Saturday, January 9, 2016

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Monster Weather Anomalies On The Pacific Ocean - El Nino Is So Last Year, Here Comes La Nina, "The Blob, The Son Of Blob And Godzilla" To Wreak More Havoc!

Areas of above-average sea temperatures dominating the Pacific Ocean have been dubbed “the Blob,” “Son of Blob,” and “Godzilla.”
(Modified image:

January 9, 2016 - PACIFIC OCEAN - By now, everyone has probably heard about El Niño and the effects of this weather pattern across the Western Hemisphere. Some are predicting this El Niño to be the biggest ever, naming it the “Godzilla El Niño.” But step aside, Godzilla: Another monster weather anomaly has been wreaking havoc with the West Coast. Beware of “the Blob.”

First identified (and nicknamed) in 2014 by Nick Bond, a climatologist at the University of Washington, the Blob is a huge mass of warmed ocean waters (about 5 degrees Fahrenheit above normal) lurking in the Pacific Ocean just off the western coast of North America, now stretching its reach from Mexico up to Alaska. The 60-foot-deep blob of water is causing great problems with weather and wildlife and continues to require health advisories for visitors and locals alike.

And as the El Niño weather system has been storming across the Pacific this season, it has stirred up ocean waters enough to cool down the original Blob off Alaska but at the same time helped give birth to what has been nicknamed the “Son of Blob” off the coast of Southern California. The still-warmer Alaskan waters and Son of Blob sector are expected to continue to magnify the El Niño effect for months to come, according to Weather Underground’s “Blob Watch” blog.

This satellite image from October 2015 shows weather patterns affecting climate change. (Photo: NOAA)

For travelers, these unexplained blobs can affect what you see (for whale watching and other nature viewing), your fishing (people fishing have caught odd species in odd spots), and what you can eat (a resulting toxic algae bloom has prompted warnings in certain areas against eating shellfish and other species).

And whatever the cause, from global warming to the “Pacific Decadal Oscillation” or a “Ridiculously Resilient Ridge,” the fact is, the waters are warmer. The first effect has been warming temperatures in the Pacific Northwest. NOAA satellite imagery shows the dramatic combination of the two systems. One researcher in Alberta, Canada, has gone so far as to say “this may be the year that winter is canceled.” So if you’re planning to go skiing or ice fishing in western Canada this winter, bring some hiking and biking gear as well.Visitors to the Northern California shores in 2014 were shocked to see masses of beached starving, dying sea lions, thought to be a result of lack of fish in the waters (their normal meals migrated to cooler waters). Sausalito’s Marine Mammal Center reported having to rescue more than 1,100 of the sea lions that season. Then in 2015, dozens of disoriented seal and sea lions began wandering inland, including poor Rubbish the sea lion pup, who had to be rescued from the streets of San Francisco and brought to the center for treatment. Considered the result of a neurotoxin from red algae growing in the warm waters, this algal bloom is now killing off seals. The Marine Mammal Center is treating some seals with a healthy fish diet and liquids, but the troubles continue. Travelers to Northern California beaches should be aware of potentially sick or strangely acting sea lions and contact the MMC if they find one.

This image from NOAA shows sea surface temperature anomalies from November 1997 and July 2015; the 2015 image also shows the Blob,
a large pool of warm water along the northwestern coast of the U.S. (Photo: NOAA)

Most alarmingly for travelers and locals alike is the danger the Blob-influenced algae blooms have on human-consumed seafood. In the fall, the California Department of Health lifted a ban on harvesting mussels but maintained a warning against eating anchovy, sardines, and crabs from Monterey, Santa Cruz, and Santa Barbara counties because of high levels of the potentially fatal domoic acids. So if you’re traveling to the area, make sure to check where your seafood has come from — and don’t go grabbing any of these yourself. Seafood bans have also had an impact on certain parts of Oregon and Washington as well with at least one commercial fishery closed for the season. A 2009 study by NOAA shows that the influence of an extended “red tide” season like that of the Blob could result in a more than $22 million loss in tourist revenues to the Washington coast, where razor-clam digging is a popular tourist activity. The whale-watching season is also being affected by the Blob. Certain species of whales, like humpbacks, which have a diet similar to sea lions, may also be suffering the effects of the poison algae. Record whale beachings and die-offs have been seen from Chile up to Alaska, and while the root cause is unknown, the Blob is a prime suspect. The numbers of observed dead whales don’t appear to be large enough to affect the species, and as naturalist Jackie Hildering told Yahoo Travel, “there is not likely [yet] to be an impact” on numbers seen in whale watching, but the warm waters are shifting migration patterns and could result in “exotic species coming into areas where previously they were not.”

This could be a boon to whale-watching and fishing expeditions in the Pacific Northwest looking to find something new, like tropical sunfish and thresher sharks off of Alaska.

But still, beware of the Blob: On a recent whale-watching expedition of my own to British Columbia, my ship was delayed due to extreme weather in part caused by the unnaturally warm waters, the captain citing the Blob as a factor. And the rogue wave that has been blamed for the tragic sinking of another whale-watching boat may also have been a result of the strange happenings of the Blob — travelers should keep tuned in to National Weather Service alerts and be prepared for a very unusual winter indeed. - Yahoo.

SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: "Forewarning Of Troubled Times, A Harbinger Of Foul Weather" - Three Suns Seen Over Ottawa, Canada! [PHOTOS]

© Barbara Navrot

January 9, 2016 - OTTAWA, CANADA - A particularly bright display Tuesday morning showed the sun surrounded by "mock suns" and a bright halo

Ottawa residents looking up on Tuesday morning were treated to an unusual weather display: a very bright sundog - or "phantom sun" - that lit up the sky.

Sundogs, also known as parhelia, look a bit like a winter rainbow. They only appear in very cold weather, according to David Phillips, senior climatologist with Environment Canada."It's really a textbook example," he said, adding that clear conditions on Tuesday morning made the sundogs especially vibrant.

Parhelia appear when sunlight interacts with ice crystals high in the atmosphere, creating two "mock suns" and a faint halo.

"Sometimes they were regarded as a forewarning of troubled times: a harbinger of foul weather. So there's some folklore that goes with them as well," Phillips said.

© Danielle Richardson

On Tuesday, the sight didn't generate any worry or fear about bad omens - just excitement from local photographers.

"I've seen sundogs before but never to that extent," said Barbara Havrot, a math teacher and hobby photographer who managed to snap an early-morning photo."This was a complete arch, like a huge rainbow, in all its glory," she said.

If you missed the sundog this time don't worry - Phillips said they are usually visible in Ottawa around 10 to 12 times per year.

"It's one of nature's art shows," he said. "I think if people looked out and up a little bit more they'd find a lot of mysteries and speculator artwork going on in the sky." - Ottawa Metro.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Another Explosion At Hawaii's Kilauea Summit Lava Lake - The Third Time In 6 Days! [VIDEOS]

January 9, 2016 - HAWAII, UNITED STATES - For the third time in six days, a small explosion rocked the summit of Kilauea volcano.

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reports a rockfall on the east rim of the summit vent within the Halemaʻumaʻu Crater triggered a small explosive event at 3:51 a.m. HST on January 8, 2016, littering the rim of the crater with fragments of molten lava.

The event was captured on USGS cameras and can be seen in the video below.

WATCH: Explosion at Kilauea.

“When large rockfalls impact the lava lake, they trigger explosive events that propel volcanic rock fragments (tephra) upward,” scientists wrote on the HVO website. “This morning’s event was vigorous enough to hurl incandescent fragments onto the rim of Halemaʻumaʻu Crater, about 110 m (360 ft) above the lava lake surface.”

USGS HVO says rockfalls and subsequent explosive events occur with no warning, “and the resulting fragments of hot lava and rocky debris thrown onto the crater rim pose a significant hazard in this area.”

WATCH: Kilauea's lava flow.

The lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu has been at a relatively high level in recent days. At one point the lava level reached up to 92 feet below the floor of the crater.

“Explosive events like this occur more frequently when the lava lake level is relatively high,” HVO scientists said, “as it has been this past week—around 30-35 m (100-115 ft) below the vent rim. Rocks in the vent wall expand as they are heated by the high temperature of the lava lake and become unstable. Sections of these unstable rocks can then collapse into the lava lake.”

“The rim of Halemaʻumaʻu Crater was covered in a nearly continuous blanket of tephra following today’s early morning rockfall and subsequent explosive event,” scientists wrote of the photo abpve. “Tephra is the general term for volcanic rock fragments exploded or carried into the air during an eruption, and can range from dust-size particles to fragments more than 1 m (3.2 ft) in diameter. Two backpacks (in background), which belong to HVO scientists who briefly entered the area to collect tephra samples for laboratory analyses, provide scale for the fragments hurled onto the crater rim this morning.”

In this image, HVO points out “you can see what remains of the Halemaʻumaʻu Overlook wooden fence, which has been repeatedly been bombarded by spatter and rock fragments since 2008. The blue bucket attached to the fence is one of HVO’s tephra collectors so that lava fragments and rocky debris ejected from the summit vent can be quantified and analyzed.”

On January 2, the first of the three events was documented by USGS HVO cameras (video below). On Janury 4, a second rockfall explosion took place.

Volcano Explosion Jan. 2, 2016Volcano Explosion (Jan. 2, 2016) At around 2:17 p.m., HST, on January 2, a rockfall from the east rim of the Overlook vent within Halemaʻumaʻu Crater at the summit of Kīlauea impacted the lava lake, generating a small explosive event captured by HVO webcams. (courtesy USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory)
Posted by Big Island Video News on Monday, January 4, 2016


SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: Planetary Transformations As Magnetic Polar Migration Takes Effect - Rare Blue, Yellow Light Pillars Surprise Residents In Stockholm, Sweden!

Mysterious light pillars appeared in Stockholm, Wednesday morning.© Raitis Freimanis

January 9, 2016 - STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - When Raitis Freimanis, 54, got up early on Wednesday morning in Bromma, Stockholm, he discovered something unusual outside his window. Several tall columns were shining up from the ground, radiating yellow and blue light.

"I was thinking what the hell is this? At first I thought it was a floodlight or something, I thought to myself, why would they put up a floodlight at 5am?" Freimanis told The Local on Thursday.

The Stockholmer said he had been woken by the family's cat and had decided to go and feed the animal. And after seeing the magnificent strange pillars, he ended up getting his son and wife out of bed to see them too, in case they didn't appear again.

Together the family researched what they had seen. They believe that the lights were an optical phenomenon caused by the reflection of bright lights from Stockholm city centre, by tiny ice crystals, hovering in the air.

"It was -13C here in Stockholm and windless, and there were ice crystals in the air," Freimanis explained, adding that it was hard to judge the height of the pillars. The fact that the lights were yellow and blue - the colours of the Swedish flag - appears to have been a coincidence. The family -- including the cat -- were hooked by the light pillars from 5am until around 6.30am, taking photos of the phenomena - images which have since gone viral on social media in Sweden. Freimanis, who is an amateur photographer, also has experience of catching the region's famous Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) on camera.

© Raitis Freimanis

"This was just as cool as seeing the northern lights," he told The Local.

By breakfast time the lights started to disappear, but Freimanis told The Local that the family had kept watching in case they returned and had seen them several more times since Wednesday morning, although they were not as bright and clear as the first time around.

With cold weather continuing across Sweden, the photographer said he was crossing his fingers that they would return again on Thursday. "It is possible they will show up again tonight," he said, hopefully.

Meanwhile similar light pillars were also spotted in Norway. Light pillars form when there are very cold conditions and humid air. The vertical shafts of light extend from a bright light source.

"It is not very common. The moisture forms a special kind of ice crystals that are suspended in the air. They have flat surfaces that allow the light to gather in this way," Terje Alsvik Walløe from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute (MET Norway) said on Thursday. - The Local - Sweden.

PLANETARY TREMORS: It's Shaking All Over - 4.6 Magnitude Tremor Shakes Zambia, Collapsing One Building; 4.2 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Southern Fars Province, Iran; And 5.4 Magnitude Temblor Hits Southwest Of Naze, Japan!

USGS earthquake locations of 2.5 magnitude or higher over the last day.

January 9, 2016 - EARTH
- The following constitutes several of the most noteworthy earthquakes to the planet over the last 24 hours, as we continue to monitor the global seismic uptick.

4.6 magnitude tremor shakes Zambia, collapsing one building

USGS earthquake location.

Zambia experienced a 4.6 magnitude on the Richter scale an earthquake/earth tremour at 03;05, (05:05 Zambian time) 74km South of Lusaka and 38km from Kafue on January 9, 2015.

This comes a day after a heavy downpour following a dry spell claimed nearly seven lives in the capital Lusaka.

A building on the outskirts of the city's Central Business District also collapsed, but there were no casualties. - Zambia Reports.

4.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Southern Fars province, Iran

An earthquake measuring 4.2 on the Richter scale jolted the town of Bairam in Fars province, Southern Iran, on Saturday morning, IRNA reported.

The Seismological center of Fars province affiliated to the Geophysics Institute of Tehran University registered the quake at 00:14 hours local time.

The epicenter of the quake was registered at 53.5 in longitude and 27.4 in latitude.

There has yet been no report on the possible number of casualties or damage to properties by the quake.

Iran sits astride several major faults in the earth's crust, and is prone to frequent earthquakes, many of which have been devastating.

The worst in recent times hit Bam in Kerman province in December 2003, killing 31,000 people - about a quarter of its population, and destroying the city's ancient mud-built citadel.

The deadliest quake in the country was in June 1990 and measured 7.7 on the Richter scale. About 37,000 people were killed and more than 100,000 injured in the northwestern provinces of Gilan and Zanjan. It devastated 27 towns and about 1,870 villages.

In August 2012, two quakes in Northwestern Iran also claimed the lives of 306 people and injured more than 4500 others. - Trend News Agency.

5.4 magnitude quake hits southeast of Naze, Japan

USGS earthquake location.

An earthquake measuring 5.4 on the Richter scale jolted 77 km SSE of Naze, Japan, at 14:12:37 GMT on Saturday (22:12:37 Beijing Time), the U.S. Geological Survey said.

The epicenter, with a depth of 37.55 km, was initially determined to be at 27.693 degrees north latitude and 129.6972 degrees east longitude. - APD News.

OMEN: Plagues And Pestilences - Cougar With Odd Head Deformity Shot Near Weston, Idaho?!

This Dec. 30, 2015, photo released by the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG), shows a deformed mountain lion with teeth growing out of its forehead.
Biologists are trying to determine what caused the strange growth on the animal, which was legally killed by a hunter in southeast Idaho near the Utah border.

© Idaho Fish and Game

January 9, 2016 - IDAHO, UNITED STATES - Idaho Fish and Game officials were left a little perplexed when a conservation officer sent photos of a mountain lion's odd deformity to them last week.

The cougar was shot near Weston by an unidentified hunter and appears to have a separate set of teeth growing out of its head.

It's simply something Fish and Game biologists have never seen before.

There's no clear consensus about what the abnormality is, but there are a few theories.

First, it could be a teratoma, a rare type of tumor capable of containing hair, bone, teeth and even parts of limbs or organs.

© Idaho Fish and Game

Second, it could be what's left of a conjoined twin that possible died in the womb and was absorbed by the mountain lion.

Lastly, it could be the result of an injury to the cougar's teeth or jaw, which didn't heal right.

WATCH: Deformed mountain lion a mystery.

The cougar is still in the hands of the hunter who plans to have it stuffed and preserved. Idaho Fish and Game hope to carry out a postmortem and perform x-rays to come up with a solid conclusion. - KHQ.

MONUMENTAL SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: Precursors To The Black Celestial Event - In A Breakthrough Discovery, Astronomers Say Dwarf Galaxy Caused Gas Ripples Or "GALACTIC-QUAKES" In The Milky Way?! [VIDEO ANIMATION]

January 9, 2016 - SPACE - Astronomers may have finally discovered the cause of ripples in gas at the outer disk of our galaxy: a dwarf galaxy, containing dark, unseen material that skimmed the outskirts of our galaxy several hundred million years ago.

“It’s a bit like throwing a stone into a pond and making ripples,” Sukanya Chakrabarti of the Rochester Institute of Technology, who led the research, told a press conference at the American Astronomical Society meeting in Kissimmee, Florida.

“Of course we aren’t talking about a pond, but our galaxy, which is tens of thousands of light years across, and made of stars and gas, but the result is the same – ripples!”

The breakthrough discovery is part of a new discipline called galactoseismology.

“This is really the first non-theoretical application of this field, where we can infer things about the unseen composition of galaxies from analyzing galactic-quakes,” Chakrabarti said.

The research team kept close tabs on a trio of stars, called Cepheid variables. They pulsate radially and are part of the likely dwarf galaxy estimated to lie some 300,000 light years from our galaxy in the direction of the Norma constellation.

“We have a pretty good idea of the distance to these stars because the intrinsic brightness of Cepheid variable stars depends on their period of pulsation, which we can measure,” Chakrabarti noted.


“What I wanted to know was how fast this speeding bullet was going when it passed by our galaxy – with that information we can begin to understand the dynamics, and ultimately how much unseen dark matter is there,” she added.

The team used spectroscopic observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which consists of twin 8.1-meter diameter optical/infrared telescopes, located at two of the best observing sites on the planet: mountains in Hawaii and Chile. The observatory's telescopes can collectively access the entire sky.

The researchers found the stars are all speeding away at similar velocities – about 450,000 mph (200 kilometers a second).

“This really implicates these stars as being part of an organized, fast-moving system, which we believe is a dwarf galaxy. It’s also very likely that this dwarf satellite brushed our galaxy millions of years ago and left ripples in its wake,” Chakrabarti said.

WATCH: Animation shows passing galaxy causing ripples in Milky Way.

“This new, potentially powerful way to study how stars, gas and dust are distributed in galaxies is really quite exciting,” Chris Davis, program director at the US National Science Foundation, said in a press release.

"Known as galactoseismology, it can trace both visible and invisible materials, including the elusive dark matter. It’s a great way to better understand how galaxies and neighboring satellite dwarf galaxies interact as well," he said.

The team will continue their research by looking for more Cepheid variable stars in our galaxy’s halo.

“There could be a population of yet undiscovered Cepheid variables that formed from a gas-rich dwarf galaxy falling into our galaxy’s halo,” Chakrabarti said.

“With the capabilities of today’s telescopes and instruments we should be able to sample enough of the Milky Way’s halo to make reasonable estimates on dark matter content - one of the greatest mysteries in astronomy today!” - RT.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: "I've Never Seen Anything Like It Anywhere In The World" - Seismic Swarms In Oklahoma Stuns USGS Expert Daniel McNamara; "Fault System Is CRITICALLY STRESSED"; Recommends Homeowners To Prepare For STRONG SHAKING! [VIDEO]

An expert with the U.S. Geological Survey said he has never seen anything like the recent tremors in Oklahoma.

January 9, 2016 - OKLAHOMA, UNITED STATES - Several earthquakes over a 4.0 magnitude have rocked Oklahoma in the last 24 hours.

According to Daniel McNamara, a research geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey, the state has already seen five earthquakes of a 4.0 or greater in 2016, which is double the monthly rate for 2015.

“I don’t know what to say frankly. It’s incredible. I’ve never seen anything like it anywhere in the world,” McNamara said. “The only time you get this kind of activity might be after a very large earthquake, like a seven or eight (magnitude) in a place like Nepal or China or Indonesia or in volcanic regions.”

McNamara said some fault lines are more likely to rupture than others. He compared the Fairview and Edmond area fault lines to the fault around Prague that brought a 5.6 quake in 2011.

“The working theory we have going on right now is just after decades of wastewater injection, (we) basically have a fault system throughout Oklahoma that’s critically stressed,” McNamara said. “That’s the word we use to describe that. Basically a lot of faults are at a position where it just takes a little bit of added stress to cause them to move into failure.”

WATCH: USGS expert - 'I’ve never seen anything like it anywhere in the world'

He said that does mean there is good news.

“Because then it starts to look like you can actually manage wastewater injection to avoid these types of faults that are in regions that could cause more damage,” McNamara said.

He recommends homeowners be prepared for strong shaking and research how to secure their homes. He said he also would like to see better monitoring of data.

“If we knew the volume of water going into these wells on, say, a daily or weekly basis, we might able to actually anticipate or forecast where earthquake activity is most likely to occur,” McNamara said. - KOCO.

SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: Increase In Weird Weather Phenomenon As Magnetic Polar Migration Escalates - Spectacular Mammatus Clouds Photographed Over York, England!

 Mammatus clouds over Clifford’s tower in York. Photo by Karen Winship/ authorization by York Weather Station

January 9, 2016 - YORK, ENGLAND - These spectacular mammatus clouds engulfed the sunset sky of York, England on January 7, 2015.

Watch some amazing pictures and learn more about their formation below.

Mammatus are pouch-like clouds that protrude down from the bottom of a thunderstorm's anvil cloud.

The storm's anvil consists of ice crystals but, as it spreads out at the top of a thunderstorm, some of the ice begins falling and cools the clear air below.

Despite popular misconception, mammatus clouds usually are an indication severe weather has passed and thunderstorms are weakening.

They are not a sign that a tornado is about to form.

However, mammatus clouds sometimes form on the upwind, or backside, of severe thunderstorms that at the same time are dropping large hail and unleashing 60-70 mph bursts of wind.

With the light of the sun setting, these weird clouds become magical. Photo: Russ Allen

The mammatus cloud is generally poorly understood. Photo: Hilary Howe

Like big udders or breasts forming in the sky. Photo: Craig Bloodworth

Awesome sunset sky. Photo by Andy Falconer

Photo by Andy Falconer

Storms have to have wicked updrafts of rising air, probably moving at 75-100 mph, to spread an anvil into the steering winds in the first place as a thunderstorm's anvil cloud naturally and easily spreads with the wind.

But, in most cases, mammatus can be found beneath the anvils of dying thunderstorms.

Here a good scientific article about the mysteries of mammatus clouds.

- Strange Sounds.

EXTREME WEATHER: Massive Bushfire Rages In Western Australia - Destroys Nearly 100 HOMES; Burns 143,321 ACRES! [VIDEO]

Firefighters battle a fire near Yarloop in Western Australia. The out-of-control blaze has destroyed 95 homes.

January 9, 2016 - WESTERN AUSTRALIA - A bushfire destroyed nearly 100 homes in western Australia as it swept through countryside south of Perth, but there were no casualties reported after emergency officials and local media said on Friday that three missing people had been found safe.

Fanned by blustery, hot winds, the bushfire, which razed 58,000 hectares (143,321 acres) of land this week, ripped through the small rural town of Yarloop on Thursday night.

Around 95 homes were destroyed in the town of 545 people, along with its post office, fire station and shops, media reports said.

“I believe we’ve had what I would suggest are catastrophic losses within Yarloop,” said Wayne Gregson, Western Australian Fire and Emergency Services Commissioner.

Three people, who were registered as missing, were found safe, while most of people who stayed to defend their properties were being evacuated by air or road, The Australian newspaper reported.

“It just got out of control … after that it just ripped through, it was quite scary,” volunteer firefighter Jesse Puccio told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. “It’s like when you see in the war when the napalm bombers go through.”

WATCH: Australian bushfire destroys nearly 100 homes.

The bushfire continues to threaten other beef and dairy producing towns in the state, emergency workers said.

Alcoa Inc said two of its buildings have been destroyed but its Western Australia alumina refining operations were unaffected by the fire.

Australian has suffered a series of fires due to a long hot, dry spell.

Four people were killed in a series of bushfires sparked by lightning in Western Australia in November, two people were killed in fires in South Australia state, and more than 100 homes were destroyed in fires on Christmas Day in Victoria state.

Wildfires are an annual summer event in Australia, but rising temperatures have prompted some scientists to warn that climate change could increase the length and intensity of the summer fire season.

Australia experienced its fifth hottest year on record in 2015, according to the Bureau of Meteorology, which has been keeping statistics since 1910. - The Globe and Mail.

FIRE IN THE SKY: Comet, Meteor Or Space Junk - Mysterious Space Object Filmed Over Ukraine, Belarus And Russia?!

What was this mysterious flying object spotted over Ukraine, Belarus and Russia on January 3, 2016?

January 9, 2016 - UKRAINE, BELARUS, RUSSIA - A mysterious flying object was observed in the sky of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia on January 3, 2016.

But nobody knows what it is. Here maybe a clue...

Cameras of the Ukrainian observation network recorded a burning meteor-like object striking the sky of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia at around 9:40 pm local time.

The strange flashing object was travelling at an altitude of ~ 77 km and a speed of about 6 km/s, from the southwest to the northeast.

Its disintegration created a long, wide, slightly glowing orange-red trail resembling a slow-burning gases.

Was it a comet? A meteor? Space junk?

WATCH: Matt Taylor on SophieCo.

Well it was most likely the Soviet satellite Cosmos-1763, launched on July 16, 1986 from Plesetsk, Russia and which re-entered Earth atmosphere on January 3, 2016.

- Strange Sounds.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVALS: Sinkholes Keep Popping Up Across The United States - Sinkhole Partially Swallows Backhoe In Bedford, Massachusetts!

A backhoe was partially consumed by a 10-foot-wide sinkhole caused by a water main break in Massachusetts on Thursday morning.
Police shut down roads as crews attempted to remove the vehicle.Photo courtesy of Bedford Police/Twitter

January 9, 2016 - MASSACHUSETTS, UNITED STATES - A backhoe was partially swallowed by a sinkhole in Massachusetts while responding to a report of a water main break on Thursday.

Bedford police shut down roads near Wiggins Avenue after a water main break caused a 10-foot-wide sinkhole on nearby Summer Street that partially consumed a backhoe heading toward the scene.

No one was injured during the incident after the water main break washed away much of the ground beneath the pavement.

"I guess it gave way and engulfed one of those backhoes," Bedford police Sgt. Ron Undzis told the Boston Globe.

Undzis added that water service in the area was not disrupted by the incident.

Bedford police confirmed via Twitter that the road would remain closed through the evening commute. - UPI.

FIRE IN THE SKY: Planetary Defense - NASA Creates Office To Oversee Asteroid Detection!

January 9, 2016 - SPACE -With heightened concern over potential ‘Armageddon’-like asteroids causing a ‘Deep Impact’ on Earth, NASA has created a new office tasked with coordinating detection of potential crashes and "planning for planetary defense."

Part of NASA's Planetary Science Division, the Planetary Defense Coordination Office (PDCO) will supervise all NASA efforts that track near-Earth objects (NEOs), such as asteroids and comets. It will have the authority to issue warnings of NEO approaches and potential impacts. The office will also lead interagency and intergovernmental response efforts in case of any potential impact events.

“Asteroid detection, tracking and defense of our planet is something that NASA, its interagency partners, and the global community take very seriously,” said John Grunsfeld, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. “While there are no known impact threats at this time, the 2013 Chelyabinsk super-fireball and the recent ‘Halloween Asteroid’ close approach remind us of why we need to remain vigilant and keep our eyes to the sky.”

PDCO will work with the likes of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the US Department of Defense to take action in instances that demand planetary defense planning, NASA said. PDCO will issue notices and warnings of any potential impacts with Earth.

"The formal establishment of the Planetary Defense Coordination Office makes it evident that the agency is committed to perform a leadership role in national and international efforts for detection of these natural impact hazards, and to be engaged in planning if there is a need for planetary defense," said Lindley Johnson, who was named Planetary Defense Officer, or the lead program executive for PDCO.

NASA already has several initiatives charged with detecting NEOs. Its Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Near Earth Object Program tracks comets and asteroids and offers a list of potential threats via the Sentry impact monitoring system. NASA operates a network of radio telescopes in the US and the NEOWISE infrared telescope to track objects worldwide. All of these efforts will now operate with the oversight of PDCO.

NASA says it has discovered more than 90 percent of NEOs larger than 3,000 feet (1 kilometer), but only about 25 percent of so-called mid-sized NEOs, which are 400 feet (140 meters) or larger. Congress has called on NASA to detect at least 90 percent of mid-sized objects by 2020.

NASA's NEO-defense strategy stresses the ongoing development of tools that deflect or redirect any objects headed for Earth. If intervention is not a possibility, NASA would notify FEMA and other government agencies "about impact timing, location, and effects to inform emergency response operations."

“FEMA is dedicated to protecting against all hazards, and the launch of the coordination office will ensure early detection and warning capability, and will further enhance FEMA’s collaborative relationship with NASA,” said FEMA Administrator Craig Fugate.

The federal budget passed weeks ago allows for $50 million in fiscal year 2016 for NEO observation and planetary defense, NASA said. - RT.

WAR DRUMS: North Korea Demonstrates New Submarine Ballistic Missile Test, Just Days After Detonating Hydrogen Bomb - UN Security Council Condemns Nuclear Test And Starts Working On "Further Measures"; Pyongyang Claims South Korea's Propaganda Broadcasts Is Pushing Situation To "Brink Of War"!

January 9, 2016 - KOREAN PENINSULA - North Korea has released a video showing what the country claims to be a successful submarine-launched ballistic missile test last month. It comes two days after Pyongyang claimed to have tested its newly developed miniaturized hydrogen bomb.

N. Korea demonstrates new submarine ballistic missile test

As part of an almost an hour long package into N. Korean military preparedness, the Korean Central Television showcased a segment of a ballistic missile launch carried out from a submarine on December 21. The video showed North Korean leader Kim Jong Un observing the launch, as the missile cleared the clouds.The submarine-launched ballistic missile featured in the video was allegedly the KN-11, currently being developed by the North. According to the initial Washington Free Beacon (WFB) report earlier this week that missile was fired off a submerged the port city of Sinpo, where the country is building a Sinpo class submarine.

WATCH: North Korean submarine launches missile test.

This is the second time in the last few months that the North has tried to demonstrate the capabilities of the missile, with the first one resulting in failure on November 27. The test was carried out on board missile-firing submarine, known as the Gorae, or Whale. That test has damaged the submarine.

But the latest test appears to have been successful potentially adding oil to the fire of already tense situation surrounding Pyongyang nuclear program. According to US officials who spoke with WFB the missile could be fitted with a nuclear warhead within a year.

“The country seems to be in the stage of the ejection testing, but not in the completion stage,” South Korean military official told Yonhap news. - RT.

UN Security Council condemns N. Korea nuclear test, starts work on 'further measures'

The UN Security Council has unanimously condemned North Korea’s most recent nuclear test, calling it a clear violation of UNSC resolutions. The council will begin working on a new resolution in response to the test.

"The members of the Security Council... recalled that they have previously expressed their determination to take further significant measures in the event of another nuclear test [by [North Korea]," Uruguay's UN Ambassador Elbio Rosselli, president of the council in January, told reporters.

"In line with this commitment and the gravity of this violation, the members of the Security Council will begin to work immediately on such measures in a new Security Council resolution," he said.

The UNSC members shared the opinion that the test was “a clear violation of Security Council resolutions,” Rosselli added.

North Korea claimed on Wednesday that it had successfully detonated a miniature hydrogen bomb, marking the country’s fourth known nuclear test.

The announcement followed the detection of an “artificial seismic event” in the vicinity of a known Pyongyang nuclear site.

If true, the proclaimed miniaturization of a nuclear device may mean that North Korea could soon develop a nuclear warhead for its larger ballistic missiles.

Pyongyang has already claimed it can deliver nuclear strikes on the US mainland, but military experts doubt that they have such a capability.

The seismic shock from the most recent North Korean test was close to that of a similar test carried out by the country in 2013, Lassina Zerbo, executive secretary of the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), said. - RT.

N. Korea says South's propaganda broadcasts push situation to 'brink of war'

A file picture released this month by the South Korean Defense Ministry shows South Korean soldiers installing loudspeakers at a
unidentified site on the front-line bordering North Korea.
Photo: European Pressphoto Agency

South Korea's loudspeaker broadcasts aimed at North Korea push the rivals to the "brink of war," a top North Korean official has told a propaganda rally, in the isolated country's first official response to the sonic barrage across its border.

North Korea's fourth nuclear test on Wednesday angered both the United States and China, which was not given prior notice, although the U.S. government and weapons experts doubt the North's claim that the device it set off was a hydrogen bomb.

In retaliation for the test, South Korea on Friday unleashed a ear-splitting propaganda barrage. The last time South Korea deployed the loudspeakers, in August 2015, it triggered an exchange of artillery fire.

"Jealous of the successful test of our first H-bomb, the U.S. and its followers are driving the situation to the brink of war, by saying they have resumed psychological broadcasts and brought in strategic bombers," Kim Ki Nam, head of the ruling Workers' Party propaganda department, said at Friday's rally.

State media published images of the rally which appeared to show thousands of people gathered in central Pyongyang, holding signs glorifying leader Kim Jong Un, whose birthday was also on Friday.

Kim Ki Nam's comments, which are in line with routine propaganda rhetoric, were the North's first official response to the South's broadcasts, which it considers insulting.

The broadcasts, in rolling bursts from walls of loudspeakers at 11 sites along the heavily militarised border, blared criticism of the North's regime and "K-pop" music. North Korea later responded with its own broadcasts.

A South Korean military official said Seoul and Washington had discussed the deployment of U.S. strategic weapons on the Korean peninsula after the test, but declined to give details. Media said these could include B-2 and B-52 bombers, and a nuclear-powered submarine. - Reuters.

N. Korea test could put missile defence back in frame amid Chinese disquiet

North Korea's claim to have tested a miniaturised hydrogen bomb, which would represent a big advance in its strike capability, could lead to renewed calls for countries in the region to enhance their missile defences, changes that China opposes.

Analysts and military attaches say Beijing will be watching closely for signs that the United States and Japan are exploring improved ballistic missile defence, or whether Washington leans more heavily on South Korea to adopt its advanced high-altitude missile system, technology Seoul has so far turned down.

There is considerable doubt over the veracity of Pyongyang's assertion that Wednesday's explosion was a full-fledged test of a hydrogen device, but it could mark an advance in the secretive state's nuclear technology.

It follows warnings from senior U.S. military officials last April that they believed North Korea had the ability to miniaturise a warhead and mount it on a ballistic missile, posing a potential new threat to the United States, Japan and South Korea.

Any moves to boost missile defences could inflame growing military rivalry between China and Washington and its allies.

That rivalry is playing out most visibly in the waters of the South China Sea, a vital trade route the United States fears Beijing wants to militarise, despite China's denials.

"China will be very sensitive about any moves by Japan or South Korea to improve missile defences," said Zhang Baohui, a mainland nuclear security expert at Hong Kong's Lingnan University.

"North Korea may be the stated reason, but Chinese strategists will it see as a move against China to limit its nuclear deterrence."

Zhang said he believed that, publicly at least, China would offer only a muted response to the latest test, given Beijing's desire for normalised ties with the isolated buffer state.

Richard Bitzinger, a security analyst at Singapore's S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, said North Korea's actions potentially provided a "fig leaf" rationale for Japan to buttress its defences against its bigger security worry, China.- Reuters.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Seismic Swarms - Oklahoma Hit With 70 Quakes In A Week!

This image from shows a cluster of more than 70 small quakes in northwest Oklahoma in the past week.(Photo: Courtesy/

January 9, 2016 - OKLAHOMA, UNITED STATES - A swarm of more than 70 small earthquakes has rattled Oklahoma in the past week, raising concerns that the state’s quake problem is getting worse.

The largest quake measured magnitude-4.8 and struck around midnight Wednesday near the town of Fairview. No significant damage has been reported, although it shook pictures and crockery.

“It was felt all over the county, pretty much all over the state,” Major County Undersherrif Darin Reams said. "This one rattled a little bit.”

Smaller quakes continued Thursday.

Oklahoma in 2014 had at least 5,415 earthquakes; 585 of them were magnitude-3 or greater. In comparison, the state had just 109 magnitude-3 quakes in 2013, according to the Oklahoma Geologic Survey. Statistics for 2015 are still being compiled.

A state report last year noted a connection between hydraulic fracturing and some earthquake "swarms," and state officials say there's a potential risk to the public due to the increase in quakes. Experts say the quakes are likely being caused by injection wells, which are particularly deep wells into which drilling byproducts and wastewater are injected, rather than wells drilled to extract oil or gas.

"The OGS considers it very likely that the majority of recent earthquakes, particularly those in central and north-central Oklahoma, are triggered by the injection of produced water in disposal wells," the agency said.

It added: “The seismicity rate is now about 600 times greater than the background seismicity rate and is very unlikely the result of a natural process."

Earthquakes have been linked to oil and gas activity for more than five decades, but in recent years the rate of tremors has shot up across the United States in areas where drilling and waste from the production occur, said Bill Ellsworth, a Stanford University geophysics professor and a former longtime geologist at the U.S. Geological Survey.

Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Texas and Arkansas all have seen steep upticks in earthquakes suspected to be linked to oil and gas activity, he said. The injected water changes the friction of naturally occurring fault lines, uncorking the quakes. “Over the past few years, there has been a growing recognition within the industry and within regulators that this is an issue that needs to be considered very carefully,” Ellsworth said.

State regulators have ordered well companies operating in the area to either scale back or halt injection operations. One of the companies, Pedestal Oil Co. has been ordered to cut the amount of water it’s injecting for disposal by 50%, while Devon Energy Production, Grayhorse Operating, New Dominion and Taylor R.C. have all be ordered to reduce injection volumes by 25%. The Sierra Club is preparing to sue some of the companies that operate injection wells, among them SandRidge Exploration and Production, New Dominion, Devon Energy Production and Chesapeake Operating.

SandRidge has been struggling financially as low gas and oil prices keep profits low. The company’s stock is being delisted from the New York Stock Exchange, it announced Jan. 7, and the company has said it will ignore the state’s requests that it shut down its injections wells, setting up a potential court battle.

For many Oklahoma residents, the quakes have become a way of life, in much the way they have for those living in North Texas, which has seen similar quake swarms. Oklahoma’s frequent quakes prompted composer Edward Knight to create a 15-minute musical piece called Rumble, which debuts Saturday with a performance by the 2016 Central Oklahoma Directors Association All-Region High School Symphonic Honor Band.

“I started noticing the house shaking several years ago,” said Knight, who is composer-in-residence and director of composition at Oklahoma City University. “I literally thought a bulldozer or a truck hit the house. There was a loud bang and the house started to shake.”

Knight said his piece features usual instruments and sounds, along with Latin chanting, to portray the Earth awakening. Members of the concert band are drawn from across the state, and the quakes are something they — and their parents and the audience — can relate to, Knight said.

“It’s this ominous sort of tone that starts the piece,” he said.

The earthquakes represent a challenge for Oklahoma, which depends heavily on the oil and gas industry for employment and tax revenue. Reams said many Major County residents, including himself, believe the quakes are an unfortunate but understandable byproduct of extracting the oil and gas the country needs.

“As long as they’re staying in the four-point-whatever range, I think we’ll be OK,” he said. - USA Today.

Tectonic Summary - Earthquakes in the Stable Continental Region

Natural Occurring Earthquake Activity
Most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains has infrequent earthquakes. Here and there earthquakes are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone centered on southeastern Missouri, in the Charlevoix-Kamouraska seismic zone of eastern Quebec, in New England, in the New York - Philadelphia - Wilmington urban corridor, and elsewhere. However, most of the enormous region from the Rockies to the Atlantic can go years without an earthquake large enough to be felt, and several U.S. states have never reported a damaging earthquake.

Earthquakes east of the Rocky Mountains, although less frequent than in the West, are typically felt over a much broader region than earthquakes of similar magnitude in the west. East of the Rockies, an earthquake can be felt over an area more than ten times larger than a similar magnitude earthquake on the west coast. It would not be unusual for a magnitude 4.0 earthquake in eastern or central North America to be felt by a significant percentage of the population in many communities more than 100 km (60 mi) from its source. A magnitude 5.5 earthquake in eastern or central North America might be felt by much of the population out to more than 500 km (300 mi) from its source. Earthquakes east of the Rockies that are centered in populated areas and large enough to cause damage are, similarly, likely to cause damage out to greater distances than earthquakes of the same magnitude centered in western North America.

Most earthquakes in North America east of the Rockies occur as faulting within bedrock, usually miles deep. Few earthquakes east of the Rockies, however, have been definitely linked to mapped geologic faults, in contrast to the situation at plate boundaries such as California's San Andreas fault system, where scientists can commonly use geologic evidence to identify a fault that has produced a large earthquake and that is likely to produce large future earthquakes. Scientists who study eastern and central North America earthquakes often work from the hypothesis that modern earthquakes occur as the result of slip on preexisting faults that were formed in earlier geologic eras and that have been reactivated under the current stress conditions. The bedrock of Eastern North America is, however, laced with faults that were active in earlier geologic eras, and few of these faults are known to have been active in the current geologic era. In most areas east of the Rockies, the likelihood of future damaging earthquakes is currently estimated from the frequencies and sizes of instrumentally recorded earthquakes or earthquakes documented in historical records.

Induced Seismicity
As is the case elsewhere in the world, there is evidence that some central and eastern North America earthquakes have been triggered or caused by human activities that have altered the stress conditions in earth's crust sufficiently to induce faulting. Activities that have induced felt earthquakes in some geologic environments have included impoundment of water behind dams, injection of fluid into the earth's crust, extraction of fluid or gas, and removal of rock in mining or quarrying operations. In much of eastern and central North America, the number of earthquakes suspected of having been induced is much smaller than the number of natural earthquakes, but in some regions, such as the south-central states of the U.S., a significant majority of recent earthquakes are thought by many seismologists to have been human-induced.

Even within areas with many human-induced earthquakes, however, the activity that seems to induce seismicity at one location may be taking place at many other locations without inducing felt earthquakes. In addition, regions with frequent induced earthquakes may also be subject to damaging earthquakes that would have occurred independently of human activity. Making a strong scientific case for a causative link between a particular human activity and a particular sequence of earthquakes typically involves special studies devoted specifically to the question. Such investigations usually address the process by which the suspected triggering activity might have significantly altered stresses in the bedrock at the earthquake source, and they commonly address the ways in which the characteristics of the suspected human-triggered earthquakes differ from the characteristics of natural earthquakes in the region.


ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Migratory Patterns And Disaster Precursors - Rare Deep-Sea Ragfish Found Dead On Coast Of Gustavus, Alaska, The 4th For The State In 3 Years; Rare Tropical Bird Found Dead In South Dakota?!

A ragfish is shown in this undated photo from the Alaska Fisheries Science Center. NOAA

January 9, 2016 - EARTH - The following constitutes the latest reports of unusual and symbolic animal behavior, mass die-offs, beaching and stranding of mammals, and the appearance of rare creatures.

Rare deep-sea ragfish found dead on coast of Gustavus, Alaska, the 4th for the state in 3 years

A type of big, deep-ocean fish rarely seen at the water's surface was found washed ashore Thursday in Gustavus in Southeast Alaska, the National Park Service reported.

A ragfish, measuring 65 inches long, was spotted near the dock in Gustavus, the town that serves as the headquarters for Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, officials said.

The discovery was made by a state transportation worker, said Craig Murdoch, a Park Service fisheries biologist.

"He was checking the dock and he noticed what he thought was a halibut," Murdoch said. "He went and checked it out, and it was a fish he had never seen before."

Thursday's sighting followed one in the same area in July, when a 78-inch ragfish turned up on the shore of Bartlett Cove, Murdoch said.

In both cases, the fish were dead adult females and were full of eggs, he said.

There have not been many observations of ragfish, so it is hard to know the significance of two sightings in the same area within six months of each other, Murdoch said.

There is not a lot of information available about them, either. The formal species name, Icosteus aenigmaticus, is a nod to its enigmatic qualities. The common name "ragfish" derives from its limpness; its bone structure is mostly soft cartilage and its flesh is squid-like, according to the Park Service.

They are occasionally caught accidentally in some commercial seafood harvests, but there has been little research about them, said one study published in 2001 that analyzed records of more than 825 ragfish caught around the North Pacific.

The sea creature identified as a ragfish was 65-inches long. Photo: Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve

The ragfish was a female full of eggs. Photo: Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve 

They are found in much of the North Pacific, from the California coast to Japan. Adults are believed to live in waters 4,000 feet and deeper, though the maximum depth is not yet known. They are believed to eat squid, octopuses and jellyfish, Murdoch said.

The two fish found in the Glacier Bay area had empty digestive tracts, according to a Facebook message posted by the park.

Having two sightings occur within a short period in the same area "raises questions," Murdoch said.

Ragfish are native to waters of Alaska, so this is not likely a case of a southern fish being pushed north by warm waters, he said. It could be a byproduct of a bigger population, or it could be a product of some changes in the ocean, or it could be tied to whatever may be killing off murres in the Gulf of Alaska, he said. Or it could be just a matter of luck and coincidence, he said.

There were two similar sightings on a beach in Juneau in 2013.

- Alaska Dispatch News.

Wrong time, wrong place: Rare tropical bird found dead in South Dakota

This photo of a Great Kiskadee was taken on December 2nd, 2015 near Volga, South Dakota© Terry Sohl

Members of the state's birding community were astonished in November when they spotted a in South Dakota, the first confirmed sighting in the state.

The bird is plentiful in Mexico and the tropics and typically found in the United States in only extreme southern Texas.

The sighting in South Dakota was near Volga during the South Dakota Ornithologists' Union fall meeting in Brookings, so there was no doubt about its veracity. Members of the community speculated about how it ended up here, and in the story above, South Dakota State University ornithologist K.C. Jensen predicted the tropical birds wouldn't have a good chance to survive South Dakota's brutal winter. He was right.

Despite efforts by the homeowners to give the bird food, shelter and a heated bird bath, it died. They were "heartbroken" about the loss, according to Jensen, who posted the news to a birding list serve.

"I assured them that they had done everything possible to provide for the Kiskadee," Jensen said. "After all, this was a tropical bird trying to survive in a South Dakota winter."

He ended the post: "The bird and the excitement certainly made this winter seem shorter - for me at least!"

- Angus Leader.

WEATHER PHENOMENON: The Effects Of Magnetic Polar Migration - Waterspout Filmed In Iskenderun, Turkey; And A Yacht In Sydney, Australia Is Forced To Flee For Safety After A 1000-Feet High Waterspout Rises Up!

A 1,000ft tornado which emerged above the ocean was seen swirling at incredible speeds and caused an
unsuspecting yacht to flee, in fear of being caught in the freak occurrence

January 9, 2016 - EARTH - Here are two of the latest reports of waterspouts, intense columnar non-supercell tornadoes (usually appearing as a funnel-shaped cloud) that occurs over a body of water.

Incredible photos show the terrifying moment a yacht is forced to flee for safety in Sydney, Australia after a giant 1,000ft waterspout rises up from the sea

A huge 1,000ft waterspout caused a storm on a popular beach after swirling around at incredibly high speeds - forcing a yacht to flee in a hurry.

As a storm turned the sky grey this week, a wispy cloud emerged and began to swirl around and headed towards the water just off the coast of Bungan Beach, in the northern suburb of Sydney, Mona Vale.

The freak occurrence - known as an intense columnar vortex - was spotted by a photographer as she glanced out of her window.

Thick grey clouds funneling towards the water emerged when a wispy cloud began to break away from dark storm clouds above, this occurrence is also referred to as a waterspout.

The scene lasted two minutes, in which photographer Pamela Pauline, 53, was able to capture the incredible incident.

Pictures of the waterspout show a yacht, miniature in comparison, close to the spout of the huge tornado and although Ms Pauline did not fear for her life she said she had been ‘worried’ for the sailboat.

Commonly referred to as a waterspout the vortex started during a storm this week just off the coast of Bungan Beach, in the northern suburb of Sydney, Mona Vale

Pictures of the waterspout show a yacht, miniature in comparison, close to the spout of the huge tornado

Other boats in the area including what looks like a couple of speed boast also tried to make their escape from the looming spiral column

Other boats in the area including what looks like a couple of speed boast also tried to make their escape from the looming spiral column.

The sky above can be seen rotating and growing darker as the column intensifies, back-lit by rain clouds making their way over to Sydney.

Ms Pauline saw the incredible weather phenomenon when she glanced out of her window on Friday.

She said: ‘Apparently it is a tornado over the ocean with water called a waterspout.’

‘I live near the ocean and this is the first time I’ve seen something like this. This was the beginning of the storm, it then started raining and didn’t stop for four days in Sydney.

‘I felt in awe of nature while watching this happen,’ she added.

tarting very small the huge column crashed down into the ocean and receded again.

Waterspouts do not suck up water, they are small and weak rotating columns of air that hover over the water.

The intense funnels are formed when layers of cool air blowing over the water cause warm, moist air to sweep up from underneath, forming a column of condensation.

The tornadoes can pose a threat to boats, swimmers and aircraft in their path. - Daily Mail.

Waterspout filmed in Iskenderun, Turkey

WATCH: Waterspout in Iskenderun, Hatay, Turkey.

- YouTube.