Monday, April 11, 2016

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Magnitude 5.6 Earthquake Recorded Near Kiska Volcano, Alaska - Provisional Tsunami Alert Issued!


April 11, 2016 - ALASKA - An earthquake with preliminary magnitude of 5.6 has been recorded near Kiska Volcano, Alaska on 11 April 2016 20:10:35.

The earthquake epicenter was located at precisely 109km SW of Kiska Volcano, Alaska and at a depth of approximately 28 km.

A provisional tsunami alert have been issued for the region following this earthquake.

Other details about the earthquake were not immediately available, and there were no immediate reports of damage or casualties. We will update this report as soon as we have more information.

Below is a map showing the location of the earthquake and additional information pertaining to the exact location of the epicenter.





Magnitude: 5.6
Location: 109km SW of Kiska Volcano, Alaska
Time in GMT: 11 April 2016 20:10:35
Latitude of Epicenter: 51.4
Longitude of Epicenter: 176.5
Depth: 28 km


- Island Crisis News.







ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Disaster Precursors - Dingo Bites Toddler On Beach In Western Australia?!

Dingo

April 11, 2016 - AUSTRALIA - A two-year-old girl has been bitten by a wild dog during a beach picnic on a holiday in Western Australia.

The Dwyer family were holidaying at the Kooljaman resort at Cape Leveque, 220km north of Broome, on Friday evening when the attack occurred.

Christine Dwyer, 27, said they were having an evening picnic on the beach when the animal approached her daughter Stella and attempted to steal her stuffed toy elephant.

Speaking to ABC News, Christine explained: "[Stella] tried to crawl away and was crying and it just ran back in and grabbed her on the lower back and buttock.

"It tried to drag her backwards but it only got maybe six inches."

Ms Dwyer said resort staff were walking down to the beach as the incident occurred, adding: "They were very helpful, they continued to shoo it away and took us up to the nurses to make sure she didn't need any tetanus injections or anything like that, and just clean up the little scratches and puncture wounds that she received through the nappy."

The Daily Mail reports that staff at the resort had already been looking for the dingo as it had been stealing rubbish from the local tip and becoming more bold with guests.

The paper adds that it is believed the animal was captured and put down following the incident. - Travel.





 

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: "What Did You Do To The Mountain" - Rumbling Africa Volcano Nyiragongo Has Goma Observatory Experts Concerned!

Nyirangongo volcano in new phase of activity.
© The Weather Network

April 11, 2016 - CONGO - The question I keep getting when I tell people that I jumped into Nyiragongo, an active volcano in the Democratic Republic of Congo is: "What did you do to the mountain!?"

It's an odd question, but it makes sense when you realize that Nyiragongo is suddenly undergoing a new, more active phase. And it's got the volcanologists at the Goma Observatory worried.

New activity in the crater over the last few weeks has spurred the scientists into action as a new vent has opened up on the ledge just above the lava lake. This was preceded by a series of earthquakes that knocked large rocks off the crater walls that I had only recently scaled.

The ledge that the vent opened on is the one that I didn't make it down to, but the rest of the team did. However, I did stand directly above the area in which it opened, but, at the time, I took no notice of the nondescript ground far below me. I had zero inkling that less then 10 days after I left, magma would boil out of a newly formed crack in the earth.

The vent has formed on the side of the caldera closest to the city of Goma at the base of the mountain. In addition, new fumoroles (gas and steam vents) have opened up on the flank of the volcano close to where lava erupted in the 2002 eruption. In that eruption, 147 people lost their lives and over a third of Goma was destroyed.

The eruption was not explosive like Mount St. Helens, but instead, effusive like Mount Kilauea in Hawaii. During the eruption of Nyiragongo, lava flowed down the slopes from cracks in the side of the mountain at speeds that reached 100 km/h. The chemical composition of the rock makes the lava extremely liquid.

The concern right now is that this active phase could be a signal that a new eruption is imminent.

Since the 2002 eruption, the city has expanded, but still lacks basic infrastructure that would allow quick evacuation. Goma simply is not a city that can be evacuated fast.

When I was there, only a few roads were fully paved and those were within the city core. The sprawling conglomeration of tin roofed shacks and cinder block buildings stretched haphazardly in every direction. Despite the efforts to rebuild the city after the long civil war, it is functional but struggling. Evacuation is simply not an option. This is why observation and early warning are critical to survival in the city.

The proximity of the city to the mountain is why Nyiragongo has been declared a Decade Volcano. These are 16 volcanoes identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of particular study in light of their history of large, destructive eruptions and proximity to populated areas. Essentially, it's a list of the most dangerous volcanoes on the planet.

The greater danger lurks under the water of Lake Kivu. Goma sprawls out along the northern shore of the lake and deep in its depths is a massive amount of carbon dioxide that is slowly building thanks to the volcano.

Think of it like a pop bottle with the top on. Open it up and a bit of gas may fizz up. Now, shake that bottle and pop the top. The resulting eruption of gas and liquid will end up soaking the room and you.

Lake Kivu is similar, only on a far more vast scale. The weight of the water above the gas-saturated deep layers acts as a top, keeping the gas in solution. However, if the concentration of carbon dioxide builds to a critical level, it could all come out of the lake at once.

This isn't likely to happen any time soon as the concentration is still too low. The danger is disturbance. If the volcano erupts and lava makes it to the lake, an eruption of the gas, known as a limnic eruption, could take place. That eruption would spill titanic amounts of carbon dioxide into the areas around the lake and potentially kill hundreds of thousands of people.


WATCH: Top 5 most dangerous volcanoes in the world.




It is an eerie feeling to see these pictures of the Nyiragongo crater and realize that I was standing on a volcano that was mere moments from stirring to life. And a terrifying feeling that I may end up returning to a city that is slowly being engulfed in a new eruption of burning, liquid rock. - The Weather Network.






MONUMENTAL GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVALS: Massive 2015 Alaskan Landslide That Triggered A Mega-Tsunami Is Estimated To Be The BIGGEST NON-VOLCANIC Landslide In North American History - Over 200 MILLION METRIC TONS Of Rock Landed On The Tyndall Glacier!

The site of an October landslide in Taan Fiord, within Icy Bay, Alaska.
© Chris Larsen

April 11, 2016 - ALASKA - After a period of heavy rains, about 200 million metric tons of rock tumbled down a remote Southeast Alaska mountain. The massive landslide, lasting about 60 seconds, occurred on October 17, 2015, and landed on the toe of Tyndall Glacier and into Taan Fiord in Icy Bay, Alaska.

The event generated a local megatsunami that sheared trees more than 152.4 meters (500 feet) up on a peninsula within the fiord. It was big enough to register at the nearest tidal gauge 155 km (96.3 miles) away. For comparison, the 2011 tsunami in Japan reached about 39.6 meters (130 feet) above sea level.

This event, now estimated as the biggest nonvolcanic landslide, by volume, in North America's written history, was registered by special seismograms monitored by the Global CMT Project at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory whose seismologists Göran Ekström and Colin Stark have invented a new technique that uses seismic waves to detect landslides in remote areas where they might otherwise go unrecorded.


Spruce trees shaved off a peninsula within Taan Fiord by a landslide-generated wave last October.© Chris Larsen

Since winter snows hid the damage generated by the tsunami it took several months to see the extent of the damage. Upon hearing a report from a pilot colleague that the landslide area of Icy Bay was free of snow, glaciologist Chris Larsen of the University of Alaska Fairbanks' Geophysical Institute flew there in his Cessna 180. Larsen used a camera system mounted in his plane to make a high-resolution map of the landslide and the path of the megatsunami.

"It almost blows away everything in the historical record except for Lituya Bay," Larsen said. "It's really a unique event to have a tsunami 100 meters (328 feet) high. If it was September or any time in the summer, the wave could have gotten a fishing boat or two.

"The Lituya Bay landslide, Larsen referred to, occurred in 1958 after a powerful M8.0 earthquake. The wave that followed ripped spruce from 518 m (1 700 feet) up a mountain slope and left trimlines in the bay that are visible today.

Icy Bay and places like it will have more landslides as time goes on, Larsen said. Warmer temperatures melt more glacial ice that buttress hillsides. When the ice melts, oversteepened slopes will fail. Sometimes it takes a big rain or an earthquake to shake them down.

"These megatsunamis are infrequent in the historical record but will most likely increase," Larsen added. - The Watchers.








MONUMENTAL DELUGE: The Latest Reports Of High Tides, Heavy Rainfall, Flash Floods, Sea Level Rise, Widespread Flooding, And Catastrophic Storms - One Dead After Floods In Saudi Arabia, Qatar Sees 1 Year Of Rain ONE DAY; Floods In Malawi Leave At Least 12 DEAD And Force Thousands To Evacuate; Four Rescued From Floods After RECORD RAINFALL In Las Vegas; High Tides And Huge Waves Bring Flooding To Southwest UK! [PHOTOS + VIDEOS]

Saudi Arabia Civil Defence teams carrying out flood rescues in Buraidah, Al-Qassim Region. Photo: Saudi Arabia Civil Defence

April 11, 2016 - EARTH - The following list constitutes the latest reports of high tides, heavy rainfall, flash floods, widespread flooding, sea level rise and catastrophic storms.

1 dead after floods in Saudi Arabia, Qatar sees 1 year of rain in 1 day

Seasonal storms brought heavy rain to Qatar and central and eastern parts of Saudi Arabia on 25 November 2015.

Doha, Qatar, recorded more than a year’s worth of rain in one day. One person has been reported as killed in the floods in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia in what is the third deadly flood event to hit the country in the last 4 weeks.

Saudi Arabia

The state-run Saudi Press Agency reported earlier today that seasonal storms brought heavy rainfall in central and eastern areas of the country, causing severe flooding in Riyadh and Al-Qassim Regions.
Saudi Arabia civil defence report that 1 person has died in the floods in the province of Rimah, Riyadh Region, which is located about 120 kilometres north-east of the capital Riyadh.

Schools have been closed, roads blocked and in some cases flooding has forced drivers to abandon their vehicles. Saudi Arabia civil defence say they have responded to dozens of emergency calls. The city of Buraidah, Al-Qassim Region, is reported as one of the worst hit.


Rainfall totals for Qatar between 24 and 25 November 2015. Image: Qatar Meteorology Department

This is the third deadly flood to strike in Saudi Arabia in the last few weeks. Floods struck in Jeddah, Makkah and other western parts of the country on 17 November 2015, leaving as many as 12 dead. Six people died in floods that struck in late October.

Qatar

Parts of Qatar, including Doha, also saw heavy rainfall and floods. Qatar Meteorology Department say at least 80.8 mm of rain fell at Hamad International Airport in Doha, the highest ever recorded at that location and more than Doha would typically see in a whole year.

According to WMO figures, 3.3 mm is the typical monthly average for November and the total yearly average is around 75 mm.


Rainclouds over Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Image: Qatar Meteorology Department


The floods caused major problems for drivers. Qatar’s Interior Ministry warned drivers of the dangers of driving in floods and severe weather. No deaths or injuries have been reported in Qatar.

Some flooding was reported at Doha’s new $17 billion Hamad international airport. Social media photos and videos showed water pouring in from a leaking roof. However, flights were operating normally despite the weather conditions.

Social Media













Floods in Malawi leave at least 12 dead and force thousands to evacuate

© Malawi 24

Heavy rains which have persisted in the Northern and Central regions of Malawi for several days have led to fatal floods in some low-lying areas.

At least ten people are feared dead and hundreds of families displaced. A number of buildings and homes were also reported to have collapsed due to the floods. Many road networks were flooded and rendered impassable.

Mzuzu


According to Malawi Broadcasting Corporation (MBC), two people suffered serious injuries when a wall of their house collapsed after heavy rain. Both victims were taken to Mzuzu Central Hospital but both later died. Hospital administrator confirmed the deaths of a ten year old and an eleven month old child.

There are also unconfirmed reports that as many as 10 people have died as a result of floods in districts of Mzuzu.

Karonga


Local radio station, Capital FM Malawi reported earlier today that "over 958 households in Karonga have been relocated to safer areas following continued heavy rains and flooding in the district".

Local media have reported more than seventy families have been left homeless after floods in Karonga.


© Malawi 24


Relief Efforts

Relief efforts and help for flood victims appear to have been limited so far. Talking to Malawi 24, District Commissioner for Karonga Rosemary Moyo has expressed worry over the lack of interest from organisations to help the displaced people.

"We are worried that no organisation has come in to assist us as people who have been affected lack a lot of things," said Moyo.

143 mm of rain in 24 hours - more rain forecast for Lakeshore and Northern Areas


According to Malawi Meteorological Services, heavy rain was reported in several areas of Karonga district, Northern Region, on 06 April. Ngosi reported 143mm of rainfall in 24 hours. Mwenilondo recorded 125mm, Mwenetete 120.5mm, Mwaulambo 103.6mm, Chinsewe 85mm, Baka 80.5mm, Karonga Airport 76mm, Lupembe 51mm and Nyungwi 44.5mm during the same period.

On the same day Mzuzu reported 25.9mm, Chitipa 25.6mm, Chintheche 19.9mm and Nkhotakota 14.1mm.

On the 07 April, 2016, reports of heavy rainfall were as follows: Kabale Lyamayolo 86.5mm, Mwenilondo 61mm, Chisewe 42mm, Nkhatabay 40mm, Meru 38mm and Njalayankhunda 31mm.

According to the 5-day weather forecast by the Department of Climate Change and Meteorological Services, heavy rains are forecast to continue in the northern areas and areas around Lake Malawi.

Malawi suffered some of the worst floods in its history during January 2015. At the peak of the 2015 floods 245 square miles of the country was under water and 120,000 households displaced.




Four rescued from floods after record rainfall in Las Vegas

Record rain caused flash floods in the Las Vegas Valley area on Saturday, 09 April. Local fire fighters were called out to rescue at least 4 people who were trapped in the flood waters.

At around 13:00 local time, National Weather Service (NWS) Las Vegas issued a flash flood warning for much of the Vegas valley until later that day. NWS said:
“Wait floods out; avoid flooded roadways!”
The recent heavy rainfall has already made April 2016 the third wettest April on record in Las Vegas.

Flood Rescues

Clark County Fire Department officials said they responded to several people trapped by storm waters. In a statement, they said that a man became trapped in the flood control channel under the Dean Martin overpass by raising water from a heavy rain. Personnel from Engine 11 lowered ladders to the victim and rigged safety lines downstream as a safety precaution in case the victim was swept away. The victim was rescued uninjured.
Rescue team later found 3 other victims who were trapped in the same flood control channel. Emergency teams were able to safely rescue all three adults, although one sustained a minor leg injury and was was transported to Spring Valley Hospital.

Clark County Fire Department said:
“At this time of year it is important to remind everyone to remain clear of flood control channels and flooded roads. Remember as little 12 inches of moving water can float a vehicle”.

Record Rainfall

NWS Las Vegas said that 0.81 inches of rain fell on 09 April, beating the previous record for that day of 0.17” of 1947.
NWS Vegas also said that as much as 1.03” of rain has fallen so far this April, making it the third wettest April on record so far, behind 1965 (2.44”) and 1941 (1.68”).

Social Media













High tides and huge waves bring flooding to southwest UK

A combination of high spring tides and winds of 65 mph (120 km/h) caused coastal flooding in parts of Cornwall and Devon in south west England yesterday, Sunday 10 April, 2016. Also over the weekend, high tides and heavy rain conspired to flood wide areas of Cork, Ireland.

Southwest England

Huge waves crashed into towns and villages along the coast. The UK’s Met Office issued a warning about the significant impacts from coastal flooding along the south Cornwall coast and on the Isles of Scilly on Sunday morning. At one point on Sunday, 29 flood warnings – the second highest category – and 37 flood alerts had been issued by the Environment Agency, mostly for parts of Cornwall and Devon.The Environment Agency closely monitored the situation and had teams out checking and operating coastal flood defences. Timely warnings and preventative action meant that damage was kept to a minimum and no fatalities or injuries have been reported.

Some flooding was reported in the Cornish towns of Penzance, Kingsand, St Mawes, Porthleven and Mousehole. High waves overtopped sea defences in Exmouth, Devon. Flooding was also reported in Dawlish, Devon, after waves topped sea defences. Parts of the sea wall and railway lines in Dawlish were destroyed by waves and coastal flooding during a storm in February 2014.


 









Cork Ireland

The severe weather also brought some flooding to parts of Ireland on Sunday, 10 April, 2016, in particular Cork, where the combination of winds, rain and high tide left several streets under water.







 



- Floodlist.







ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Migratory Patterns And Disaster Precursors - Lost Snowy Owl Seen In Cornwall, England In A Strange Case Of Wrong Time, Wrong Place?!

Snowy owl

April 11, 2016 - ENGLAND - The scene of engine houses against the backdrop of a crisp blue sky might be fairly common in Cornwall, but what is not is the small white bird nestling in the hedgerow.

This snowy owl, which was snapped by photographer Adam Whitehouse, was probably trying to gather its bearings after flying way off course.

The eye-catching birds are native to Arctic regions in North America and Eurasia rather than the tip of West Cornwall.




Mr Whitehouse said the pretty white visitor stopped off for a spell at St Just on April 4 and was pictured here just above Kenidjack Valley.

He said it was not the only rare visitor of late and in the same few days a number of other Arctic birds have been seen in the area, including a rare Gyr falcon in the same location and an Iceland gull on the beach.


- Plymouth Herald.




SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: Weather Phenomenon - Stunning Double Rainbow, Mammatus Clouds Create Epic Sky Over Newark, Delaware!

© Weatherman111 via Instagram

April 11, 2016 - DELAWARE, UNITED STATES - A double rainbow is an awesome meteorological phenomenon on its own.

But when mammatus clouds appear at the same time... It becomes epic.

This is what happened in the sky of Newark, Delaware on April 7, 2016. In a double rainbow, a second arc is seen outside the primary arc, and has the order of its colours reversed, with red on the inner side of the arc.

Mammatus are pouch-like cloud structures and a rare example of clouds in sinking air.

Sometimes very ominous in appearance, mammatus clouds are harmless and do not mean that a tornado is about to form.


© jackiefabs218 via Instagram

© Mraaronprice via Instaram

© Bluehenweather via Instagram

In fact, mammatus are usually seen after the worst of a thunderstorm has passed.

Mammatus are long lived if the sinking air contains large drops and snow crystals since larger particles require greater amounts of energy for evaporation to occur.

Mammatus typically develop on the underside of a thunderstorm's anvil and can be a remarkable sight, especially when sunlight is reflected off of them.  - Strange Sounds.