Friday, November 20, 2015

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: The Third "ONCE-IN-A-CENTURY" Drought In 15 Years - Tens Of Thousands Of Wildfires So Far This Year As The Amazon Jungle Goes Up In Smoke!

November 20, 2015 - BRAZIL
- The fires follow months of extreme drought in the country's southern states, which experts say is caused by climate change and deforestation.

Brazil's central Amazonas region has registered at least 906 active forest fires due to severe drought in the region, according to a new government report.

The Brazilian Institute for Space Research, known as INPE, reported Sunday that satellites had detected the fires, which account for over 59 percent of all active fires in Brazil.

The region most affected has been the northern state of Amazonas, the heart of the largest rainforest in the world. The region has already seen 11,114 forest fires since January of this year - a 47 percent rise compared to the same period last year, said INPE.

The state capital Manaus has been wreathed in smoke, causing issues for those with respiratory diseases. The smoke has failed to disperse because of the lack of rain and winds in the region lately.

Researchers also reported that another 26.5 percent of actives fires were found in the agricultural region of Cerrado, which extends across the central states of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Tocantins and Minas Gerais.

Brazil's southeastern states have also been suffering from extreme drought conditions this year, which put Sao Paulo - the country's second largest city - on evacuation watch back in February and forced several cities in the region to cancel carnival festivities due to low water reserves.

Experts have associated Brazil's worsening water crisis with both climate change and deforestation in the Amazon - two issues that drastically reduce the release of billions of liters of water into the atmosphere by rainforest trees, reducing rainfall in the south.

Researchers hope the dryness in Amazonas will end this month, since Brazil's rainy season generally begins in October. - teleSUR.


GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Ecuador's Tungurahua Volcano Erupts - Covering Houses, Fields With Ash And Smoke!

Tungurahua volcano spews ash and vapor, as seen seen Ojos del Volcan, Ecuador, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2015.  © AP/Dolores Ochoa

November 20, 2015 - ECUADOR
- Residents from communities near Ecuador's Tungurahua volcano faced a massive cleaning operation on Thursday (19 November) after the volcano erupted, covering houses and fields with smoke and ash. Authorities issued an orange alert as emissions reached 2,500 metres above the crater.

In nearby Queros, one of the most affected communities, officials registered 10kg of ash per square metre.

As he swept the street near his house, resident Luis Vaca said the volcanic material was damaging crops.

© AP/Dolores Ochoa

"Ash is falling everywhere; it's strong, especially in the countryside where it's falling more heavily. It's damaging the crops. It would be good if the president came to visit us," he said.

Volcanologist Patricia Mothes confirmed that eruptions have been substantial. "These accumulations of ash that have been falling are the greatest masses of ash that we've registered in the past five years," she said.

WATCH: Ecuador volcano erupts.

Most residents are staying off the streets to avoid breathing in the ash while schools in the provincial capital of Ambato, have been closed.

Tungurahua, which means Throat of Fire in the local Quechua language, has been active since 1999. Ecuador has 84 volcanoes on the mainland in the Andes and Amazon region and three in the Galapagos Islands. Of the 84, 24 are classified as erupting, active or potentially active. - IBT.

ICE AGE NOW: Extreme Weather - Iceland In The Grip Of Bitterly Cold Snap!

Frost and snow in parts of Iceland today. © Rax

November 20, 2015 - ICELAND
- Anybody venturing outside in Iceland yesterday evening will have found that predictions of bitterly cold weather were not exaggerated.

Even the most extreme forecast minimum temperature was reached - it was exactly -20°C at the Icelandic Met Office weather station at Sandbúðir in inland South-East Iceland early this morning.

It is currently -9°C in the capital Reykjavik and temperatures will struggle to exceed -4°C at their very warmest today.

Residents of Akureyri woke up this morning to temperatures of -10°C and a blanket of white, after heavy snowfall yesterday evening. A Primera Air jet flying a charter flight from Tenerife to Akureyri was forced to divert to Keflavík (KEF) as visibility in North Iceland was so bad.

As can be seen from the map below, practically the entire country will be experiencing freezing temperatures all day.

A brief respite is forecast for the weekend and into Monday with the mercury heading back above 0°C, before more freezing conditions arrive next week.

You can check out the weather forecast for your part of Iceland on Iceland Monitor here.

- Iceland Monitor.


MASS FISH DIE-OFF: "It's A Little Fishy" - Massive Fish Kill On Sanibel Beach, Florida?!

Fish kill on Sanibel Island

November 20, 2015 - FLORIDA, UNITED STATES
- A massive fish kill on Sanibel Island could keep beachgoers out of the water and off of the sand.

Before walking out on the beach at Gulfside City Park Wednesday night, you could certainly smell that something fishy was going on as thousands of dead fish have washed ashore.

When Erin Neitzlt and her friend Joyce Nardo made their way to the Gulfside Beach, they were looking for a little getaway.

"I just like the sea air. It smells good out here, listening to the waves. It's a good way to relax out here and beat some stress," said Neitzlt. "To relax, hear the waves, I love it here."

They likely didn't expect to find thousands of dead fish strewn across the beach, which could likely be the result of red tide.

The latest reports released Wednesday by Florida Fish and Wildlife indicate the algae bloom, which is common in November, has made its way to Southwest Florida.

WATCH: Sanibel crews begin clearing fish kill carnage.

"It's a little fishy, but it's refreshing," said Joice Nardo.

Fish kills can also be caused by sudden increase or decrease in water temperatures, as some fish species are sensitive to these types of environmental changes.

Erin and Joyce aren't letting a few fish kill their moonlit relaxation time on the beach.

"When I heard what was going on, it didn't make a difference. I still put my chair right here in the sand so I can listen to the waves," said Neitzlt.

"It doesn't matter what's on the beach, I'm just going to listen to the waves and smell the ocean air."

NBC2 has made calls in to several local marine life experts to confirm exactly what caused all these fish to wash up dead here on the beach. - NBC.


GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Indonesia's Mount Sinabung Erupts Again - Emitting Ash 2,000 Meters High!

 A photo taken from Tiga Serangkai village in Karo, North Sumatra, shows Mount Sinabung spewing volcanic ash in the distance on September 23, 2015. © AFP

November 20, 2015 - INDONESIA
- Mount Sinabung in Karo regency, North Sumatra, erupted forcefully once again on Wednesday and may threaten the opening of the Lake Toba Festival by Tourism Minister Arief Yahya in Berastagi, also in Karo, slated for Thursday.

No casualties were reported following the eruption, but pyroclastic flows drifting to the southeast affected a number of villages that have long been abandoned by residents. "The current wind direction is directed to the southwest, but if it blows to the east the Lake Toba Festival will be disrupted as the spread of ash would reach Berastagi," Mt. Sinabung Observation Station staff member Deri Hidayat told The Jakarta Post.

Deri said the volcano discharged the clouds at 1:47 a.m. and 9:28 a.m. He added the pyroclastic clouds, which drifted as far as 3.5 kilometers, affected Bekerah and Simacem villages. He said both villages had long been left empty as they were inside a designated danger zone. Deri added that Mt. Sinabung had also emitted volcanic ash to a height of 2,000 meters toward the southwest. He said the spread of ash could disrupt the Lake Toba Festival if the wind changed direction in coming days.

He said volcanic activity could increase within the week, adding that the volcano could discharge a bigger volume of pyroclastic flows and ash. "The biggest eruption took place on Tuesday, when the volcano discharged pyroclastic clouds 13 times, compared to only twice today," said Deri. According to him, the potential for pyroclastic flows remained great due to a lava dome buildup on the southeastern section of the peak. Deri said the lava dome could collapse anytime and trigger huge pyroclastic flows.

Consequently, added Deri, his office had recommended that the regional administration evacuate human settlements within the danger zone. When asked for confirmation, Karo Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) head Matius Sembiring said the eruptions in the last few days were not of serious concern as ash and other materials would not disturb the Lake Toba Festival. Matius added his office had measures in place should the eruption disrupt the festival.

"Hopefully, Mt. Sinabung will not erupt during the Lake Toba Festival in Berastagi, but should it erupt and disrupt the festival, we have prepared various steps so the festival will run smoothly," Matius said, without detailing the measures.

The Lake Toba Festival is scheduled to begin on Thursday afternoon. The annual festival will run until Sunday and will feature activities including an ulos (traditional fabric) carnival, vocal contest and swimming and bodybuilding competitions. The activities are being funded by the North Sumatra administration and Tourism Ministry at a cost of Rp 3.4 billion (S$350,211).

Since an eruption in September 2013, volcanic activity at Mt. Sinabung has never entirely ceased. Thousands of residents moved away at that time, only returning home last month after the volcano showed decreased activity.

The eruptions have killed at least 17 people and destroyed thousands of houses and hectares of farmland. A series of eruptions over recent years has also affected business and tourism activities in Berastagi, with many traditional market stalls forced to close and events due to be held in hotels cancelled. - Asia One.


DELUGE: Tana River Overflows In Kenya - Over 10,000 People Displaced!

Youth yesterday carry a motorcycle across a road that had been cut off at Milore, Ganze, Kilifi county,
after seasonal rivers burst their banks and paralysed transport.

November 20, 2015 - KENYA
- More than 2,500 families have been displaced by floods in Tana River county after the River Tana overflowed.

This brings to 10,000 the number of people affected by floods in the county.

Residents were displaced in Garsen, Tana Delta, Boji, Hola Galole and Bura, Kenya Red Cross Society's Gerald Bombe said yesterday.

He is the officer in charge of Tana River and Kitui counties.

Thousands of other residents have also been affected by the raging floods indirectly, Bombe told the Star on the phone.

Floodwaters have also destroyed crops.

WATCH: Floods displace thousands in Kenya.

"We have already dispatched a team of Kenya Red Cross officials to the ground to assess the situation," Bombe said.

"So far we have no reports of deaths because there was a lot of sensitisation done to the locals."

Some of the victims have already established camps on safer ground to avoid being swept away by the raging water.

Bombe described the impact of the floods as worse than rains experienced previously.

He said evacuation of residents to safer ground is ongoing and there are three boats on standby.

Those affected will be given non-food items and water purifiers.

Bombe said the floods could cause a major famine because most crops have been destroyed.

In Kilifi county, Red Cross officials have raised an alarm that River Sabaki water levels have risen.

County manager Hassan Musa said they are monitoring the situation to respond to any disaster.

He said seasonal rivers burst their banks on Wednesday night, cutting off roads.

Musa had earlier predicted about 3,000 people in Kilifi will be affected by the floods.

Magarini deputy county commissioner Richard Karani said they sufficiently informed residents in the past two months on the possibility of floods. - The Star.


EXTREME WEATHER: Winter Storm Bella To Bring First Snow Of Season - Will Affect Parts Of U.S. Midwest, Including Chicago, Detroit And Milwaukee!

A man walks past nearly buried shopping carts at the Kings Soopers in Monument, Colo., on Tuesday, Nov. 17, 2015. (Jerilee Bennett/The Gazette via AP) 

November 20, 2015 - UNITED STATES
- Winter Storm Bella will bring the first, not to mention locally heavy, accumulating snow of the season for some in the Upper Midwest, Corn Belt, and Great Lakes.

Winter storm warnings have been posted from northeast Nebraska and southeast South Dakota into much of Iowa, northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin, including Des Moines, the Quad Cities, Madison, Rockford, Milwaukee and Chicago.

In the much of the Upper Midwest, this means a likelihood for at least 6 inches of snow in 12 hours, or 8 inches of snow in 24 hours.

Winter storm watches are posted for much of Lower Michigan and extreme northern Indiana, including Detroit, Grand Rapids and Lansing.

Winter Storm Bella's snow has laready spread into the Plains and Missouri Valley.

With the cold air in place, another jet-stream level disturbance will intensify as it sweeps eastward over the newly-arrived cold air from the northern Rockies to the Great Lakes and eastern Canada into the weekend.

Moisture will be markedly more limited with this system than with Winter Storm Ajax, as well as the severe weather and flooding rain that plagued the Plains and South.

However, the strength of the jet-stream disturbance, forcing a wave of low pressure along the frontal boundary, then strengthening it over the Great Lakes, will still squeeze out a swath of significant snow Friday and Saturday from the Plains to the Great Lakes.

Winter Storm Bella Snow Forecast

Winter Weather Alerts

Latest Winter Weather Radar  - Areas of snow show up in shades of blue. Possible frozen precipitation (sleet, freezing rain) shows up in pink.
Rain shows up in shades of green, with heavier rain showing up in yellow, orange and red shadings.

Snowfall Forecast

The relative lack of moisture and quick-moving nature of Winter Storm Bella should mitigate this from becoming a crippling, heavy snowstorm for many.

However, a swath of moderate to locally heavy snow is still expected from northern Nebraska and southern South Dakota to Michigan. Where smaller-scale, more intense snowbands temporarily set up, we can't rule out some 1 inch per hour snowfall rates for a time.

These are the areas where at least 6 inches of snow is most likely through Saturday. Some of the highest snow totals may even approach a foot.

Warm ground from what had been an exceptionally warm first half of November may take a small cut from total accumulations of snow, particularly on pavement. Also, while winds off Lake Michigan will contribute low-level moisture to the storm, relatively warm lake temperatures may also mitigate snowfall totals a bit near the lakeshore.

Surface low pressure is expected to strengthen a bit once it reaches the Great Lakes, thanks to the intensifying jet stream disturbance.

The pressure gradient between this developing low and high pressure building in the Rockies and High Plains will produce increasing winds in the snow area Friday night and Saturday, leading to some reduced visibilities in blowing snow, and some minor drifting, but we are not anticipating blizzard conditions with Winter Storm Bella.

Once the surface low wraps up in eastern Canada, some bands of lake-effect snow are possible off Lakes Ontario and Erie, and a little wrap-around snow may blanket the Allegheny Plateau, Appalachians, Adirondacks and high country of northern New England.

Given this first snow of the season in some of these areas may be locally heavy, slow down, leave extra time if you must travel, or consider postponing your trip.

Flight delays are probable Saturday, possibly even late Friday night, out of Chicago-O'Hare Airport, and are possible out of smaller regional airports, as well. Check your flight status before leaving for the airport.

Winter Storm Bella Snow Timing


Friday's Forecast - Blue areas indicate areas of forecast snow, pink indicates either rain or snow, and green indicates rain.

Snow will spread from the northern Rockies, northern High Plains and Missouri Valley during the day, into the Mississippi Valley and western Great Lakes (southern Wisconsin, northern Illinois) Friday night.
Some blowing and minor drifting snow is possible in Iowa, northeast Nebraska and southeast South Dakota, particularly Friday night.

Season's first accumulating snow cities:


Saturday's Forecast - Blue areas indicate areas of forecast snow, pink indicates either rain or snow, and green indicates rain.

Snow continues in northern Illinois and southern to eastern Wisconsin, spreading and intensifying in much of Lower Michigan and northern Indiana.

Snow will end by afternoon in Iowa and northern Missouri.

Any rain may change to snow in northern Ohio, northwestern Pennsylvania and western New York Saturday night.

Increasing winds Saturday night may produce areas of reduced visibility in Michigan, and all the Great Lake snowbelts with the exception of the Lake Ontario snowbelt.

Season's first accumulating snow cities:


Sunday's Forecast - Blue areas indicate areas of forecast snow, pink indicates either rain or snow, and green indicates rain.

Lake-effect snow will linger in the Great Lakes snowbelts, near and south of Buffalo, New York, and north of Syracuse toward Oswego, New York, and the Tug Hill Plateau.

A brief round of light snow is also possible in parts of northern New England before ending.

Gusty winds may persist around the eastern Great Lakes and New England.

A few flakes may even fly across the central Appalachians from West Virginia into interior Pennsylvania.

November Heavy Snow: It's Been Awhile For Some
Despite the Upper Midwest's snowy reputation, heavy snow in November outside the Great Lakes snowbelts isn't as common as you might think.

According to National Weather Service data, Chicago hasn't seen a November with 6 inches or more of snow since 1978, much less 6 inches of snow in one November storm.

Average November snow in the Windy City is only 1.4 inches, just under 4 percent of their average seasonal snow. Their average date of the season's first 1 inch-plus snow is December 7.

Last season, it took the Windy City until January 5 to accumulate a season total of 6 inches, which they may do so with Bella here in late November. In fact, their first 6-inch-plus snow event of last season was Winter Storm Linus just before Groundhog Day.

Similarly, Milwaukee hasn't seen a 6-inch-plus November snow total in 20 years. In terms of snowfall so early in the season, Milwaukee has only recorded four 2-day snowfall totals of greater than 6 inches before Nov. 22, dating back to the late 1800s.

Five of the past nine Novembers in the Brew City haven't even produced one-half inch of snow, total.

Across the lake, however, Grand Rapids, Michigan, has had a break so far this November, lacking measurable snow prior to this weekend system. November 2014 was their record snowiest November, with 31 inches of snow during the month.

Also of interest is the tendency for less snowy seasons during strong El Niños, which we are currently in.
In five previous strong El Niño seasons (1997-98, 1982-83, 1972-73, 1965-66, 1957-58), Chicago has picked up an average of only 23 inches of seasonal snow, which is 15.4 inches below the 1950-2015 average of 38.4 inches. - Weather.


NEW WORLD DISORDER: Societal Collapse And Civilizations Unraveling - Gunmen Attack Radisson Hotel In Mali, 170 People Taken Hostage; At Least 27 Dead!

November 20, 2015 - MALI
- Malian special forces stormed a luxury hotel in Bamako on Friday after Islamist gunmen took 170 people including many foreigners hostage in the capital of the former French colony, which has been battling rebels allied to al Qaeda for several years.

"They've penetrated inside the hotel. The operations are under way," a police source told Reuters.

State television said 80 hostages had been freed but the French newspaper Le Monde quoted the Malian security ministry as saying at least 27 people had been killed in the initial attack. A witness outside the hotel said gunfire could be heard from time to time.

A senior security source said the gunmen had burst into Radisson Blu hotel at 7 a.m. (0700 GMT), firing and shouting "Allahu Akbar," or "God is great" in Arabic, and begun working their way through the building, room by room and floor by floor.

Some hostages escaped under their own steam while others were freed after showing they could recite verses from the Koran, one security source said.

Twelve Air France flight crew were in the hotel, but all were extracted safely, the French national carrier said.

A Turkish official said three of six Turkish Airlines staff who had been in the hotel had managed to flee.

The Chinese state news agency Xinhua said several Chinese tourists were among those trapped inside the building.

Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita cut short a trip to a regional summit in Chad to return to Bamako, his office said. French President Francois Hollande said France would "use all the means available to us on the ground to free the hostages."

The raid on the hotel, which lies just west of the city center near government ministries and diplomatic offices, comes a week after Islamic State militants killed 129 people in Paris.

The identity of the Bamako gunmen, or the group to which they belong, is not known.


Northern Mali was occupied by Islamist fighters, some with links to al Qaeda, for most of 2012. They were driven out by a French-led military operation, but sporadic violence has continued in Mali's central belt on the southern reaches of the Sahara, and in Bamako.

One security source said as many as 10 gunmen had stormed the building, although the company that runs the hotel, Rezidor Group, said it understood that there were only two attackers.

The hotel's head of security, Seydou Dembele, said two private security guards had been shot in the legs in the early stages of the assault.

n this TV image taken from Mali TV ORTM, a woman is led away by security personnel from the Radisson Blu Hotel hotel in Bamako, Mali, Friday Nov. 20, 2015. Men
shouting "God is great" and armed with guns and throwing grenades stormed into the Radisson Blu Hotel in Mali's capital Friday morning.

"We saw two of the attackers. One was wearing a balaclava. The other was black-skinned. They forced the first barrier," Dembele told Reuters.

Within minutes of the assault, police and then soldiers had surrounded the hotel and were blocking roads leading into the neighborhood.

It is not the first time Bamako has come under attack.

The hotel's head of security, Seydou Dembele, said two private security guards had been shot in the legs in the early stages of the assault.

"We saw two of the attackers. One was wearing a balaclava. The other was black-skinned. They forced the first barrier," Dembele told Reuters.

Within minutes of the assault, police and then soldiers had surrounded the hotel and were blocking roads leading into the neighborhood.

It is not the first time Bamako has come under attack.

An Islamist group claimed responsibility for the death of five people last March in an attack on a restaurant in Bamako that is popular with foreigners.

And in August, 17 people were killed during an attack on a hotel in Sevare in central Mali, some 600 km (375 miles) northeast of Bamako, that was claimed by the Sahara-based Islamist militant group al-Mourabitoun.

The dead in Sevare included nine civilians, five of whom worked for the U.N. mission in Mali (MINUSMA), as well as four Malian soldiers and four militants.In the wake of last week's Paris attacks, an Islamic State militant in Syria told Reuters the organization viewed France's military intervention in Mali as another reason to attack France and French interests.

"This is just the beginning. We also haven't forgotten what happened in Mali," said the non-Syrian fighter, who was contacted online by Reuters.

"The bitterness from Mali, the arrogance of the French, will not be forgotten at all."

France said it was despatching 50 elite counter-terrorism officers to Bamako imminently. - Huffington Post.


FUK-U-SHIMA: Alarm Over SHOCKING CRASH Of Salmon Population In The Pacific Northwest - "The WORST EVER,... Very Frightening,... Pathetic,... Grave,... Disastrous,... NON-EXISTENT,... "; Official Calls For IMMEDIATE GOVERNMENT ACTION; "Something MAJORLY WRONG Is Happening In Our Oceans"!

November 20, 2015 - PACIFIC NORTHWEST
- The collapse of major salmon runs in B.C. this fall… prompted First Nations to request “an urgent meeting” with newly appointed federal Fisheries Minister Hunter Tootoo. Chief Bob Chamberlin, chair of the First Nations Wild Salmon Alliance, said the disappearance of millions of pink salmon headed for the Fraser and the collapse of the Adams River sockeye run underscore the need for immediate government action. “Only about 2,000 fish made it back to the Adams River*. That’s supposed to be one of the biggest, most precious runs of sockeye in the world,” he said Thursday. About 1.2 million sockeye were forecast to return to the Adams… No explanations for the failure of the runs to materialize have been given by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans… Mr. Chamberlin said… “This year’s runs have made it abundantly clear that our salmon stocks are in grave danger“… - (emphasis added), Nov 12, 2015 - Globe and Mail.

British Columbia’s iconic Adams River salmon run… appears to have collapsedJim Cooperman, president of the Shuswap Environmental Action Society, said the spawning beds… are empty this fall… “It’s pretty grim here at the Adams River … it’s quite depressing here really.”… Because the fish mature at four years of age, the runs are on a cycle, which means each one usually reflects the progenitor run that occurred four years before [i.e. 2011]it is the worst return ever on that cycle; the next lowest year was 1939, when 16,000 fish came back. Mr. Cooperman said the small return represents a very frightening crash,” and two successive poor years should set off alarm bells - Nov 4, 2015 - Globe and Mail.

Sockeye numbers shockingly low South Thompson sockeye run has been disastrousNo late-run sockeye were observed in upper Adams… Four years ago, late-run salmon were in the millions, sparking hopes of a large return… - Oct 27, 2015 - Salmon Arm Observer.

Alarm sounded after dismal sockeye salmon return to iconic B.C. river - Nov 6, 2015 - CTV.

One of B.C.’s most important salmon runs just hasn’t happened The story it’s telling is ugly. (Jim Cooperman, president of the Shuswap Environmental Action Society:) “This is a collapse. This is a crash. It’s very significant.”… What’s missing is the salmon. Normally by this time of year with the spawning over, you’d be seeing a scattering of sockeye carcasses along the Adams River — but today you’re hard-pressed to find a single one Government biologists say [it's been] very disappointing. - Nov 6, 2015 - CTV transcript.

[T]he number of sockeye returning to the Adams River is down sharply from the number originally expected. Now a local environmental group is raising concerns the return may be a sign of even bigger problems. “It was pathetic,” says Jim Cooperman, president of the Shuswap Environmental Action Society.  “That tells me that there is something majorly wrong happening in our oceans… think [of] salmon as the canary in the coal minewe have some major concerns and it is not just the salmon.”… “We can say the returns are significantly below what we had preseason forecast,” says Stu Cartwright, Fisheries and Oceans Canada… federal authorities don’t know why fewer sockeye returned this year than originally expected. - Nov 6, 2015 - Global News.

The late South Thompson sockeye run has seen far fewer fish than expected… “In terms of the sockeye return, it’s much more disappointing than people were hoping to see this year,” said Greg Taylor, senior fisheries adviser for the Watershed Watch Salmon Society… “They arrive in the spawning grounds in October, and the numbers they’re seeing are disturbingly low.”… Taylor noted that this is the second year in a row that both the early summer and late summer components of Shuswap sockeye returned at levels well below pre-season expectations. - Nov 3, 2015 - Vancouver Sun.

[A] fish expert says this year’s salmon season seems to be non-existent… “I didn’t smoke or can anything this year,” [Ken Ashley, director of the Rivers Institute at the B.C. Institute of Technology] said… - Sep 9, 2015 - Vancouver Sun.

“I think we’re looking at the gradual biological extinction of salmon [said First Nations fish adviser Ernie Crey]… Crey, 66, has been studying the situation for 35 years, first as a member of Fisheries and Oceans Canada… “This year’s run on the Fraser will be one of the lowest returns we’ve seen,” [fisheries scientist Brian Riddell] said… - Sep 10, 2015 - The Province.

Watch broadcasts: Global News | CTV

Compiled by: ENE News.


OMEN: Plagues & Pestilences - Sargassum Seaweed Invasion TRULY UNPRECEDENTED, Researchers Say; Massive Quantities Of Algae Threatens To Turn The Caribbean Sea Into A Pile Of Rotting Brown Mound!

November 20, 2015 - CARIBBEAN SEA
- The massive quantities of brown algae that washed ashore across the Caribbean between 2014 and 2015 were unprecedented, a group of American researchers has confirmed.

In fact, Sea Education Association (SEA), a leading ocean education and research institution based in Woods Hole, Massachusetts say the amount of seaweed was significantly more than seen in previous decades.

“SEA research found that the average concentration of all Sargassum forms combined was 10 times greater in samples collected during autumn 2014 than those analyzed during a previous 2011-12 inundation event, and a whopping 300 times greater than that of any other autumn over the last two decades of SEA research,” the researchers stated.

“Therefore, SEA researchers concluded that the 2014-15 Caribbean inundation event was truly unprecedented.”

Hotel workers wear sun-protective clothing as they remove piles of seaweed in the early-morning hours on a beach in Tulum, Mexico. 
Christopher Zara/International Business Times

In the September 2015 issue of the journal Oceanography, Drs. Jeffrey Schell, Amy Siuda, and Deb Goodwin reported that the massive amounts of brown algae inundating Caribbean beaches are not coming from the Sargasso Sea as previously thought.

Instead, they said it supports the theory proposed by other scientists that it is coming from a southern portion of the Atlantic known as the North Equatorial Recirculation Region.

The group further concluded that a third form of Sargassum — S. natans VIII Parr — has been dominating the Western Tropical Atlantic, Eastern Caribbean, and Antilles though it previously rarely appeared in these areas.

The data for the study was collected between November 2014 and May 2015. - Caribbean 360.

PLANETARY TREMORS: 5.0 Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Nepal - Epicenter Near Kathmandu!

USGS earthquake location.

November 20, 2015 - NEPAL
- An earthquake measuring 5.0 on Richter scale rattled Nepal once again on Thursday morning with epicentre near Kathmandu.

The tremors were felt at 9:45 am.

According to US Geological Survey, the fresh tremors were felt 25 miles northeast of Kathmandu.

National Seismological Centre (NSC) is reported to have said that the epicenter was at Nimlung in Sindhupalchowk district, The Kathmandu Post reported.

The NSC also said that the fresh earthquake was an aftershock of the 25 April Great Quake of 7.9 magnitude.

Several tremors were felt in parts of Nepal as an aftershock ever since the Himalayan country has hit by the major earthquake in April that had killed around 9,000 people and injured more than 20,000.

The earthquake of 5.3 Richter scale that hit Nepal at 10 am today is the biggest since June 11.

— Rupak D Sharma (@RupakDSharma) November 19, 2015

National Seismological Centre says the aftershock was a 5.3 magnitude with epicenter in Sindhupalchowk district. #NepalEarthquake

The Kathmandu Post (@kathmandupost) November 19, 2015

News Alert | Earthquake of magnitude 5.0 with epicenter near Kathmandu strikes Nepal: US Geological Survey —

The Quint (@TheQuint) November 19, 2015

- International Business Times.

Seismotectonics of the Himalaya and Vicinity

Seismicity in the Himalaya dominantly results from the continental collision of the India and Eurasia plates, which are converging at a relative rate of 40-50 mm/yr. Northward underthrusting of India beneath Eurasia generates numerous earthquakes and consequently makes this area one of the most seismically hazardous regions on Earth. The surface expression of the plate boundary is marked by the foothills of the north-south trending Sulaiman Range in the west, the Indo-Burmese Arc in the east and the east-west trending Himalaya Front in the north of India.

USGS plate tectonics for the region. (PDF)

The India-Eurasia plate boundary is a diffuse boundary, which in the region near the north of India, lies within the limits of the Indus-Tsangpo (also called the Yarlung-Zangbo) Suture to the north and the Main Frontal Thrust to the south. The Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone is located roughly 200 km north of the Himalaya Front and is defined by an exposed ophiolite chain along its southern margin. The narrow (less than 200km) Himalaya Front includes numerous east-west trending, parallel structures. This region has the highest rates of seismicity and largest earthquakes in the Himalaya region, caused mainly by movement on thrust faults. Examples of significant earthquakes, in this densely populated region, caused by reverse slip movement include the 1934 M8.0 Bihar, the 1905 M7.5 Kangra and the 2005 M7.6 Kashmir earthquakes. The latter two resulted in the highest death tolls for Himalaya earthquakes seen to date, together killing over 100,000 people and leaving millions homeless. The largest instrumentally recorded Himalaya earthquake occurred on 15th August 1950 in Assam, eastern India. This M8.6 right-lateral, strike-slip, earthquake was widely felt over a broad area of central Asia, causing extensive damage to villages in the epicentral region.

The Tibetan Plateau is situated north of the Himalaya, stretching approximately 1000km north-south and 2500km east-west, and is geologically and tectonically complex with several sutures which are hundreds of kilometer-long and generally trend east-west. The Tibetan Plateau is cut by a number of large (greater than 1000km) east-west trending, left-lateral, strike-slip faults, including the long Kunlun, Haiyuan, and the Altyn Tagh. Right-lateral, strike-slip faults (comparable in size to the left-lateral faults), in this region include the Karakorum, Red River, and Sagaing. Secondary north-south trending normal faults also cut the Tibetan Plateau. Thrust faults are found towards the north and south of the Tibetan Plateau. Collectively, these faults accommodate crustal shortening associated with the ongoing collision of the India and Eurasia plates, with thrust faults accommodating north south compression, and normal and strike-slip accommodating east-west extension.

Along the western margin of the Tibetan Plateau, in the vicinity of south-eastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan, the India plate translates obliquely relative to the Eurasia plate, resulting in a complex fold-and-thrust belt known as the Sulaiman Range. Faulting in this region includes strike-slip, reverse-slip and oblique-slip motion and often results in shallow, destructive earthquakes. The active, left-lateral, strike-slip Chaman fault is the fastest moving fault in the region. In 1505, a segment of the Chaman fault near Kabul, Afghanistan, ruptured causing widespread destruction. In the same region the more recent 30 May 1935, M7.6 Quetta earthquake, which occurred in the Sulaiman Range in Pakistan, killed between 30,000 and 60,000 people.

On the north-western side of the Tibetan Plateau, beneath the Pamir-Hindu Kush Mountains of northern Afghanistan, earthquakes occur at depths as great as 200 km as a result of remnant lithospheric subduction. The curved arc of deep earthquakes found in the Hindu Kush Pamir region indicates the presence of a lithospheric body at depth, thought to be remnants of a subducting slab. Cross-sections through the Hindu Kush region suggest a near vertical northerly-dipping subducting slab, whereas cross-sections through the nearby Pamir region to the east indicate a much shallower dipping, southerly subducting slab. Some models suggest the presence of two subduction zones; with the Indian plate being subducted beneath the Hindu Kush region and the Eurasian plate being subducted beneath the Pamir region. However, other models suggest that just one of the two plates is being subducted and that the slab has become contorted and overturned in places.

Shallow crustal earthquakes also occur in this region near the Main Pamir Thrust and other active Quaternary faults. The Main Pamir Thrust, north of the Pamir Mountains, is an active shortening structure. The northern portion of the Main Pamir Thrust produces many shallow earthquakes, whereas its western and eastern borders display a combination of thrust and strike-slip mechanisms. On the 18 February 1911, the M7.4 Sarez earthquake ruptured in the Central Pamir Mountains, killing numerous people and triggering a landside, which blocked the Murghab River.

Further north, the Tian Shan is a seismically active intra-continental mountain belt, which extends 2500 km in an ENE-WNW orientation north of the Tarim Basin. This belt is defined by numerous east-west trending thrust faults, creating a compressional basin and range landscape. It is generally thought that regional stresses associated with the collision of the India and Eurasia plates are responsible for faulting in the region. The region has had three major earthquakes (greater than M7.6) at the start of the 20th Century, including the 1902 Atushi earthquake, which killed an estimated 5,000 people. The range is cut through in the west by the 700-km-long, northwest-southeast striking, Talas-Ferghana active right-lateral, strike-slip fault system. Though the system has produced no major earthquakes in the last 250 years, paleo-seismic studies indicate that it has the potential to produce M7.0+ earthquakes and it is thought to represent a significant hazard.

The northern portion of the Tibetan Plateau itself is largely dominated by the motion on three large left-lateral, strike-slip fault systems; the Altyn Tagh, Kunlun and Haiyuan. The Altyn Tagh fault is the longest of these strike slip faults and it is thought to accommodate a significant portion of plate convergence. However, this system has not experienced significant historical earthquakes, though paleoseismic studies show evidence of prehistoric M7.0-8.0 events. Thrust faults link with the Altyn Tagh at its eastern and western termini. The Kunlun Fault, south of the Altyn Tagh, is seismically active, producing large earthquakes such as the 8th November 1997, M7.6 Manyi earthquake and the 14th November 2001, M7.8 Kokoxili earthquake. The Haiyuan Fault, in the far north-east, generated the 16 December 1920, M7.8 earthquake that killed approximately 200,000 people and the 22 May 1927 M7.6 earthquake that killed 40,912.

The Longmen Shan thrust belt, along the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau, is an important structural feature and forms a transitional zone between the complexly deformed Songpan-Garze Fold Belt and the relatively undeformed Sichuan Basin. On 12 May 2008, the thrust belt produced the reverse slip, M7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, killing over 87,000 people and causing billions of US dollars in damages and landslides which dammed several rivers and lakes.

Southeast of the Tibetan Plateau are the right-lateral, strike-slip Red River and the left-lateral, strike-slip Xiangshuihe-Xiaojiang fault systems. The Red River Fault experienced large scale, left-lateral ductile shear during the Tertiary period before changing to its present day right-lateral slip rate of approximately 5 mm/yr. This fault has produced several earthquakes  greater than M6.0 including the 4 January 1970, M7.5 earthquake in Tonghai which killed over 10,000 people. Since the start of the 20th century, the Xiangshuihe-Xiaojiang Fault system has generated several M7.0+ earthquakes including the M7.5 Luhuo earthquake which ruptured on the 22 April 1973. Some studies suggest that due to the high slip rate on this fault, future large earthquakes are highly possible along the 65km stretch between Daofu and Qianning and the 135km stretch that runs through Kangding.

Shallow earthquakes within the Indo-Burmese Arc, predominantly occur on a combination of strike-slip and reverse faults, including the Sagaing, Kabaw and Dauki faults. Between 1930 and 1956, six M7.0+ earthquakes occurred near the right-lateral Sagaing Fault, resulting in severe damage in Myanmar including the generation of landslides, liquefaction and the loss of 610 lives. Deep earthquakes (200km) have also been known to occur in this region, these are thought to be due to the subduction of the eastwards dipping, India plate, though whether subduction is currently active is debated. Within the pre-instrumental period, the large Shillong earthquake occurred on the 12 June 1897, causing widespread destruction. - USGS.

EXTREME WEATHER: Severe Thunderstorms Hit Argentina - Bringing Gigantic Hail, Flooding Rain And A Tornado!

November 20, 2015 - ARGENTINA
- Severe thunderstorms tore through parts of northern Argentina and southern Brazil Wednesday into early Thursday, dumping damaging hail, flooding rain, even spawning a tornado.

Hail up to the size of tennis balls pelted parts of Córdoba and Santa Fe provinces, west and northwest of the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires on Wednesday. Social media photos showed vehicles covered in dents, windshields smashed, homes with damaged shutters and roofs in Santa Fe province.

Infrared satellite image showing the cluster of severe thunderstorms over northern Argentina on Wednesday, November 18, 2015. The most vigorous thunderstorms
are indicated by the red cloud tops near Santa Fe and Rosario, Argentina.  © Weather Underground

The hail was enough to cover the grass. An eerie hail fog lingered after the storm passed in some places. If that wasn't enough, a tornado was spawned in Córdoba province Wednesday. This cluster of severe thunderstorms then pushed northeastward into far southern Brazil early Thursday morning, downing utility poles and damaging homes in the town of Uruguaiana.

Flooding along the Rio Uruguay in São Borja and Uruguaiana affected 1,160 residents, Rádio Guaíba reported.

The culprit to this was a strong jet-stream level disturbance pivoting east swinging east over warmer, more humid air ahead of cold front driving east across northern Argentina into Paraguay, far southern Brazil and Uruguay.

In his book The Rough Guide to Weather, Weather Underground blogger Bob Henson says large hail is a perennial threat in and around the Sierras de Córdoba, a mountain range just west of the city of Córdoba, Argentina.

Henson says strong afternoon thunderstorms may occur every 3-4 days in and near the city, dumping heavy rain and hail. - The Weather Channel.


MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFFS: Plagues And Pestilences - Twenty Cows Die Of Mysterious Disease In Chuka, Kenya?!

November 20, 2015 - KENYA
- Over 20 cows have been reported dead after a mysterious disease hit a village in Chuka Igambang'ombe Constituency.

Villagers, especially farmers in Kiang'ondu, are now a worried lot, claiming the government has done little to help them and are calling on the national and county governments to step in and stop the disease from spreading. Among those affected is Mutwiri Mutegi, a farmer, who claimed that a county livestock department representative had toured the village once but did not enforce quarantine in the face of the deadly disease.

"This disease has been here close to a month now and some symptoms such as the cows legs swelling are easily noticeable," said Mutegi. He claimed that when they reported the matter, the officers demanded bribes, which they could not afford.

On their part, veterinary officers who toured the region said the signs and symptoms portrayed by the animals could be those of ramp skin and anthrax, a deadly disease that is highly contagious. Reports indicated that over the last one week, 20 cows have died and more than 30 households have animals that are already infected.

The farmers are now demanding for an apology from the livestock department due to the loses they have incurred so far, while at the same time urging the county government for assistance following the tragedy that has befallen them.

Back in October, over 200 residents of Karandine Village in Imenti South, Meru County were rushed to hospital after consuming meat suspected to be from a cow infected with anthrax.In July an Anthrax outbreak had been reported in Rongai, Nakuru West and Nakuru East sub-counties.Following the outbreak, the county department of agriculture livestock and fisheries enforced quarantine in all the affected areas. - Citizen Digital.

EXTREME WEATHER: Deadly Lightning Strikes In Bolivia - Kills Footballer And Injures Eight Others!

November 20, 2015 - BOLIVIA
- A Bolivian footballer has been killed after being struck by lightning.

The incident, which happened during a match last Saturday, injured eight other players in the town of Villazon.

According to reports, a lightning strike hit the ground killing David Alvarez.

Villazon borders Argentina, in south Bolivia.

Local media are reporting eight other players were electrically shocked, although it's unknown how serious these injuries are. - The Sun.


FIRE IN THE SKY: Huge Meteor Fireball Explodes In The Skies Over The United States - Seen Across Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky And Tennessee!

Huge Fireball Meteor Caught on Security Camera somewhere in Midwest and Southern US 19/11/2015. © hooeetube

November 20, 2015 - UNITED STATES
- Residents of four US states - Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee - have anxiously reported a loud blast. Their first suggestion was a meteor, but more frightening versions followed.

Some said, though, that they saw the actual meteor, and in some pictures, one can see a bright flash of light in the sky.

WATCH: Huge fireball over the United States.

- RT.

DISASTER PRECURSORS: Animal Behavior - Super Rare Lancetfish From The Deep Ocean Found On Plymouth Shore, New Zealand?!

A rare Longsnouted lancetfish has been found just offshore at Fitzroy beach in New Plymouth.  © Charlotte Curd

November 20, 2015 - NEW ZEALAND
- The lancetfish is no Finding Nemo but one has been found a long way from home.

A lancetfish - usually found around 1000 metres deep - has been found just offshore at Fitzroy beach in New Plymouth.

Nik Pyselman was running with his friend Cam Twigley along Fitzroy beach on Wednesday evening when he saw an iridescent blue shape in the water.

"It looked like it had been washed in and was sruggling to swim back out to sea," he said.

"I've heard of people catching them on long lines but I've never seen one myself."

"I've also heard them called cannibal fish before because they eat their own kind." Pyselman took the fish to Keith Mawson of Egmont Seafoods who was able to identify the species as a longsnout lancetfish.

Nik Pyselman (Left) and Cam Twigley found a rare Lancetfish while running on Fitzroy beach.

"They're generally caught in deep water over 1000 metres deep," Mawson said.

"It's very unusual to see one in this shallow."

Lancetfish grow up to about two-metres long and Mawson said the one found at Fitzroy was about 1.5 metres and was likely a mature specimen.

"One of the fishermen said it had a bit of damage on the tail which could suggest it had been in shallow waters before," he said.

"But it's hard to say whether the damage was from its latest excursion into shallow water or a time before."

"I've still got it in the chiller in case anyone needs to take any samples or photos."

Barry Govier said he had been a fisherman for more than 20 years but said he'd never seen a lancetfish.

"Fishermen usually catch them on the long line while fishing for tuna," he said.

"It could be the El Nino bringing in some unusual weather patterns."

"Were starting to see a lot of deep sea fish like bluefin tuna start to move in a bit closer."

The Ministry of Fisheries classify lancetfish as a by-catch species which have "little to no commercial value" and are often caught by fishermen seeking other pelagic - neither close to the bottom nor top - species.

While they are a rare find inshore 26,772 were caught by long line in 2009. - Stuff.


EXTREME WEATHER ANOMALIES: Freak Hailstorm Hits Zimbabwe - Three Children Killed!

File photo.

November 20, 2015 - ZIMBABWE
- Three Bulilima District pupils have died following a deadly hailstorm that hit the area on Monday. Many more pupils were stranded and their families searched for them well into the night, leading to their rescue after large hailstones pounded several villages.

Two Early Childhood Development pupils from Sevako Primary School, both girls aged six years, died in the violent weather while a third, a boy from Ndolwane Primary School whose age and grade could not be ascertained, drowned yesterday.

The Bulilima Civil Protection Committee chairperson who is also the District Administrator for Bulilima, Ethel Moyo, said the ECD pupils died on their way home from school while the other pupil drowned in a flooded pit latrine at the school.

The hailstorm which hit the area on Monday afternoon also destroyed homes, shops and schools in different parts of the district. "I'm coming from Ndolwane area where I left villagers trying to retrieve the body of the pupil who drowned in a school toilet pit. The area received heavy rains and the toilets were flooded. This pupil couldn't make out where the pit was and he fell inside," said Moyo.

"There's another incident involving two ECD pupils from Dombolefu area who were killed by the hailstorm while they were going home."

The councillor for Dombolefu Ward, Morgen Ndebele, said the two pupils who are from Village 24 knocked off from school when the rains were starting at around 3PM. He said the weather condition worsened, trapping some children before they reached home.

He said some of the pupils were left stranded in the bushes and they were only rescued by villagers in the middle of the night.

"Two children from my area, girls both aged six-years-old, were killed by a hailstorm which struck the area on Tuesday. The rains started in the afternoon and later worsened amid a hailstorm which was raining large hail stones," he said.

"A lot of children were stranded in the bushes and villagers had to conduct a search for them at night. Unfortunately two children didn't survive the harsh storm and they were found dead in the bushes. It's fortunate that most survived because that storm was severe."

Ndebele said in his ward, a homestead belonging to Thomas Nkomo of Village 29 was reduced to ashes after it was struck by lightning during the storm.

He said Nkomo and his family fled from the homestead during the storm.

A villager from the area Mtshiyeni Nleya, who has a child who was trapped in the bushes during the hailstorm, said the once-in-a-lifetime incident had left a number of pupils and parents terrified. "I can't recall experiencing such a terrifying ordeal and I can't even imagine what the children were going through. Some of the pupils had reached their homes but those walking long distances such as my child were still on the way," he said.

"I was troubled throughout the storm for the safety of my child and when the rains stopped we decided to search for them. Some children were hiding under trees. Some were lying in pools of water, it was a terrible sight. It's unfortunate that our neighbours lost their children in the process."

Benjamin Nleya, the councillor for Dombodema Ward, one of the affected areas in the district said several homesteads and a primary school in his area had been severely damaged. chronicle. - Zimbabwe Daily.


GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVALS: "Going... Going... Gone..." - Video Shows Giant Sinkhole In Bangladesh Swallowing House With Terrifying Speed!

Going...going...gone. The house in Bangladesh as it sunk. © John Wodden/Youtube)

November 20, 2015 - BANGLADESH
- This is the terrifying moment a house was swallowed whole by a sinkhole.

Footage of the natural phenomenon shows a home cordoned off by police on a beach shoreline in Bangladesh.

As locals stand beside the property, the ground underneath the house can be seen sliding into the sea with astonishing speed.

WATCH: Sinkhole swallows up beach shoreline.

Moments later, there is no sign the house was ever there.

No injuries were reported but local authorities are investigating what may have caused the sinkhole to form. - Metro.


FIRE IN THE SKY: "Scary But Beautiful" - Another Fireball Filmed Over Siberia!

Streaking fireball provoked jokes about aliens and Batman's calling card, but no-one could definitively explain a flying object.  © Vkontakte

November 20, 2015 - SIBERIA, RUSSIA
- Described as 'scary but beautiful', the streaking fireball provoked jokes about aliens and Batman's calling card, but no-one could definitively explain a flying object that was also seen far to the south in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan.

Footage highlighted by major media outlet LifeNews showed the UFO flashing fast track over the local IKEA furniture store in Omsk, heading in an easterly direction. Yet it is one of a number of recent unexplained flying objects over Siberia - links to others are here.

Astronomers at the planetarium of the Siberian State University of Geosystems and Technologies in Novosibirsk said of the early evening 17 November sightings: 'It is definitely not a comet.'

Their theory was that 'the object was the second stage of intercontinental ballistic missile Topol launched at 15:12 Moscow time (or 18:12 Novosibirsk time) from Kapustin Yar cosmodrome in Astrakhan region.'

WATCH: Fireball over Siberia.

Insider Camila Sharzhanova explained that the exact construction of the newest modification of Topol RS-12M is a secret but she speculated that the object was the second stage of the new missile. 'It was whirling so that the trajectory doesn't change, the fuel left was discharged through side nozzles.'

TASS stated that the missile hit its trial target at Saryshagan polygon in Kazakhstan. Yet many doubted that its routing would take it over Tymen and Novosibirsk, which is some 1,200km distant.

And there was a different view from Omsk. Vladimir Krupko, head of the city's planetarium, said: 'I am 100% sure it was a launch. I saw a ring and a moving cloud. Most probably, it was the engine's discharge.

'Given the direction, could be from Plesetsk (in northern Russia), but I can't find information about any launch, there is information only about a launch of a military satellite from Plesetsk in the afternoon.' - The Siberian Times.