Tuesday, May 5, 2015

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Increasing Global Volcanism As The Celestial Black Event Nears - Possible Threat Of Eruption At Japan's Hakone Volcano As 100 Volcanic Earthquakes Are Recorded; The Last Eruption Took Place Around 3,000 YEARS AGO!

Anglers fish from a boat floating on Lake Ashinoko in front of Japan's highest peak, Mount Fuji, and other mountains covered with
coloured autumn leaves at a Hakone hot spring resort, some 100 kms west of Tokyo. © AFP Photo
May 5, 2015 - JAPAN - There has been a rise in the number of volcanic earthquakes recorded in Hakone, Japan. The nearby Hakone volcano began belching steaming gas and meteorologists say there is a possible risk of an eruption.

There were two minor quakes registering 2.4 and 2.0 recorded at the Hakone volcano, which is located in the Kanagawa Province and is 80 kilometers southwest of the capital Tokyo. Meanwhile, there were a total of 98 volcanic earthquakes recorded at the popular hot springs resort of Hakone on Tuesday up until 15:00 local time. During the whole of Monday, 34 were logged.

Japan's meteorological agency has issued a warning to limit access to the resort.

"Activity at Hakone... is in a state of uncertainty," the agency said in an advisory, which was reported by AFP. "There is a possibility that a minor eruption may suddenly occur," it said. "Please do not enter dangerous zones."

Despite the warning, the agency still believes the risk of the Hakone volcano erupting is minimal. It is maintaining an alert level at 1 on a scale of 5. Level 1 means "normal."

"Shallow hot-water activity in parts of the Owakudani Valley has become unstable," the agency said in an advisory note, which was cited by the Kyodo news agency. "There is a possibility that a minor ejection [of hot steam] may suddenly occur," it said. "Please do not enter danger zones."

Local hiking trails are also off-limits as there has been a recent surge in volcanic activity. On May 1, just two volcanic earthquakes were recorded; however this figure has been increasing. There were 36 logged on Sunday and 34 on Monday. The figure spiked on Tuesday.

#Japan Meteo Agency warns of possibility of volcano #eruptions (or #earthquakes) in #Hakone #Onsen 大涌谷 #Owakudani
Joel Legendre Tokyo

As #Hakone rumbles, a timely reminder of Japan's disaster preparation drill #volcano
Rupert Sutton

The warning comes during the middle of Japan's "Golden Week" spring holidays and is likely to affect tourism in the area. Around 20 million people visit Hakone, which is home to some of the country's most famous hot springs.

In February 2013, 1,400 small earthquakes were recorded around the Hakone Volcano, but there was no eruption. The last one took place around 3,000 years ago.

In November, Japan's largest active volcano, Mount Aso, started spewing ash and stones, which caused local airlines to cancel flights.

However, the eruption of Mount Ontake on September 27 eventually killed 57 people, which was Japan's worst volcanic disaster in almost 90 years. The search for survivors was eventually called off on October 16. - RT.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Geological Upheaval - Deadly Landslide Of Snow And Mud Triggered By Nepal Earthquake Captured By Satellite; 200 People Killed!


May 5, 2015 - NEPAL
- The small village of Langtang, which was located along a popular trekking route near the base of Mount Langtang, was completely buried by ice and rocks shaken loose by devastating earthquake that struck Nepal on April 25, 2015. At least 200 people died in this disaster.

The village was located below a very steep ridge and above the ridge there is a glacier towards the north-west and large snow field right above the village, MountainHydrology writes.

"There has been a lot of snow fall this year and at the moment of the earthquake there were considerable amounts of snow at higher altitudes. From a preliminary investigation we think it is most likely that either a snow avalanche from directly north of Langtang village or a debris/ice avalanche from the north-west has caused this disaster."

These are marked by red arrows in the map:

© Mountain Hydrology

While cloudy conditions have hampered satellite observations of Nepal since the earthquake, the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 captured a clear view on April 30, 2015.

A mixture of snow, ice, and debris - which originated in snowfields on the slopes above Langtang - slid toward the Langtang River and buried the village.

Walter Immerzeel and Philip Kraaijenbrink, members of a group of volunteer scientists (Mountain Hydrology) with expertise in remote sensing, were the first to identify and analyze the landslide using Landsat 8.

"The Langtang River was completely covered by the deposit that buried Langtang Village, but there is no evidence yet of a lake forming behind the blockage," the scientists noted.

This may indicate that the water has found its way through the debris, snow, and ice which is significant because rivers damned with landslide debris can back up and lead to destructive downstream floods if the natural dam fails.

PDF version of this map is available on MountainHydrology as well as KMZ file for interactive data analysis. © Universiteit Utrecht

PDF version of this map is available on MountainHydrology as well as KMZ file for interactive data analysis.
A video uploaded by YouTube user Shaky on May 4, 2015 shows the start of the avalanche. Its description says:

"We were somewhere between Godatabela and Langtang. After the quake large boulders destroyed the forest on the opposite side of the river. Then rocks started rolling on our side and finally the huge avalanche and landslide that destroyed Langtang village created a cloud of snow and mud that came over us and covered everything."

WATCH: Earthquake in Langtang valley, Nepal.

- Wunderground.

EARTH CHANGES: Monumental Signs Of The Times As Extreme Weather And Planetary Upheavals Increase Ahead Of The Black Celestial Event - SOTT Earth Changes Video Summary For April, 2015!

© Sott.net

May 5, 2015 - EARTH
- Here's a run-down of April's 'signs'...

Raging wildfires in Siberia destroyed thousands of homes and injured hundreds of people. Late in the month, on the anniversary of the world's worst nuclear accident, wildfires broke out within the Chernobyl plant exclusion zone in northern Ukraine. Both the Middle East and China experienced their "worst sandstorms in years", while huge dust storms also brought chaos to parts of both the American and Russian West. There were devastating landslides in Indonesia and Afghanistan, and a slow-moving 'horizontal landslide' in a Siberian town... which was also the setting last month for another bizarre 'exploding crater-hole'.

Settlements in the 'driest place on Earth', Atacama Desert in Chile, were washed away after being inundated for the second month in a row. Severe flooding also hit drought-plagued Sao Paulo for the 4th time in 6 months, while melting snowpack combined with torrential rain to inundate parts of the US South and eastern Kazakhstan. Inches - and sometimes feet - of hail turned streets into rivers in the US, India, and Australia, where a "once-in-a-decade" storm battered the capital Sydney. The US Midwest saw multiple violent tornado outbreaks, while powerful tornadoes devastated communities in India and Brazil.

But none of this rocking and rolling was as destructive as the strongest earthquake to hit the Himalayas in over 80 years. The 7.9M quake pretty much destroyed Nepal, set off avalanches that buried Mount Everest's base camp, and killed people in northern India, Bangladesh, and Tibet. The quake's death toll could reach 10,000 people, and has left millions more homeless. The most spectacular event of the month occurred in southern Chile, where Calbuco volcano exploded to life after being dormant for 40 years, spewing lava and ash thousands of feet into the air... 

WATCH: SOTT Earth Changes Summary: April 2015 - Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, and Meteor Fireballs.


DELUGE: Record Rainfall Causes Flash Flooding In Kansas And Texas - Heaviest Rainfall To Hit Manhattan, Kansas Since 1908!

Submerged car at McCall Rd and Tuttle Creek Blvd in Manhattan. © Tyler Dreiling

- Manhattan, Kansas, and Lubbock, Texas, both suffered flash floods after record levels of rainfall fell between 04 and 05 May 2015,

Manhattan, Kansas

Flash floods raced through the streets of Manhattan, Kansas, yesterday 04 May 2015, after the heaviest rainfall to hit the city since 1908.

National weather service said that the official observation for Manhattan measured 2.97″ (75.43 mm) at 7 pm, breaking the daily rainfall record of 2.91″ set in 1908.

They also said that by 7:45pm, 3.37 inches (85.59 mm) of rain had been recorded at Manhattan Airport, and 4.15″ (105.4 mm) in areas to the north of the city.

The flash floods made roads impassable, causing major disruptions for drivers. Photos of the floods show water around 2 feet (60 cm) deep in the worst affected areas. Parts of Kansas State University campus were under water, deep enough that some students were able to kayak along campus roads. KSU later closed flooded parts of the campus.

National Weather Service warned today that storms and heavy rain were expected through the early morning hours, and that localized flooding was possible.

Social media photos of flash floods in Manhattan, Kansas
Submerged car at McCall Rd and Tuttle Creek Blvd in Manhattan #kswx pic.twitter.com/VFwRBvX3E8

— Tyler Dreiling (@TylerDreiling) May 4, 2015
Today's #ManhattanFlood was one of the craziest weather events I've seen, I think it's fair to say! pic.twitter.com/JUUe4kJCkJ

— hunter severn (@htsevern) May 5, 2015
A minutes ago in Manhattan, #Kansas. #kswx #flashflood pic.twitter.com/xAaqYec5QH

— Mike Smith (@USWeatherExpert) May 4, 2015
Heavy rains cause flash flooding at Third Street, Campus Creek | http://t.co/sdaR2CMbgB pic.twitter.com/HGM7BNd47w

— Manhattan Mercury (@MERCnewsroom) May 5, 2015

Flash flood.  © Mike Smith

Heavy rains cause flash flooding at Third Street, Campus Creek. © Manhattan Mercury

Lubbock, Texas

Meanwhile, around 500 miles south of Manhattan KS, Lubbock and the South Plains area in Texas also saw huge amounts of rainfall on 04 May and early 05 May 2015. Meteorologists say this could be just the first part of a three-day spell of heavy rain set for the area.

Lubbock broke its rainfall record of 0.82 inches for 04 May, previously set in 2001. In fact 1.02 inches (25.9 mm) of rain fell in nearby O'Donnell in just 10 minutes.

NWS said that around half of the average yearly rainfall had fallen in the Lubbock area by 10pm. In a Tweet last night, NWS Lubbock said:
"Heavy rain continues in Lynn county. 7.4″ measured in Tahoka by the official observer. 10-12″ totals between Tahoka and O'Donnell".

WATCH: Record flooding in Texas and Kansas.

A flash flood watch has been issued by NWS. Several stranded drivers had to be rescued. Lubbock Fire Department had to respond to over 50 call outs during the evening.

The National Weather Service said earlier today that "the next round of thunder storms is moving toward West Texas. More heavy rain possible this morning". - Floodlist.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano's Lava Lake Explodes - After Rocks Fall Into Active Crater!

© YouTube.com

May 5, 2015 - HAWAII
- A powerful explosion in an active Hawaiian lava crater was captured on webcam by the US Geological Survey. The footage shows how a rock fall prompted the lava lake to burst.

The video shows Hawaii's active Halemaʻumaʻu Crater in the Kilauea Volcano, often view at close range by tourists, as the crater's rocky wall suddenly collapses into the lava lake, causing an avalanche of dust to form.

© YouTube.com

The breathtaking imagery shows rocks crashing into the lava followed by a massive red explosion with a wave of fire and plume of smoke roaring into the air. Large spatters of molten lava go flying everywhere.

"Fist-size clasts were deposited around the closed Halemaʻumaʻu visitor overlook," the USGS' Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said, commenting on the Sunday explosion.

WATCH: Halemaʻumaʻu Overlook Vent rockfall and lava explosion.

No injuries were reported after the incident at the crater, which has been shut to visitors due to its recently increased activity. The stunning blast was captured by the observatory's webcams stationed around the summit.

The Halemaʻumaʻu Crater has been active since March 2008. The lava lake was overflowing during the weekend and still poses a potential hazard, according to geologists. - RT.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Powerful 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Papua New Guinea - Local Tsunami Wave Of One Meter Possible! [MAPS + TECTONIC SUMMARY]

USGS earthquake location map.

May 5, 2015 - PAPUA NEW GUINEA
- A strong earthquake shook Papua New Guinea on Tuesday, rattling residents but causing little damage in the island nation.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the 7.5-magnitude quake struck at a depth of 42 kilometers and was centered 130 kilometers south of the town of Kokopo on the island of New Britain.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center had warned a localized tsunami wave of up to one meter was possible, but later said the threat "largely passed."

USGS shakemap intensity.

There are reports of downed power lines, which have knocked out power to some residents. But little other damage appears to have resulted from the quake, the latest to hit the region.

Last week, a 6.8-magnitude temblor struck near Kokopo. No damage was reported.

Papua New Guinea is situated along the so-called "Ring of Fire," a zone of tectonic activity around the Pacific Ocean that is subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. - Chosun.

Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of the New Guinea Region and Vicinity

The May 5, 2015 M 7.5 earthquake south-southwest of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea, occurred as the result of thrust faulting on or near the plate boundary interface between the subducting Australia and overriding Pacific plates. At the location of the earthquake, the Australia plate moves towards the east-northeast at a velocity of 105 mm/yr with respect to the Pacific plate, and begins its subduction into the mantle beneath New Britain at the New Britain Trench, south-southeast of the earthquake. The moment tensor and depth of the event are consistent with thrust-type motion on the interface between these two plates. Note that at the location of the earthquake, some researchers divide the edges of the Australia and Pacific plates into several microplates that take up the overall convergence between Australia and the Pacific, including the Solomon Sea and South Bismark microplates local to this event. The Solomon Sea plate moves slightly faster and more northeasterly with respect to the Pacific plate than does Australia due to sea-floor spreading in the Woodlark Basin several hundred kilometers to the southeast of the May 5 earthquake, facilitating the classic subduction evident beneath New Britain.

While commonly plotted as points on maps, earthquakes of this size are more appropriately described as slip over a larger fault area. Events of the magnitude of the May 5, 2015 earthquake are typically about 70x40 km in size (length x width).

The plate boundary between the Australia and Pacific plates in the Papua New Guinea region is very active seismically; 36 M 7+ events have occurred within 250 km of the May 5, 2015 earthquake over the past century. Few are known to have caused shaking-related fatalities because of the remoteness of the region, though a M 8.0 earthquake in November 2000 – one of three similarly sized events over a 2-day period – did cause several deaths. The largest nearby earthquake was an M 8.1 event, 150 km to the east-northeast of the May 5, 2015 earthquake, one of two M8+ earthquakes 140 km apart in July 1971. The May, 2015 earthquake is just 10 km to the east-northeast of the November 17, 2000 M 7.8 earthquake, also thrust-faulting event on the plate boundary interface.

The May 5 earthquake has also been preceded by a series of moderate-to-large earthquakes on this portion of the plate boundary over the past several weeks, beginning with a M 7.5 event on March 29, 2015, 110 km to the northeast of the May 5, 2015 earthquake. Between these two large events, 25 other earthquakes of M 5+ have occurred in the same area; including M 6.7 and M 6.8 events just to the northwest of the May 5 earthquake, on April 30 and May 1, respectively.

The Australia-Pacific plate boundary is over 4000 km long on the northern margin, from the Sunda (Java) trench in the west to the Solomon Islands in the east. The eastern section is over 2300 km long, extending west from northeast of the Australian continent and the Coral Sea until it intersects the east coast of Papua New Guinea. The boundary is dominated by the general northward subduction of the Australia plate.

Along the South Solomon trench, the Australia plate converges with the Pacific plate at a rate of approximately 95 mm/yr towards the east-northeast. Seismicity along the trench is dominantly related to subduction tectonics and large earthquakes are common: there have been 13 M7.5+ earthquakes recorded since 1900. On April 1, 2007, a M8.1 interplate megathrust earthquake occurred at the western end of the trench, generating a tsunami and killing at least 40 people. This was the third M8.1 megathrust event associated with this subduction zone in the past century; the other two occurred in 1939 and 1977.

Further east at the New Britain trench, the relative motions of several microplates surrounding the Australia-Pacific boundary, including north-south oriented seafloor spreading in the Woodlark Basin south of the Solomon Islands, maintain the general northward subduction of Australia-affiliated lithosphere beneath Pacific-affiliated lithosphere. Most of the large and great earthquakes east of New Guinea are related to this subduction; such earthquakes are particularly concentrated at the cusp of the trench south of New Ireland. 33 M7.5+ earthquakes have been recorded since 1900, including three shallow thrust fault M8.1 events in 1906, 1919, and 2007.

USGS plate tectonics for the region.

The western end of the Australia-Pacific plate boundary is perhaps the most complex portion of this boundary, extending 2000 km from Indonesia and the Banda Sea to eastern New Guinea. The boundary is dominantly convergent along an arc-continent collision segment spanning the width of New Guinea, but the regions near the edges of the impinging Australia continental margin also include relatively short segments of extensional, strike-slip and convergent deformation. The dominant convergence is accommodated by shortening and uplift across a 250-350 km-wide band of northern New Guinea, as well as by slow southward-verging subduction of the Pacific plate north of New Guinea at the New Guinea trench. Here, the Australia-Pacific plate relative velocity is approximately 110 mm/yr towards the northeast, leading to the 2-8 mm/yr uplift of the New Guinea Highlands.

Whereas the northern band of deformation is relatively diffuse east of the Indonesia-Papua New Guinea border, in western New Guinea there are at least two small (less than 100,000 km²) blocks of relatively undeformed lithosphere. The westernmost of these is the Birds Head Peninsula microplate in Indonesia's West Papua province, bounded on the south by the Seram trench. The Seram trench was originally interpreted as an extreme bend in the Sunda subduction zone, but is now thought to represent a southward-verging subduction zone between Birds Head and the Banda Sea.

There have been 22 M7.5+ earthquakes recorded in the New Guinea region since 1900. The dominant earthquake mechanisms are thrust and strike slip, associated with the arc-continent collision and the relative motions between numerous local microplates. The largest earthquake in the region was a M8.2 shallow thrust fault event in the northern Papua province of Indonesia that killed 166 people in 1996.

The western portion of the northern Australia plate boundary extends approximately 4800 km from New Guinea to Sumatra and primarily separates Australia from the Eurasia plate, including the Sunda block. This portion is dominantly convergent and includes subduction at the Sunda (Java) trench, and a young arc-continent collision.

In the east, this boundary extends from the Kai Islands to Sumba along the Timor trough, offset from the Sunda trench by 250 km south of Sumba. Contrary to earlier tectonic models in which this trough was interpreted as a subduction feature continuous with the Sunda subduction zone, it is now thought to represent a subsiding deformational feature related to the collision of the Australia plate continental margin and the volcanic arc of the Eurasia plate, initiating in the last 5-8 Myr. Before collision began, the Sunda subduction zone extended eastward to at least the Kai Islands, evidenced by the presence of a northward-dipping zone of seismicity beneath Timor Leste. A more detailed examination of the seismic zone along it's eastern segment reveals a gap in intermediate depth seismicity under Timor and seismic mechanisms that indicate an eastward propagating tear in the descending slab as the negatively buoyant oceanic lithosphere detaches from positively buoyant continental lithosphere. On the surface, GPS measurements indicate that the region around Timor is currently no longer connected to the Eurasia plate, but instead is moving at nearly the same velocity as the Australia plate, another consequence of collision.

Large earthquakes in eastern Indonesia occur frequently but interplate megathrust events related to subduction are rare; this is likely due to the disconnection of the descending oceanic slab from the continental margin. There have been 9 M7.5+ earthquakes recorded from the Kai Islands to Sumba since 1900. The largest was the great Banda Sea earthquake of 1938 (M8.5) an intermediate depth thrust faulting event that did not cause significant loss of life.

More information on regional seismicity and tectonics


GLOBAL VOLCANISM: The Most Powerful Existing Volcano In Kamchatka, Russia Erupts - Emitting Ash, Clouds Of Steam 7,500 Meters High!

- The Kliuchevskoi, the most powerful existing chain giants in the Russian peninsula of Kamchatka volcano, today launched clouds of gas-steam and ash to a height of seven thousand five hundred meters above the level the sea.

Emissions were captured by the observatory of geophysics and volcanology, a subsidiary of the Academy of Science of Russia in the Far East.

The wind spread the ash cloud at a distance of 40 kilometers to the northeast, toward the Gulf of Ozernovskiy, and does not represent a danger for the populations, the regional Emergency Situations Ministry, in a report televised on federal channels said.

However, civil defense declared code yellow alert averagely for aviation security and recommended to travelers refrain from organizing tourist expeditions in the area of the volcano, active since 1 January.

Kliuchevskoi ranks as the largest and most powerful active basaltic volcano in Eurasia, with four thousand 850 meters.

Actually it gives its name to a group of giants (Kliuchevskaya) located near the east coast of the peninsula as Ploski Tolbachik, Shiveluch and Kizimen responsible for the intense seismic activity in the region since late 2012.

The Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, is part of the zone of high seismic activity on the planet, the Ring of Fire.

- Prensa Latina.

GLOBAL COASTAL EVENT: Surf's Up - Recent New Zealand Storm Bringing Massive Waves To Southern California!

© Reuters / Mike Blake
May 5, 2015 - CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES - A recent storm near New Zealand is being blamed for major waves thousands of miles away off the coast of California this week.

The National Weather Service says Californians can expect to encounter massive waves through Tuesday this week as a result of the storm that erupted on Thursday and Friday in the southern hemisphere, the Los Angeles Times reported.

According to the paper, a high-surf advisory has been issued for the west coast upon concerns that waves as tall as 15 feet could crash onto Newport Beach in Orange County.

"Once those waves are created, they keep traveling until they reach land," David Sweet, a weather service meteorologist, told the Times. "So we can thank our friends Down Under."

High surf pounds the wedge in Newport Beach! Lifeguards have a warning 4 swimmers n surfers. #nbcla at 5 n 6 tonight
Jane Yamamoto

@KUSINews big surf at the wedge today
Jim Grant

The Orange County Register reported on Monday morning that waves taller than 18 feet have already been spotted at the Wedge, a popular surf spot by Newport Beach.

"It's a washing machine," 48-year-old surfer Christopher Scott told the Register on Sunday. "It can knock the wind out of you, break people's bones. Some people don't realize the power of The Wedge."

"Right now, if a surfer came down here, I'd be like, 'Dude, what are you doing?'" lifeguard Jonathan Richards told the paper eight miles up the beach in Huntington on Sunday.

Epic waves today! #manhattanbeach #California
Terrance Miller

Epic waves today! Broken board! #manhattanbeach #California
Terrance Miller

According to the Associated Press, authorities had to rescue at least 16 people in Newport Beach on Sunday due to high waves. Additionally, the Carnival Imagination cruise ship was prompted to change course and dock in San Diego due to the extreme conditions.

"Therefore, in the interest of caution, the cruise ship ... deviated to San Diego," Carnival said in a statement.

The LA Daily News reported that current swells have been racing across the Pacific from New Zealand at a rate of around 30 miles per hour, according to NASA oceanographer Bill Patzert, covering upwards of 750 miles each day.

"This will carve a new coastline in some areas," Patzert predicted.  - RT.