Tuesday, April 19, 2016

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Explosion Detected At Cleveland Volcano In Aleutian Chain, Alaska - Aviation Alert Issued!

A small explosion at the volcano was recorded on April 16, by both infrasound (air pressure) and seismic data. No ash plume could be observed due to cloud cover. AVO raised the alert status of Cleveland to Orange. Since the small eruption on Saturday morning, no other signs of eruptive activity have been detected.

April 19, 2016 - ALASKA - Scientists have raised the threat level at Alaska’s Cleveland volcano from yellow to orange after detecting a low-level eruption on Saturday morning – sparking fears that the rumble could be a precursor to a bigger eruption.

Jessica Larsen, with the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, said scientists had not seen evidence for ash in satellite images.

“We detected an explosion using infrasound equipment, which basically senses air pressure and it can detect explosions from really far away, like in remote volcanoes like Cleveland,” said Jessica Larsen, with the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute.

“And then it also showed up on the seismic data. So we would classify that as an eruption. Usually these eruptions from Cleveland can be short duration explosions and then some variable amount of time might pass before we see another one.”

Larsen said there was no evidence of increased activity at the volcano in the days leading up to the eruption.

AVO was not able to get an immediate look at the volcano, as cloud coverage in the area prevented satellite viewing. So far no ash cloud has been reported and Larsen said no aviation warnings have been issued.

The volcano’s color code status was upgraded to orange while the alert level is at “watch,” currently.

The Cleveland Volcano is located on the western side of Chuginadak Island, an uninhabited island in the eastern Aleutian Islands. The Tana Volcano is also on the island, but Larsen said it is less active than Cleveland.

“We typically monitor Cleveland because it’s frequently active,” she said.

The last significant activity exhibited by the Cleveland Volcano occurred in 2001, according to AVO, when “three explosive events” created an ash cloud that went as high as 39,000 feet, as well as a lava flow and “hot avalanche” that reached the water. - NWO Report | Volcano Discovery.

MONUMENTAL DELUGE: Major Storm Dumps Flood Of BIBLICAL PROPORTIONS On Houston, Texas - Over 20-INCHES OF Rainfall; At Least 5 Dead; Refrigerator Turns Into Boat; City Shuts Down; Many Homes Damaged; Thousands Of Water Rescues; Hundreds Of Flights Canceled Or Delayed; Storm System Also Dumped 50 INCHES OF SNOW In Pinecliffe, Colorado; Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner Called The Historic Event "UNPRECEDENTED"; Flash Flood EMERGENCY Still In Effect; Flooding Still Ongoing [PHOTOS + MAPS + VIDEOS]

This family escaped floodwaters in a refrigerator. David J. Phillip, AP

April 19, 2016 - TEXAS, UNITED STATES - Drenching rain, which brought flash floods to much of eastern and southern Texas on Sunday and Monday, deluged Houston, killing five and leading to scores of water rescues.

Harris County Judge Ed Emmett said two people died in a vehicle that ignored barricades at a freeway underpass. He said traffic cameras recorded the vehicle going around the blockade and head into the water. The vehicle didn’t make it through.

Two deaths reported earlier Monday included one man found inside a truck that that drove into high water on a freeway service road.

Harris County Precinct Sgt. Herbert Martinez says crews monitoring the high water on the road saw the man in the 18-wheeler truck drive directly into the water. He says it’s possible the driver may have suffered some kind of medical emergency.

Another man, identified only as a contractor working for the city’s airport system, also was found dead in a submerged vehicle not far from Houston Intercontinental Airport.

In Waller County, west of Houston, the Royal Independent School District confirmed Monday evening that teacher Charles Odum died in rising floodwaters.

Jose Romero, left, and a fellow resident make their way through floodwaters as they try to reach their flooded apartments on April 18, 2016, in Houston. 
David J. Phillip, AP

Residents are helped into the back of a truck as they leave their apartment complex surrounded by floodwaters in Houston.  David J. Phillip, AP

Residents of the Arbor Court apartments evacuate their flooded apartment complex in Woodlands a north suburb of Houston.   Brett Coomer, AP

Craig Baldwin picks up debris in his garage as he cleans up after his home was flooded in Woodlands, a north suburb of Houston.   Brett Coomer, AP

Edgar Peneda, of Roadway Construction, inspects a collapsed retention wall along eastbound U.S. Highway 290 in Houston.   Gary Coronado, AP

Residents of the Arbor Court apartments evacuate their flooded apartment complex in Woodlands, a north suburb of Houston.  Brett Coomer, AP

Alberto Lopez, right, helps his wife Glenda wade through floodwaters as they evacuate their flooded apartment complex April 18, 2016, in Houston.
David J. Phillip, AP

Residents use an air mattress to float on floodwaters as they evacuate their flooded apartment complex in Houston.   David J. Phillip, AP

Justin Nelzen, in red vest, joins others as they work to rescue up to 70 horses along Cypresswood Drive near Humble along Cypress Creek on April 18, 2016,
in Houston.  Mark Mulligan, Houston Chronicle, via AP

Felix Yanez, center, helps Lucy Olvio, right, and Judy wade through floodwaters as they evacuate from their flooded apartment complex in Houston. 
David J. Phillip, AP

Margarita Uribe, left, and her husband, Juan Juarez, wade through floodwaters as they evacuate their flooded apartment complex on April 18, 2016, in Houston. Storms
have dumped more than a foot of rain in the Houston area, flooding dozens of neighborhoods and forcing the closure of city offices and the suspension of public
transit.  David J. Phillip, AP

A resident looks out from the second floor as floodwaters surround his apartment complex on April 18, 2016, in Houston.  David J. Phillip, AP

As Greens Bayou starts to crest its banks, a man rescues an armadillo from floodwaters in Houston on April 18, 2016.  Steve Gonzales, Houston Chronicle, via AP

Darius Simon, second from left, helps his mother Carol, evacuate her flooded apartment complex along with his brother Dominique and son,
Isaac Hernandez, on April 18, 2016, in Houston.  David J. Phillip, AP

A man rides on the outside of a dump truck through floodwaters on April 18, 2016, in Houston.  David J. Phillip, AP

Jose Romero, left, and a fellow resident make their way through floodwaters as they try to reach their flooded apartments on April 18, 2016, in Houston. 
David J. Phillip, AP

Residents use an air mattress to evacuate an apartment complex surrounded by floodwaters Monday, April 18, 2016, in Houston. David J. Phillip, AP

Richard Lopez and Allie Hairford-Siemens hold the reins of three horses as they lead them from the back of truck through flood water along
Cypress Rosehill Rd. in Cypress, Texas on April 18, 2016. David J. Phillip, AP

Kaicee Crowley walks through floodwaters to get belongings out of her stranded car on April 18, 2016. David J. Phillip, AP

A resident carries her dog through floodwaters. David J. Phillip, AP

David J. Phillip, AP

Monday was one of the rainiest single days ever recorded in Houston, with nearly 10 inches of rain reported at the city's official weather observing location at the airport as of mid-afternoon.

Hundreds of homes and many major roads were flooded out in the Houston area, forcing schools, governments and businesses to close and causing power outages for thousands of residents.

Many areas reported over a foot of rain. One spot near Houston unofficially recorded as much as 20 inches.

Nearly 900 water rescues were performed in the city of Houston alone, and 1,222 total in the metro area, according to Harris County officials.

The National Weather Service called it a "historic rainfall event" for the region.

A flash flood emergency was in effect on Monday for the Houston area, and the weather service warned residents to stay off the roads.

The city opened several emergency shelters throughout the region, AccuWeather reported.

Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner called the flooding "unprecedented" in the city. More than 100 water rescues were performed overnight, he said at a press conference Monday morning.

Seven bayous were over their banks in Houston, Turner said.

The weather service said flooding was ongoing and warned residents to stay out of the floodwater, noting the risk of drowning along with potential encounters with "chemicals, ants and snakes."

Parts of northwest Harris County and the nearby communities saw rates of 2 to 4 inches of rain per hour.

Hundreds of flights at both Houston airports were canceled or delayed.Several school districts and many government buildings in the Houston area were closed Monday.

The storms were part of a wide weather system that left warnings and watches through Tuesday morning for Austin, San Antonio, Dallas, Fort Worth, and as far east as Texarkana.

Texas Gov. Greg Abbott says some taxpayers affected by severe rain and flooding will qualify for an extension to file their federal tax returns that were due at midnight.

 WATCH: Historic floods hit Houston.

Abbott said Monday that his office had been in contact with the IRS about pushing the tax filing deadline for those in areas inundated by heavy downpours. More than a foot of rain dumped on parts of Houston and knocked out power to thousands of residents.

The storms were from the same system that walloped the Rockies with heavy snow over the weekend, including more than 50 inches in Pinecliffe, Colo.

In Austin, flash flood watches and warnings were issued; some extend until Tuesday morning.The weather service issued flood watches and warnings for parts of North, Central and South Texas on Monday. Many areas could see 3 to 8 inches of rain; isolated pockets could get even more.In the Dallas-Fort Worth area, a flash flood watch remains in the area through Tuesday morning with rain continuing in the forecast through at least Wednesday into Thursday. Road closures have been reported and commuters are urged to exercise caution on roadways.

In Johnson County, south of Fort Worth, more than 30 road closures were reported.

There were also reports of voluntary evacuations underway in the community of Horseshoe Bend in Parker County, west of Fort Worth. - USA Today.

FUK-U-SHIMA: Surge In Babies Being Born With EXTRA ARMS, LEGS After Fukushima - "I Feel Officials Know The Cause Is RADIATION"; Nurse Says Many Are Getting ABORTIONS To Avoid "INCONVENIENT BABIES"; "High Number Of Stillbirths"; Many People Reporting CANCERS, EVEN FAR AWAY From Fukushima! [VIDEO]

File photo.

April 19, 2016 - JAPAN - The following excerpts were taken from LaborNet TV (subtitles by Emiko Suehiro), on February 24, 2016 (emphasis added):

  • Satomi Horikiri, Host (8:30 in): Have you heard of any health hazards in Fukushima?

  • Hisae Unuma, evacuee Futabamachi: I know many saying they have cancers, even in Saitama Prefecture

  • Setsuko Kida, evacuee from Tomiokamachi: My daughter [got] pregnant in the fall of 2013, but she was diagnosed with tethered miscarriage the womb grew… but her unborn baby didn’t grow at all. She… got a second opinion from another clinic in Mito, only to get the same result. When the Mito doctor asked her why she came for the second opinion, she told she couldn’t trust the doctor in Fukushima… Many with a birth defect were born after Hiroshima/Nagasaki A-bomb, but the number dropped in one or two years. I only knew the reason in 2013; many women had to have an abortion, so that inconvenient babies wouldn’t be born One month later, I was happy to know my daughter got pregnant. But in only 3 months my daughter told me the bad news and my mind got flooded with that story of Hiroshima/Nagasaki. That’s where I started to doubt.

    Although I asked the doctor to wait and see since my daughter could give birth if she tried, but the doctor said that the unborn child inside her was not alive anymore So she had the abortion. My daughter called and told her friend about her abortion… She was told that out of 4 in her friends group, 3, including herself, had abortion during early pregnancy. The only one who could give birth was told by her doctor that she was unable to give birth because of the baby’s weak heart sound. So my daughter began to doubt her doctor, thinking her unborn baby could have made it. I became doubtful as well. A nurse I knew told me that many get abortions in Fukushima. My daughter and friends are just a few of those.

  • Host: That is a painful story.

  • Kida: A year later I got to hear first hand cases of babies with a structural birth defect or polymelia ["Birth defect in which the affected individual has more than the usual number of limbs" -Source] twice as many. I feel our gov’t or the medical university knows the cause is the radiation My daughter remembers the words by her doctor… “We’ll send this cell to Fukushima Medical”… Why do they have to send a cell of aborted fetus? Is that what they had been doing? For what?

  • Host: So many doubtful things going on…

  • Kida (23:15 in): I just shared the story about my daughter’s abortion and high number of stillbirths. Whenever I deliver such a message I’m told to shut up. People say it’s a delicate issue, bad influence on Fukushima reconstruction or no data to back up. But more than 10 girls had similar experience as my daughter’s. Actually one woman was recommended to get an abortion at 6 months pregnancy last summer, and her unborn baby lacking one arm, one leg, with only 3 fingers on its foot The nuclear reactors exploded, melted through… contaminated water keeps flowing into the Pacific Ocean. That’s the reason they asked not to restart nuclear plants. But isn’t the real reason the health hazard caused by radiation coming out? Health hazards are actually caused, and we have to send out such messages. But if we denied health problems… that would be the same as what Tepco or the gov’t is doing.

WATCH: Structural birth defects detected following Fukushima.

- Compiled by ENE News.

MONUMENTAL DELUGE: The Latest Reports Of High Tides, Heavy Rainfall, Flash Floods, Sea Level Rise, Widespread Flooding, And Catastrophic Storms - Chile Hit By Massive Floods, Power Outages, Mine Shut, At Least 2 Dead, OVER 4 MILLION PEOPLE Left With No Fresh Water; Floods In 3 Regions Of Russia Affect 10,000 PEOPLE And Damage 2,500 Homes! [PHOTOS + VIDEOS]

April 19, 2016 - EARTH - The following list constitutes the latest reports of high tides, heavy rainfall, flash floods, widespread flooding, sea level rise and catastrophic storms.

Chile hit by massive floods, power outages, mine shut, at least 2 dead, over 4 million people left with no fresh water

Chile’s capital, Santiago, has been inundated by rains that caused the Mapocho River to breach its banks and flow into one of the city’s upbeat neighborhoods. The calamity has killed at least two people and left four million more short of water.

The intense rains that have been pouring down since Friday caused the Mapocho River to overflow for the first time in 30 years, mostly into the wealthy neighborhood of Providencia, with water streaming into cafes, shops, and underground car parking.

Teams from GOPE searching for the missing in El Melocotón, San José de Maipo, Región Metropolitana, Chile Photo; GOPE / Carabineros de Chile

Teams from GOPE searching for the missing in San Fernando, Colchagua, O’Higgins region. Photo; GOPE / Carabineros de Chile

Drinking water distribution point set up by the Municipality of Santiago, Chile. Photo: Municipalidad de Santiago

The local government blames the incident on the poorly designed roads that led a canal built to hold 80 cubic meters of water to exceed its capacity. Sacyr SA and Costanera Norte SA, the companies in charge of the road construction, which was part of a $197 million project designed to enhance the city’s highway system, have been put under investigation.

The flooding triggered landslides into the Maipo and Mapocho Rivers, killing at least two people and cutting more than four million residents off from the fresh water.

The rains also forced Chile’s Codelco copper mine company, the world’s largest, to suspend operations at its El Teniente underground mine, which is located approximately 150 kilometers south of Santiago, as some parts have reportedly been flooded, inflicting damage to its equipment.

“Service restoration work to resume production is estimated to take at least three days, equivalent to 5,000 metric tons of copper production,” the company said in a statement.

WATCH: Monumental deluge in Chile.

Authorities have been implementing an emergency plan and 60 water trucks have been sent to the affected areas. The Office of National Emergencies has issued a red alert due to the muddied waters and called on citizens to carefully control their water use and save as much as possible.

The rains peaked on Saturday after covering Chile’s capital, resulting in power cuts and landslides. Many schools were forced to cancel classes due to the quagmire in the streets.

Floods in 3 regions of Russia affect 10,000 and damage 2,500 homes

Major floods have been affecting central and northern areas of Russia since 12 April, 2016, mainly as a result of snow melt and ice jams.

Over 2,500 homes have been damaged and 10,000 people affected in the three regions of Vologda, Tyumen and Sverdlovskaya.

Vologda Oblast

In Vologda Oblast, local authorities say flooding has been reported in 22 towns in the region, mostly in the Veliky Ustyug District, with more than 1900 houses flooded, affecting over 6,000 people.

Regional authorities have called for help from the federal government. Oleg A. Kuvshinnikov, Governor of Vologda Oblast, said in a statement earlier today, "We are counting on federal support for disaster management." The Emergencies Minister Vladimir Puchkov announced that he is to visit the Vologda Region to personally oversee flood mitigation efforts and the provision of aid and temporary shelters to flood victims. More than 380 people and 120 units of equipment, including helicopters, UAVs and boats, are involved in flood mitigation operations.

Floods in Veliky Ustyug, Vologda, April 2016. Photo credit, Vologda Oblast
Floods in Veliky Ustyug, Vologda, April 2016. Photo credit, Vologda Oblast

Russia's Emergency Control Ministry (EMERCON) say that the adverse flood situation in Veliky Ustyug District is a result of the buildup of ice near the settlement of Krasavino.

Over the last two days, the water level near Veliky Ustyug has twice reached critical level.

Teams from EMERCOM have managed to lower the water level by blasting two ice jams with explosives. Another ice jam, this time in Arkhangelsk Obalst, is also being cleared by ERMERCOM. Last week teams worked to clear an ice jam on the Sukhona River in Nyuksenitsa District.

Ice jam blasts in Russia. Photo: EMERCOM

Tyumen Oblast

Last week, similar floods affected parts of Tyumen Oblast in the Ural Federal District. In a statement of 14 April, emergency management officials said that relief operations were underway in 53 communities. Over 740 homes have been flooded, affecting almost 3,000 people. The worst-hit area is the town of Ishim, where 518 houses have been flooded.

Flood rescue in Tyumen. Photo: EMERCOM

Emergency Ministry rescuers worked with local governments to evacuate people from dangerous areas to temporary shelters on boats.

Sverdlovskaya Oblast

In Irbit, a small town located 203 kilometers from Yekaterinburg in Sverdlovskaya Oblast, EMERCOM teams were called in to carry out a very different rescue.

Ostrich rescue. Photo: EMERCOM

Eleven ostriches from a local farm had become trapped in flood waters on 14 April. The rescue operation of the flood-trapped birds was led by an ornithologist from Yekaterinburg. To evacuate them, rescuers had to use special equipment provided by the Emergency Ministry. The rescuers had to get to the flooded farm on a special floating transport, with a truck and cages onboard. All birds, emergency and farm personnel evacuated the floods safely.

Around 10 family homes were also flooded in Irbit.

WATCH: Floods in Russia.

- RT | Floodlist.                              

PLANETARY TREMORS: It's Shaking All Over - Magnitude 5.9 Earthquake Rocks South Georgia; Magnitude 5.9 Tremor Rattles Isangel, Vanuatu; And Magnitude 5.6 Temblor Strikes Near Illapel, Chile! [MAPS]

USGS earthquake locations of 4.5 magnitude or higher over the last 7 days.

April 19, 2016 - EARTH - The following constitutes several of the most noteworthy earthquakes to the planet over the last 24 hours, as we continue to monitor the global seismic uptick.

Magnitude 5.9 earthquake rocks South Georgia

USGS earthquake location.

A magnitude 5.9 earthquake recently struck north of South Georgia on Tuesday (April 19, 2016), as reported by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) earthquake bulletin.

The earthquake's epicenter was recorded at 119 kilometers north of Visokoi Island, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands at 1:25 pm of Tuesday (Philippine time).

A slight tremor has also affected nearby areas such as areas of Argentina - Ushuaia, Rio Gallegos, Puerto Deseado - and Stanley in Falkland Islands.

No casualties were reported as of this posting.

Magnitude 5.9 earthquake rattles Isangel, Vanuatu

USGS earthquake location.

An earthquake of magnitude 5.9 has struck near the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu, the US Geological Survey (USGS) says.

The earthquake struck 19km west-south-west of  Isangel, Vanuatu, at 13:06:09 (UTC) at a depth of 65.8 km (40.9 miles), the USGS said.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre did not issue a Pacific-wide tsunami warning.

"Based on all available data a destructive Pacific-wide tsunami is not expected," the centre said. 

Magnitude 5.6 earthquake strikes near Illapel in Chile

USGS earthquake location.

A moderate earthquake with magnitude 5.6  was reported 9 kilometers (6 miles) from Illapel in Chile on Monday.

A tsunami warning has not been issued (Does not indicate if a tsunami actually did or will exist).

The temblor occurred at a depth of 39.42 km (24 miles) below the earth’s surface.

Epicenter of the event was 82 km (51 miles) from La Ligua.

- Manila Bulletin | ENT | USGS.                                            

SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Taliban Resurgence - At Least 28 Killed, 327 Injured In Kabul Suicide Blast! [PHOTOS + VIDEOS]

Twitter: Daily Express

April 19, 2016 - KABUL, AFGHANISTAN - A huge explosion has rocked Kabul close to the US embassy, and several Afghan government ministries and security agencies. At least 28 people have been killed in the attack, AFP cited local police chief, while the Health Ministry confirmed 327 injured.

Reports of the number of injured vary. According to Pajhwok Afghan News, at least 100 people were wounded in the attack. Tolo news cited officials from Afghan Health Ministry who confirmed that some 198 people were injured in the Kabul suicide bombing.

The casualties are expected to rise, Health Ministry spokesman Ismail Kawosi told Reuters, adding that civilians and Afghan security soldiers were among those killed and injured in the attack.

"Today's terrorist attack near the Puli Mahmood Khan area of Kabul City shows the clear defeat of the enemy in the face-to-face fight against Afghan security forces," the Afghan presidential palace said in a statement on Twitter.

At least eight Afghan soldiers suffered minor injuries in the blast, a spokesman for an emergency hospital in Kabul said, Reuters reported.

Ghani slammed the attack “in the strongest possible terms,” adding that the offices of Afghanistan's main security agency were the target.

Photos have emerged showing plumes of smoke rising over the city center. According to Afghan Tolo news, a suicide bomber detonated explosive-laden vehicle outside Afghan Secret Service unit. The Taliban has claimed responsibility for the suicide attack, Zabihullah Mujahid, a spokesman for the militant group said, as cited by AP.

WATCH: Suicide blast in Kabul.

A separate statement on the Taliban’s website said that a suicide car bomber blew himself up in front of the office of National Directorate of Security, Reuters reported. The group claimed that Taliban fighters, including more suicide bombers, had entered the compound.

The blast took place in Wazir Akbar Khan neighborhood, one of the most affluent districts in the Afghan capital, a few hundred meters from the presidential palace, known as Arg. Also major Afghan security agencies, including the headquarters of the International Security Assistance Force and the Defense Ministry, are located in the area.

Eyewitnesses told the news agency they heard gunfire over half an hour after the explosion. The gunfire was also confirmed by police.

The US embassy and NATO headquarters said they were not affected by the blast.The explosion took place a week after the Taliban announced its spring offensive, pledging to launch operations against government strongholds and guerrilla attacks to drive Afghanistan's government from power. Dubbed “Operation Omari” – after the late Taliban founder Mullah Mohammad Omar – the offensive will also include assassinations, the Islamist group said in a statement. - RT.

INFRASTRUCTURE COLLAPSE: Bus Crashes Into A Gorge In Odisha, India - 30 People Killed; 8 Others Injured!

At least 30 people were killed and eight injured when a bus carrying over 40 artistes of an opera team fell down a 300-feet gorge in Odisha's Deogarh district.

April 19, 2016 - ODISHA, INDIA - At least 30 people were killed and eight injured when a bus carrying over 40 artistes of an opera team fell down a 300-feet gorge in Odisha's Deogarh district on Sunday evening, officials said.

Fire services DG Binay Behera said 27 bodies had been recovered from the spot during the rescue operations while three people died while being rushed to the district headquarters hospital.

The bus of the Bharati Gananatya opera party was returning to Remta in Bargarh district from Deogarh while fell into the gorge off the Tilaebani Gaelo ghat, Deogarh Superintendent of Police Sarah Sharma told media persons.

Rescue operations have been intensified with the help of fire officials, Odisha Disaster Response Force (ODRAF), police personnel and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) troopers, she informed.

Senior police and administrative officials were present at the spot to supervise the operations, Sharma said.

Director General of Police K.B. Singh told the media that eight critically injured people have been admitted in district hospital. He said rescue operations were on to find out more people trapped inside the bus.

The victims are yet to be identified. The district administration has issued two helpline numbers.

Odisha chief minister Naveen Patnaik expressed grief over the incident and directed officials to speed up rescue operation. - NDTV.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Mexico's Popocatepetl Volcano Erupts - Sending Ash Almost Two Miles Into The Sky! [VIDEOS]

© YouTube/Vicente Alvarez

April 19, 2016 - MEXICO - The Popocatépetl volcano in Mexico erupted overnight, sending lava flying as far as a mile away from the mountain.

The Puebla airport, directly east of the volcano, has been closed and officials are urging residents to wear masks and avoid inhaling ash covering the city.

There are approximately 25 million people who live within 62 miles, or 100 kilometers, of the active volcano.

The eruption of the 17,797-foot stratovolcano, the second highest peak in Mexico, began around 2:30AM, sending ash almost two miles into the sky.

Popocatépetl is the most active volcano in the country, with documented eruptions dating back to the arrival of the Spanish in 1519.

WATCH: Popocatepetl erupts.

It has been active since 1991, after being dormant for approximately half a century.

Since 1993, smoke has constantly billowed from the crater.

The most recent eruption was April 3, just 15 days ago.

The name Popocatépetl is derived from the Nahuatl words popōca 'it smokes' and tepētl meaning 'mountain,' translating to Smoking Mountain.

Among locals, it is commonly referred to as El Popo. - Sputnik.