Sunday, April 24, 2016

FRINGE STARGATE: The Event Horizon - Scientists At CERN's Just Released 300 TERABYTES Of Large Hadron Collider Data Into OPEN ACCESS!

April 24, 2016 - GENEVA, SWITZERLAND
- Cancel your plans for this weekend! CERN just dropped 300 terabytes of hot collider data on the world and you know you want to take a look.

Kati Lassila-Perini, a physicist who works on the Compact Muon Solenoid (!) detector, gave a refreshingly straightforward explanation for this huge release.

“Once we’ve exhausted our exploration of the data, we see no reason not to make them available publicly,” she said in a news release accompanying the data. “The benefits are numerous, from inspiring high school students to the training of the particle physicists of tomorrow. And personally, as CMS’s data preservation coordinator, this is a crucial part of ensuring the long-term availability of our research data.”

Amazing that this perspective is not more widely held — though I suspect it is, by the scientists at least, if not the publishers and department heads who must think of the bottom line.

The data itself is from 2011, much of it from protons colliding at 7 TeV (teraelectronvolts, you know) and producing those wonderful fountains of rare particles we all love to fail to understand. All told, it’s about half the total data collected by the CMS detector, and makes up about 2.5 inverse femtobarns. But who’s counting?

There’s both the raw data from the detectors (so you can verify the results) and also “derived” datasets that are more easy to work with — and don’t worry, CERN is providing the tools to do so, as well. There’s a whole CERN Linux environment ready for booting up in a virtual machine, and a bunch of scripts and apps (some are on GitHub, too).

Just messing around in the same computing environment used by researchers plumbing the depths of the universe would be an interesting way to spend a few labs in a college physics course. There are even “masterclasses,” data sets and tools specially curated for high school kids.

This is only the latest of several data dumps, but it’s also by far the largest. A more detailed explanation of the types of data and how they can be accessed is right here. - Tech Crunch.

MONUMENTAL SOLAR SYSTEM CHANGES: Jupiter Dazzles With "NORTHERN LIGHTS" - Spectacular Image Shows Magnificent Auroras After Solar Storms; HUNDREDS OF TIMES MORE POWERFUL Than Earth's!

Artistic rendering of the Jupiter’s aurora and magnetosphere.

April 24, 2016 - SPACE - Jupiter boasts some of the most powerful aurora in the solar system. Compared to the Earth’s aurora, it is a few hundred times more powerful and brighter in the all spectrum range. What causes Jupiter’s powerful aurora? Several hypotheses have been proposed, but it has remained a mystery due to a lack of observational evidences.

Jupiter’s X-ray aurora, which is observed in the X-ray spectrum region, is thought to sparkle when oxygen and sulfur ion particles moving at nearly the velocity of light strike the Jupiter’s atmosphere. How can these ions be accelerated to such high speed? There are two leading hypotheses. The first one assumes that the solar wind speeding up the ions, similar to the case of the Earth’s aurora. The other proposes that the ions are being accelerated by the rapid spin of the Jupiter, the Jupiter’s own magnetic field and plasma provided by the Jupiter’s satellite Io.

Monitor observations of the Jupiter’s X-ray aurora are essential to compare several parameters of the X-ray aurora, such as brightness at each location, with the changes in the solar wind. For example, a correlation between the solar wind and the X-ray aurora supports the first hypothesis (the ions are accelerated by the solar wind) observationally.

Using the Spectroscopic Planet Observatory for Recognition of Interaction of Atmosphere "HISAKI" (SPRINT-A), the Chandra X-ray Observatory and X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton), scientists monitored the Jupiter’s X-ray aurora for two weeks in April 2014.

“We estimated the variation of the solar wind at Jupiter by HISAKI’s data. The data of the solar wind at the Earth was available. However, when this observation was conducted, Jupiter was in particular far from the Earth. The estimated pressure and velocity of the solar wind at the Jupiter location is much less accurate if we extrapolated these values observed at the Earth.” Kimura, the research team lead, explains. The results show the strong correlation between the velocity of the solar wind and the strength of the X-ray aurora. Although previous studies indicated the correlation between the pressure of the solar wind and the strength of the X-ray aurora, this is the first time to show the velocity of the solar wind affects the strength of the X-ray aurora. Since the Jupiter’s aurora at other spectral range is thought to get kicked off by the planet-moon interaction, not by solar activity, this study suggests the X-ray aurora sparks by different mechanism from the Jupiter’s aurora emitting light in other wavelength ranges.

Kimura continues, “We observed the X-ray aurora for 10 hours once-daily, 6 times in total. Thanks to the high resolving power of the Chandra X-ray observatory, we could obtain the detailed spatial structure and its time variations of the X-ray aurora. The spectral data taken by the XMM-Newton told us the volcanic gases from the satellite Io and oxygen atoms can exist in the solar wind emit X-ray. “

The long-time observation by the Chandra also elucidated the fine spatial structure of the X-ray aurora and precise measurement of time variations. Kimura says, “Using the observational data and a numerical model of the Jupiter’s magnetic field, we studied the spatial distribution of the magnetic flux line of the X-ray aurora at the Jupiter’s magnetosphere. Our estimation shows the lines of magnetic force piercing the X-ray aurora connect with the boundary surface between the Jupiter’s magnetosphere and the solar wind. Together with this and the correlation between the velocity of the solar wind and the strength of the X-ray aurora, we believe the solar wind causes the X-ray aurora.”

Spatial distribution of the magnetic flux line of the X-ray aurora at the Jupiter’s magnetosphere.

Another study out today, led by William Dunn from UCL and co-authored by the JAXA research team also analyzed the X-ray data taken in 2011. Despite the complete difference in condition of the solar wind observed in 2014, the team found the similar trends, i.e., the correlation between the solar wind and the strength of the X-ray aurora, and the lines of magnetic force connected with the outer region of the Jupiter’s magnetosphere. These are consistent with the results based on the observations in 2014.’

So you are aware, we’ve included the following paragraph in our release about Tomoki’s paper (as well as including a full list of authors and bibliographic information of the paper):

‘Another study out today, led by Tomoki Kimura from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and co-authored by the UCL researchers, reports that the X-ray aurora responds to quieter ‘gusts’ of solar wind, deepening this connection between Jupiter and the solar wind.’

Observation by HISAKI and the Hubble Space Telescope in January 2014 focused on precipitations of the Jupiter’s aurora in UV. This research concluded the Jupiter’s high spin resulted in the precipitations of the UV aurora. The results of the X-ray and UV aurora suggest that the both mechanisms, the Jupiter’s rapid spin and the solar wind, cause the Jupiter’s powerful aurora phenomenon.

Yamazaki, the HISAKI project manager tells, “Auroras in atmospheres of other planets can be formed by the mechanisms similar to the Jupiter. For example, there is a high possibility of similar phenomena in the atmosphere of Saturn, because plasma particles originated from water of the Saturn’s satellite Enceladus are captured by the Saturn’s magnetic field and turn rapidly around the Saturn. Of course, auroras can form in the atmosphere of an exoplanet. In some day, our research may apply to study aurora phenomena of exoplanets.“

Kimura tells about his future researches as follows, “We plan further observations of the Jupiter’s auroras by the X-ray Astronomical Satellite “HITOMI” (ASTRO-H) and JUNO probe which will perform a polar orbit insertion. By using HISAKI’s data complementary, we would like to understand the acceleration mechanism of particles inducing the Jupiter’s aurora phenomena.“ - ISAS.


ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Migratory Patterns And Disaster Precursors - Dead Whale Washes Ashore In Central Vietnam, The 5th In 6 Weeks; And Stranded Whale Put Down After Re-Floating Attempts Fail In South Wairarapa, New Zealand?!

Men pull a whale body to shore in Thua Thien-Hue Province April 24. Dien Quang/Zing

April 24, 2016 - EARTH - The following constitutes the latest reports of unusual and symbolic animal behavior, mass die-offs, beaching and stranding of mammals, and the appearance of rare creatures.

Dead whale washes ashore in central Vietnam, the 5th in 6 weeks

A body of a whale was washed to shore in Thua Thien-Hue Province Saturday night and locals believe it is just another victim of the industrial pollution that has been killing fish in mass in recent days.

Locals said the whale of more than 100 kilograms was first washed to shore when it was still alive but seemed tired.

They thought it was stranded and pushed it out to the sea.

But the body showed up a short time after that.

Locals said they found whale bodies once in a while, but the animals were all big and old.

"This one is only 100 kilograms, so it's very strange," Nguyen Vinh, a local fisher, told news website Zing.

"There have been many fish washed to shore dead on recent days, so we're worried that it might just be another one."

Tons of dead fish have been washed ashore in Thua Thien-Hue and several nearby provinces - Ha Tinh, Quang Binh and Quang Tri - for the past two weeks,
apparently due to industrial pollution.

Between March 16 and April 11, three dead whales of 40, 50 and 80 kilograms were also washed ashore in Nghe An Province, to the north of Ha Tinh.

The central government on Friday ordered an investigation on suspicions that Taiwanese-invested Hung Nghiep Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Company in Ha Tinh has discharged untreated wastewater into the sea, after a local fisherman reported that he saw a large sewage pipe from the company discharging wastewater into the sea.

Stranded whale put down after re-floating attempts fail in South Wairarapa, New Zealand

A five-metre Cuvier's beaked whale was euthanised at Whangaimoana beach, South Wairarapa after attempts to refloat it failedLuke Tipoki

A whale stranded on a Wairarapa beach for two days has been euthanized and buried according to local iwi's wishes.

The 5-metre Cuvier's beaked whale has been stranded for two days since being spotted on a beach at Whangaimoana on Wairarapa's southern coast. Despite efforts to re-float the two-tonne whale on Wednesday night and Thursday, the animal was unable to swim back to sea once in the water.

Department of Conservation Wairarapa operations manager Kathy Houkamau said they made the call on Friday morning in consultation with local iwi to euthanize the whale.

"We found the whale in weaker condition when we got there and made the decision to euthanize. Obviously, our primary concern was the welfare of the whale and we knew that in that weakened state it wasn't going to re-float," she says.

The whale was shot with a firearm while a karakia was being recited and then the carcass was buried in a hole further up the beach accompanied by a ceremony presided over by Kahungunu ki Wairarapa chief executive PJ Devonshire.

Houkamau says Department of Conservation is charged with the final decision to put a distressed whale down, though local iwi is consulted about how to treat the dead whale afterwards and they opted to have the animal buried nearby with a blessing.

"It's heart-breaking, but not a difficult decision to make for an animal who we need to make that decision for," she says.

She wanted to thank all the staff, volunteers and experts that assisted during the period of the whale's stranding and their attempts to get it back into the ocean.

"The community around us down there was fabulous. They worked tirelessly alongside us and we just really appreciated their support," she says.

- Thanh Nien News | Stuff.

ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Attacks On Humans And Disaster Precursors - Boy In Hospital After Being Bitten By A Wobbegong Shark In Byron Bay, Australia?!

 It's understood the punctured wounds inflicted on the boy were caused by a wobbegong shark (stock picture)

April 24, 2016 - AUSTRALIA - A 12-year-old boy has been rushed to hospital after being bitten on the foot by a shark at a popular surfing spot.

The young boy was swimming at First Sun Beach, just north of Byron Bay in New South Wales when he suffered minor injuries in the attack shortly after midday on Wednesday.

The punctured wounds were caused by a wobbegong shark and the boy is expected to make a speedy recovery, Gold Coast Bulletin reported.

Wobbegong sharks - known for its distinctive white rings in their patterning - can become aggressive if disturbed, and are able to reach back and bite a hand holding their tail.

Emergency services were not required at the scene but the boy's parents have taken their son to a local hospital as a precaution.

Department of Primary Industries shark biologist has confirmed the species responsible for the minor bite to the youngster was a Woobegong shark.

It comes just one day after Lighthouse Beach in Ballina was forced to close off to the public after two large sharks were spotted lurking near surfers. - Daily Mail.

DELUGE: Heavy Rainfall And Widespread Flooding Devastates Portland, Jamaica - Farms, Infrastructure Badly Damaged; Swing Bridge Washed Away; Landslides Leave Families Homeless! [PHOTOS]

Flood rains impacting Portland since last Thursday have left a trail of destruction .

April 24, 2016 - PORTLAND, JAMAICA - Heavy rains in east Portland Thursday night into Friday destroyed farm crops in Seaman’s Valley and Bellevue and damaged vital infrastructure, including roads.

A swing bridge that spanned the Rio Grande and linked the communities of Cornwall Barracks and Ginger House was also washed away, affecting approximately 700 people, mostly farmers.

When our news team visited the area Friday afternoon, the water from the White Cane River had subsided, but damage to the road was visible.

Farmers said that they lost bananas, pineapples, dasheen, peppers, and other cash crops. There were no reports of loss of livestock, but as the rains returned late Friday evening, farmers started moving their livestock to safe areas as the water began rising in the Rio Grande.

“The rain a fall from morning and we were here, and we see the water come up on the bridge and come over and wash away part of the man banana walk,” Howard McKenzie said, while pointing to a nearby farm during a game of dominoes. “Water also wash through my pineapple walk, about five acres, and it mash up Cornwall Barracks.”

Another farmer, Archie Anderson, said: “My farm damage bad; about a acre of dasheen and plantains wash down. It damage bad.”

The swing bridge between Cornwall Barracks and Ginger House has been destroyed.

More of the damage to the Seaman’s Valley Road.

A section of the flooded roadway at Fellowship in East Portland yesterday.

Flood rains impacting Portland since last Thursday have left a trail of destruction.

Flood rains impacting Portland since last Thursday have left a trail of destruction.

A flooded street in Port Antonio on Friday.

O’Neil Hamilton was distressed as he looked over his damaged crops on his farm. “The rain start fall from about seven o’clock and it wash out everything. The river just come in and damage everything — pepper, lettuce, pak choy, callaloo, pumpkin. Everything wash out. We just started to reap, just started; see the lettuce dem deh,” he said, pointing to the damaged crops.

A family of four, including a six-year-old girl, is now homeless following a landslide, which covered their four-bedroom house at Mill Bank in the upper Rio Grande Valley in Portland, as heavy rains continue to lash the eastern parish last Friday into yesterday.

The frightening experience as described by 63-year-old Owen Campbell, owner of concrete and wooden structure, started shortly after 6:30 p.m. last Friday, while he, his wife Inez and grandchild were studying in preparation for the Sabbath day of rest.

"I heard a scraping sound on the roof, which got my attention," said Campbell.

"At first I thought it was the rainfall, so I said to my wife, how is it that the rain is sounding so heavy on the housetop? So I went outside to have a look and it was then that I realised that the hillside had collapse and was on top of the house. The scraping sound, which I heard earlier, was the landslide (earth) squashing the roofing," added Campbell.

He said he hurriedly grabbed his wife and grandchild and made a hasty retreat, just before the roof caved in under pressure from pile of dirt.

Temporary residence

Since then, the husband, wife, and granddaughter have taken up temporary residence in a small shed near what used to be their family home.

"I am desperately in need of help. Everything is covered in mud, including television, refrigerator, microwave, DVD player, beds, gas stove, and a radio.

"We spent the entire night in the shed, which was extremely uncomfortable, and we were so scared. And with rains continuing, our lives are in danger," said Campbell.

The disastrous situation in the Rio Grande Valley is seemingly getting worse, with reports of three other houses being covered by mud in the Mill Bank community.

Late yesterday, our news team received a report that a man was stranded atop his house in that community, where a section of that roadway is reportedly cut off.

The loss of the swinging bridge linking several communities has further compounded the problems caused by the inclement weather.

It means that residents now have to walk approximately five miles to get to either community.

Member of Parliament for Portland Eastern Dr Lynvale Bloomfield said he could only give a qualitative assessment at this time. “The entire constituency has been under rain since yesterday, non-stop, with a few intermittent periods of relief,” he said.

He also noted that a technical team from the National Works Agency was scheduled to tour sections of the Rio Grande Valley yesterday to have a look at the damage done to the road network.

The Annotto River yesterday overflowed its banks, resulting in the flooding of nearby roadways.

More of the damage to the Seaman’s Valley Road.

More of the damage to the Seaman’s Valley Road.

The Seaman’s Valley bridge that spans White Cane River is flooded.

This banana farm at Seaman’s Valley is flooded.

O’Neil Hamilton looks on in despair at the damage to his lettuce and pepper crops.

The road and bridge at Sea View Farm, he said, were entirely flooded and remedial work that was done on the road has been wiped out.

“Both entrances to Port Antonio were flooded out, and in the Rio Grande Valley, as far as we know is that at Seaman’s Valley, the White Cane River has overflown its banks and has affected the road that was recently repaired,” he said.
"The Seaman's Valley main road, which underwent major rehabilitation last year, has been ripped up," said Bloomfield.

"Approximately $150 million was spent to rehabilitate 7.83 kilometres of roadway from Fellowship to Moore Town. Clearly, remedial work has to be done in short order, and I am hoping that emergency funds will be provided to deal with at least some of the damages. It is a sad day for Portland, and more so a worse one for the people of the Rio Grande Valley," added Bloomfield.

Last Friday, classes were suspended at several schools in the eastern end of parish as a result of the inclement weather, which also left a number of roads impassable.

Minister without portfolio in the Office of the Prime Minister Daryl Vaz has been tasked with leading the relief efforts.

Some roads in Portland which were affected by flood waters following two days of heavy rain have been re-opened.

As the National Workers Agency (NWA) continues to assess the damage to several road.

The river, which overflowed its banks, flooded several farms and left silt on the Fellowship to Berrydale road.

St. Thomas is also being impacted by the rain.

Meanwhile, the Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management (ODPEM) is urging persons in eastern parishes to remain alert to the possibility of flooding as a trough continues to influence weather conditions across the island.

The Meteorological Service has advised that a Flash Flood Warning for low-lying and flood prone areas of eastern parishes is in effect as a trough passes across Jamaica.

The ODPEM is urging persons residing in these parishes to adhere to flood safety tips as the forecast is for unstable weather conditions to persist across the island today.

- Jamaica Gleaner | Jamaica Observer | RJR News.


FUK-U-SHIMA: Monumental Mutations At Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Zone In Japan - Nuclear Expert Says "We've Detected A Lot Of Cases Of GARGANTUANISM"; Reporter Says That The "GIGANTIC BEET Is Almost As Big As The Upper Part Of Man Trying To Hold It,... They're Seeing More And More Of This,... People Are Reporting More And More Of These ABNORMALITIES"! [PHOTOS + VIDEO]

Found in Fukushima Prefecture after March 11, 2011, a Gargantuan beet. Wikipedia.

April 24, 2016 - FUKUSHIMA, JAPAN - The following excerpts were taken from the North American  late-night radio talk show Coast to Coast AM. The show was aired on March 31, 2016  and dealt with Fukushima and nuclear issues. 

Host George Noory talks with American investigative journalist and documentary film maker Linda Moulton Howe (emphasis added):

At 55:00 in

At 1:14:30 in

Linda Moulton Howe, reporter
: “Remember when [Arnie Gundersen] was referencing the gargantuanism — it appears to be increasing, as he said, in the third generation of plants. And who knows what’s going to happen in the fourth, fifth, and so forth. The trauma of seeing these gigantic… there is a photograph of this, what they call ‘gargantuan strawberry’ in Fukushima Prefecture…

Gargantuan strawberry in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, after March 11, 2011. Wikipedia.
Enlarged maple leaves from two trees of same species. Wikipedia.

[There] is a gigantic beetit is almost as big as the upper part of the man trying to hold the big beet. And then [there] is something that several people have reported in different parts of Fukushima — where trees of, in this case, it’s a photograph of [leaves] from two species of maple. And it shows a contrast from what a normal leaf should look like, to one that is, gosh, three times bigger. And they’re seeing more and more of thispeople are reporting more and more of these abnormalities in the trees in the surroundings.

WATCH: Coast To Coast AM - Fukushima & Nuclear Issues.

- ENE News.


GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Seismic Activity On Indonesia's Mount Kerinci Volcano Increases - Authorities Preparing For Mass Evacuations; Over 10,000 People Are Vulnerable To Eruption Risks!

Mount Kerinci.

April 24, 2016 - SUMATRA, INDONESIA - Authorities are preparing routes and shelters for evacuation as seismic activity of Mount Kerinci volcano in Kerinci district of Jambi rises, officials of the country's disaster agency and volcanology agency said on Friday.

Over 10,000 people living on the slope of the volcano are vulnerable to eruption risks, Ansari, senior official of disaster agency at the district revealed.

"The activity of the volcano has been rising in recent days. So we must anticipate it," he told Xinhua by phone from the district.

Coordination among the authorities at the district and those at the provincial level has been boosted to counter the possible impacts of eruption, Ansari added.

Mount Kerinci of 3,805 meters high in Sumatra Island has witnessed small eruptions recently, Henda Gunawan, head of observation at the national volcanology agency said on Friday.

"And its eruption has been intense since the last two weeks,"
the volcanologist told Xinhua over phone from West Java.

"The volcanology agency has recommended people not enter the area in the radius of 3 kilometers from the crater," said Gunawan.

Mount Kerinci is one of 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which lies on the Ring of Fire, a belt of seismic activity running around the basin of the Pacific Ocean.

- Cihan.


EXTREME WEATHER: More Signs Of Increasing Magnetic Polar Migration - Lightning Stikes Kill 2 And Injure 15 In Nepal!

April 24, 2016 - NEPAL - A lightning strike on Saturday killed one and injured 15 other audience watching Baksila Gold Cup Football Tournament in Khotang district.

The deceased has been identified as Jagat Bahadur Rai (60) of Sapteshwar-4 in Khotang. Rai was watching the match from the veranda of the school when the lightning struck, said the president of the Baksila Football Club, Sameer Rai.

The lightning struck when the audience were watching the 9th Baksila Gold Cup Football Tournament organised by Baksila Football Club at Prithvi Higher Secondary School playground. The match was being played while it was raining lightly on the 5th day of the tournament.

It has been reported that the lightning has damaged the main door of the school.

The tournament which was scheduled to end on Sunday has been postponed until further notice due to the disaster .

Mina Sunuwar, Pramila Bishwakarma and Chandra Basnet of Baksila-7; Ram Kumar Rai and Dil Kumar Rai of Baksila-6 are among the critically injured while others injured are Bhumika Rai, Baldhwaj Shrestha, Chunkala Sunuwar, Menuka Bishwakarma, Prakash Shrestha, Januka Bishwakarma and Birkha Tamang of Baksila; Elina Rai of Patheka; Gopi Rai and Umesh Rai of Sapteshwar, informed District Police Office, Khotang.

The injured are being taken to Kathmandu on a helicopter for the treatment, said the president Rai.

Meanwhile, another lightning strike at Nunthala in the district killed Bibishova Rai, a 73-year-old woman of Mahure, Nunthala-1, according to DPO, Khotang.

- Himalayan Times.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: The Latest Report Of Volcanic Eruptions, Activity, Unrest And Awakenings – April 20-24, 2016! [PHOTOS + VIDEO]

Sinabung volcano. Endro Lewa

April 24, 2016 - EARTH - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe.

Sinabung (North Sumatra, Indonesia): The Sinabung is always active in recent days.

Great photos of Firdaus Surbakti and Endro Lewa allow to detail the evolution of the pyroclastic flow of April 20.

Beidar Sinabung

Beidar Sinabung

Beidar Sinabung

Endro Lewa

Santiaguito (Guatemala): Another large eruption occurred at the Caliente dome yesterday morning, at around 6 am, with a new series of collapses that generated pyroclastic flows and an impressive ash plume that rose approx. 3 km above the lava dome.

Santiaguito volcano in Guatemala. Matthew Karsten

Ash plume from Santiaguito. Carlos Ventura / Prensa Libre

Carlos Ventura / Prensa Libre

According to INSIVUMEH, the source of the collapses is the continued supply of viscous lava that extrudes into the summit of the Caliente dome, and the collapse and pyroclastic flows affected its eastern side.

Ash fall occurred in areas to the west and southwest in up to 25 km distance, including the towns of Cuyotenango, San Francisco, Zunilito and Pueblo Nuevo.

WATCH: Santiaguito volcano erupts.

Masaya (Nicaragua): The lava lake in the volcano's summit crater continues to be very active and its level has risen a bit during the past days, INETER reports.

View of Masaya's lava lake. INETER crater webcam

Seismic activity, including tremor reflecting the degassing of the lava lake, fluctuates at moderate to high levels.

Pavlof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): Seismic activity at the volcano has continued to decrease over the past two weeks and no anomalous activity has been detected in satellite data since weakly elevated surface temperatures were seen on April 8.

AVO is therefore lowering the aviation color code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

Langila (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): Darwin VAAC reported ash emissions from the volcano that rose to 7,000 ft (2.1 km) altitude and drifted up to 100 km north.

Aviation color code is at orange.

Alaid (Northern Kuriles, Kuril Islands): Eruptive activity on the remote volcano continues; satellite images show fresh ash deposits and evidence a strong heat source from the crater.

Satellite image of Alaid, showing ash-darkened snow. Terra satellite / NASA

Heat signal from Alaid volcano. MIROVA

Kliuchevskoi (Kamchatka):  The volcano continues to be in mild to moderate strombolian activity.

Strombolian activity at Klyuchevskoy volcano.Yury Demyanchuk

Dukono (Halmahera, Indonesia): Intense ash emissions continue from the volcano.

Dukono's ash plume. Aqua / NASA satellite image

This morning, VAAC Darwin reported a plume at approx. 7,000 ft (2.1 km) altitude extending 50 km to the NE, well visible on satellite images.

Nevados de Chillán (Chile):  New ash emissions occurred yesterday morning, generating a small plume that rose approx. 500 m.

Small ash emissions from Nevados de Chillán volcano. SERNAGEOMIN

According to Sernageomin, this activity is not caused directly by fresh magma, but related to disturbances of the shallow hydrothermal system which interacts with an underlying, probably only small body of magma.SERNAGEOMIN also reported a slight increase in earthquakes typical of internal fluid movements (LP- long period events) during the past weeks and that sporadic ash emissions are likely to continue.

The volcano's alert level remains at "yellow" and it is recommended to stay outside a radius of 2 km around the active craters

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): Following Monday's large explosive activity (2 hours of lava fountaining), the volcano returned to be relatively calm, producing only steam emissions and no significant explosions.

Steam emission ("exhalation") from Popocatepetl volcano.

Bright glow remains visible from the summit, indicating that magma continues to rise and accumulate at the summit vent.

Suwanose-jima (Ryukyu Islands, Japan):  The strombolian-type activity from the volcano on the small island in southern Japan continues to be elevated.

Ash plume from an eruption at Suwanose-jima volcano. JMA webcam

Frequent explosions produce small to moderate ash plumes that rise to altitudes of 5-7,000 ft (1.5-2 km).

Constant glow is visible from the O-take crater at night.

Soufrière Hills (Montserrat): On the island of Montserrat, heavy rains have eroded and re-mobilized the eruptive ash deposits in the Belham Valley, creating lahars there and making of this a dangerous area.

Lahars in the Belham Valley. MVO

The activity of the volcano Soufriere Hills, remains unchanged, characterized by a plume of gas blown northwards towards uninhabited areas. The alert level remains at 1.

Etna (Sicily, Italy): At Etna, ash emissions are noticed on the night of April 20 to 21, still visible the next morning at the northeast and new southeast craters.

 EtnaLive site states, based on the latest multidisciplinary INGV Catania report on the April 19th, that at the level of Bocca Nuova, the crater floor collapsed gradually, to produce the formation of a new crater in the fossa.


Bocca Nuova Etna - the red arrow indicates the collapse. INGV Catania

Etna summit craters - with legend. Joseph Nasi / Butterfly helicopters Service

Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia): The volcano produced a small ash plume today, Manizales volcano observatory reported to Washington VAAC.

Webcam views are obscured by weather clouds.Sporadic mild ash emissions have been occurring from the volcano from time to time during the past weeks.

- Volcano Discovery | MVO | INGV Catania | GVP.

SIGNS IN THE HEAVENS: Weather Phenomenon - Mysterious BLOOD RED SKY Baffles Residents Of Chalchuapa, El Salvador?! [PHOTOS + VIDEO]

April 24, 2016 - EL SALVADOR - What is this mysterious red glow in the sky of Chalchuapa, El Salvador?

The unexplained glow baffled residents on April 17, 2016.

Could it be a meteor disintegrating red?

No fireballs have been observed on this exact day at this exact time in El Salvador (although we are right in the middle of the Lyrid meteor shower).

Moreover you see the sky is cloudy, so there’s no way to see a meteor exploding.

So what else could it be?

Last night farmers were burning sugar cane.

The blood red glow may thus have been produced by the reflection of the flames and contaminants in the smoke onto the low altitude cloud cover.

WATCH: Mysterious red light seen over Chalchuapa.

- Strange Sounds.

MONUMENTAL DISASTER IMPACT: Drone Footage Reveals Scale Of Destruction By Ecuador Mega-Quake - Death Toll SURPASSES 650; Injuring 16,600 People With 58 Still Missing; 7,000 Buildings DESTROYED!

 A collapsed building is seen in Pedernales, after an earthquake struck off Ecuador's Pacific coast, April 22, 2016. Reuters/Guillermo Granja

April 24, 2016 - ECUADOR - Hovering over collapsed buildings and piles of debris, a drone has captured a scary panorama of the Ecuadorian city of Manta struck by the country’s latest deadly earthquake.

The drone flies around what seems to be a badly damaged block of flats, and then a hotel with broken windows, and curtains blown into the empty rooms by the wind.

There is a skewed building of a hotel that is almost collapsing, with very few people or cars in the empty streets.

The death toll from Ecuador's devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake last week has risen to 654 people, the country's emergency management authority said on Saturday.

Last Saturday's quake, the worst in nearly seven decades, injured around 16,600 people and left 58 missing along the country's ravaged Pacific coast. One hundred and thirteen people were rescued from damaged buildings.

"These have been sad days for the homeland," President Rafael Correa said during his weekly television broadcast earlier on Saturday. "The country is in crisis."

The aftershocks have been striking almost daily, with the latest a 5.8-magnitude tremor that hit in the early hours of Saturday and 6.0 tremor that hit Friday.
RT Ruptly

Residents receive food from volunteers at the Reales Tamarindos airport which is used as a shelter. Reuters/Henry Romero

A girl is pictured next to a line of clothes hung out to dry outside a tent at the Reales Tamarindos airport which is used as a shelter. Reuters/Henry Romero

A resident is pictured as clothes are hung out to dry outside a tent at the Reales Tamarindos airport which is used as a shelter. Reuters/Henry Romero

A resident rests outside his damaged home in Portoviejo, after an earthquake struck off Ecuador's Pacific coast, April 22, 2016. Reuters/Henry Romero

Several strong tremors and more than 700 aftershocks have continued to shake the country since the major quake, sparking momentary panic but little additional damage. Tremors are expected to continue for several weeks.

With close to 7,000 buildings destroyed, more than 25,000 people were living in shelters. Some 14,000 security personnel were keeping order in quake-hit areas, with only sporadic looting reported.

Survivors in the quake zone were receiving food, water and medicine from the government and scores of foreign aid workers, although Correa has acknowledged that bad roads delayed aid reaching some communities.

WATCH:  Drone footage reveals scale of destruction by Ecuador quake.

Correa's leftist government, facing mammoth rebuilding at a time of greatly reduced oil revenues for the OPEC country, has said it would temporarily increase some taxes, offer assets for sale and possibly issue bonds abroad to fund reconstruction. Congress will begin debate on the tax proposal on Tuesday.

Correa has estimated damage at $2 billion to $3 billion. Lower oil revenue has already left the country of 16 million people facing near-zero growth and lower investment.

The country's private banking association said on Saturday its member banks would defer payments on credit cards, loans and mortgages for clients in the quake zone for three months, to help reconstruction efforts.

- RT | Reuters.