Wednesday, April 27, 2016

PLANETARY TREMORS: Strong 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Off The Coast Of Mexico - At Depth Of 20km! [MAPS + TECTONIC SUMMARY]

USGS earthquake location.

April 27, 2016 - MEXICO - A strong and shallow earthquake registered by Mexico's SSN as M6.0 hit off the coast of Mexico at 12:51 UTC on April 27, 2016. The agency is reporting a depth of 20 km (12.4 miles).

EMSC is reporting M6.0 at a depth of 60 km (37.3 miles) while the USGS reports M5.8 at a depth of 35 km (21.7 miles).


USGS shakemap intensity.


According to the USGS, the epicenter was located 61 km (37.9 miles) WSW of Puerto Madero, 80 km (49.7 miles) W of Suchiate, 82 km (51 miles) WSW of Tapachula, 83 km (51.6 miles) SW of Huixtla, Mexico and 264 km (164 miles) W of Guatemala City, Guatemala.

There are 886 040 people living within 100 km (62 miles).

USGS issued a green alert for shaking-related fatalities and economic losses. There is a low likelihood of casualties and damage.

Overall, the population in this region resides in structures that are a mix of vulnerable and earthquake resistant construction.

Recent earthquakes in this area have caused secondary hazards such as landslides and fires that might have contributed to losses.


USGS Seismotectonics of the Caribbean Region and Vicinity

Extensive diversity and complexity of tectonic regimes characterizes the perimeter of the Caribbean plate, involving no fewer than four major plates (North America, South America, Nazca, and Cocos). Inclined zones of deep earthquakes (Wadati-Benioff zones), ocean trenches, and arcs of volcanoes clearly indicate subduction of oceanic lithosphere along the Central American and Atlantic Ocean margins of the Caribbean plate, while crustal seismicity in Guatemala, northern Venezuela, and the Cayman Ridge and Cayman Trench indicate transform fault and pull-apart basin tectonics.

Along the northern margin of the Caribbean plate, the North America plate moves westwards with respect to the Caribbean plate at a velocity of approximately 20 mm/yr. Motion is accommodated along several major transform faults that extend eastward from Isla de Roatan to Haiti, including the Swan Island Fault and the Oriente Fault. These faults represent the southern and northern boundaries of the Cayman Trench. Further east, from the Dominican Republic to the Island of Barbuda, relative motion between the North America plate and the Caribbean plate becomes increasingly complex and is partially accommodated by nearly arc-parallel subduction of the North America plate beneath the Caribbean plate. This results in the formation of the deep Puerto Rico Trench and a zone of intermediate focus earthquakes (70-300 km depth) within the subducted slab. Although the Puerto Rico subduction zone is thought to be capable of generating a megathrust earthquake, there have been no such events in the past century. The last probable interplate (thrust fault) event here occurred on May 2, 1787 and was widely felt throughout the island with documented destruction across the entire northern coast, including Arecibo and San Juan. Since 1900, the two largest earthquakes to occur in this region were the August 4, 1946 M8.0 Samana earthquake in northeastern Hispaniola and the July 29, 1943 M7.6 Mona Passage earthquake, both of which were shallow thrust fault earthquakes. A significant portion of the motion between the North America plate and the Caribbean plate in this region is accommodated by a series of left-lateral strike-slip faults that bisect the island of Hispaniola, notably the Septentrional Fault in the north and the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault in the south. Activity adjacent to the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault system is best documented by the devastating January 12, 2010 M7.0 Haiti strike-slip earthquake, its associated aftershocks and a comparable earthquake in 1770.


USGS plate tectonics for the region.

Moving east and south, the plate boundary curves around Puerto Rico and the northern Lesser Antilles where the plate motion vector of the Caribbean plate relative to the North and South America plates is less oblique, resulting in active island-arc tectonics. Here, the North and South America plates subduct towards the west beneath the Caribbean plate along the Lesser Antilles Trench at rates of approximately 20 mm/yr. As a result of this subduction, there exists both intermediate focus earthquakes within the subducted plates and a chain of active volcanoes along the island arc. Although the Lesser Antilles is considered one of the most seismically active regions in the Caribbean, few of these events have been greater than M7.0 over the past century. The island of Guadeloupe was the site of one of the largest megathrust earthquakes to occur in this region on February 8, 1843, with a suggested magnitude greater than 8.0. The largest recent intermediate-depth earthquake to occur along the Lesser Antilles arc was the November 29, 2007 M7.4 Martinique earthquake northwest of Fort-De-France.

The southern Caribbean plate boundary with the South America plate strikes east-west across Trinidad and western Venezuela at a relative rate of approximately 20 mm/yr. This boundary is characterized by major transform faults, including the Central Range Fault and the Boconó-San Sebastian-El Pilar Faults, and shallow seismicity. Since 1900, the largest earthquakes to occur in this region were the October 29, 1900 M7.7 Caracas earthquake, and the July 29, 1967 M6.5 earthquake near this same region. Further to the west, a broad zone of compressive deformation trends southwestward across western Venezuela and central Colombia. The plate boundary is not well defined across northwestern South America, but deformation transitions from being dominated by Caribbean/South America convergence in the east to Nazca/South America convergence in the west. The transition zone between subduction on the eastern and western margins of the Caribbean plate is characterized by diffuse seismicity involving low- to intermediate-magnitude (Magnitude less than 6.0) earthquakes of shallow to intermediate depth.

The plate boundary offshore of Colombia is also characterized by convergence, where the Nazca plate subducts beneath South America towards the east at a rate of approximately 65 mm/yr. The January 31, 1906 M8.5 earthquake occurred on the shallowly dipping megathrust interface of this plate boundary segment. Along the western coast of Central America, the Cocos plate subducts towards the east beneath the Caribbean plate at the Middle America Trench. Convergence rates vary between 72-81 mm/yr, decreasing towards the north. This subduction results in relatively high rates of seismicity and a chain of numerous active volcanoes; intermediate-focus earthquakes occur within the subducted Cocos plate to depths of nearly 300 km. Since 1900, there have been many moderately sized intermediate-depth earthquakes in this region, including the September 7, 1915 M7.4 El Salvador and the October 5, 1950 M7.8 Costa Rica events.

The boundary between the Cocos and Nazca plates is characterized by a series of north-south trending transform faults and east-west trending spreading centers. The largest and most seismically active of these transform boundaries is the Panama Fracture Zone. The Panama Fracture Zone terminates in the south at the Galapagos rift zone and in the north at the Middle America trench, where it forms part of the Cocos-Nazca-Caribbean triple junction. Earthquakes along the Panama Fracture Zone are generally shallow, low- to intermediate in magnitude (Magnitude less than 7.2) and are characteristically right-lateral strike-slip faulting earthquakes. Since 1900, the largest earthquake to occur along the Panama Fracture Zone was the July 26, 1962 M7.2 earthquake.

References for the Panama Fracture Zone:
Molnar, P., and Sykes, L. R., 1969, Tectonics of the Caribbean and Middle America Regions from Focal Mechanisms and Seismicity: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 80, p. 1639-1684.

- USGS | Watchers.





 

GLOBAL COASTAL EVENT: "Freak Wave" Hits Cruise Ship In the Mediterranean Sea - Windows Smashed And Passengers Injured!

The cruise ship Rhapsody of the Seas was battered by a 'freak wave'.  Glenn Taylor

April 27, 2016 - MEDITERRANEAN SEA - Windows were smashed and passengers were injured after a 'freak wave' hit the Rhapsody of the Seas cruise ship on Monday.

Cruise Law News reported that the wave hit the ship at about 4am on Monday (local time) as the Royal Caribbean vessel sailed to Ajaccio, Corsica.

Five windows were broken, passenger cabins were flooded and some passengers were reportedly injured.

Passenger Kerry Boyd tweeted, "Woke up at 4:30 am on our cruise first night when 5 windows on our floor burst open flooding the floor with sea water. All well, but tired"

Another passenger, Todd Scuderi, also tweeted about the incident.

''I'm on Rhapsody of the Seas. Last night 4am wave hit ship and knocked out my window and 4 others on deck 3. lucky we weren't swept out," he wrote.

"Ceilings and walls collapsed. We were all bleeding and hallway was flooded. Royal Caribbean has not handled this well."

He added that it was the first night of a nine-night cruise and the ship was staying in Corsica til 12am to "fix it".

On Facebook, a passenger described a "freak wave" hitting the ship.

"Cabin totally flooded, we were covered in blood, seawater, scattered glass, ceiling panels, insulation, metal racks and debris, which used to be cabin interior. Partition Walls caved in, Doors crushed and bent, stuck in the frame with passengers trapped inside."


Royal Caribbean later issued a statement about the incident.

"On Monday, April 25, while sailing to Ajaccio, Corsica, Rhapsody of the Seas encountered inclement weather. Five stateroom windows on the third deck were broken, resulting in water incursion. Six rooms were damaged, and carpeting in some nearby hallways and staterooms on deck three was soaked by water. No serious injuries were reported. The windows were replaced and the ship resumed her itinerary.

"Because of the soaked flooring, which could not be immediately replaced without causing great inconvenience, 45 guests were relocated to other staterooms, and 44 departed the ship in Corsica. We have compensated all the affected guests with a full refund and future cruise certificate in the total amount of the cruise fare they paid for their sailing, as well as handling accommodations and travel costs for those who left the ship." - New Zealand Herald.





WEATHER PHENOMENON: Intense Columnar Vortex - Waterspout Filmed Over Penrhyn Bay, Wales!

April 27, 2016 - WALES - A mum-of-two captured a twister which formed near Gwynt y Môr Offshore Wind Farm early this afternoon.

Helen Mulley filmed the waterspout on her mobile phone whilst watching the unusual sight from Rhos on Sea promenade.

She said: "The tornado was between the wind farm and the shore. It was pretty big and caught my attention because the sea water was being lifted into the air.

"It was very cool to watch and it lasted a couple of minutes."

Tornadic waterspouts form over water, or move from land to water.

They have the same characteristics as a land tornado and are associated with severe thunderstorms, and are often accompanied by high winds and seas, large hail, and frequent dangerous lightning.

Snow, ice and hail caused difficult conditions in many parts of North Wales this morning.


WATCH: Waterspout spotted over Penrhyn Bay




Hail was blamed for causing a three-car pile-up on Rhuallt Hill on the A55 at 7.20am.

The Met Office has promised more wintery showers, possible thunderstorms and freezing temperatures for the next couple of days.

In 2011 a tornado ripped through a holiday park in Anglesey on a trail of destruction that saw caravans lifted into the air.


- Daily Post.






ICE AGE NOW: Global Cooling Continues Relentlessly - Late April Snowstorm Hits Bosnia! [VIDEO]


April 27, 2016 - BOSNIA - A late April snowstorm took Bosnia by surprise on Monday, especially as it followed a week of beautiful, balmy weather.


WATCH: Late April snowstorm blankets Bosnia.






GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Forget Yellowstone - Snake River Plain's Volcano Is A MUCH BIGGER THREAT To The United States; Previous Eruptions Were "SIGNIFICANTLY LARGER" Than Geologists Had Thought!

This entire cliff at Snake River Plain would have been formed as a result of a super eruption. University of Leicester / GETTY

April 27, 2016 - IDAHO, UNITED STATES - Eruptions at Snake River Plain in Idaho were “significantly larger” than geologists had previously thought.

Scientists from the University of Leicester discovered there were a staggering 12 massive eruptions over the course of four million years, beginning 12 million years ago.

The massive eruptions helped to form the 100 kilometre-wide Snake River Basin, with one of the most powerful eruptions occurring 8.1 million years ago. The eruption's volume exceeded 1,900 km3 and created a 1.3km thick caldera.

Furthermore, the Snake River Plain is situated on the Yellowstone Hotspot track, a region which spans from Nevada, through Oregon and Idaho and then to Wyoming where Yellowstone Volcano is located.


Snake River Plain may have something deadly lurking beneath the surface. GETTY

Dr Tom Knott from the University of Leicester, said: "While it is well-know that Yellowstone has erupted catastrophically in recent times perhaps less widely appreciated is that these were just the latest in a protracted history of numerous catastrophic super-eruptions that have burned a track along the Snake River eastwards from Oregon to Yellowstone from 16 Ma to present."


Yellowstone may look stunning, but an eruption would be catastrophic. GETTY

The size and magnitude of this newly defined eruption is as large, if not larger, than better known eruptions at Yellowstone, and it is just the first in an emerging record of newly discovered super-eruptions during a period of intense magmatic activity between eight and 12 million years ago." - Express.




OMEN: Plagues & Pestilences - Goat "Born With The Face Of A Human Baby" In Malaysia?!

The carcass of the kid that possesses unusually human-like features. CEN

April 27, 2016 - MALAYSIA - A shocked farmer shared pictures of the strange-looking creature, which people have claimed is a fawn - the mythical fusion of goat and human

A farmer has spoken of his shock after he found a newborn goat had the face of a human baby.

Ibrahim Basir shared pictures of what people have claimed is a fawn - the mythical fusion of goat and human - after it was born in the village of Felda in southern Malaysia.

The kid did not last long after its birth and its carcass has now been handed over to the Veterinary Services Department.

Villagers offered Mr Basir, 63, money for the carcass, but instead, he decided to hand it over to the experts to enable them to carry out an investigation on the strange-looking kid.


The strange-looking baby has been handed over to the Veterinary Services Department for investigation. CEN

Ibrahim told local media he was initially shocked when he found out that one of his goats had given birth to a kid that had the features of a human baby.

He said he was earlier informed by one of his farmworkers, Jamaludin Abdul Samad, 50, that some parts of the baby goat looked like a human infant.

He said: "When I went to check, I was quite shocked but fascinated too as its face, nose, short legs and even the condition of its soft body seemed like that of a human baby, whereas the light brown fur covering its whole body resembles that of a goat."

He added that despite the features, the fawn-like creature did not have any umbilical cord.

Ibrahim said he believed it was trampled by its mother, and added: "We kept the carcass in a polystyrene box filled with ice cubes before taking it to the district veterinary office at around noon yesterday."


- Mirror.






 

EXTREME WEATHER: Tornadoes, Large Hail, Flash Flooding Strikes Midwestern, Great Plains American States - Widespread Destruction; Thousands Without Power; Over 11,000 LIGHTNING STRIKES; Major Gas Leak In Oklahoma; More Than 180 Reports Of Hail-Related Damage; Strong Winds, Lightning And Rainfall Are Expected To Continue Into Wednesday! [PHOTOS + VIDEOS]

Dark clouds over in Graham off Hwy 16. This is the view from
Twitter:

April 27, 2016 - UNITED STATES - A particularly nasty April storm caused a handful of tornadoes, and brought strong rains and thunderstorms in the central United States.

As night fell Tuesday, there were tornado warnings in Oklahoma and Texas while states like Kansas and Kentucky were getting blasted by thunderstorms, radar showed. A flash flood warning was in effect for western parts of Kansas City through early Wednesday morning.

Five tornadoes were spotted in four states -- Texas, Indiana, Kansas and Missouri -- according to the National Weather Service.

Another one may have struck Oklahoma, but it has not been confirmed by the National Weather Service.McIntosh County Emergency Manager Harry Trottier said a tornado ripped through the middle of the town of Checotah, Oklahoma according to various spotters. He also said there are no reports of injuries, but the storm did cause a major gas leak.


Map shows where severe weather warnings on Tuesday, April 26, 2016. CBS News

Forecasters posted a tornado watch for Oklahoma and Texas, saying the atmosphere could still be unsettled enough for twisters to develop.

"This is a particularly dangerous situation," the Storm Prediction Center alerted in red type in an afternoon advisory. It uses such language on only about 7 percent of its tornado watches. Forecasters had predicted a 90 percent chance of tornadoes and said 80 percent could have winds above 111 mph in much of Oklahoma and northern Texas.

A twister caused extensive damage in downtown Checotah, Oklahoma late Tuesday, and a search and rescue operation was underway at the Fire Department there after it was hit by high winds tha tmight have been from a tornado, reports CBS Tulsa affiliate KOTV.

The National Weather Service said tennis ball-sized hail was reported in parts of south-central Nebraska.

One person was injured in Grayson County, Texas -- where a tornado was spotted -- according to officials.

More than 17,000 customers in Oklahoma lost power, according to electric companies in the state.

The power company Ameren reported 28,000 outages in the St. Louis area.


Brandon Nolan holds hail in his hand Tuesday, April 26, 2016, in West Wichita, Kan. AP

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Roof torn off house and laying in the yard aways from it. Triple X and 220th.
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Lightning from storms in E OK near Lake Eufaula
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Strong winds by took down the fence of my apartment
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pointing out wild sky Texoma right now -- mammatus clouds he assure me this is amazing
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Wicked hits Olivette, . Photo by Share yours w/
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Dime- and nickel-sized hail spotted in Jewell, Kansas
Twitter: weatherdak

A severe storm that moved through Wichita, Kansas, produced hail as large as baseballs.
Twitter: SusanaPhotos


Hail the size of quarters fell on parts of the St. Louis region. Wind knocked over trees and power lines in Warren, Franklin and St. Charles counties in Missouri.

The region was under thunderstorm watches through most of the evening.

Some Indiana residents have reported seeing a tornado in the Ohio River community of Newburgh, but the fire chief says there was no confirmation of a touch down.

Thunder and lightning were also omnipresent in the region; about 11,000 lightning strikes were recorded during a 30 minute period late Tuesday from Kansas City south to Dallas, according to CNN Meteorologist Pedram Javaheri.

The National Weather Service said 67 mph winds were reported at Spirit of St. Louis Airport in Chesterfield, Missouri.

Director of aviation John Bales said the airport was bracing for the worst when the sky turned green Tuesday, but there wasn't substantial damage.

Nickel-sized hail fell and the wind kicked up. A few trees and a power line snapped.


And there were more than 180 reports of hail-related damage.

It appears that the tornado threat is likely nearing its end, Javaheri says. But straight-line winds -- which could reach up to 80 mph -- lightning and rain are expected to continue as the storm heads east.
Matthew Day, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service office in Norman, Oklahoma, told CNN there were two circulations in northeast Oklahoma City, but the darkness prevented spotters from confirming if either was a tornado.

What to do if a tornado is heading your way

Police officers were headed to the area to help assess the damage, said Christie Yeager, a spokeswoman for the Oklahoma City emergency management office.

"The storm pushed through most of the city and touched down towards the very edge of the city. That's the good news," she said. There weren't yet reports of damage.

Earlier, the National Weather Service said one tornado had been spotted Tuesday night about 25 miles west of Bloomington, Indiana, and another was seen to the south in Vanderburgh County.

Amy Mangold with Evansville Emergency Management said there were no reports of injuries but there were initial descriptions of trees down and poles that had fallen on buildings.

In Kansas, the weather service's office in Wichita said Tuesday evening that there were several reports of hail bigger than golf balls.

One resident of the city posted a photo of a piece of hail almost as big as her palm.

Wichita also experienced heavy rain and hail. In Kansas City, Missouri, golf sized hail put dents in vehicles at the Kansas City airport.






A video posted by Katie-Rose Watson (@krwatson) on









A video posted by Leah Wilmington (@lwilming) on







The National Weather Service warned of an increased danger of flash flooding in Kansas between Manhattan and Topeka because of heavy rains.

Schools in large sections of Kansas canceled classes and extracurricular activities as the potentially dangerous storms approached.

Wichita State University closed all of its locations at noon Tuesday and postponed baseball and softball games scheduled for Tuesday evening. Schools and other organizations stretching from Arkansas City to Topeka also canceled many after-school activities.

Winds up to 60 mph were reported west of Topeka as cloud rotation spawned numerous tornado warnings that later were allowed to expire.

A tornado watch was posted encompassing North Texas, western central Texas and most of Oklahoma midnight. A tornado watch was posted in central and eastern Kansas and southern Nebraska, as well.

Officials at McConnell Air Force Base evacuated aircraft at the base in Wichita as a precaution. The planes and support personnel were sent to Washington and North Dakota.

Baseball-size hail was reported in Hanover, Kansas. More than two inches of rain fell in northeast Kansas as the system slices diagonally across the state.

At the airport in Cincinnati, Ohio, passenger Leah Wilmington had to sit on a plane as torrential rain prevented her departure.

"Hmm I think I'm going to miss my connection...," she wrote, the rain so heavy it was difficult to see the planes at nearby gates.

At least two Oklahoma school districts decided the threat was significant enough to shut down for the day. Others opted to dismiss early, citing the threat of severe weather.

Among them: public schools in Moore, Oklahoma, where a 2013 tornado that ravaged the city flattened a school building, killing seven children.

Be prepared

Forecasters advised people in the storm-threatened areas to prepare.

"Make sure you have a severe weather plan for you and your family," Bunting said. "If you don't, today is the day to develop it."

Storm Prediction Center tornado safety tips

Among his tips ahead of the storms:
• Know where to seek shelter in your home or building.
• Have a way to get in touch with family or friends, or set a designated meeting point, to let them know you're OK after the storm.
• Have multiple ways of receiving information and weather alerts, including a weather radio and weather apps on your smartphone. Also make sure your phone is set to receive emergency weather alerts. In some phones it's under general settings, and in others, it's in the message settings.
Severe thunderstorms will shift eastward and threaten areas from Houston to St. Louis on Wednesday.

"As storms exit the Plains, the focus will shift to the middle and lower Mississippi valleys on Wednesday," AccuWeather Meteorologist Brett Rathbun said.

"All modes of severe weather are likely again on Wednesday, including large hail, damaging winds, flooding rainfall and isolated tornadoes," Rathbun said.



- CNN | CBS | AccuWeather.







 

ICE AGE NOW: Global Cooling Continues Relentlessly - It's Nearly May, But It's SNOWING WITH "THUNDERSNOW" In London; Is This A Sign Of What Lies Ahead?!

Pedestrians experience a brief snow shower on Westminster Bridge, in central London earlier today as the cold weather continued.PA

April 27, 2016 - ENGLAND - Snow and sleet has fallen in many parts of the UK as temperatures struggle to get into double figures with the prospect of a Spring-like May a long way off.

It's almost May but forecasters are warning the unsettled picture will continue for much of the week with freezing conditions in many parts.

Thunder, lightning and sleet showers are expected with some in northern areas witnessing heavy snowfall, including on the North Yorkshire Moors and parts of Scotland.

It is the latest widespread snow has been seen in the UK since May 6, 1997, when more than 200 weather stations recorded it.

Before that forecasters have to go back to April 27, 1985 when several London weather stations recorded sleet.

Snow even stopped play at The Oval cricket ground this afternoon as the south was dusted in the white stuff.

The type of snow flurry seen in London is known as 'thundersnow'. It is a phenomenon caused by heavy showers accompanied by lightning storms. Forecasters think parts of Britain will be colder than Siberia and Greenland this week. There is a strong risk of hail showers throughout the country, with a chance of snow settling down to 200 metres.

Tonight will see wintry showers along the coast, with icy patches developing in Scotland and eastern England. Temperatures will be down to freezing in some places.

The sight of snow in London has prompted a flurry of bets at Ladbrokes on April being the coldest month on record at 5/1. Another bet being taken on at 4/5 is that snow will fall in the UK every day until Sunday May 1.

Nicky Maxey, a spokeswoman for the MetOffice, said: 'It's continuing to look unsettled tomorrow and there's still a chance of more hail and thunder.

'More snow will be at higher levels, over 500 metres and further north there will be a chance of some thunder with some hail anywhere in the country.

'Tomorrow the eastern side will have more chances of snowy conditions, less chance in the west.

'That unsettled picture continues for the rest of the week, as we go on wind more from the Atlantic, westerly direction and low pressure will influence weather.


Thunder, lightning and sleet showers are expected with some in northern areas witnessing heavy snowfall.North News & Pictures Ltd


'Temperatures will be in double figures again by the weekend. London on Saturday and Sunday will be 14-15C [57.2F-59F], back to more of what you expect for the time of year.'

There is a severe weather warning in place for northern Scotland warning of snow and ice.

The unsettled conditions could also cause problems for Monday's Bank Holiday, forecasters say.

On this day last year temperatures peaked in London at 11.3C [52F] - with the hottest part in Sutton Bonington near Nottingham which reached 13.3C [56F]. Mrs Maxey added: 'Today is looking like most places will be struggling to see double figures. As you would expect further north is colder - in Scotland, Aberdeen and Glasgow looking at 7-8C [44-46F]. In London it will be nearer 10-11C [50-52F] and for the south east today. That's per normal and is a few degrees difference between north and the rest of UK.'

Spring snowfall will allow the ski resort in the Cairngorms to remain open into May.

Heavy snow and freezing temperatures on Tuesday morning mean more than half of the 11 lifts in the Aviemore area are open for skiers and snowboarders.

In 2010, CairnGorm Mountain remained open until June for the first time with hundreds of skiers trekking to the snow.

This year, the resort will be open until at least May 2, when staff will review the conditions.

Snow is expected to continue in higher parts of the north east of Scotland until the weekend.



- Daily Mail.






 

DISASTER PREPAREDNESS: Increasing Earthquake And Volcanic Activity - Prepping For Natural Disasters!

Residents recover their belongings days after an earthquake in Pedernales, Ecuador, Wednesday, April 20, 2016. Dolores Ochoa/Associated Press

April 27, 2016 - DISASTER PREPAREDNESS - All over the world seismic activity is increasing. In recent weeks we have seen a dramatic earthquake in Ecuador, more than 600 earthquakes have experts extremely alarmed about what is happening to Japan's southern Island, and 37 volcanoes around the planet are erupting right now. Most of the large earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that we have witnessed lately have come along the Ring of Fire, which is an area of seismic instability which roughly encircles the Pacific Ocean. Fortunately the west coast of the United States has been spared so far, but scientists tell us that tension has been building up along the San Andreas fault and the Cascadia Subduction Zone for decades, and they assure us that it is only a matter of time before we see a major event. What that day arrives, will you be prepared?

There were a couple of notable seismic events which took place on Monday. First of all, the largest volcano in Russia's Far East known as Klyuchevskaya Sopka violently erupted. Steaming hot ash was shot more than three miles up into the air, but fortunately it is not a heavily populated area. This represents yet another major volcanic eruption along the Ring of Fire, and this has some scientists extremely concerned about what may be coming next.

Here in the United States, an unusual swarm of 21 earthquakes along the Arizona-Nevada border is also raising eyebrows...

More small earthquakes shook northwest Arizona Sunday adding to the list of temblors that have struck the area since March 29.

The Arizona Geological Survey said two quakes occurred, including a magnitude 2.6 quake at 12:07 a.m.

There has been a swarm of 21 quakes in an area along the Arizona-Nevada line south-southwest of Littlefield, AZ, which is also close to southwestern Utah and the frequency and span puzzles geologists.
The good news is that we have not had a truly historic earthquake in the U.S. for decades, and there have been no major volcanic eruptions since Mount St. Helens exploded back in 1980.

But scientists assure us that we are living on borrowed time, and there are three extremely dangerous volcanoes in North America that I am keeping a close watch on right now...

#1 Mt. Popocatepetl

Popocatepetl is an Aztec word that can be translated as "smoking mountain", and more than 25 million people live within range of this extraordinarily dangerous mountain. Experts tell us that during the time of the Aztecs, entire cities were completely buried in super-heated mud from this volcano. In fact, the super-heated mud was so deep that it buried entire pyramids. In the event of a full-blown eruption, Mexico City's 18 million residents probably wouldn't be buried in super-heated mud, but it would still be absolutely devastating for Mexico's largest city.

#2 Mt. Rainier

Mt. Rainier has been dubbed a "time bomb", "the most dangerous mountain in the United States" and "one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world" because it sits so close to Seattle, Tacoma and other major cities along the coast of Washington state. In the event of a full-blown eruption, countless numbers of people would literally be buried alive in a tsunami of super-heated mud. These tsunamis of super-heated mud are known as "lahars", and scientists believe that Mt. Rainier is capable of producing lahars that could move at speeds of up to 50 miles per hour. I am so convinced that an eruption of Mt. Rainier is in our future that I even put one in my novel.

#3 The Yellowstone Supervolcano

Many of us that are a bit older still remember the eruption of Mount St. Helens back in 1980. Well, scientists tell us that a full-blown eruption of the Yellowstone supervolcano would have up to 2,000 times the power of that eruption. Salt Lake City would be toast, anything caught outside in Denver would probably be dead in pretty short order, and a layer of volcanic ash at least 10 feet deep would be dumped on everything even up to 1,000 miles away. Food production in America would be virtually wiped out, and a "volcanic winter" would cool global temperatures by up to 20 degrees for an extended period of time.

In other words, life as we know it would come to an end.

That is why the extremely unusual activity going on at Yellowstone right now is such a concern. If it decides to blow, world history will make a dramatic turn in a single moment.

So what should we do?

As always, we should never give in to fear. There are definitely going to be major earthquakes and historic volcanic eruptions in North America, and we are going to have to deal with them. Doing some common sense things in advance will give you and your family the best chance of calmly and smoothly making it through such a crisis.

Below, I have shared some tips that come directly from the CDC. This first set of tips suggests things that you and your family can do to get prepared for a major earthquake...

Gather Emergency Supplies

Stock up now on emergency supplies that can be used after an earthquake. These supplies should include a first aid kit, survival kits for the home, automobile, and workplace, and emergency water and food. Store enough supplies to last at least 3 days.

Evacuation Plans

If an earthquake occurs, you may need to evacuate a damaged area afterward. By planning and practicing for evacuation, you will be better prepared to respond appropriately and efficiently to signs of danger or to directions by civil authorities.
  • Take a few minutes with your family to discuss a home evacuation plan. Sketch a floor plan of your home; walk through each room and discuss evacuation details.
  • Plan a second way to exit from each room or area, if possible. If you need special equipment, such as a rope ladder, mark where it is located.
  • Mark where your emergency food, water, first aid kits, and fire extinguishers are located.
  • Mark where the utility switches or valves are located so that they can be turned off, if possible.
  • Indicate the location of your family's emergency outdoor meeting place.
Establish Priorities

Take time before an earthquake strikes to write an emergency priority list, including:
  • important items to be hand-carried by you
  • other items, in order of importance to you and your family
  • items to be removed by car or truck if one is available
  • things to do if time permits, such as locking doors and windows, turning off the utilities, etc.
Write Down Important Information

Make a list of important information and put it in a secure location. Include on your list:
  • important telephone numbers, such as police, fire, paramedics, and medical centers
  • the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of your insurance agents, including policy types and numbers
  • the telephone numbers of the electric, gas, and water companies
  • the names and telephone numbers of neighbors
  • the name and telephone number of your landlord or property manager
  • important medical information, such as allergies, regular medications, etc.
  • the vehicle identification number, year, model, and license number of your automobile, boat, RV, etc.
  • your bank's or credit union's telephone number, account types, and numbers
  • radio and television broadcast stations to tune to for emergency broadcast information
Gather and Store Important Documents in a Fire-Proof Safe
  • Birth certificates
  • Ownership certificates (automobiles, boats, etc.)
  • Social Security cards
  • Insurance policies
  • Wills
  • Household inventory, including:
    • list of contents
    • photographs of contents of every room
    • photographs of items of high value, such as jewelry, paintings, collectors' item
Preparing for a volcanic eruption requires a strategy that is a little bit different. Here are more tips from the CDC...

If you are told to evacuate

Follow authorities' instructions if they tell you to leave the area. Though it may seem safe to stay at home and wait out an eruption, doing so could be very dangerous. Volcanoes spew hot, dangerous gases, ash, lava, and rock that are powerfully destructive.

Preparing to evacuate
  • Tune in the radio or television for volcano updates.
  • Listen for disaster sirens and warning signals.
  • Review your emergency plan and gather your emergency supplies. Be sure to pack at least a 1-week supply of prescription medications.
  • Prepare an emergency kit for your vehicle with food, flares, booster cables, maps, tools, a first aid kit, a fire extinguisher, sleeping bags, a flashlight, batteries, etc.
  • Fill your vehicle's gas tank.
  • If no vehicle is available, make arrangements with friends or family for transportation, or follow authorities' instructions on where to obtain transportation.
  • Place vehicles under cover, if at all possible.
  • Put livestock in an enclosed area. Plan ahead to take pets with you, but be aware that many emergency shelters cannot accept animals.
  • Fill your clean water containers.
  • Fill sinks and bathtubs with water as an extra supply for washing.
  • Adjust the thermostat on refrigerators and freezers to the coolest possible temperature. If the power goes out, food will stay cooler longer.
As you evacuate
  • Take only essential items with you, including at least a 1-week supply of prescription medications.
  • If you have time, turn off the gas, electricity, and water.
  • Disconnect appliances to reduce the likelihood of electrical shock when power is restored.
  • Make sure your automobile's emergency kit is ready.
  • Follow designated evacuation routes—others may be blocked—and expect heavy traffic and delays.
If you are told to take shelter where you are
  • Keep listening to your radio or television until you are told all is safe or you are told to evacuate. Local authorities may evacuate specific areas at greatest risk in your community.
  • Close and lock all windows and outside doors.
  • Turn off all heating and air conditioning systems and fans.
  • Close the fireplace damper.
  • Organize your emergency supplies and make sure household members know where the supplies are.
  • Make sure the radio is working.
  • Go to an interior room without windows that is above ground level.
  • Bring your pets with you, and be sure to bring additional food and water supplies for them.
  • It is ideal to have a hard-wired (non-portable) telephone in the room you select. Call your emergency contact—a friend or family member who does not live near the volcano—and have the phone available if you need to report a life-threatening condition. Remember that telephone equipment may be overwhelmed or damaged during an emergency.
In the end, you have got to do what you feel is best for you and your family.

Personally, I would be extremely hesitant to live in very high risk areas along the west coast or near the Yellowstone supervolcano. This is especially true considering how dramatically global seismic activity is increasing.

But others point to the fact that these "danger areas" have not seen any major events in decades, so they wonder what all of the fuss is about.

- The Economy Collapse Blog.






 

MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFFS: "It's Wiped Out Entire Species From Parts Of The Reef" - South Florida Corals Dying From "UNPRECEDENTED" Bleaching And Disease?! [VIDEO]

Sun Sentinel

April 27, 2016 - FLORIDA, UNITED STATES - South Florida's corals are turning white and contracting fatal diseases in what's being called an unprecedented die-off across the region's reefs.

Off Hollywood, scientists witnessed the collapse of a minivan-sized coral colony that had started growing more than three centuries ago, when the Spanish ruled the peninsula.

As recently as September, live coral tissue covered 90 percent of the colony's surface, making it among the oldest living things in the state.

By December it was almost completely dead
, said Brian Walker, a Nova Southeastern University research scientist, who found widespread mortality in corals in Miami-Dade and Broward counties.

"We saw a variety of diseases across the different corals," he said. "Some of the disease was recently active and had killed off a significant portion of the colony. It's wiped out entire species from parts of the reef. They're usually bleached white. You can see areas of just bare skeleton."

Although they cover a small fraction of the ocean floor, coral reefs have an outsize biological importance, providing habitat for about a quarter of the world's marine species.

The southeast Florida reefs, which run from the Florida Keys through Martin County, constitute one of the region's major recreational areas and attract thousands of tourists for fishing, diving and snorkeling.


WATCH: Coral Reefs off South Florida Coast Hit with Severe Bleaching.





- Sun Sentinel.






 

FIRE IN THE SKY: "Curious Ball Of Light" - Green Meteor Fireball Streaks Over Southern California Skies! [VIDEOS]

YouTube Screen Capture

April 27, 2016 - CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES - Southern California residents took to social media after a streak of green light was seen falling from the sky Tuesday night.

A news photographer's dashcam captured the streak as it fell over the downtown Los Angeles area around 10 p.m.

Dr. Edwin C. Krupp, astronomer and director of Griffith Observatory, said it was not clear what the streak was exactly.

Krupp said based on the description, the phenomenon is a fairly common occurrence where material from outer space heats up, like a meteor.

He said it also could be debris from a previous launch.

NBC4 viewers called into the station from San Bernardino County and beyond to report seeing the curious ball of light.









WATCH: Meteor fireball over SoCal.







- NBC4 Southern California.