesday morning and may have flung a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space. Updated coronagraph imagery is required to determine this and an update will be provided once available.

Geomagnetic Storms

The NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) updated their CME tracking model to include the possibility of a combined glancing blow impact from a pair of eruptions following the two M5 events on Monday evening. They are calling for possible minor (G1) geomagnetic storm conditions at high latitudes. Sky watchers at higher latitudes should be alert during the next 48-72 hours.


Beautiful aurora photo captured early on March 10th by Ronn and Marketa Murray up in Alaska.

- Space Weather | Solar Ham.

PLAGUES & PESTILENCES: The Ebola Outbreak - UK Military Health Worker In Sierra Leone Diagnosed With Ebola!

Reuters / Eddie Keogh

March 11, 2015 - SIERRA LEONE
- A UK military health worker in Sierra Leone has tested positive for the Ebola virus, Public Health England (PHE) has confirmed.

The health service said medics in Sierra Leone were ensuring the worker was receiving appropriate care. A decision about whether to evacuate the medic to the UK has not yet been made.

According to Sky News, a second military health worker is being tested for the disease, but initial tests have come back negative.

Public Health England said an investigation into how the worker contracted the virus is currently under way. They are believed to have fallen ill at the Kerry Town Crisis Centre,built last year by the British Army and funded by the UK government.

“Any individuals identified as having had close contact will be assessed and a clinical decision made regarding bringing them to the UK,”
the organization said.

“The UK has robust, well-developed and well-tested systems for managing Ebola and the overall risk to the public in the UK continues to be very low.”

The individual, who has yet to be named, is the second British citizen to be infected with the disease in 2015 after nurse Pauline Cafferkey was diagnosed with Ebola upon her return from Sierra Leone in January.

Another British man, Will Pooley, contracted the virus in 2014 and was successfully treated in the UK.

The military health worker is the third foreign medic to be infected in Sierra Leone. In November last year, a Cuban doctor was flown to Geneva for treatment and survived.

Since the beginning of the outbreak, more than 600 health workers have become infected in the three worst affected countries. Some 300 have died as a result, the majority being West African.

More than 9,500 people have died as a result of the outbreak.

The news comes as another patient was tested for the disease in a Welsh hospital on Tuesday after falling ill.

The individual, believed to be from Barry, Cardiff, was later found to have tested negative. - RT.

Tracking the EBOLA Virus Outbreak

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Ice Age Now - Italian Village Receives MORE THAN 8 FEET OF SNOW IN JUST 18 HOURS; The MOST SNOW To Fall On Earth In Less Than One Day EVER! [PHOTOS + VIDEO]

March 11, 2015 - ITALY
- Italian village has broken records after it received a dump of more than eight feet (2.56 metres) in 18 hours

A tiny village in Italy is claiming to be one of the snowiest places in the world after it was smothered under more than eight feet (2.56 metres) of snow in less than 24 hours.

An intense storm left the inhabitants of Capracotta climbing out of first floor windows onto great mounds of snow and having to get around on snowshoes and skis.

Other locals had to dig tunnels from their front doors in order to be able to leave their homes.

Capracotta can now claim to be one of the snowiest places in the world

It was the largest amount of snow to fall on the village, in the Molise region of central Italy, since 1956.

"In Colorado, they had two metres of snow in 24 hours, but here it took just 16 hours for that amount to fall," said Antonio Monaco, the mayor of the village, which has 1,400 inhabitants.

"It was a spectacle that took our breath away. In some parts of the village the snow was like a long white wall," he told Ansa, Italy's national news agency.

"It was tough but everybody pulled together and made sure that the old people who couldn't leave their houses had the food and medicines that they needed."

Strong winds created snow drifts up to three metres deep.

While Capracotta was worst hit by the blizzard, many other towns and villages in Molise were also affected, including Campobasso, Pescocostanzo, Pescopennataro and Vastogirardi.

Heavy snowfall also hit the neighbouring mountainous region of Abruzzo.

WATCH: World snowfall record in Italy.

The snowstorm hit on March 5 and left some villages cut off from the outside world.

Schools were closed and roads closed after heavy trucks became stranded in the snow. - The Telegraph.